Students copy material from the internet without indicating that they are using someone else’s work.



Мы поможем в написании ваших работ!


Мы поможем в написании ваших работ!



Мы поможем в написании ваших работ!


ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Students copy material from the internet without indicating that they are using someone else’s work.



Students copy material from the internet without indicating that they are using someone else’s work.

The internet helps students to avoid the hard work of writing an original work.

II.

 

1. What books did Laura Reddington write trying to make a living?

2. What kind of story did she find one day?

3. Why does Laura think about all the details before writing a book?

Laura Reddington wrote romantic fiction.

One day she found the story about a man who thought he had found a new planet.

Laura thinks about all the details before writing a book because she plans everything.

III.

My Family

My name is Ivan Sidorov. I’m fifteen. I’d like to tell you about my family.

We are a family of three. I live with my parents. But I’ve got an elder brother. He is twenty. He is a worker at the plant.

In my opinion, family is an emotional centre of a man’s life. Our family is very united. My father’s name is Ivan Ivanovich. He is 45 years old. He is a fitter at a Motor plant. He is tall and strong in body and character, but rather stout. He’s generous and full of joy. He can make different things with his own hands.

My mother’s name is Irina. She is a medium size woman. She has got a thin oval attractive face and light grey eyes and a snub nose. My mother is a woman of character, well – bred, tactful and fair. She’s warm – hearted and at the same time practical, reserved and full of common sense. She is a housewife, she does all the homework . I try to help her about the house.

Билет № 2( 1 )

I.BOOKS IN NEVER-ENDING MOTION

Книги никогда не умрут

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author says what makes librarians unhappy. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. Who was the first to introduce book-crossing in our country?

4. Why is book-crossing becoming more and more popular in Belarus?

Young people do not want to read. It's unfashionable to read these days. Librarians are saddened by thus fact.

Librarians arc saddened by the fact that young people tend only to borrow reference books rather than reading fiction for pleasure. Perhaps it's unfashionable to read these days. However, a new trend is developing, with literary lovers leaving their books in public places, to be picked up and 'borrowed' by others.

It was the Belarusian National Technical University. The director of its scientific library, Alexey Skalaban, passed an internship in Sweden and at the airport he saw a huge glass case of books, which he learnt were available for anyone to read. It was a great idea to keep such cases in Belarus.

Bookcrossing is an easy way to encourage young people to read. That's why it is gaining popularity.

II.

  1. What is the speaker talking about?
  2. When did the speaker feel relieved?
  3. Why did the speaker start crying?
  1. The speaker is talking about her first day at school.
  2. She felt relieved when she met Emily who later became her best friend.
  3. She started crying because she couldn’t swim.

III. Our family traditions

I’m sure every family has its own traditions. But every family show its respect and love to the oldest members of the family: grandfathers and grandmothers. In our family they are the most important people, their advices are very useful for every member of the family, both young and old.

In the weekend our family usually gathers together at my Granny’s. We usually have a nice time together discussing the latest events and books, watching different programmes or playing computer games. In summer we go to the country where we have a small house and a garden. All are fond of working there planting fruit and vegetables. In the evening we can play interesting games or read an interesting magazine.

On Sundays our family often go to the cinema, theatre or museum. Our father and grandfather like to go the stadium to watch football or hockey matches. They are sport fans.

Билет № 3( 5 )

 

I. FRIENDSHIP IN THE MODERN WORLD

Дружба в современном мире

 

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. Read aloud the extract which says about the changes in the modern society.

3. What do people think about people who have no friends?

4. What does Aristotle say about the three types of friendship?

This text is about friendship. It is hard to find true friendship . Aristotle said that there are three different categories of friends.

Абзац. People often say that our modern way of life, with its individualism and fast speed, has made the world a lonely place. So many of us live and work surrounded by people, but it is hard to find true friendship. The faces we see each day are like pictures in a gallery; the talk that we hear is just sound. Perhaps this is why the websites like 'Facebook', 'Contacts' are so popular these days. They allow people to communicate and even become close without meeting up. It seems that many people's idea of friendship has changed nowadays. But what is friendship?

