International Communication. Internet. E-mail



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

International Communication. Internet. E-mail



1. What are advantages and disadvantages of the Internet?

2. Do you often use e-mail and chat rooms to get in touch with your friends?

3. Do you often surf the Web?

4. Do you subscribe to newsgroups?

5. Does your ISP screen out unwanted mail and annoying spams?

6. Do you have a good anti-virus software?

7. What do you do when you get garbled files?

8. What do you do when your e-mail is bounced?

9. Do you think that e-learning may become more common as an alternative to traditional learning?

10. Do you think that e-books are beginning to seriously compete with traditional books?

Traveling. The Customs. Hotel

1. Do you enjoy traveling?

2. Have you traveled far?

3. What is the best way of traveling from your point of view?

4. When do travelers have to go through the Customs?

5. Why must travelers fill in a declaration form?

6. What do you show at the Passport Control?

7. Do you enjoy staying at a hotel?

 

Great Britain and the USA

1. Where is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland situated?

2. What is the capital of Great Britain?

3. What places of interest do you know in Great Britain?

4. Where is the USA situated?

5. What is the capital of the USA?

6. Does it belong to any state?

7. What places of interest do you know in the USA?

Law Enforcement

1. What is the basic police mission?

2. How did the police as a law enforcement organization arise and develop?

3. Is there any police force, organized by central government?

4. What is Scotland Yard and what does it do?

5. Why is the development of the British police system especially significant?

6. When can the police use their powers to stop and search?

7. What document is necessary to carry out an arrest?

8. What rights does an arrested person have?

9. How long can a person be kept in custody before being charged?

10. What are the provisions of the Habeas Corpus Act?

Arrest. Witnesses and Their Testimony

1. Who is called a suspect?

2. When can a person be held in custody by the police?

3. What are allegations?

4. What are the usual types of witness?

Trial and Reaching a Verdict

1. What are the steps of a trial?

2. Who is a jury?

3. How are the jurors selected?

4. Who is the first to make an opening statement?

5. When do the lawyers make objections?

6. What is the purpose of the judge’s instructions?

7. What kind of verdict may the jury return?

8. Who delivers a verdict?

Семестр

The History of Law and Society

1. Have laws changed since primeval times?

2. What spheres of human life were covered by Hammurabi’s code?

4. What does the ancient Greek concept of law comprise?

5. Why were the first law mainly attributed to divine powers?

6. What was Solomon’s contribution to ancient law?

7. What were the two basic principles of the English system of government at the beginning of the 13th century? How do you understand these principles?

9. What political situation necessitated the granting of the Magna Carta?

10. What events preceded the Bill of Rights?

11. What was remarkable about Napoleon’s new code?

12. What outstanding philosophers of law do you know?

13. What are Sir Thomas More’s major ideas?

14. What are John Locke’s major ideas?

15. What are Charles-Louis de Secondat Montesquieu’s major ideas?

16. What are Voltaire’s major ideas?

17. What are Jeremy Bentham’s major ideas?

18. What are the earliest legal texts of Kievan Rus?

19. How was the legal procedure performed in Moscovy?

20. What were Peter’s reforms in the country’s administration?

22. What are the major features of the Russian legal development in the 9th century?

 

Criminology

1. What is criminology?

2. What steps can be observed in the development of criminology?

3. What were the earliest criminological theories?

4. What is the main idea of Biological Theory?

5. What is Cesare Lombroso famous for?

6. What are the latest views on the causes of crime?

The Purpose of Punishment

1. What is the main purpose of punishment?

2. What are the types of punishment?

3. What is the problem of capital punishment?

4. What are the arguments for death penalty?

5. What are the arguments against death penalty?

6. Do you believe that punishment can reform a criminal?

Rights and Liberties of the Citizens

1. What is a democratic society?

2. What are the basic human rights?

3. What are the main principles of the due process in a democracy ?

4. How do you understand democratic rights and responsibilities?

5. What is European Court of Human Rights?

 

ПЕРЕЧЕНЬ ВОПРОСОВ ДЛЯ ПОДГОТОВКИ К ЭКЗАМЕНУ

Семестр

(В перечень вопросов к экзамену входят также вопросы для подготовки к зачетам 1-3 семестров: см выше)

Lawmaking Process in the UK and the USA

1. What is the structure of the Parliament?

2. What is the structure of the Congress?

3. In which House does new legislation usually start in Great Britain?

4. In which House does new legislation usually start in the USA?

5. What is a bill?

6. How does a bill become a law in Great Britain?

7. How does a bill become a law in the USA?

8. Who has the right to veto in Great Britain?

9. Who has the right to veto in the USA?

Lawmaking Process in the Russian Federation

1. What is the structure of the Federal Assembly?

2. What is the State Duma?

3. What is the Federation Council?

4. How does a draft law become a law in the Russian Federation?

Judicial System of Great Britain

1. What is the court system of England and Wales?

2. What is the highest court of appeal in England and Wales?

3. What is The Crown Court?

4. What are county courts?

5. What are magistrates’ courts?

6. What are coroners’ courts?

7. What cases are dealt in the juvenile courts?

8. What cases do tribunals deal with?

 

Judicial System of the USA

1. What branches of government does the American constitution establish?

2. Why are the three branches of government not completely independent?

3. What shall the judicial power be vested in by the constitution?

4. What does the judicial system of the United States consist of?

5. What are the federal courts?

6. What creates the system of federal courts?

7. What is US Supreme Court?

8. What is US Courts of Appeals?

9. What is State Court of Last Resort?

10. What are State Intermediate Appellate Courts?

11. What are State Trial Courts?

 

Judicial System of the Russian Federation

1. What is The Constitution of the Russian Federation?

2. How was the existing judicial system of the Russian Federation formed and is being developed?

3. What does the judicial system of the Russian Federation consist of?

4. What is the Federal Assembly of Russian Federation?

5. What is the State Duma?

6. What is the Federal Council and what powers does it have?

7. Describe the legislative process in the Russian Federation.

8. What is the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation?

9. What powers and procedures does the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation have?

10. What is the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation?

11. What is the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation?

12. What is included in the Federal Jurisdiction of the Russian Federation?

13. What is included in the Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation?

Образец экзаменационных заданий

Read the text using a dictionary.

GOVERNMENT

Government is the mechanism through which the public will is expressed and made effective. Sometimes the public will is voiced (выражается) by the people directly, through the agency of the initiative and referendum, but more often it is made manifest (проявляется) by action of their elected representatives in parliaments, legislatures and municipal councils.

Constitutions, laws and ordinances are the formal records of the public will as expressed by these legislative bodies.

Presidents, governors, mayors and other executive officials constitute the channels through which this legislation is put into effect (осуществляется), while the courts uphold their hands (поддерживают их) by providing the function of enforcement (правоохранительная деятельность).

Government, accordingly, embraces three broad functions: namely, the making of laws, the administration of laws, and the enforcement of laws.

Administrators are vested with the function of putting the laws into operation. The vast majority of governmental officers are engaged in this work. And when anyone shows a reluctance (нежелание) to obey laws it is the courts and police that provide the machinery of enforcement. Legislative, executive, and judicial, therefore, are the three great branches of government.

Governments are providing a growing number of services, and engaging in operations of great size and complexity. As the functions of government expand, the role of the administrative branch becomes more and more important.

The quality of administration depends on the character of those who hold the jobs (выполняют работу).

However, it should be realized that administrative organizations and governmental policies change frequently.



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