ТОП 10:

Тема: «Государственное устройство, правовые институты России»



Цель:систематизировать изученный материал о государственном устройстве России, правильно формулировать ответы на контрольные вопросы.

Форма самостоятельной работы: работа с учебными текстами для ответов на контрольные вопросы.

План изучения темы:

1) Прочесть текст «Political System of Russia»

The Russian Federation is a Presidential (or a constitutional) republic. The President is the head of the state and is elected directly by the people. In fact he has much power, he controls all the three branches of power. The President can even dissolve the Duma if he doesn't agree with his suggestions three times running. The President has his administration, but it's not part of the Federal Government. The President is involved in the work of the legislative and executive branches.

The Federal Assembly represents the Legislative branch of power. It's made up of the two houses: the Federation Council and the State Duma, which make laws. The Federal Assembly is also called the Parliament, but it's not its official name. Both chambers are headed by chairmen sometimes called speakers. The Duma consists of 450 deputies (one half is elected personally by the population, and the other half consists of the deputies who are appointed by their parties after voting). The members of the Federation Council are elected on a different basis. There are two representatives of each subject of the RF (89 subjects). Every law to be adapted must be approved by the State Duma, the Council of Federation and signed by the President. The President can veto laws passed by the Federal Assembly, but it can pass laws over the President's veto a two-thirds majority.

The Federal Government represents the executive branch of power. The President appoints its head, the Chainman of the Government, but the Dums must approve his appointment.

The judicial branch of power consists of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court and lower Courts. The responsibility of the Constitutional Court is to analyse the new laws to make sure they correspond to the laws of the state. The Constitutional Court has the right to declare actions of the President, the Federal Assembly and the Federal Government unconstitutional. The Supreme Court is the higest instance for civil and criminal cases.

2) Ответить письменно на контрольные вопросы:

a) Who is the Head of the state?

b) What does the Federal Assemble represent?

c) Who represents the executive branch of power?

 

d) How many deputies are there in the Duma?

e) What does the judicial branch consist of?

Литература:

1.Мюллер В.К. Англо-русский и русско-английский словарь. – М.: Эксмо, 2008.

2. http://www.native-english.ru/topics/political-system-of-russia.

 

Самостоятельная работа №10

Тема: «Составление портфолио «Мой родной край»»

Цель: обучение логичному и последовательному изложению своих мыслей в соответствии с предложенной ситуацией, максимально приближенной к реальной жизни, и в пределах освоенного лексико-грамматического материала, прививать уважение и любовь к родному краю.

Форма самостоятельной работы: работа со словарём для написания портфолио

План изучения темы:

1) Прочесть текст «My Native Land».

My Native Land

Every man has his own Motherland. It`s the place, where a man was born. May be this place is usual and uninteresting for other people, but for you it is the dearest place in the world. There is no place like home. No need to roam the world in the search of the most beautiful place. You should turn around. It`s your native home place, the land, where you were born, whose beauty you imbibed with your mother`s milk. One of such place is my native village. The history of my village began in the 18th century, when the people began to settle on the left bank of the river Severski Donets (Siverskoye), so the first name of the village wasderived from the name of this river. Later the village was renamed in Krivtsovo. The people of my village are very hospitable, they are always glad to meet the guests. We have many interesting traditions, such as: Festivals of folk and children`s song, we celebrate the Day of the Village, Farewell Winter Festival and the Day of old people. This place is for those people who are looking for peace and a lovely rural environment. There is no traffic noise here. So, if you want to walk on a carpet of meadows and flowers or climb the hills covered with thick woods or fish in our ponds or drink the crystal clear water, Krivtsovo is just this place, which you must visit!

2) Воспользоваться словарём для поиска слов, необходимых для написания портфолио по теме «My Native Land». Выписать их в тетрадь.

3) Написать портфолио (мини-сочинение) «My Native Land». Объём портфолио - 8-10 предложений.

Литература:

1.Мюллер В.К. Англо-русский и русско-английский словарь. – М.: Эксмо, 2008.

2. http://engtopic.ru/russia/my-native-village

 

Самостоятельная работа №11

Тема: «Традиции моей семьи»

Цель: обучение логичному и последовательному изложению своих мыслей в соответствии с предложенной ситуацией.

