ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Вивчить наступні слова, підготуйтеся до словникового диктанту..



Практичне заняття №1

Тема: Сімейне коло студента.

І. Робота над текстом за темою заняття.

 

1. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст. Випишіть за словником незнайомі слова. Складіть за поданим зразком розповідь про себе та вивчіть її напам’ять.

About Myself and My Family

My name is Oleg Ivanov. I was born in Kakhovka. It’s a nice old town, I like it very much as it’s the place of my childhood. At the age of 7 I began to attend school. I studied very well and usually received only top marks. I finished school at the age of 17. The same year I went to Kherson and entered Kherson State University. I want to become a good specialist in the field of law.

I was born in the family of professional workers. My father is an engineer, he works at a big plant. Now he is 50. He graduated from Kyiv Polytechnical Institute. My mother is 45, she’s a doctor and works at a hospital. I’m proud of my parents.

I have a brother and a sister. They live in Kakhovka. My brother is 22. He has a family of his own, they are three in all - my brother, his wife and their little son. My sister is not married, she is 17 and she is a student of Pedagogical College. She is going to be a teacher of English. She works hard and she is a good student.

We have a granny, she is a pensioner. She is well past 60, but looks young for her age. She is very kind to all of us. We also have many close and distant relatives and we are always glad to see each other.

2. Вивчіть наступні слова.


 

grandparents дідуст та бабуся

grandmother бабуся

grandfather дідусь

parents батьки

mother мати

father батько

son син

daughter дочка

brother брат

sister сестра

twins близнюки

grandson онук

granddaughter онучка

uncle дядько

aunt тітка

nephew племінник

niece племінниця

cousin двоюрідний брат / сестра

husband чоловік

wife дружина

stepmother мачуха

stepfather вітчим

stepson пасинок

stepdaughter падчериця

son (daughter)-in-law – зять (невістка)

sister-in-law золовка, невістка, своячниця

brother-in-law шурин, деверь


 

3. Read the text ‘About Myself and My Family’ and answer the questions.

1. Where was Oleg Ivanov born ?

When and where were you born ?

What is the place of your mother’s birth ?

2. How did Oleg study at school ?

What subjects were you good at school ?

What subjects did you dislike ?

3. What are Oleg’s parents ?

What are your parents ?

4. Where does his father ( mother ) work ?

Where do your parents work ?

5. How old is Oleg’s mother ?

How old is your mother ?

How old are you ?

6. Does Oleg have a brother or a sister ?

Do you have a brother or a sister ?

Are you an only child ?

7. Oleg’s brother is very young, isn’t he ?

Are you very young ?

8. Is Oleg’s sister married ?

Are you married ?

9. What college does Oleg’s sister study at ?

What University do you study at ?

10. Why did Oleg enter the University ?

Why did you enter the University ?

11. How old is Oleg’s granny ?

How old are your grandparents ?

 

4. Study the Family Tree. Say whether the following statements are true ( T )

or false ( F ).

 

 


 

1. Jane is Dorothy’s mother.

2. Pete is Ann’s father.

3. Tom is Mary’s husband.

4. Teresa is Tom’s wife.

5. Louis is Charlie’s brother.

6. Beatrice is Louis’s cousin.

7. Dorothy is Beatrice’s aunt.

8. Tom is Louis’s uncle.

9. Charlie is Mary’s nephew.

10. Beatrice is Teresa’s niece.

11. Ann is Teresa’s sister-in-law.

12. Tom is Dorothy’s brother.

13. Dorothy is Pete’s daughter.

14. Ann is Mary’s sister.

15. Pete is Charlie’s grandfather.

16. Beatrice is an only child.

17. Dorothy has two children.

18. Jane is Beatrice’s grandmother.

19. Louis is Jane’s grandson.

20. Dorothy is single.

 

ІІ. Граматичний матеріал. Тема: Фонетичний довідник. Повтор видочасових форм англійського дієслова.


1. Вивчіть назви частин англійської мови:

the Noun [naυn] – іменник

the Article ['ɑ:tɪkǝl] – артикль

the Adjective ['ædʒɪktɪv] – прикметник

the Numeral ['nju:mǝrəl] – числівник

the Pronoun ['prəυnaυn] – займенник

the Adverb ['ædvɜ:b] – прислівник

the Verb [vɜ:b] – дієслово

(неособові форми дієслова:

the Gerund ['dʒerǝnd] – герундій,

the Infinitive [ɪn'fɪnətɪv] – інфінітив,

the Participle ['pɑ:tɪsɪpl] – дієприкметник)

the Preposition [prepə'zɪʃn] – прийменник

the Conjunction [kən'dʒʌŋkʃn] – сполучник

the Particle ['pɑ:tɪkl] – частка


 

2. Ознайомтеся з таблицею 1.

