Робота з текстом Communication Rules.



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Робота з текстом Communication Rules.



Практичні заняття

Курс

Змістовий Модуль 5: Подорожі. Митниця.

 

Практичне заняття №1, 2

 

Тема заняття: Мовний етикет. Ведення бізнесу в різних країнах

Хід заняття

Робота з текстом Communication Rules.

The Basic Forms of Communication

As David Glass is well aware, effective communicators have many tools at their disposal when they want to get across a message. Whether writing or speaking, they know how to put together the words that will convey their meaning. They reinforce their words with gestures and actions. They look you in the eye, listen to what you have to say, and think about your feelings and needs. At the same time, they study your reactions, picking up the nuances of your response by watching your face and body, listening to your tone of voice, and evaluating your words. They absorb information just as efficiently as they transmit it, relying on both non-verbal and verbal cues.

Non-Verbal Communication

The most basic form of communication is non-verbal. Anthropologists theorize that long before human beings used words to talk things over, our ancestors communicated with one another by using their bodies. They gritted their teeth to show anger; they smiled and touched one another to indicate affection. Although we have come a long way since those primitive times, we still use non-verbal cues to express superiority, dependence, dislike, respect, love, and other feelings.

Non-verbal communication differs from verbal communication in fundamental ways. For one thing, it is less structured, which makes it more difficult to study. A person cannot pick up a book on non-verbal language and master the vocabulary of gestures, expressions, and inflections that are common in our culture. We don't really know how people learn non-verbal behavior. No one teaches a baby to cry or smile, yet these forms of self- expression are almost universal. Other types of non-verbal communication, such as the meaning of colors and certain gestures, vary from culture to culture.

Non-verbal communication also differs from verbal communication in terms of intent and spontaneity. We generally plan our words. When we say "please open the door," we have a conscious purpose. We think about the message, if only for a moment. But when we communicate non-verbally, we sometimes do so unconsciously. We don't mean to raise an eyebrow or blush. Those actions come naturally. Without our consent, our emotions are written all over our faces.

Why non-verbal communication is important

Although non-verbal communication is often unplanned, it has more impact than verbal communication. Non-verbal cues are especially important in conveying feelings; accounting for 93 percent of the emotional meaning that is exchanged in any interaction. One advantage of non-verbal communication is its reliability. Most people can deceive us much more easily with their words than they can with their bodies. Words are relatively easy to control; body language, facial expressions, and vocal characteristics are not. By paying attention to these non-verbal cues, we can detect deception or affirm a speaker's honesty. Not surprisingly, we have more faith in non-verbal cues than we do in verbal messages. If a person says one thing but transmits a conflicting message non-verbally, we almost invariably believe the non-verbal signal. To a great degree, then, an individual's credibility as a communicator depends on non-verbal messages. Non-verbal communication is important for another reason as well: It can be efficient from both the sender's and the receiver's standpoint. You can transmit a non-verbal message without even thinking about it, and your audience can register the meaning unconsciously. By the same token, when you have a conscious purpose, you can often achieve it more economically with a gesture than you can with words. A wave of the hand, a pat on the back, a wink—all are streamlined expressions of thought. Non-verbal communication plays a role in business too. For one thing, it helps establish credibility and leadership potential. If you can learn to manage the impression you create with your body language, facial characteristics, voice, and appearance, you can do a great deal to communicate that you are competent, trustworthy, and dynamic. For example, Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton has developed a homespun style that puts people at ease, thereby helping them to be more receptive, perhaps even more open. Furthermore, if you can learn to read other people's non-verbal messages, you will be able to interpret their underlying attitudes and intentions more accurately. When dealing with co-workers, customers, and clients, watch carefully for small signs that reveal how the conversation is going. If you aren't having the effect you want, check your words; then, if your words are all right, try to be aware of the non-verbal meanings you are transmitting. At the same time, stay tuned to the non-verbal signals that the other person is sending.

Verbal Communication

Although you can express many things non-verbally, there are limits to what you can communicate without the help of language. If you want to discuss past events, ideas, or abstractions, you need words—symbols that stand for thoughts — arranged in meaningful patterns. In the English language, we have a 750,000, although most of us recognize only about 20,000 of them. To create a thought with these words, we arrange them according to the rules of grammar, putting the various parts of speech in the proper sequence. We then transmit the message in spoken or written form, hoping that someone will hear or read what we have to say.

2. Робота з текстом Business Communication

Basics of Intercultural Business Communication

As Bill Davila knows, the first step in learning to communicate with people from other cultures is to become aware of what culture means. Our awareness of intercultural differences is both useful and necessary in today's world of business.