 

Форма самостоятельной работы: работа со словарями для написания сочинения

Плаf изучения темы:

1) Прочесть текст «Traditions o f my Family»

Traditions Of My Family  
It is so important to have traditions. They are part of the glue that holds families together. Traditions are beneficial in several ways. First, they give children and even teens a sense of security. They know that in an uncertain world, some things stay the same. Traditions also foster closeness in the immediate and extended family. Lasting memories are formed, and hopefully our children will continue the customs in their own homes and make more of their own. Every Friday night my family and my husband's brother get together for a movie. Usually we have pizza for supper on Friday because it is the end of a tiring work week. I can either throw one in the oven or call in one to be delivered. We have watched some really good movies and some we tried were not as good as they were advertised to be. It is nice to set aside one evening of the week, maybe Wednesday, and have everyone sit at the kitchen table and play board games. Saying "I Love You" seems like such a small thing, but it is so important. We tell each other that before we part for school or work, and before going to bed at night. We always use these as an excuse to get together with family and friends. Have your children help with the planning to make them feel more apart of it. We take turns at each other's houses. For instance, Christmas dinner is at my mother's. Easter is at my sister's house. We all need traditions. As my children get older, I realize how quickly the time passes. I am glad that we put forth the extra effort to keep up with these different activities. I hope you find some of them enjoyable, too. 2) На основе предложенного текста написать собственное сочинение «My family traditions» Литература: Мюллер В.К. Англо-русский и русско-английский словарь. – М.: Эксмо, 2008.  

Самостоятельная работа №12

Тема: «Составление портфолио «Великие учёные России»»

Цель: обучение логичному и последовательному изложению своих мыслей в соответствии с предложенной ситуацией, максимально приближенной к реальной жизни, и в пределах освоенного лексико-грамматического материала.

Форма самостоятельной работы: работа со словарём для написания портфолио

 

 

План изучения темы:

1) Прочесть текст “Nikolai Basov”
Nikolai Basov (1922 - 2001) is a Russian physicist whose pioneering work led to the invention of the laser.
Basov shared the 1964 Nobel Prize for Physics with Alexander Prokhorov and Charles Townes for fundamental research into quantum electronics, which forms the foundation on which modern laser technology stands.

After four years of military service during the Second World War, Basov studied physics at the Moscow Institute of Physical Engineers.

In 1948 he moved to the Lebedev Physical Institute, also in Moscow, where he worked under the supervision of Prokhorov. While the pair were searching for a technique to amplify microwave signals in spectroscopic experiments, they hit upon the idea of using a gas-filled cavity with reflectors at either end, in which the microwave beam would be intensified. Their discovery that this method produced microwaves with an extremely narrow range of frequencies led to the construction of a 'maser' - microwave amplification by stimulated emission of radiation - and, after further refinements, the laser. Working in the US, Townes simultaneously made the same breakthrough.

Basov later became a professor in the department of solid-state physics at the Moscow Institute of Physical Engineers. He was also appointed as vice-director of at the P N Lebedev Physical Institute in 1958, wherehe became director in 1973. He achieved further recognition in Soviet political life, serving in the Presidium from 1982 until 1989. Basov was a head of the laboratory of quantum radiophysics at the Lebedev institute at the time of his death at the age of 78.

2) Воспользоваться словарём для поиска слов, необходимых для написания портфолио по теме «Famous Russian scientists». Выписать их в тетрадь.

3) Написать портфолио (мини-сочинение) «Famous Russian scientists». Объём портфолио - 8-10 предложений.

Литература:

Мюллер В.К. Англо-русский и русско-английский словарь. – М.: Эксмо, 2008.

 

Раздел 2. Профессионально ориентированное содержание

Самостоятельная работа №13

Тема: «Инструкции, руководства: чтение, перевод»

Цель: научиться переводить инструкции и руководства.

Форма самостоятельной работы: работа со словарями, учебной литературой, инструкциями.

План изучения темы:

1) Выбрать одну из предложенных инструкций и выполнить письменный перевод.

a) In electricity generation, a generator is a device that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy for use in an external circuit. The source of mechanical energy may vary widely from a hand crank to an internal combustion engine.

Generators provide nearly all of the power for electric power grids.

The reverse conversion of electrical energy into mechanical energy is done by an electric motor, and motors and generators have many similarities. Many motors can be mechanically driven to generate electricity and frequently make acceptable generators.

