Topic: Place and significance of hygiene in a system of medical sciences and practical activities of physician. Main hygienic laws. Methods of hygienic researches.



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Topic: Place and significance of hygiene in a system of medical sciences and practical activities of physician. Main hygienic laws. Methods of hygienic researches.



Topic: Place and significance of hygiene in a system of medical sciences and practical activities of physician. Main hygienic laws. Methods of hygienic researches.

The 1st level tests

 

Author: Teklyuk Ruslan, Lecturer / Teacher of Hygiene and Ecology Department

 

1. Name, please, the founder of hygiene as an independent science:
A * Petenkofer M.
B. Minh V. OO
C. Dobroslavin AP
D. Mechnikov II
E. L. Pasteur
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 34.

2. The author of the first medical treatise on healthy lifestyle is:
A. * Hippocrates
V. Aesculapius
S. Democritus
D. Aristotle
E. Avicenna
Source: The total hygiene: propaedeutics hyhyenы / [EI Goncharuk, Kundyev YI, Bardov VG, etc.], ed. EI Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 2000. - S. 22.

3. One of the first fundamental books of the nineteenth century in the field of sanitation was a nine-volume set of rules "System of a public health police." Its author is:
A.* Frank A. I.
B. Yesterlen M. V.
C. M. Levy
D. Pettenkofer M.
E. L. Horner
Source: The total hygiene: propaedeutics hyhyenы / [EI Goncharuk, Kundyev YI, Bardov VG, etc.], ed. EI Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 2000. - S. 31.

4. What is the main purpose of hygiene:
A. * Preserving and strengthening of health
B. To study influence of environmental factors on population health
C. Study of etiology and pathogenesis of diseases
D. Substantiation of hygienic standards and criteria for preserving and strengthening of human health
E. Prediction of sanitary situation in perspective
Source: Occupational and ecology / [Bardov VG, Moskalenko VF, Omelchuk ST et al.]; after. VG Bardova. - Kiev: A new book, 2006. - S.19.

 

5. Name the main developmental periods of hygienic science:
* A. Period of empirical investigation and period of experimental researches
B. Revolutionary and evolutionary periods
C. Period of ergonomic investigations and laboratory physiological investigations
D. Industrial period and period of scientific & technical revolution
E. Period before and after invention of microscope
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 23.

6. What are environmental factors that affect human health:
A. * Physical, chemical, biological, psychological
B. Collective, individual, personal
C. Genetic, phenotypic
D. General, individual, worldwide (universal), domestic, industrial, agricultural, psychological, psychophysiological,
E. Psychological, psychophysiological, biological
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 15-16.

 

7. The main parts of hygiene are:

  1. *Communal hygiene, Personal hygiene, Occupational hygiene, Hygiene of hospitals, Hygiene of nutrition, Radiation Hygiene, Hygiene of children & adolescents,
  2. Hygiene of schools and universities, Military Hygiene, Hygiene of Sailors & divers, Occupational Hygiene
  3. Nourishing hygiene, multicomponent hygiene,
  4. Radiation Hygiene, Hygiene for Comfortable life in towns, Military hygiene,
  5. Municipal Hygiene, Occupational Hygiene, Hygiene of fruits &vegetables, Hygiene of animal food, Hygiene of radioactive substances, Hygiene of hospitals.

 

The 2nd level tests

 

8. List the major methods of hygienic researches:
* A. Epidemiological method, method of sanitary description and examination, method of hygienic experiment, the method of sanitary expertise (laboratory & instrumental
B. Experimental method, economical method, historical method, medical-geographical method, sociological method
C. Epidemiological method, constant analysis, expert evaluation method, the method of structural analysis, mathematical modeling method
D. The method of individual comparison, population-method, medical-statistical method
E. Method of fuzzy logic, neural networks method, a method of forecasting extrapolation method of brainstorming
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 16-17.

 

9. The main idea of hygienic experiment in natural conditions is:

A.* The investigator studies the impact of different factors of the environment in usual conditions of everyday activity (during the work at industrial enterprise or in usual living conditions).

B. A researcher should carry out his own laboratory tests and compare results with ones from another sources and maximum permissible concentration.