Understanding Culture

Person may not realize it, but he belongs to several cultures. The most obvious is the culture he shares with all other people who live in the same country. But this person also belongs to other cultural groups, such as an ethnic group, a religious group, a fraternity or sorority, or perhaps a profession that has its own special language and customs. So what exactly is culture? It is useful to define culture as a system of shared symbols, beliefs, attitudes, values, expectations, and norms for behavior. Thus all members of a culture have, and tend to act on, similar assumptions about how people should think, behave, and communicate. Distinct groups that exist within a major culture are more properly referred to as subcultures. Among groups that might be considered subcultures are Mexican Americans in East Los Angeles, Mormons in Salt Lake City, and longshoremen in Montreal. Subcultures without geographic boundaries can be found as well, such as wrestling fans, Russian immigrants, and Harvard M.B.A.s. Cultures and subcultures vary in several ways that affect intercultural communication:

• Stability. Conditions in the culture may be stable or may be changing slowly or rapidly.
•Complexity. Cultures vary in the accessibility of information. In North
America information is contained in explicit codes, including words, whereas in Japan a great deal of information is conveyed implicitly, through body language, physical context, and the like.• Composition. Some cultures are made up of many diverse and disparate subcultures; others tend to be more homogeneous. • Acceptance. Cultures vary in their attitudes toward outsiders. Some are openly hostile or maintain a detached aloofness. Others are friendly and co- operative toward strangers. As you can see, cultures vary widely. It's no wonder that most of us need special training before we can become comfortable with a culture other than our own.

Робота над текстом за професійним спрямуванням.

Tango History

Tango (the dance with the stop "Baille Con Carte") is one of the most fascinating of all dances. Originating in Spain or Morocco, the Tango was introduced to the New World by the Spanish settlers, eventually coming back to Spain with Black and Creole influences.

In the early 19th Century, the Tango was a solo dance performed by the woman. The Andalusian Tango was later done by one or two couples walking together using castanets. The dance was soon considered immoral with its flirting music!

Ballroom Tango originated in the lower class of Buenos Aires, especially in the "Bario de las Ranas". Clothing was dictated by full skirts for the woman and gauchos with high boots and spurs for the man.

The story of Tango as told is that it started with the gauchos of Argentina. They wore chaps that had hardened from the foam and sweat of the horses body. Hence to gauchos walked with knees flexed. They would go to the crowded night clubs and ask the local girls to dance. Since the gaucho hadn't showered, the lady would dance in the crook of the man's right arm, holding her head back. Her right hand was held low on his left hip, close to his pocket, looking for a payment for dancing with him. The man danced in a curving fashion because the floor was small with round tables, so he danced around and between them. The dance spread throughout Europe in the 1900's. Originally popularized in New York in the winter of 1910 - 1911, Rudolph Valentino then made the Tango a hit in 1921. As time elapsed and the music became more subdued, the dance was finally considered respectable even in Argentina. Styles vary in Tango: Argentine, French, Gaucho and International. Still, Tango has become one of our American 'Standards' regardless of its origin. The Americanized version is a combination of the best parts of each. The principals involved are the same for any good dancing. First, the dance must fit the music. Second, it must contain the basic characteristic that sets it apart from other dances. Third, it must be comfortable and pleasing to do.

Phrasing is an important part of Tango. Most Tango music phrased to 16 or 32 beats of music. Tango music is like a story. It contains paragraphs (Major phrases); sentences (Minor phrases); and the period at the end of the sentence is the Tango close.

For exhibition dancing, a Tango dancer must develop a strong connection with the music, the dance and the audience. The audience can only feel this connection if the performer feels and projects this feeling. So it is when dancing for your own pleasure -- and your partner's!

"The Tango is the easiest dance. If you make a mistake and get tangled up, you just Tango on." (Al Pacino in "The Scent of a Woman.") Movies that featured Tango dancing include "The Scent of a Woman", Madonna's "Evita" and "True Lies" starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and Jamie Lee Curtis.

Домашнє завдання:

1. Опрацювати текст за професійним спрямуванням.

2. Опрацювати граматичний матеріал, виконати запропоновані вправи.

Практичне заняття № 3

 

Тема заняття:Реєстрація в аеропорту ( на вокзалі, в порту). Митний контроль.

Хід заняття

AT THE CUSTOMS

Vocabulary:

passport control паспортний контроль

visa віза

customs officer митник

channel прохід

amount кількість

receipt квитанція

duty податок, митний збір

declaration митна декларація

declare вносити в декларацію

citizenship громадянство

submit підлягати

EU - European Union Європейський союз

 

Ex.1. Act the dialogs.

 

Passport control officer: Your passports, please.

Traveller: Here you are.

Passport control officer: How long are you staying in America?