Electromagnetic generators fall into one of two broad categories, dynamos and alternators.

· Dynamos generate direct current, usually with voltage or current fluctuations, usually through the use of a commutator

· Alternators generate alternating current, which may be rectified by another (external or directly incorporated) system.

Electrical:

· Armature: The power-producing component of an electrical machine. In a generator, alternator, or dynamo the armature windings generate the electric current. The armature can be on either the rotor or the stator.

· Field: The magnetic field component of an electrical machine. The magnetic field of the dynamo or alternator can be provided by either electromagnets or permanent magnets mounted on either the rotor or the stator.

b) Voltmeter Challenge is a set of interactive activities for use in teaching troubleshooting with digital voltmeters. The activities give students immediate feedback to reinforce correct responses. All student responses are corrected and graded by the program. The program can also be used to perform classroom demonstrations using a LCD video projector or large screen monitor. Instructors can lead students through procedures without having to draw circuits on chalkboards or marker boards.

Voltmeter Challenge is easy to use and highly interactive. The program is designed for users who may have little experience with using computers. Voltmeter Challenge allows students to learn by experiment and discovery.

New parameters are selected every time an activity is used. This allows students to practice a particular activity numerous times without becoming bored or memorizing the answers. Because of the simple interface, most students will be able to experimentally learn to use this program within a short time. Most option selections are forgiving because a confirmation is required for important selections.

c) The most general statement we can make about the computing machine is that information is fed into it through the input, usually in coded form, and that this information is placed in the store, and this store will, under the influence of the control, give up its instructions in a definite order so that the computations can be carried out in the arithmetical unit. The results are then fed out again through the output, again perhaps in coded form. The instructions are prepared by a human operator and are called programs; there is a certain specialized skill about programming which means that it has to be carried out with great care. The job of computing machines is to compute, and they are built for that purpose. They can also perform a vast number of other tasks, and this is largely because the bulk of

 

languages can be coded into mathematical form.

2) Составить 5 вопросов к инструкции.

Литература:

Мюллер В.К. Англо-русский и русско-английский словарь. – М.: Эксмо, 2008.

Самостоятельная работа №14

Тема: «Социальные сети»

Цель:развитие коммуникативной компетенции в рамках темы.

Форма самостоятельной работы: работа с печатными источниками для ответов на вопросы

План изучения темы:

Прочитайте текст и ответьте на вопросы после него:

Social Networking

 

A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactions between actors. The social network perspective provides a set of methods for analyzing the structure of whole social entities as well as a variety of theories explaining the patterns observed in these structures. The study of these structures uses social network analysis to identify local and global patterns, locate influential entities, and examine network dynamics.

Social networks and the analysis of them is an inherently interdisciplinary academic field which emerged from social psychology, sociology, statistics, and graph theory. Georg Simmel authored early structural theories in sociology emphasizing the dynamics of triads and "web of group affiliations." Jacob Moreno is credited with developing the first sociograms in the 1930s to study interpersonal relationships. These approaches were mathematically formalized in the 1950s and theories and methods of social networks became pervasive in the social and behavioral sciences by the 1980s.

A blog is an online journal of information about a certain topic. The blogger, or owner of the blog, writes or publishes regular "posts," or articles, about the topic. Posts vary in size from 100 words to 1,000 depending on the nature of the topic. The posts might be published once a month or even once a day, depending on the blogger's time and energy for the blog.

People can join Facebook to share information about themselves or their organization. Information about themselves tends to be rather informal -- more so than LinkedIn. Organizations increasingly use Facebook as a public relations tool, to inform the public about the organization.

Twitter is a social networking site that allows the author to quickly share messages, or tweets, of up to 140 characters and with huge numbers of people. While 140

 

characters might seem quite limiting, an increasing number of people and organizations use Twitter to share opinions and even to advertise products and services. Some news organizations use Twitter to quickly broadcast up-to-the-minute news items.

YouTube provides a forum in which people can show videos about a broad range of subjects, including about themselves and their organizations. The videos usually include audio/sound, so YouTube is a very quick, convenient, low-cost way to broadcast information about yourself and your organization. It's viewed by millions of people.

 

 

Questions:

1) What is a blog?







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