Умовні скорочення:

V – дієслово

V2 – дієслово у 2-й формі

V3 – дієслово у 3-й формі

-s/-es

-ed закінчення

-ing

Таблиця 1. Зведена таблиця часових форм англійського дієслова активного стану

  Present Past Future
Simple(Indefinite) V ( + -s/-es) Повторювана або постійна дія в теперішньому часі. 1.Students pass exams every semester. Do students pass exams every semester? Students do not pass exams every month. 2.My neighbour always listens to loud music. What music does your neighbour always listen to? My neighbour does not listen to loud music. V + -ed or V2 Одноразова, постійна або повторювана дія в минулому; ряд послідовних дій у минулому. 1. She opened the window a minute ago. When did she open the window? She did not open the window. 2. My friend bought a new camera last week. What did your friend buy? My friend did not buy anything. will(shall)+ V Дія, що відбудеться у майбутньому. 1. Jack and I shall take part in the competition next time. Shall we take part in the competition next time? We shall not take part in the competition next time. 2. The President will pass a new bill next month. Will the President pass a new bill? The President will not pass a new bill.
Progressive(Continuous) am/is/are + V + -ing Дія, що відбувається в момент мовлення або в певний період теперішнього часу. Look! Someone is running towards us. Where is that man running? He is not running towards us. was/were + V + -ing Дія, що відбувалась, тривала в певний момент або протягом якогось періоду часу в минулому. The band was playing the whole night yesterday. Wasthe band playing last night? The band was not playing the whole night. will(shall)+ be +V + -ing Дія, що відбуватиметься в якийсь момент або період часу в майбутньому. The workers will be attending the courses for two weeks. How long willthe workers beattending the courses? The workers will not be attending the courses.
Perfect have/has + V3 Дія, яка відбулась до моменту мовлення, і той, хто говорить, має на увазі результат цієї дії. Ihave already seen this film. Haveyouseen this film? Ihave not seen this film yet. had + V3 Дія, що вже закінчилась до іншої минулої дії або до певного моменту в минулому. Theteacherhad corrected our works before the holidays began. Hadtheteachercorrected your works before the holidays? Theteacher had not corrected our works. will(shall) + have + V3 Дія, що закінчиться до певного моменту або до початку іншої дії в майбутньому. Theclockwill have struck twelve by the time you come. Willtheclockhave struck twelve? Theclockwill not have struck twelve.
Perfect Progressive(Continuous) have/has + been + V + -ing Дія, що почалася в минулому і тривала протягом певного періоду і або все ще продовжується в цей момент, або щойно закінчилася. Theparticipantshavebeenwaiting for the decision of the judges since 5 p.m. Havetheparticipantsbeenwaiting long? Theparticipantshavenotbeenwaiting since 5 p.m. had + been + V + -ing Дія, яка почалася до якогось моменту в минулому і або продовжувалася в цей момент, або закінчилася безпосередньо перед ним. Hehadbeenkeeping this book for two months before I asked him to return it. Why hadhebeen keeping this book? Hehad not been keeping this book for two months. will(shall)+ have + been + V + -ing Майбутня дія, що, розпочавшись у майбутньому, триватиме протягом певного періоду часу до настання іншої, більш пізньої майбутньої дії або моменту. Youwill have been studying English for five years by the next spring. How long willyouhave beenstudying English by the next spring? Youwill not have been studying English for six years by the next spring, will you?

Вправа 1. У дужках подана початкова форма дієслова. Необхідно змінити її на необхідну та вставити у речення.

1. The lesson …over recently. (to be)
2. Tom …up because I told him the truth. (to blow)
3. He is trying to…up his friends at school now. (catch)
4. He…just…out his problem and now he does not know what to do. (to work)
5. He will …on the lamp tomorrow because now he is busy. (to turn)
6. This district is constantly…out. (to spread)
7. Robert…on his job, but he does not like it. (to keep)
8. We …already…back our car. (to get)
9. The plain is to…down here. (to come)
10. He …already…up his contract when he began to work there. (to break)
11. He was…by for two hours yesterday. (to stand)
12. When Nick knew, they…already…away. (to run)
13. Mary…more money in the envelope at the wedding. (to put)
14. Brad and Tom want to…up this idea. (to give)
15. They are constantly…around our school. (to hang)
16. He was … in this firm. (to check)
17. He …down and will not go to the picnic now. (to fall)
18. Peter …in and saw a big nice room. (to come)
19. He was…back for a long time, but he did not see anything. (to look)
20. Ann…on a new TV set in her room. (to put)
21. The car…over, but everybody appears alive. (to turn)
22. The teacher…out all the mistakes but the pupil did not understand anything. (to point)
23. When he…back, tell him my request. (to go)
24. Inna…off her old friends and understood, that she had done bad. (to get)
25.He is always…around without problems. (to hang)
26. The robber…away as fast as he could, and we could not do anything. (to get)
27.When he was asked, he…forward, but did not say anything. (to come)
28. She said that she would …back, but when it will be, she did not know. (to call)
29. Their plans were…down at all. (to break)
30. Olga…down everybody though she was destroyed herself. (to calm)
31. The taxi…up and the driver is waiting for you. (to pull)
32. The director…out all the parties and he forgot about himseif. (to pass)
33. While they were talking, the manager … down the shop. (shut)
34. John…back and began to sleep. (to sit)
35. We…out and said nothing. (to burst)
36. Sasha was…by at 5 o’clock yesterday, but he did not know that you want to see him. (to go)
37. He has…out recently and I can not refuse him. (to help)
38. I want to…off this friendship, because it does not bring me happiness. (to knock)
39. He …up his composition for four o’clock tomorrow. (to make)
40. We …around for three ours and we did not understand where it was. (to go)
41. They…down their requests, but we became to work worse because of bad wages. (to knock)
42. Tom…down and understood what floor he was. (to look)
43. He…forward to The New Year, because he knows that parents will give him good presents. (to look)
44. The grandmother and grandfather….up him for two years. (to grow)
45. The chief will…up this idea and we will do it. (to keep)
46. Fred …up materials and began to work at a new project. (to pick)
47. He …into his best friend but he did not have any time to talk to him a little. (to run)

 

 

ІІІ. Робота над текстом за професійним спрямуванням.