Traveller: Two months. I'm here on business (on invitation).

Passport control о ff і с є r: Your passport and visa are in order. Have a pleasant stay, sir.

Traveller: Thank you.

AT THE CUSTOMS

- Hello.

- Hello.

- Could you tell me which channel to go through?

- If you've got anything to declare you go through the red channel.

- How do you know if I have things to declare?

- Are you staying in Britain for more than six months?

- No.

- The amount of goods you can bring in without duty depends on where you bought them. You can have 200 cigarettes, 1 litre of spirits, 2 litres of wine and presents worth 29 pounds, if you bought them in a duty free shop or on the plane or in a country not in the EU.

- Oh!

- If you bought them in an EU country you can have 300 cigarettes, 1 and litres of spirits, 4 litres of wine and presents worth a hundred and twenty pounds.

- Right. I have 1 litre of whisky and 2 litres of wine. I don't have any presents, that means I don't have anything to declare.

- That's right. You can go through the green channel.

- I've got 100 cigarettes and a bottle of vodka. I bought it on the plane. But I bought a camera in the EU which costs 200 pounds. It's a present for my uncle.

- You must go through the red channel.

- Thank you.

 

Ex. 2. Make dialogs, filling in the spaces.

 

AT THE CUSTOMS OFFICE

1.................................................. ? - That's right. Shall I open it?

2.............................................. .....? - No, I don't think I have.

3.................................................... - Thank you.

Salsa

Salsa is not easily defined. Who invented salsa? The Cubans, Puerto Ricans? Salsa is a distillation of many Latin and Afro-Caribbean dances. Each played a large part in its evolution. Salsa is similar to Mambo in that both have a pattern of six steps danced over eight counts of music. The dances share many of the same moves. In Salsa, turns have become an important feature, so the overall look and feels are quite different form those of Mambo. Mambo moves generally forward and backward, whereas, Salsa has more of a side to side feel.

Домашнє завдання:

 

1. Опрацювати текст за професійним спрямуванням.

2. Опрацювати граматичний матеріал, виконати запропоновані вправи.

Практичне заняття № 4

 

Тема заняття:Сервіс у літаку (у потязі, на судні)

Хід заняття

What Is Modern Dance?

Born in the early 20th century, modern dance is a dance style that centers on a dancer's own interpretations instead of structured steps, as in traditional ballet dancing. During the 1900's, European dancers began rebelling against the rigid rules of classical ballet. Turning against the structured techniques, costumes and shoes of ballet, these dancers favaored a more relaxed, free style of dancing. Modern dance pioneers often danced in bare feet and revealing costumes. In the United States, several dance pioneers paved the way for American modern dance, including the legendary Martha Graham.

Characteristics of Modern Dance:

Modern dance encourages dancers to use their emotions and moods to design their own steps and routines. It is not unusual for modern dancers to invent new steps for their routines, instead of following a structured code of technique, as in ballet. Another characteristic of modern dance in opposition to ballet is the deliberate use of gravity. Whereas classical ballet dancers strive to be light and airy on their feet, modern dancers often use their body weight to enhance movement. A modern dancer rejects the classical ballet stance of an upright, erect body, often opting instead for deliberate falls to the floor.

Домашнє завдання:

 

1.Опрацювати текст за професійним спрямуванням.

2.Опрацювати граматичний матеріал, виконати запропоновані вправи.

 

Модуль самостійної роботи:

Прислівник

І. Дайте відповіді на запитання:

  1. Що таке прислівник?
  2. Назвіть п’ять основних груп прислівників в англійській мові, наведіть приклади.
  3. Які найбільш поширені суфікси для утворення прислівників?
  4. Які ступені порівняння прислівників існують в англійській мові? Дайте їм характеристику
  5. Особливі випадки утворення ступенів порівняння прислівників.

ІІ. Виконайте вправи:

1. Заповніть пусті місця словами з правого стовпчика:

1. Mind, it’s ... confidential. 2. He'll have to limit his expenses.... 3. It changes ..., like night and day. 4. We'll contact you ... . 5. They never took me ... . 6. This morning they quarrelled ... . 7. In the grate a log fire burned ... . 8. This chap plays the piano so ... . 9. He expresses his ideas ... . 10. They didn't think twice and came 11. I go to the theatre .... 12. Her mind on her son, she cooked ... 13. They considered the contract ... . 14. I ... get up at 8 o'clock. 15. "Can we come in?" she asked ... . 16. Always try to breathe ... . a. brightly b. well c. hopefully d. badly e. briefly f. automatically g. occasionally h. regularly i. directly j. seriously k. clearly l. immediately m.severely n. normally o. strictly p. deeply

 

   

|колони|2. Утворіть|дайте| ступені|міри| порівняння наступних прислівників|такого|:

Badly, briefly, carefully, clearly, distinctly, early, effectively, efficiently, far, fast, frankly, frequently, hard, heartily, honestly, late, little, much, often, patiently, soon, well, willingly.