C. Determination of the observation areas. In these areas monitoring of inhabitants’ health state will be performed. An observation area is the clearly delineated area with all its population where the concentration of pollutant noticeably exceeds the norm (experimental area) or stays within the ranges of the norm.

D. The investigator studies not less than 3 different factors of the environment in usual conditions of everyday activity (at industrial enterprise or in specific living conditions)

E. The investigator studies the impact of different factors of the environment andmethods of mathematical analysis and modeling working out hygienic specifications for harmful factors of the environment.

 

10. Indicate which of the following research methods is in use to study prevalence of diseases:
* A. Epidemiological method
B. The method of sanitary inspection
S. Method of hygienic experiment
D. Method of sanitary examination
E. The method of health education
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 52.

 

11. List the types of sanitary inspection method:
A. * Sanitary description and profound sanitary inspection including laboratory analysis.
B. Sanitary examination and medical-statistical method
C. Medical screening of populations and clinical supervision of volunteers
D. Laboratory and field experiment (in natural conditions)
E. Method of forecasting and extrapolation of epidemiological method
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 17

 

12. List the types of the method of hygienic experiment:
* A. Hygienic laboratory and field experiment (in a natural conditions)
B. Sanitary examination and medical-statistical method
C. Medical screening of populations and profound clinical examination of volunteers
D. Sanitary description and sanitary inspection
E. Method of forecasting and extrapolation of epidemiological method
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 20.

 

13. Specify the primary method of research in routine work of Medical Officer:
* A. The method of sanitary inspection
B. Epidemiological method
C. Method of hygienic experiment
D. Method of sanitary examination
E. The method of health education
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 65.


14. Name the variants of sanitary inspection for use in hygiene:
A. * Current and preventive inspection
B. Planned and previous
C. Unscheduled and periodical
D. Advanced
E. Daily and quarterly
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 17, 512-530.

 

 

The 3rd level tests

The health of population, most, depends on:

*A. way of life

B. terms of external environment

C. economic line-up

D. heredity

E. systems of health protection

 

Topic: Hygienic evaluation of air quality and ventilation efficiency.

Topic: Hygienic evaluation of food products quality degree. Sanitary expertise of flour, bread and cerals. Methods of laboratory control of beverages’ quality and falsification.

Topic: Prevention of alimentary and alimentary conditioned diseases.

Topic: Place and significance of hygiene in a system of medical sciences and practical activities of physician. Main hygienic laws. Methods of hygienic researches.

The 1st level tests

 

Author: Teklyuk Ruslan, Lecturer / Teacher of Hygiene and Ecology Department

 

1. Name, please, the founder of hygiene as an independent science:
A * Petenkofer M.
B. Minh V. OO
C. Dobroslavin AP
D. Mechnikov II
E. L. Pasteur
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 34.

2. The author of the first medical treatise on healthy lifestyle is:
A. * Hippocrates
V. Aesculapius
S. Democritus
D. Aristotle
E. Avicenna
Source: The total hygiene: propaedeutics hyhyenы / [EI Goncharuk, Kundyev YI, Bardov VG, etc.], ed. EI Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 2000. - S. 22.

3. One of the first fundamental books of the nineteenth century in the field of sanitation was a nine-volume set of rules "System of a public health police." Its author is:
A.* Frank A. I.
B. Yesterlen M. V.
C. M. Levy
D. Pettenkofer M.
E. L. Horner
Source: The total hygiene: propaedeutics hyhyenы / [EI Goncharuk, Kundyev YI, Bardov VG, etc.], ed. EI Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 2000. - S. 31.

4. What is the main purpose of hygiene:
A. * Preserving and strengthening of health
B. To study influence of environmental factors on population health
C. Study of etiology and pathogenesis of diseases
D. Substantiation of hygienic standards and criteria for preserving and strengthening of human health
E. Prediction of sanitary situation in perspective
Source: Occupational and ecology / [Bardov VG, Moskalenko VF, Omelchuk ST et al.]; after. VG Bardova. - Kiev: A new book, 2006. - S.19.

 

5. Name the main developmental periods of hygienic science:
* A. Period of empirical investigation and period of experimental researches
B. Revolutionary and evolutionary periods
C. Period of ergonomic investigations and laboratory physiological investigations
D. Industrial period and period of scientific & technical revolution
E. Period before and after invention of microscope
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 23.