1. Обговорення.

1. Do we need rules and laws?

2. Why do people sometimes break rules and laws? Have you ever broken any rules?

3. There are not enough jails, not enough policemen, not enough courts to enforce a law not supported by the people. H.Humphrey

Read the quotation and discuss it – what does Humphrey mean by it?

4. In your opinion, what is the difference between law and tradition? What traditions do you know?

What is law?

The term “law” is used in many senses: we may speak of the laws of physics, mathematics, science, nature, or the laws of football, logic or health. Some laws are descriptive: they simply describe how people, or even natural phenomena, usually behave. An example of descriptive law is rather consistent law of gravity, another example is the less consistent laws of economics. Other laws are prescriptive – they prescribe how people should or must behave. An example of prescriptive law is traffic regulations. When we speak of the law of a state we use the term “law” in a special and strict sense, and in that sense law may be defined as “a rule of human conduct, imposed

upon and enforced among, the members of a given state”. In any society, laws have several characteristics. First, laws symbolize norms, values, traditions. Second, laws must be codified in some way, usually through writing. Third, there must exist a method of enforcement: this can include police, social pressure, “magic”, or some other

force that enable society to punish or reward its members. And finally, there must be something specific to be enforced: laws are not general, but specific. The main characteristic of law is that it is enforced, and such enforcement is usually carried out by the State. If the rules or laws are broken, compulsion is used to enforce obedience. Thus if A steals a watch from B, A may be prosecuted before the court. The court may then order the restitution of the watch to its rightful owner, B. If A refuses to obey, he or she may be punished, that means a penalty will be imposed on A. This is why we need law: if we all behaved according to our personal standards of behaviour and morality, anarchy would rule the world. We may say, then, that two ideas underlie the concept of law: 1) order, in the sense of method or system; and 2) compulsion – i.e. the enforcement of obedience to the rules or laws laid down.

4. Дайте відповідь на наступні запитання:

1. In what senses can we use the word “law”?

2. What is the difference between descriptive laws and prescriptive laws? Give some examples.

3. How is the law of the state defined?

4. What do laws symbolize?

5. What can be used as methods of enforcement?

6. Why do methods of enforcement exist?

7. What is the chief characteristic of law?

8. Explain the notion “compulsion”. Give examples.

9. Identify two main ideas underlying the concept of law.

10. Why do we need law?

5. Доповніть речення:

1) Descriptive laws usually describe __________ .

2) Prescriptive laws prescribe __________ .

3) The law of a state may be __________ as “the rule of human __________ , imposed _______ and _________ among the ________ of a given state”.

4) Laws have several __________: first, they symbolize __________; second, they must be _________ through writing; third, there must exist methods of _________ that enable society to ________ or ________ its members.

5) Such enforcement is usually ___________ by the State.

6) If the laws are broken, __________ is used.

6. Перекладіть речення.

1. Законы и традиции общества определяют поведение людей.

2. Традиции – это неписанные законы, лежащие в основе норм поведения, взглядов и вкусов любого общества.

3. Законы государства устанавливаются законодателями, полиция и суды обеспечивают соблюдение законов при помощи различных методов принуждения.

4. Если человек нарушает закон, он может быть наказан.

5. Законы должен знать каждый человек, но, к сожалению, не каждый их знает.

6. Особенно пристально законы изучаются на юридических факультетах университетов, где студенты рассматриваютразличные вопросы права, изучают гражданское право, уголовное право и другие предметы.

7. Предписывающие законы создаются законодателями и могут быть нарушены, в то время как описательные законы не созданы законодателями и не могут быть нарушены.

 

 

Практичне заняття № 2

Тема:Рідне село або місто проживання.

 

І. Робота над текстом за темою заняття.

1.Прочитайте та перекладіть текст. Випишіть за словником незнайомі слова.

 

Kherson

Kherson is a regional town on the Dnieper. It is a river and seaport. The population of Kherson is about 350,000.

The city was founded by Prince Potiomkin on June 29,1778, on the site of former fortification Oleksandrivskyi Shants ruined by the Turks. It was named in honour of Chersonesus of Tauris founded by Greeks in the 5th century B.C.

In 1803 the town became the centre of Kherson Province. In 1944 the city became the capital of Kherson region.

The leading industries include ship-building and mechanical engineering.

Kherson boasts of its theatres, museums and the monuments of architecture: the Greek-Sophia Church (1780), the Gates of the Kherson fortress (18th century), the Holy Spirit Church with a Bell Tower (1836).

