ТОП 10 на сайтеПриготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Техника нижней прямой подачи мяча.
Франко-прусская война (причины и последствия)
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Смысловое и механическое запоминание, их место и роль в усвоении знаний
Коммуникативные барьеры и пути их преодоления
Обработка изделий медицинского назначения многократного применения
Образцы текста публицистического стиля
Четыре типа изменения баланса
Задачи с ответами для Всероссийской олимпиады по праву
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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?
Влияние общества на человека
Приготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Практические работы по географии для 6 класса
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Изменения в неживой природе осенью
Уборка процедурного кабинета
Сольфеджио. Все правила по сольфеджио
Балочные системы. Определение реакций опор и моментов защемления
Match words from the two boxes to make expressions.
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13. Now use the expressions above to complete the sentences and translate them into Ukrainian:
a) We have a number of choices, but our __________ is to lower fuel consumption.
b) On the next side, the __________ indicates the money saved by using recycled materials.
c) At the beginning of the year we formed a __________ with a company in Africa. We’re __________ that this was the right decision.
d) The most __________ last year was in the lowering of emissions.
e) ___________ is clearly rising in the Far East as more and more people can afford vehicles and fuel.
f) I am not 100% sure, but it is __________ that our __________ is coming out with an environmentally-friendly model within the next five years.
14. Complete the following sentences with Modal Verbs:
a) If you drive a car you ________ have a driving license.
b) Driving a car you ________ have insurance.
c) When you come to a roundabout you ________ slow down.
d) If you are driving you ________ use your mobile phone.
e) When you are driving you ________ wear a seatbelt.
f) You ________ listen to the radio when you are driving.
g) You ________ stop at a red traffic light.
h) You ________ always drive carefully.
According to the safety precautions it is necessary to keep your car in good condition and well-repaired. Complete this report by the car mechanic (M) to his supervisor (S). Act out the dialogue with your partner.
S: Have you checked the tires yet?
M: Yes, we’ve checked all the tires first thing this morning and we ______ (find) that the rear tire was worn. So we ______ (replace) it.
S: What about the tire pressures? Have you adjusted them yet?
M:Yes, we ______ (adjust) them when we ______ (put) the tires on. Then, at about 10 this morning, we ______ (examine) the fuel system. We ______ (take) it apart and ______ (unblock) the fuel pipe.
S: Good have you repaired the damaged paintwork on the door?
M:Yes, we ______ (strip) off the damaged paint just before lunch and then we ______ (clean) the door, ______ (repair) it and ______ (repaint) it.
S: What about the air conditioner? Have you checked it?
M: Yes, we checked it. Then we ______ (pump) some new fluid into the air conditioning system.
S: What about the oil leak under the car? Have you had time to look at that yet?
M:Yes, we ______ (do) that about an hour ago.
S: Thank you guys. You are the best.
Match the words and phrases to the correct headings.
After sales care, consumer satisfaction questionnaire, compensation, faults, monitoring, defects, flaws, inspection, minimum standard, warranty, zero defects.
A CAR SAFETY PROGRAMME
Good morning everyone. For those of you who don’t know me, my name is Gordon Waters. I’m here to talk about the New Car Assessment Programme (NCAP). First of all, I’m going to tell you something about the history of the NCAP. Then I’ll talk about its passive vehicle safety programme. There’ll be time for questions at the end.
So, firstly, let’s look at the NCAP’s history. It was founded in 1997 and brings me on to my next point – the passive vehicle safety in Europe and America. Its aim is to provide the customer with an opportunity to compare passive vehicle safety in different car models. Just so that everyone’s clear about the terminology, when I say passive vehicle safety, I mean those features used if an accident happens. Features which are used to avoid an accident are referred to as active vehicle safety. One important feature of the programme is tests themselves. As you can see in this side, the programme first tested vehicles in a head-on collision with a rigid wall at 64km/h. in this side-on crash, a 1.5m wide deformable barrier weighing 950kg is rammed into the side of the car at 50km/h. A vehicle can be awarded up to five stars, depending on how it performs in the tests.
Four dummies are used inside the car in the test. The driver and front passenger dummies not only measure the usual injury criteria, such as head, thorax, pelvic acceleration and thigh pressure, but also neck pressure, thorax deformation, knee displacement and lower leg pressure. At the rear are two smaller dummies in children’s seats. A further test assesses the injury risk for pedestrians. So, I think that covers everything about the tests.
Try to answer these questions asked by people in the audience.
a) Did you say that the NCAP tests active and passive vehicle safety?
b) Who does the NCAP provide information for, exactly?
c) What did you say the crash speed in the frontal crash is?
d) Did you say tested vehicles are given a percentage rating?
e) Am I right in thinking the tests assess the risk of injury to the whole body?
f) So these tests only assess the risk of injury to passengers, is that right?
Put the safety features into the correct column. Which of these safety features does your or your parents’ car have?