3.Розкрийте дужки і оберіть правильний варіант:

1. This is a ... complex law. (high, highly) 2. He was a tall man with ... shoulders. The child yawned ... . (wide, widely) 3. We have a very ... opinion of you. The review is ... critical, (high, highly) 4. Her books sell ... . The gap between the poor and the rich is, very ... . (wide, widely) 5. They are ... educated people This is ... fashion, (high, highly) 6. She opened her еуеs ... and stared. These books are ... known, (wide, widely) 7. The students spoke ... of the teacher. He lives to very ... standards, (high, highly) 8. She loved her husband ... . They dug ... down into the earth, (deep, deeply) 9. They are ... religious people. The river was three meters ... . (deep, deeply) 10. We had a ... talk. They stopped ... . Ho told me ... what to do next, (short, shortly) 11. The Marathon runner was breathing ... . We ... know each other, (hard, hardly) 12. The sun was ... above the trees. Her dress was cut ... in front, (low, lowly).

2. Скласти діалоги з теми «Здійснення формальностей під час подорожі».

3. Статті суспільно-політичного характеру для анотування.

4. Презентація рекламного туристичного проспекту.

Література

1. English: Тексти. Підручник. Для студентів інженерних, аграрних, медичних вищих навчальних закладів/ Укладач Є.О.Мансі. – К: Видавничий центр «Академія», 2004. – 432 с.

2. Безуглий А.В. Розповіді з історії Великобританії. – Х.: Прапор, 1999. – 40 с.

3. Бориско Н.Ф. Бизнес- курс немецкого языка. – К.: Логос, 1998. – 420 с.

4. Буданов С.І., Борисова А.О. Ділова англійська мова. 2-ге вид. – Харків: ТОРСІНГ ПЛЮС, 2006. – 128 с.

5. Бурова З.И. Учебник английского языка для гуманитарных специальностей вузов. – 4-е изд. – М.: Айрис-пресс, 2004. – 576 с.

6. Воробйова А.В., Попович А.В., Чуба А.В., Єремєєва Є.Г., Шевельова Н.В., Денисенко О.В., Ляшенко У.І. Науково-методичні рекомендації «Іноземна мова (за профілем спрямування). Моніторинг знань студентів I курсу нефілологічних спеціальностей (збірник тестових завдань)». – Херсон: Видавництво ХДУ, 2008. – 192 с.

7. Воробйова А.В., Єремєєва Є.Г., Попович А.В. Методичні рекомендації з вивчення курсу «Іноземна мова (за профілем спрямування)». – Херсон: Айлант, 2008. – 104 с.

8. Гонсалес-Фернандес А. и др. Испанский язык: Учебное пособие /

А.А. Гонсалес-Фернандес, Н.М. Шидловская, А.В. Дементьев. – 3-е изд., стереотипное – М.: Высш.шк., 1999. – 320 с.

9. Голотюк О.В. Навчально-методичні рекомендації з теми „Мистецтво" для студентів ІY-Y року навчання спеціальності 7.010103 ПМСО. Мова і література (англійська, французька) . – Херсон: „Айлант", 2005. – 68 с.

10. Гужва Т.М. Reasons to Speak. Сучасні розмовні теми. – Х.: Торсінг Плюс, 2006. – 320 с.

Курс

Змістовий Модуль 6: Гроші. Обмін валюти. Покупки

 

Практичне заняття № 1

Тема заняття:В банку. Державна та іноземна валюта.

Banks

Most banks in the US open at 9:00 and close between 3:00 and 5:00, but stay open later on Fridays. Some banks have longer hours in order to attract customers.

What's the best way to carry money safely while you are travelling? There are three possibilities - personal checks from your country, traveller's checks and credit cards. Some American banks accept foreign checks such as Euro cheques; the problem is that only banks that are used to dealing with foreigners will know what Eurocheques are. It may be more convenient to carry traveller's checks, which are insured against loss. They should be in dollars, because only a few banks do much business in foreign currencies. If your checks are not in dollars, it may take you a long time to find a bank that will exchange them. You can use traveller's checks almost anywhere - in restaurants, stores or ticket offices - without having to go to a bank. If you run out of them, you can buy more at most banks. Their service charge will vary, though, so ask what it is before you buy your checks.

Americans would say the best way to carry money is to have a major credit card like Visa, MasterCard or American Express, Credit cards can be cancelled if they are lost or stolen. And because they are widely accepted in the US, it is easy to use them to pay for lodging, transportation, meals and things you want to buy from larger stores. Of course, you can't get along without cash, but you don't need to earn much with you.