The Kherson Region includes 18 districts, 9 towns, 30 settlements and 677 villages.

 

2. Дайте письмові відповіді на запитання:

а) What is your native city / town / village?

b) How old is your native place?

c) Have you been living there for all your life?

d) Have you ever been to other cities and villages? Name them.

e) What are the most interesting places to see in your native city / town / village?

 

3. Знайдіть зображення одного з видатних місць Херсона та розкажіть про нього.

 

ІІ. Граматичний матеріал. Тема: Структура англійського речення. Звороти there is, there are.

 

Зворот there is (there are) повідомляє про наявність у визначеному місці особи (осіб) чи предмету (предметів), ще невідомих співрозмовнику. Зворот thereis має значення «є, знаходиться».

В українській мові речення у таких випадках, як правило, розпочинається з обставини місця чи часу: На столі книга. В класі учні. Учора в клубі було зібрання.

В англійській мові такі речення розпочинаються із звороту thereis/are, за яким слідує іменник зі словами що до нього відносяться, а потім обставина місця чи часу. Дієслово tobe узгоджується з іменником що прямує на за ним:

There is a book, some pencil and a pen on the table.

Читайте більше на http://opentalk.org.ua/langstory/zvorot-%E2%80%9Cthere-is%E2%80%9D-%E2%80%9Cthere-are%E2%80%9D

Або в будь-якому довіднику з граматика на Ваш вибір.

 

 

1. Задайте запитання, використовуючи звороти Is there ….? або

Are there….?

1 (any cigarettes?) ..... Are there any cigarettes in the box.........?

2(any books?)..............................................................................in the box?

3(a man?) ....................................................................................................?

4(any money?).............................................................................................?

5(any clothes?).............................................................................................?

6(a key?)......................................................................................................?

Are/there aren’t/are there?

1. Dunford is a very modern town. ……There aren’t.... many old buildings.

2. Look!......................a photograph of George in the newspaper!

3. Excuse me,........................a restaurant near here?

4. …………….five people in my family: my parents, my two sisters and me.

5. We can’t take any photographs.......................a film in the camera.

6. How many students........................in your class?

7. Where can we sit?...........................any chairs.

8. …………………. a bus from the city centre to the airport?

3. Поставте питання до виділених слів

1. There is a big park in the centre of our city.

2. There are three children in our family.

3. There are five English books on my table.

4. There are only three mistakes in my dictation today.

5. There is a new drama theatre near my house.

6. There is a beautiful dress in the shop.

7. There are many friends at the party today.

Was/there were

1. В нашому Університеті є багато факультетів.

2. В цій книжці 350 сторінок.

3. Скільки театрів було в Києві у 1978 році?

4. Біля моєї домівки є автобусна зупинка.

5. Скільки студентів було у вашій групі минулого року?

6. На столі лежить газета.

7. В нашій родині лише одна дитина.

8. Чи є у вашій кімнаті комп’ютер?

9. В квартирі мого найкращого друга 3 кімнати.

10.Чи є у вашій країні Діснейленд?

 

ІІІ. Робота над текстом за професійним спрямуванням.

 

Law, morality and custom.

In all __________ relations between people are regulated by__________. Some of them are customs – that is, _________ of social and moral behaviour. Customs need not to be made by________, and they need not to

be written down. We learn how we are expected to _____ in society through the _________ of family and teachers, the advice of friends, and our own ______ in communication with other people. Thus moral rules and ethics

remind us that it is _______ to covet, to tell lies, or to defame the dead. Sometimes we can break these rules without suffering any_________. But if we continually________, or break a very important one, we may lose our

friends or their _______ . The law, however, is not concerned with these matters and leaves them to the individual’s ________ and the pressure of public opinion results no______.

Практичне заняття №3

Hobbies

Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting.

Hobbies are divided into four large groups: doing things, making things, collecting things, and learning things.

The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities, from gardening to travelling and from chess to volleyball.

Gardening is one of the oldest man's hobbies. It is a well-known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses.

Both grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. This is a relatively new hobby but it is becoming more and more popular.

Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture, designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Some hobbyists write music or play musical instruments. President Bill Clinton, for example, plays the saxophone.

Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, matchboxes, books, records, postcards, toys, watches. Some collections have no real value. Others become so large and so valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. Many world-famous collections started in a small way with one or two items. People with a good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other art objects. Such private collections are sometimes given to museums, libraries and picture galleries so that others might take pleasure in seeing them.

No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the opportunity of learning much from it. By reading about the things he is interested in he is adding to what he knows. Learning new things can be the most exciting aspect of a hobby.

 

а) Про яке хобі йдеться у кожному випадку?

§ I usually use colour, but sometimes you get a better effect with black and white. It really depends on the subject.

§ I try to practise every day, but sometimes it’s difficult because I don’t like to disturb my neighbours too much. And one neighbour gets very angry if I play the same thing over and over again.

§ I joined a club because I wanted to get better and now I play twice a week in the evenings. It has helped me a lot and I have a much better memory for all the different moves and strategies.