ABS, adaptive cruise control, crumple zone, highly rigid roof, automatic emergency braking, seat belt, airbags, ESP (Electronic Stability Program), retractable steering wheel, shatterproof windscreen, lane departure warning system, xenon headlights.
Use the words in the box to complete the flow chart.
a) The product was launched two years ago.
b) Shortly after that, complaints were received about its ________ and ________.
c) Because of market feedbacks, it was ________ so that any faults could be investigated. At the same time, it was withdrawn from sale.
d) After extensive tests, a fault was ________ by engineers.
e) As a result, they were able to correct the fault and the product was ________.
f) It was then ________ under controlled conditions.
g) Finally, the redesigned product was ________ in the market.
h) Unfortunately, it ________ due to lack of consumer confidence caused by bad publicity.
Complete the text about car recalls with words from the box below. Translate the sentences into Ukrainian.
A leading car manufacturer is recalling 70,000 models in the UK to check for a potentially life-threatening ________.
The brake pedal on the top-selling small MPV can ________ suddenly.
The problem affects all UK cars sold since the launch in July 2000 except those delivered in recent weeks. A small clip – if incorrectly ________ – can allow the pedal to detach from the rest of the braking system.
If this happens on the move, the driver is reduced to using the ________ and gears to bring the car to a halt.
The car manufacturer says a small number of owners have experienced the problem but no ________ have been reported.
The manufacturer says it has written to every owner asking them to take the car to their ________.
Any work needed will be carried out free of ________.
Since only 85% of owners respond to ________ notices, 10,000 potentially dangerous models could still be left on UK roads.
7. Match the questions (1 – 7) with their answers (a – g):
Imagine you are a transport consultant brought in to advise it on how to make cars safer. Prepare and deliver a presentation of your recommendations to the representatives of the design department.
Pay attention to the following:ABS, adaptive cruise control, highly rigid roof, automatic emergency braking, seat belt, airbags, retractable steering wheel, shatterproof windscreen, lane departure warning system, xenon headlights, …
Until a short time ago, most of the progress made in auto safety was in front and rear accidents, even though 40% of all serious injuries from accidents are the result of side impacts and 30% of all accidents are side-impact collisions.
Many car makers have reacted to these statistics and new standards of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) by making doors, door frames and floor and roof sections stronger. But cars that now offer side airbags represent a new type of occupant protection.
Engineers say that designing effective side airbags is much more difficult than designing front airbags. This is because much of the energy from a front-impact collision is absorbed by the bumper, hood, and engine, and it takes almost 30 to 40 milliseconds before the impact reaches the car’s occupant. In a side impact, only a relatively thin door and a few inches separate the occupant from another vehicle. This means that door-mounted side airbags must begin deploying within 5 or 6 milliseconds. It takes a collision of about 19kph to trigger side airbags.
The seatbelt airbag is intended to give back-seat passengers the same level of protection as front-seat occupants. The airbag is incorporated in the rear-seat seatbelt and inflates forward on impact.
Bosch has developed an airbag control unit with extended functional range for highly precise triggering of airbags and belt tensioners. According to the company, the system detects the impact speed of a frontal collision at a very early stage with the help of two ‘upfront’ sensors. The central crash sensor’s information ensures good decision precision. Depending on the type of accident, the occupant restraint system can be triggered either in one or two phases.
The new system has two acceleration sensors which transmit signals, from which the electronic control unit calculates early and precisely the energy absorption as well as the velocity of vehicle deformation. After only 15ms, it is clearly recognizable whether it will be a minor crash without the actuation of the airbag of a serious crash with triggering of the necessary passive safety system.
The side impact is detected by means of four side-impact sensors, the signals of which are checked for plausibility against those of the central sensors in the airbag. This concept ensures triggering of the side airbag for optimum protection of head and chest in a lateral collision.
Airbags, though, do not always save lives, they sometimes kill people who are too small or are in the wrong position when the airbags deploy. To prevent this from happening, car makers and suppliers are developing occupant-sensing systems. The three leading technologies for smart airbags are weight-sensing in the seat, position sensing within the car and camera monitoring. These detection systems can automatically deactivate the airbags if the situation is dangerous.
1. Answer the following questions:
a) Do you know anyone who has been saved by an airbag in an accident?
b) Which other safety features are car manufacturers working on?
c) Which features do you think will be developed in the future?
d) What do you remember about Bosch airbag control unit? How does it work?
e) How safe do you feel when driving your car?
f) Designing side airbags is more difficult than designing front airbags, isn’t it?
2. Make sure that you know these terms:
Auto safety, side impacts, side-impact collisions, occupant protection, door-mounted side airbags, to absorb, to deploy, to trigger, seatbelt airbag, level of protection, airbag control unit, extended functional range, to detect the impact speed, to transmit signals, to calculate, the energy absorption, velocity of vehicle deformation, actuation of the airbag, occupant-sensing system.
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