Ex. l. Answer the questions

1. What are the opening hours in most banks of the USA?

2. Which bank sells traveller's cheques (B.E.)?

3. Is it a good idea to have a credit card when you travel in the USA?

4. What is the best way to carry cash?

5. What currency should traveller's cheques (B.E.) be in?

6. Is it convenient to carry them in Euro?

7. Where should you go if you want to cash a Euro cheque?

8. Can you buy traveller's cheques (B.E.) in banks?

9. What is to be done when a credit card is lost?

10. Why is it not convenient to have personal cheques from your country?

 

Dance/Movement Therapy

Dance is the most fundamental of the arts, involving direct expression through the body. Thus, it is an intimate and powerful medium for therapy. Based on the assumption that body and mind are interrelated, dance/movement therapy is defined by the American Dance Therapy Association as "the psychotherapeutic use of movement as a process which furthers the emotional, cognitive and physical integration of the individual." Dance/movement therapy effects changes in feelings, cognition, physical functioning, and behavior.

Dance as therapy came into existence in the 1940s, especially through the pioneering efforts of Marian Chace. Psychiatrists in Washington, D.C., found that their patients were deriving benefits from attending Chace's unique dance classes. As a result, Chace was asked to work on the back wards of St. Elizabeths Hospital with patients who had been considered too disturbed to participate in regular group activities. A non-verbal group approach was needed and dance/movement therapy met that need.

The American Dance Therapy Association (ADTA) was founded in 1966 by 73 charter members in 15 states. Now, the Association has grown to nearly 1200 members in 46 states and 20 foreign countries. ADTA maintains a registry of dance/movement therapists who meet specific educational and clinical practice standards. The title "Dance Therapist Registered" (DTR) is granted to entry-level dance/movement therapists who have a master's degree which includes 700 hours of supervised clinical internship. The advanced level of registry, Academy of Dance Therapists Registered (ADTR), is awarded only after DTRs have completed 3,640 hours of supervised clinical work in an agency, institution, or special school, with additional supervision from an ADTR. In addition, as part of their written application for review by the credentials committee, applicants for ADTR must document their understanding of theory and practice. The association has a code of ethics and has established standards for professional practice, education and training.

Практичне заняття № 2

Тема заняття:Відкриття рахунку в закордонному банку громадянином України

 

  1. Translate the given words. Read and translate the dialog.

Vocabulary:

 

savings account to maintain interest

spare money average daily balance profitable

checking account cash withdrawal application

initial deposit to avoid

Opening an Account

- Good morning.

- Good morning, sir. Can I help you?

- Yes, I think so. I would like to open an account.

- What kind of are you interested in?

- You see, I have some spare money to put into the bank.

- Then you should open either a savings or a checking account.

- I'm afraid I know nothing about either of them. Could you tell me the difference between these two accounts?

- A small initial deposit is necessary to open a savings account at our bank. If it is more than five hundred dollars and you maintain this amount, then you won't be charged for banking services. Otherwise you will be charged five dollars a month.

- So, 1 must keep a minimum balance of $500, is that correct?

- Yes, that's right. Our computers check your average daily balance.

- And will I get a banking card after opening an account?

- Yes, certainly. And then you can get your money through machine services. You can make deposits, cash withdrawals and balance inquiries with your card. The machine is at work 24 hours a day.

- Oh! It’s very convenient. And may 1 ask what a checking account means?

- Certainly, sir. After opening a checking account you are supposed to maintain an average daily balance of $1,000.

- And what if I fall below this limit?

- Then you would have to pay a service charge of six dollars a month, and besides you will be charged 25 cents for each check and the same amount for each cash withdrawal.

- Hmm, I see. And can I avoid it somehow?

- Yes, of course. It may be done by keeping your $1,000 in your checking account.

- And how much interest do you pay?

- Interest of 6,5% is paid when your average daily balance is over $2,500. We credit the interest you've earned automatically to your account.

- Well, it's clear enough, but I intended to put only $1.000 into the account.

- Then it would be more profitable for you to open a savings account.

- Okay. I've made up my mind. I will open a savings account with a deposit of one thousand dollars.

- Fine. Will you fill out this application? (The client fills out the application)

- Is everything correct?

- Yes! Every thing is all right. And now you need to write a deposit ticket for $1,000.

- Just a moment.

- Thank you, sir. Here is your pass-book. The bank will pay you 5,5% interest.

- Thank you. You were most helpful.

 

Arts

One can distinguish two branches of human work: the arts and the sciences. The sciences require knowledge, observation, identification, description, experimentation and theoretical explanation.