6. What are environmental factors that affect human health:
A. * Physical, chemical, biological, psychological
B. Collective, individual, personal
C. Genetic, phenotypic
D. General, individual, worldwide (universal), domestic, industrial, agricultural, psychological, psychophysiological,
E. Psychological, psychophysiological, biological
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 15-16.

 

7. The main parts of hygiene are:

  1. *Communal hygiene, Personal hygiene, Occupational hygiene, Hygiene of hospitals, Hygiene of nutrition, Radiation Hygiene, Hygiene of children & adolescents,
  2. Hygiene of schools and universities, Military Hygiene, Hygiene of Sailors & divers, Occupational Hygiene
  3. Nourishing hygiene, multicomponent hygiene,
  4. Radiation Hygiene, Hygiene for Comfortable life in towns, Military hygiene,
  5. Municipal Hygiene, Occupational Hygiene, Hygiene of fruits &vegetables, Hygiene of animal food, Hygiene of radioactive substances, Hygiene of hospitals.

 

The 2nd level tests

 

8. List the major methods of hygienic researches:
* A. Epidemiological method, method of sanitary description and examination, method of hygienic experiment, the method of sanitary expertise (laboratory & instrumental
B. Experimental method, economical method, historical method, medical-geographical method, sociological method
C. Epidemiological method, constant analysis, expert evaluation method, the method of structural analysis, mathematical modeling method
D. The method of individual comparison, population-method, medical-statistical method
E. Method of fuzzy logic, neural networks method, a method of forecasting extrapolation method of brainstorming
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 16-17.

 

9. The main idea of hygienic experiment in natural conditions is:

A.* The investigator studies the impact of different factors of the environment in usual conditions of everyday activity (during the work at industrial enterprise or in usual living conditions).

B. A researcher should carry out his own laboratory tests and compare results with ones from another sources and maximum permissible concentration.

C. Determination of the observation areas. In these areas monitoring of inhabitants’ health state will be performed. An observation area is the clearly delineated area with all its population where the concentration of pollutant noticeably exceeds the norm (experimental area) or stays within the ranges of the norm.

D. The investigator studies not less than 3 different factors of the environment in usual conditions of everyday activity (at industrial enterprise or in specific living conditions)

E. The investigator studies the impact of different factors of the environment andmethods of mathematical analysis and modeling working out hygienic specifications for harmful factors of the environment.

 

10. Indicate which of the following research methods is in use to study prevalence of diseases:
* A. Epidemiological method
B. The method of sanitary inspection
S. Method of hygienic experiment
D. Method of sanitary examination
E. The method of health education
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 52.

 

11. List the types of sanitary inspection method:
A. * Sanitary description and profound sanitary inspection including laboratory analysis.
B. Sanitary examination and medical-statistical method
C. Medical screening of populations and clinical supervision of volunteers
D. Laboratory and field experiment (in natural conditions)
E. Method of forecasting and extrapolation of epidemiological method
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 17

 

12. List the types of the method of hygienic experiment:
* A. Hygienic laboratory and field experiment (in a natural conditions)
B. Sanitary examination and medical-statistical method
C. Medical screening of populations and profound clinical examination of volunteers
D. Sanitary description and sanitary inspection
E. Method of forecasting and extrapolation of epidemiological method
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 20.

 

13. Specify the primary method of research in routine work of Medical Officer:
* A. The method of sanitary inspection
B. Epidemiological method
C. Method of hygienic experiment
D. Method of sanitary examination
E. The method of health education
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 65.


14. Name the variants of sanitary inspection for use in hygiene:
A. * Current and preventive inspection
B. Planned and previous
C. Unscheduled and periodical
D. Advanced
E. Daily and quarterly
Source: General hygiene: hygiene propaedeutics / [EG Goncharuk, Kundiyev YI, Bardov VG et al.]; After. E. Goncharuk. - K.: High School, 1995. - S. 17, 512-530.

 

 

The 3rd level tests

The health of population, most, depends on:

*A. way of life

B. terms of external environment

C. economic line-up

D. heredity

E. systems of health protection

 



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