б) Доповніть речення необхідним дієсловом: do, play, joined, collects, made, go, took up, gave it up.

§ How often do you ... jogging?

§ She ... because she wanted to get more exercises. Unfortunately, she didn’t like it and she ... about six months later.

§ She has always ... her own clothes; it’s much cheaper than buying them.

§ He ... old coins.

§ I ... quite a lot of rock climbing when I’m on holiday.

§ I learned to ... the piano when I was at school.

§ I wanted to improve my chess, so I ... a chess club.

§ I don’t really ... anything in my spare time.

 

ІІ. Граматичний матеріал. Тема: Іменник. Множина іменника. Присвійний відмінок.

1. Ознайомтесь з теоретичним матеріалом з теми.

Читайте більше наhttp://opentalk.org.ua/langstory/mnozhina-imennikiv

Або у будь-якому довіднику з граматики на Ваш вибір.

Читайте більше наhttp://opentalk.org.ua/langstory/prisviinii-vidminok

Або у будь-якому довіднику з граматики на Ваш вибір.

 

Вправа 1. Утворіть множину поданих іменників:

product, fuel, seat, prestige, country, price, gas, factor, colour, limousine, road, passenger, salesman, airbag, wheel, cylinder, engine, tyre, mobility, money, woman, penknife.

 

Вправа 2. Прочитайте і перекладіть українською мовою.

My brother’s flat is large.

The girl’s dress is pretty.

These are Byron’s poems.

The students’ answers are correct.

My daughter-in-law’s room is small.

 

Вправа 3. Перефразуйте словосполучення за зразком.

Практичне заняття №4

Philosophy of law

Philosophy of law is a branch of philosophy and jurisprudence which studies basic questions about law and legal systems, such as “what is the law?”, “what is the relationship between law and morality?” and many

other similar questions. The question “What is law?” has received the most substantial attention from philosophers of law. Three schools of thought have provided rival answers to this question.Natural theoryasserts that there are laws that are immanent in nature, to which enacted laws should correspond as closely as possible. This

view is frequently summarized by the maxim: an unjust law is not a true law, in which “unjust” is defined as contrary to natural law. Legal positivismis the view that the law is defined by the social rules or practices that identify certain norms as laws. Historically, the most important part of this theory was developed by Jeremy Bentham, whose views were popularized by his student, John Austin. Austin’s version of legal positivism was based on the notion that the law is the command of the sovereign backed by the threat of punishment.

Legal realismis the view that the law should be understood as it is practiced in the courts, law offices, and police stations, rather than as it is set

forth in statutes. In the 20th century, two great legal positivists had a profound influence on the philosophy of law. On the continent, Hans Kelsen was the most influential theorist, and his legal views are still influential. In the

Anglophone world, the most influential figure was Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart, Professor of Jurisprudence at Oxford University, who is considered one of the most important legal philosophers. Hart’s most famous work is The

Concept of Law first published in 1961. He argued that the law should be understood as a system of social rules. Hart’s theory, although widely admired, was criticized by a variety of late 20th century philosophers of law

(R.Dworkin, J.Finnis, J.Raz)

Доповніть наступні речення.

1. Philosophy of law combines two sciences: _______ and _______ . Philosophy of law studies ________.

2. The question “What is law?” has received _________ .

3. There are three main theories that provide answers to this question. They are: _________.

4. Natural theory of law is often summarized in the following maxim: ___________

5. The theory of legal positivism was developed by _________.

6. Understanding the law as real practice in courts, law offices and police stations is the view of _________.

7. The most influential theorists of law in the 20th century were __________.

 

 

модуль самостійної роботи

СТРУКТУРА АНГЛІЙСЬКОГО РЕЧЕННЯ

 

Дайте відповіді на запитання.

 

1. Які існують типи речень відповідно до мети висловлювання? Наведіть приклади.

2. Які існують типи запитань в англійській мові? Наведіть приклади.

3. На які дві основні групи поділяються члени речення?

4. Назвіть головні і другорядні члени англійського речення.

5. Якою частиною мови може бути виражено підмет (присудок, додаток, означення, обставина)? Наведіть приклади.

6. Чи є порядок слів в англійській мові сталим?

7. Що називається прямим порядком слів в англійському стверджувальному реченні? Наведіть приклади.

8. Який порядок слів називається інверсійним?

9. Які типи речень вимагають інверсійного порядку слів? Проілюструйте свою відповідь прикладами.

 

Вправи

 

Визначте типи речень за метою висловлювання.

The students hardly ever use the language laboratory.

The new school claims to teach students all the English they need in a few months.

Please, don’t talk in the corridor because there is an examination in the lecture hall.

The mere thought of exams makes me feel ill.

His tests results are not very consistent.

Please, be brief. I haven’t got long.

We can’t teach him anything.

How many subjects is Sam studying at school?

 

Визначте типи запитань.

 

Would you prefer tea, coffee or mineral water?

It can’t be so easy, can it?

Do they live here?

Could you wash up?

This mirror was expensive, wasn’t it?

How well do you know him?

Can you do it or can’t you?

How is it done?

 

Визначте головні та другорядні члени речення. Назвіть частини мови, якими вони виражені.

