Тема 19. Налоги и производство



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Тема 19. Налоги и производство



1. Дополните предложение: Low sales of the new product were due to the ... of advertising campaign

#failure

flourishing

fluidity

2. Дополните предложение: The machines are offered at the price of $1,000 per

cent

#unit

year

3. Дополните предложение: … is paid on the money that you earn

#Income tax

Realty tax

Property tax

4. Дополните предложение: ... is paid on the majority of purchases

#VAT

Income tax

Tax on realty

5. Дополните предложение: Value added tax is one of the taxes paid on …

income

property

#goods and services

6. Дополните предложение: … is paid to provide you money when you're unable to work

Tax on property

Inheritance tax

#Social security tax

7. Дополните предложение: Tax deductions mean … the amount of tax

increasing

#lowering

collecting

8. Дополните предложение: Larger part of state revenue is made up of taxes … by the government

paid

reduced

#collected

9. Дополните предложение: Every ... is obliged to take some money for taxes out of the workers' paycheck

employment

#employer

employee

10. Дополните предложение: New income tax law is … in order to regulate the state of economy

#introduced

invested

increased

11. Каким словом можно заменить выделенное слово? It is profitable DUE TO tax privileges

besides

except for

#thanks to

12. Дополните предложение: The government introduced new tax ... for people building their own house in order to stimulate housing construction

#laws

expenditures

collections

13. Дополните предложение: The company improved the conditions of work in order to reduce labour …

#fluidity

failure

florish

14. Вставьте соответствующий предлог: At the end of the year each employee has to fill ... a tax form

on

up

#out

Тема 20. Предпринимательство

1. Дополните предложена: When the owner of a one-person firm fails, it means that he ...

is fired

gets into business

#goes out of business

2. Дополните предложена: For anyone who has some trade it is easier to ... en­trepreneur

#turn into

turn down

set up

3. Дополните предложена: When the government lowers taxes it ...

respects flourishing business

runs some promising business

#encourages business

4. Дополните предложена: He earns very little. So he can hardly ... afford

to work

work by himself

#make both ends meet

5. Дополните предложена: Jake wants to have a business of his own. He is go­ing …

to have some trade

to work for someone else

#to set up a firm

6. Подберите наиболее точное соответствие данному выражению: Knowledge and skills which you acquire during all your life

#experience

education

school background

7. Вставьте подходящие предлоги: An entrepreneur takes ... responsibility ... other people

for . on

#on . for

on . to

8. Дополните предложение: They offered her the job, but she … an opportunity

#turned down

set up

turned into

9. Дополните предложение: The economy is booming and small businesses …

#are flourishing

are going broke

are making both ends meet

10. Дополните предложение: A 10p rise in cigarette prices is not enough ... smokers to stop

#to encourage

to borrow

to expand

Тема 21. Ипотека

1. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Mortgage means…

#borrowed credit

money lent to the bank

money on the account

2. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Mortgage is a loan with interest with a guarantee of payment in the form of ...

a credit card

a letter from another person

#a house

3. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Mortgage saves money for the person who buys a house because…

he habi to pay a lump sum

#he pays less taxes

he doesn't have to pay interest

4. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: The syno­nym to the word "mortgage" is…

profit

expenses

#loan

5. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Mortgage can help you to…

buy a car

#buy a house

keep money safe

6. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: "To have a $100,000 mortgage at the bank" means …

#you owe $100,000 to the bank

you own a $100,000 house

you have $100,000 on your account in the bank

7. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: It is wise to own your home, than to rent it because …

you have a place to live

#real estate increases in value

it is more convenient

8. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: The es­sence of "a return mortgage" is that . ..

the creditor pays less the debtor

stops paying to the bank

#the bank starts paying to the debtor

9. Дополните предложение подходящим выражением: American legal system does not impose taxes on…:

profits of the companies

purchasing a car

#mortgage payments

10. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Many banks offer a "return mortgage" in order to …

pay off the client's debt

return the house to the client

#buy back the house

11. Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. Investment in real estate is a means to COMBAT inflation

shrink

earn money off

#fight

12. Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. The growth in incomes DOESN'T KEEP UP WITH climbing rents

out-distance

#fall behind

go along with

13. Подберите синоним к выделенному слову. The mortgage system ALLOWS people to buy their own houses

#enables

gives the right

provides

14. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением. People are often told that buying property is

#one of the strongest investments they can make

one of the ways to put aside money for a rainy day

one of the piggy-bank types

15. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением. Home buy­ers must first figure out…

#how high a monthly mortgage payment they can afford

how high an inflation rate is

how high the level of prime rate is

Тема 22. Страхование

1. Закончите предложение :Synonym to "wide-spread" is…

usual

well-established

#often used

2. Закончите предложение :The cost of health insurance depends on…

your income

#your age

the size of your family

3. Закончите предложение :The cost of insurance of your professional life de­pends on…

your likes and dislikes

the place where you live

#your experience

4. Закончите предложение :Insurance against car accidents is…

professional insurance

life insurance

#automobile insurance

5. Закончите предложение: "Mandatory" means…

cheap

important

#obligatory

6. Закончите предложение :Insurance companies, as a rule, invest money in…

banks

#real estate

venture businesses

7. Вставьте соответствующий предлог. Insurance is a widespread form of ser­vices … capitalism

#under

in

on

8. Вставьте соответствующий предлог. The cost of insurance depends ... your age

#on

to

from

9. Вставьте соответствующий предлог. There are some factors which are usu­ally taken ... account to determine the cost of insurance

#into

from

of

10. Вставьте соответствующий предлог. Few families do not buy an insurance policy because it is, ... all, connected with your health

#after

in

for

11. Вставьте соответствующий предлог. Some people rely ... good luck

#on

to

12. Вставьте соответствующий предлог. Insurance payment makes ... an impor­tant part of the family budget up

#up

of

Тема 23. Высшее образование в Великобритании

1. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Overseas students … on-campus accommodation

#are provided with

are provided for

is guaranteed

2. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Usually four students … a flat in the hostel

live

accommodate

#share

3. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Part-time students … for one day a week

released from work

#are released from work

get partial support

4. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: In their final year undergraduates are obliged to undertake ...

#pre-employment experience

non-credit program

post-graduate course

5. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: An Ameri­can Style credit … system will be soon introduced at our institute

accommodation

#accumulation

application

6. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением :Working hard throughout the course of studies students … knowledge and prepare themselves for their final exam

assess

apply

#accumulate

7. Дополните предложение подходящим словом или выражением: Continuous assessment of knowledge ... students to work hard not only for their written exams

#encourages

requires

supports

8. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:Full-time students in the UK get a grant and apply … some loan

#for

from

to

9. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:Passes ... 5 subjects in GCE are enough to get you to this University

for

#in

on

10. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:What are the requirements for admission ... this institute?

for

in

#to

11. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:Studies ... correspondence usually take longer

for

#by

to

12. Заполните пропуск соответствующим предлогом:What does the amount of grant depend ... ?

for

from

#on

13. Верно ли данное высказывание: Only first-year students are provided with on-campus accommodation in the UK

#да

нет

14. Верно ли данное высказывание: Each flat in a hostel may accommodate only one student in the UK

да

#нет

15. Верно ли данное высказывание: In the final year all students with unsatis­factory marks have to undertake pre-employment experience

да

#нет

16. Верно ли данное высказывание: A student who completed the 3d course of the university in the UK is called a Bachelor

#да

нет

17. Верно ли данное высказывание: The head of HEI in the UK is Rector

да

#нет



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