The arts on the contrary require skill. That means the ability to work well with a part of his or her body. It is the combination of talent and technique. An artist is a man who can do something well with his own hands and tools. Some time ago everything that was made with tools was «artificial», not natural. The word «manufacture», for example, once meant «to make by hand»

Everything is a bit different nowadays. The word «art» has a special meaning. It means something beautiful. The paintings of skilled painters are appreciated and admired by millions of people today, by those who can see the beauty. Art comprises weaving rugs, tapestries, ceramic work. So there are a lot of types of art. Nevertheless one can trace basic principles in art. All kinds of it require the same characteristics. The separate parts of a work of art should be arranged in pattern. The form itself, a pleasing shape and balance are extremely important. Art inspires the human spirit. Painters, sculptors, musicians, writers, weavers - they all contribute to a better life for us. The Arts play a large role in the expression of inner thoughts and beauty in my life. From dance and music to abstract art our concept of life is shown through the various ways in which we interpret it. We use the Arts as a means of touching that part of us that we cannot reach with Physical Science, Social Science, or any of the Humanities. The arts allow us to be as specific or as abstract as we please. It helps us become closer to ourselves and to others around us. Though there has been a lot of confusion as to what the true definition of “good art” is, how we show others what is going on in our minds and inner souls cannot be judged, graded, criticized or revised by anyone other than ourselves.

The arts play a valued role in creating cultures and developing and documenting civilizations. The arts teach us how to communicate through creative expression. Show us how to understand human experiences, past and present. Prepare us to adapt to and respect the ways others think, work, and express themselves. Music, singing, dancing, poetry, and sketching are just a few of the different forms of art that I use to express myself in a way that I enjoy. Because each art discipline appeals to different senses and expresses itself through different media, each adds a special richness to the learning environment. Arts help people Learn to identify, appreciate, and participate in the traditional and non-traditional art forms of their own communities and the communities of others. Art teaches us how to be imaginative, creative, and reflective. Different art forms help us develop the verbal and nonverbal abilities necessary for lifelong learning. The intellectual demands of the arts help us develop problem-solving abilities and such powerful thinking skills as analyzing and evaluating. Numerous studies point toward a consistent and positive comparison between concrete education in the arts and student achievement in other subjects. A program in arts education would engage students in a process that helps them develop the self-esteem, self-discipline, cooperation, and self-motivation necessary for success in life. Most important, the arts should be experienced and studied for their own true value.

If art was not present in my life, I know that I would be missing so much. I would not be able to do the things that I love to do each day. The only way to express yourself is through art, and the presence of art in the lives of today’s society plays a big role. People listen to music every day, they dance, and sing. For many people’s art is a way of life, and without it they would be lost. Art is the only way to express one’s true feelings. Without art the world would be a dull and sad place. People would not be able to communicate in the same sense that art allows them to. Art shows people’s individualism. Without art wouldn’t we all be the same?

 

Практичне заняття № 3

Тема заняття:Товари продовольчі та промислові

Vocabulary:

 

blouseблуза

shadeвідтінок

sleeveрукав

fashionableмодний

expensiveдорогий

fitting roomкімната для примірок

tightмалий (за розміром), тугий

smartгарний (мати гарний вигляд)

wide choiceширокий вибір

 

A: What can I do for you, miss?

B: Well, I'm looking for a blouse.

A: Oh, we have a wide choice of blouses of various shades and colours.

What colour would you prefer?

B: I'd rather have something in blue with long sleeves.

A: Here is a one. It's fashionable and not very expensive. Do you like it?

B: Hmm... Yes, I do. And where is your fitting room?

A: Right opposite you. Does it fit you well?

B: I'm afraid it's a bit tight.

A: O.K. I'll bring a bigger one. Is it all right?

B: Yes, it fits me perfectly.

А: You are looking smart. And the shade becomes you.

B: How much is it?

A: Just six pounds.

B: All right. Where do I pay?

A: You may pay here. Thank you. Come again.

 

Практичне заняття № 4

Тема заняття: Види крамниць та відділів

Vocabulary:

 

shoppingшоппінг, купування, (д.) робити покупки

daily lifeщоденне життя

entertainmentрозвага

departmentвідділ

shoes departmentвзуттєвий відділ

haberdashery departmentвідділ галантереї

perfume departmentвідділ парфумерії, косметики

jeweler’sювелірна крамниця/відділ (у великому магазині)

grocer'sбакалія

greengrocer'sовочевий та фруктовий відділ

baker'sпекарня

dairyмолочарня

supermarketсупермаркет

pileнагромаджувати

convenientзручний

Shopping

There are some things we have to do every day. Shopping is one of them. Shopping is a part of our daily life. Some people hate it and find it boring. Others consider it very exciting and believe it a kind of entertainment. As for me, I'm not a great fan of shopping. But I understand that I have to deal with it whether I like it or not. When I need something in the way of clothes I go to the department store. There I can buy shoes, hats, knitted goods, household goods and so on. When I want to buy clothes I go to the Ready-Made Clothes departments. They are the Men's or Ladies' Outfitter's. Boots and shoes are sold at the Shoe department or the Footwear department to buy socks and stockings we go to the Hosiery department. We can buy buttons, ribbons, lace, tape, thread, needles, pins, handkerchiefs, zippers and such like at the Haberdashery department. To buy cardigans, jumpers, pullovers and knitted underwear we go to the Knitted Goods department. Ladies buy perfume, face powder, lipstick, face cream, nail varnish, mascara, shades and such like at the Perfume department. People buy jewellery and gold watches at the jeweler’s. Books are sold at the bookseller's, flowers at the florist's. Newspapers and magazines are often sold at the news-stands or news stalls. If I want to buy some meat I go to the butcher's. At the grocer's flour, sugar, cereals, tea, coffee and other things can be bought. To buy some vegetables and fruit I go to the greengrocer's. Bread, buns, biscuits, cookies are sold at the baker's. If I want to buy some fish I go to the fishmonger's. To buy milk, cheese, eggs we go to the dairy. I prefer to buy food in a supermarket. It is very convenient. I can take a trolley and pile everything I need there.

Ex. 1. Answer the following questions.

 

1. What do you think about TV and computer shopping? Who do you think it is good for?

2. What are, in your opinion, advantages and disadvantages of tele and computer shopping?

3. Would you personal like to shop without leaving your house? Why? Why not?

4. What goods and products would you buy using telephone and computer?

5. Do you think everything can be bought by phone and computer? If no, what goods cannot be bought in such a way?

Пряма та непряма мова.

І. Дайте відповіді на запитання:

1. Яка мова називається прямою, а яка - непрямою? В чому відмінність?

2. Як змінюються займенники та прислівники місця і часу у непрямій мові і в яких випадках?

3. Які комунікативні типи речень можуть передаватися прямою та непрямою мовами?

4. Як саме відрізняється порядок слів питального речення в прямій та непрямій мовах та який ввідний елемент представляє непряму мову загальних та спеціальних запитань?

5. Як перетворити непряму мову спонукальних речень? Що відбувається з заперечувальними спонукальними реченнями? Як передається заперечення? Наведіть приклади.

 

ІІ. Виконайте вправи:

1. Переробіть пряму мову в непряму, враховуючи зміну займенників та форми дієслова:

Helen: I want to tell you something about my holiday in London.

Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that ________________________.

Helen: I went to London in July. Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that __________________________.

Helen: My parents went with me. Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that ____________________________.

Helen: We spent three days in London. Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that ___________________________.

Helen: London is a multicultural place. Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that _________________________.

Helen: I saw people of all colours. Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that ___________________________.

Helen: Me and my parents visited the Tower.

Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that ________________________.

Helen: One evening we went to see a musical. Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that _________________________.

Helen: I love London. Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that _________________________.

Helen: The people are so nice there. Gareth: What does she say?

You: She says that ___________________________.

 

2. Оберіть правильне речення, яке утворилося при переході прямої мови в непряму:

1. Tom said, 'I want to visit my friends this weekend.'

A. Tom said he wants to visit his friends that weekend.

B. Tom said he wanted to visit his friends that weekend.

C. Tom said he wanted to visit his friends this weekend.

2. Jerry said, 'I'm studying English a lot at the moment.'

A. Jerry said he was studying English a lot at that moment.

B. Jerry said he was studying English a lot at the moment.

C. Jerry said I was studying English a lot at that moment.

3. They said, 'We've lived here for a long time.'

A. They said they have lived there for a long time.

B. They said they lived here for a long time.

C. They said they had lived there for a long time.

4. He asked me, 'Have you finished reading the newspaper?'

A. He asked me if had I finished reading the newspaper.

B. He asked me if I had finished reading the newspaper.

C. He asked me if I finished reading the newspaper

5. 'I get up every morning at seven o'clock.', Peter said.