 

He sent this letter by post.

Nobody is perfect.

My father is an engineer.

Yesterday I saw a helicopter.

She gave me a table spoon.

I found my keys in the drawer.

The town has changed greatly.

 

Рекомендована література

1. Каушанская В. Л. Грамматика английского языка. – М., 2000. – 320с.

2. Каушанская В. Л. Сборник упражнений по грамматике английского языка. – М., 2000. – 216с.

3. Миштал М. Тематические тесты по английскому языку: Пособие. – К.: Знання, 2007. – 352с.

4. Угарова Е. В. Английская грамматика в таблицах. – 2-е изд. – М.: Айрис-пресс, 2007. – 128с.

 

ФОНЕТИКА

 

Дайте відповіді на запитання.

1. Скільки літер та звуків існує в англійській мові?

2. Назвіть англійські голосні: монофтонги та дифтонги.

3. Якими є основні принципи класифікації англійський голосних звуків?

4. Якими є основні принципи класифікації англійських приголосних звуків?

5. Назвіть шумні та сонорні приголосні англійської мови.

6. Скільки типів складів існує в англійській мові? Опишіть їх та наведіть приклади.

7. Опишіть фонетичні процеси асиміляції, редукції та злиття. Наведіть приклади.

8. Назвіть правила англійського словесного наголосу. Наведіть приклади.

9. Якими є основні типи наголосу в англійському реченні? Наведіть приклади.

10. Які ви знаєте основні інтонаційні моделі англійської мови?

 

Вправи

 

Запишіть у транскрипції подані слова. Зверніться до словника, якщо це необхідно. Потренуйтеся у правильному прочитанні слів.

Name, day, face, place, hat, sad, and, park, start, far, care, mare, share, change, daughter, we, region, bed, help, left, person, verb, sphere, newspaper, key, monkey, rise, type, big, system, symbol, first, firm, myrtle, tyre, fire, high, night, light, home, smoke, hotel, clock, north, forty, before, prove, famous, low, show, human, use, but, sun, put, hurt, turn, pure, procedure, character, technical, chemistry, handsome, knowledge, special, sign, honest, hour, honour, knee, know, knife, bomb, climb, autumn, column, unique, technique, sugar, sure, television, conclusion, pleasure, measure, science, listen, wrestling, position, action, lecture, picture, future, nature, while, who, whole, write, wrong, next, text, exist, exit, example.

 

Правильно прочитайте наступні словосполучення.

 

Pepper pot, to buy a big bottle of beer, first floor, closed door, a black coffee cup, going to England again, at the same time, tomorrow morning, an apartment in the centre of London, sleeping and dreaming, in the front of the photograph, a lovely view, biscuits and ice-cream, to be chosen for the prize, a path through the thick woods, this thing is theirs, sheets and shirts, Helen’s husband, to read a rhyme, would you like?, a librarian in a public library, away from Washington, few years, chicken chops, a manager at the agency, three teas, English weather, let them, a sad man with a camera, a car-park, a doctor in the hospital, stop talking, naughty audience, a full pool, love it very much, to learn Turkish, another parasol, make a mistake, an awful joke, snow in October, quiet as mice, a town on the mountain, her boyfriend Roy, nearly in tears, upstairs and downstairs, for sure, curious tourists.

 

Рекомендована література

1. Ерко О. Практическая фонетика английского языка: Учеб. пособие. – К.: ООО «ИП Логос», 2005. – 272с.

2. Практический курс английского языка: 1 курс: Учеб. для студ. пед. вузов / Под ред. В. Д. Аракина. – М.: Гуманит. изд. центр ВЛАДОС, 2002. – 544с.

3. Сьомова С. В. Ключик до країни знань: Англійська мова. – Донецьк: ТОВ ВКФ «БАО», 2004. – 48с.

 

 

PERSONAL FORM

 

First name___________________________________________

Last name___________________________________________

Date of birth_________________________________________

Address_____________________________________________________________________

Phone number_________________________________

Marital status______________________________________

Enlist the members of your family: their names, age, job, contact information.

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Secondary education___________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

Place of study_________________________________________________________________

Faculty, specialty_______________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

Expected time of graduation___________________________________________________

Expected degree___________________________________

Social activities________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

Special skills__________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

Personal qualities______________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

Interests______________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________

 

PERSONAL FORM

 

First name _______Irina____________________________________

Last name _______Petrenko________________________________

Date of birth _____September 15, 1992____________________

Address ___Kherson region, Gola Prystan’, Lenina st., 32, apt. 4______

Phone number _______8-050-776-32-19_________________

Marital status ______single______

Enlist the members of your family: their names, age, job, contact information.

Father – Petrenko Ivan, 43 y.o., mechanic, _______________________

tel. number 8-097-987-09-67___________________________________

Mother – Petrenko Maria, 41 y.o., teacher, ____________________________

tel. number 8-099-365-00-12___________________________________

Sister – Petrenko Anna, 14 y.o., schoolgirl.______________________________

Secondary education comprehensive school #7 of Gola Pristan’, 1998-2009

Current place of study ______Kherson State University________________

Faculty, specialty _________Faculty of Arts________________

Expected year of graduation __________July 2012_______________

Expected degree _________Bachelor_________

Social activities monitor of the academic group, participation in university festivals (decorating the scene)______________________________

Special skills sewing, all kinds of embroidering, languages: English (basic), German (basic)_________________________________________________

Personal qualities open-minded, responsible, easy-going, serious, hardworking_______________________________________________________________

Interests computer design, drawing, interior decoration____________

Vocabulary

for filling in the personal form


first name [fɜ:st neɪm] – ім’я

last name [lɑ:st neɪm]– прізвище

marital status ['mærɪtl 'steɪtəs] – сімейний стан

single ['sɪŋɡl] – не одружений (-а)

married ['mærɪd] – одружений (-а)

divorced [dɪ'vɔ:st] – розлучений (-а)

member ['membə] – член (родини)

husband ['hʌzbənd] – чоловік

wife [waɪf] – дружина

job [dʒɒb] – робота

teacher ['ti:tʃə] – вчитель

programmer ['prəυɡræmə] – програміст

mechanic [mɪ'kænɪk] – механік

security officer [sɪ'kjυərətɪ 'ɒfɪsə] – охоронець

manager ['mænɪdʒə] – менеджер

housewife ['haυswaɪf] – домогосподарка

accountant [ə'kaυntənt] – бухгалтер

librarian [laɪ'breərɪən] – бібліотекар

secondary education ['sekǝndǝrɪ edjυ'keɪʃn] – середня освіта

secondary comprehensive school ['sekǝndǝrɪ kɒmprɪ'hensɪv sku:l] – середня загальноосвітня школа

lyceum [laɪ'si:əm] – ліцей

college ['kɒlɪdʒ] – коледж

current ['kʌrənt] – поточний

expected [ɪk'spektɪd] – очікуваний

graduation [ɡrædʒυ'eɪʃn] – закінчення (університету)

degree [dɪ'ɡri:] – ступінь, освітньо-кваліфікаційний рівень

Bachelor ['bætʃǝlə] – бакалавр

Master ['mɑ:stə] – магістр

social activities ['səυʃl æk'tɪvətɪz] – суспільна діяльність

monitor ['mɒnɪtə] – староста

participating [pɑ:̗tɪsɪ’peɪtɪŋ] - участь

developing [dɪ'veləpɪŋ] – розвиток, розробка

special skills ['speʃǝl skɪlz] – особливі уміння

personal qualities ['pɜ:snǝl 'kwɒlətɪz] – особисті якості

interests ['ɪntrəsts] – інтереси, хобі


 

 

Змістовий модуль №2. „Студент та його оточення”

Практичне заняття №5

Практичне заняття №6

Тема: Я – студент юридичного факультету.

 

І. Робота над текстом за темою заняття.

 

1. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст. Внесіть необхідні зміни, що відповідають вашому життєвому досвіду. Перекажіть текст.

Практичне заняття №7

Тема:Молодіжні організації. Студентські свята. Участь студентів у суспільному житті. Традиції університету.

 

І. Робота над текстом за темою заняття.

1. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст. Доповніть його, якщо необхідно, додавши інформацію про Ваш Університет. Перекажіть його.

UNIVERSITY LIFE

University life is much more than just studying some particular subjects. Students can’t do without entertainment. You can find all sorts of entertainment there. If you’re good at sport, you can play for a University sports team. University life is amazing in many ways. It is possible to take part in competitions, contents, etc.

For young people higher education is the method of developing their talent and abilities, their creative potential. That’s why beside their studies they are also engaged in different clubs and organizations. Almost every university has its own team of “joyful and smart” (KVN). This game is rather popular among out young people and it helps them to bring out their brightest talents and to create team spirit. Young people learn to work together, to share the moments of luck and failure. Besides studies students are also engaged in scientific and research work. One may say that nowadays this sphere is not paid much attention to.

If you are a student you are able to be a member of many students’ organizations. The strongest youth organization is the Students Brotherhood. It unites students from all parts of Ukraine. This organization is playing a very important role in democratic changes that are taking place nowadays.

 

2. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст про незвичайні університетські традиції.

Приклад

  1. Will it be a lamp on the table? – Yes, it will be a lamp on the table.
  2. Will it be any plants in the office? - No, there will not be any plants in the office.

 

1. Задайте як найбільше питань до наступних речень:

1) I go to school at 8 o’clock every morning.

2) I will visit this wonderful place next year.

 

 

III. Робота над текстом за професійним спрямуванням.

1. Прочитайте та перекладіть текст.

The Constitution of the USA

The Constitution of the USA was adopted after the War of Independence on September 17, 1787. It lists the set of rules, laws and regulations which provide the practical norms regulating the work of the government. The document embodied the political theories of the Founding Fathers, who represented the interests of a privileged class, as the great majority of those who formulated the Constitution were men of property. The main principle underlying the Constitution was as follows: private property is the backbone of liberty. It was put forward by a rich plantation owner from Virginia, James Madison, who is known to be the “Father of the Constitution” precisely for this reason.