A. Peter said he got up every morning at seven o'clock.

B. Peter said I got up every morning at seven o'clock,

C. Peter said he had got up every morning at seven o'clock.

6. Susan reassured me, 'I can come tonight.'

A. Susan told me I could come that night.

B. Susan told me she could come that night.

C. Susan told me she could come tomorrow evening.

7. She said, 'I really wish I had bought that new car.'

A. She told me she really wished she bought that new car.

B. She told me she really had wished she had bought that new car.

C. She told me she really wished she had bought that new car.

8. Jack said, 'He must be guilty!'

A. Jack said he must have been guilty.

B. Jack said he must have be guilty.

C. Jack said he must has been guilty.

9. Cheryl asked her, 'How long have you lived here?'

A. Cheryl asked her how long she has lived there.

B. Cheryl asked her how long she lived there.

C. Cheryl asked her how long she had lived there.

10. She asked me, 'When are we going to leave?'

A. She asked me when she was going to leave.

B. She asked me when we were going to leave.

C. She asked me when we are going to leave.

3. Оберіть правильну форму дієслова:

1. "Would you like to spend the weekend with us?" — They ......... her to spend the weekend with them.

(a)advised

(b)ordered

(c)invited

(d)begged

2. "Could you open the window please?" — She ......... him to open the window.

(a) reminded

(b) ordered

(c) asked

(d) warned

3. "Go to bed immediately!" - Mary's mother ......... her to go to bed immediately.

(a)advised

(b)begged

(c)asked

(d)ordered

4. "Don't forget to post the letter!" -- He ......... me to post the letter.

(a) reminded

(b) ordered

(c) begged

(d) asked

5. "Park the car behind the van." — The instructor......... him to park the car behind the van.

(a) offered

(b) told

(c) asked

(d) ordered

6. "Please, please, turn down the radio!" -- Mark's sister……..him to turn the radio down.

(a) reminded

(b) ordered

(c) asked

(d) begged

 

 

7. "Don't play with matches. They're very dangerous." — The teacher......... the children not to play with matches.

(a) ordered

(b) asked

(c) warned

(cl) begged

8. "I'll give you a lift to the airport." - Michelle ......... to give her husband a lift to the airport.

(a) refused

(b) offered

(c) asked

(d) begged

9. "I won't lend you any more money." -- Matthew ......... to lend me any more money.

(a)offered

(b)asked

(c)refused

(d)invited

10. The teacher said to her student, "You need to study harder." - She ......... him to study harder.

(a) asked

(b)advised

(c) ordered

(d) begged

 

2. Скласти діалоги з теми «Обмін валюти».

3. Анотування газетної статті за фахом.

Індивідуальна робота за семестр:

1. Індивідуальне читання за фахом.

2. Словник-мінімум (за професійним спрямуванням).

Література

 

1. English: Тексти. Підручник. Для студентів інженерних, аграрних, медичних вищих навчальних закладів/ Укладач Є.О.Мансі. – К: Видавничий центр «Академія», 2004. – 432 с.

2. Безуглий А.В. Розповіді з історії Великобританії. – Х.: Прапор, 1999. – 40 с.

3. Бориско Н.Ф. Бизнес- курс немецкого языка. – К.: Логос, 1998. – 420 с.

4. Буданов С.І., Борисова А.О. Ділова англійська мова. 2-ге вид. – Харків: ТОРСІНГ ПЛЮС, 2006. – 128 с.

5. Бурова З.И. Учебник английского языка для гуманитарных специальностей вузов. – 4-е изд. – М.: Айрис-пресс, 2004. – 576 с.

6. Воробйова А.В., Попович А.В., Чуба А.В., Єремєєва Є.Г., Шевельова Н.В., Денисенко О.В., Ляшенко У.І. Науково-методичні рекомендації «Іноземна мова (за профілем спрямування). Моніторинг знань студентів I курсу нефілологічних спеціальностей (збірник тестових завдань)». – Херсон: Видавництво ХДУ, 2008. – 192 с.

7. Воробйова А.В., Єремєєва Є.Г., Попович А.В. Методичні рекомендації з вивчення курсу «Іноземна мова (за профілем спрямування)». – Херсон: Айлант, 2008. – 104 с.

8. Гонсалес-Фернандес А. и др. Испанский язык: Учебное пособие /

А.А. Гонсалес-Фернандес, Н.М. Шидловская, А.В. Дементьев. – 3-е изд., стереотипное – М.: Высш.шк., 1999. – 320 с.

9. Голотюк О.В. Навчально-методичні рекомендації з теми „Мистецтво" для студентів ІY-Y року навчання спеціальності 7.010103 ПМСО. Мова і література (англійська, французька) . – Херсон: „Айлант", 2005. – 68 с.

10. Гужва Т.М. Reasons to Speak. Сучасні розмовні теми. – Х.: Торсінг Плюс, 2006. – 320 с.

 

 



 

 

Практичні заняття

Курс

Змістовий Модуль 5: Подорожі. Митниця.

 

Практичне заняття №1, 2

 

Тема заняття: Мовний етикет. Ведення бізнесу в різних країнах

Хід заняття

Робота з текстом Communication Rules.



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