The Constitution consists of the Preamble and seven articles. Twenty-seven amendments have so far been added to its original text. The first 10 amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, were added in a group in 1791, as a result of growing popular demands. These amendments establish the individual rights and freedoms to all people of the States, including freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of worship, the right to peaceful assembly, etc. Some of the amendments are now rela lively unimportant, but the Fifth Amendment retains its significance in the fight of the American people for their civil rights. It provides that “no person shall deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law”, and no person “shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself”.

All the amendments adopted by the Congress become an integral part of the Constitution. Mention should be made of some of them. The Thirteenth amendment abolished slavery. The fourteenth and Fifteenth adopted in 1868 and 1870 defined citizenship and gave the vote to all male citizens, regardless of race, colour or previous condition of servitude. The Nineteenth gave the vote to women and was adopted in 1920. The Twenty-second amendment, adopted in 1951, makes it impossible for any President to hold office for more than two terms. The 26th amendment was adopted in 1971, it lowered the voting age to 18 years.

Americans feel that of all freedoms proclaimed in the Constitution there is only one freedom - freedom of enterprise. But freedom of enterprise does not at all expand personal freedoms of all citizens. On the contrary, it limits them. Freedom of enterpise in practice means freedom of the wealthy to profit at the expense of the working man.

2. Дайте відповіді на наступні запитання:

1. What three main branches is the federal government of the US divided into?

2. Whose interests has the US Constitution reflected from the very beginning?

3. What principle forms the basis of the Constitution?

4. What freedoms are proclaimed by the Constitution? Which of them has become the most important?

5. In what way has the original text of the Constitution been changed?

3. Складіть план до тексту.

4. Перекажіть текст, використовуючи план.

Модуль самостійної роботи до модуля 2 для І курсу

Дієслова “to be”, “to have”

Питання для самоконтролю:

  1. Граматичні функції дієслова to beв реченні.
  2. Форми дієслова to beв англійській мові.
  3. Граматичні функції та форми дієслова to have в англійській мові.
  4. Вживання дієслова to beв теперішньому, минулому та майбутньому часі.
  5. Вживання дієслова to have в теперішньому, минулому та майбутньому часі.

 

Вправа 1. Вставте дієслово to be в Present, Past або Future Simple.

1. The students ... in the Russian Museum now. Last month they ...in the Hermitage. There ... an inter­esting exhibition there. In two weeks they ... in the Tretyakov Gallery.

2. My father ... a teacher. He ... a pupil twenty years ago.

3. I ... a doctor when I grow up.

4. My sister ... not ... at home tomorrow. She ... at school tomorrow.

5. ... you ... at home tomorrow?

6. ... your father at work yesterday?

7. My sister … ill last week. She ... not ill now.

8. Yesterday we ... at the theatre.

9. Where ... your mother now? — She ... in the kitchen.

10. Where ... you yesterday? – I ... at the cinema.

11. When I come home tomorrow, all my family ... at home.

12. ... your little sister in bed now? —Yes, she ... .

13. ... you ... at school tomor­row? — Yes, I ... .

14. When my granny ... young, she ... an actress.

15. My friend ... in Moscow now. He ... in St. Petersburg tomorrow.

16. Where ... your books now? — They ... in my bag.

 

Вправа 2. Утворіть із поданих стверджувальних речень заперечні та питальні.

1. I am busy today. 2. He is on duty. 3. My parents are well. 4. We will be ready soon. 5. They were late. 6. Mary was in the country last month. 7. He was a businessman. 8. Peter and John will be in the garden.

 

Вправа 3. Вставте дієслово to have в Present, Past або Future Simple. Перекладіть речення українською мовою.

  1. We … a good flat next year.
  2. My neighbour … a car when he lived in Odessa.
  3. They … a TV set.
  4. I … eight English books.
  5. She … a new dress for the upcoming New Year party.
  6. You … a good dictionary in your upper drawer.
  7. Our room … two windows.
  8. Many farmers … motor cycles in a couple of years.
  9. Our teacher … two daughters.
  10. I … a very special reason to go there when he came.

 

 

Література:

1. Верба Л.Г., Верба Г.В Граматика сучасної англійської мови. Посібник. – Логос, 1997.- 341 с.

2. Голицынский Ю.Б. Грамматика: Сборник упражнений. – 3-е изд. - СПб.: Каро, 2001. – 512 с.

3. Гордон Е.М., Крылова И.П. Грамматика современного английского языка: Учебник для институтов и факультетов иностранных языков. – 2-е изд., испр. и доп. – М.: Высшая школа, 1980. – 335 с.

 

 

When I came to Cambridge I was surprised a lot. Any student cannot escape the influence of the Cambridge traditions. Here I have felt at one and the same time the Past, the Present and even the Future. It’s easy to see in the old grey stone buildings how the past has influenced the present and how the present is giving shape to the future. So let me tell you a little of what this University town looks like. The story of the University begins as I know, in 1209 when several hundred students and scholars arrived in the little town of Cambridge from Oxford. Then they united into a "Universitas" of Society - the word "University", like the word "College", meant a society of people with a common employment.





Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-06-19; Нарушение авторского права страницы

infopedia.su Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав. Обратная связь - 3.239.233.139 (0.177 с.)