People think about people who have no friends that they are strange and we pity them.

The first type is when people are friends because of some advantage that the friendship gives us. Such Friendship has a practical value. The second type is based on the idea of pleasure. Friends enjoy doing things together and they have a lot of interests in common. The third type the friendship is so close that it seems that one soul hard work of writing work.

II.

1. What are the three main ingredients of the great British breakfast?

1. What is a new trend or fashion in London’s top restaurants?

2. What are the key ingredients of a breakfast in a London café?

The three main ingredients of the great British breakfast are the bacon, eggs and fried potatoes.

A new trend in London’s top restaurants is having business meetings at breakfast.

3. The key ingredients of a breakfast in a London café are food, smells and sounds.

III. Family Relationship

My family means the world to me. I would do anything in the world for them because they mean that much to me. Any time my little brother needs anything like money or just something if I have it, its his. If I don’t have it, I will try my hardest to get it for him. Even with my elder sister I still try to give, but she’s most likely the one who gives me money when I need it.

My parents are the two most important people in the world. I know lots of times I can seem pretty ungrateful but I Appreciate the most and I don’t know this but it’s how they both brought me into this world. They are always on my side, no matter if I’m right or wrong.

All my relatives always help each other. I always know sometimes when I’m having a problem, need help and all of a sudden the answer to my troubles, any member of our big family can rely on each other. That’s the question that our family respect and love every person and you can rely both on young and old.

Mutual love and understanding is the basic of happy relationship in your family.

Билет № 4( 6 )

ACCORDING TO LAWS OF HOSPITALITY

Согласно правилам гостеприимства

 

I.

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author tells us about sporting traditions that exist in Braslav. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What new things will tourists see in Braslav?

4. Why will it be interesting to visit this Belarusian town?

 

 

This text is about the development of tourist industry in Braslav region. New facilities are going to be very comfortable. A state programme is being developed to raise the attractiveness of the region to tourists.

The anciеnt Belarusian town has many interesting sporting traditions, including an international fishing contest, which has been gathering hundreds of fishermen from Belarus, Russia and Latvia for the past few years. Sports lovers and those who enjoy the outdoor life are sure to be delighted by the town's new rowing channel, ski-roller track and ski slope, in addition to a sports complex with an ice rink.

The Local cinema will be modernized, with new halls opened, an entertainment complex will be built, offering bell lards and bowling. A new shopping centre with a cafe for children is planned, a lake-river museum with an aquarium is planned.

Braslav district will become an international tourist destination.

II.

  1. How long has Brian lived on his boat?
  2. Why did he decide to leave London?
  3. What can he do with his boat that he couldn’t with his house?
  1. Brian has lived on his boat for about 12 years.
  2. He decided to leave London because his family had grown up and his wife had died.
  3. He can move to another place.

III. Friendship and relationship with friends

I personally think that friendship means readiness to come to help each other, to give helping hand in trouble and hardships. It is usual foe close friends to have similar ideas and beliefs, to have attitudes and interests in common.

In my opinion it is not necessary to have many friends but to have one true friend is a dream of everybody. “ A good friend is my nearest relation”, the proverb says and it is important for me to have such a devoted friend whom I can rely on and trust everything about myself, all my personal secrets, with whom I can discuss all my problems.

In general life is more interesting and exciting when you have a person with whom you can be sincere, before whom you can think aloud. Friendship is a thing for two.” The way to have a friend is to be one.” I appreciate in our friendship the possibility to exchange opinions on different problems or to discuss different events, books or films or simply to chat about the lyceum affairs or having a cup of coffee.

Билет № 5( 11 )

I. UNKNOWN ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE

This text is about the great writer. Arthur Conan Doyle. He was not only a writer, but he was a doctor. He was a very active man. He did many things in his life, but he will be remembered most as a writer, a creator of Sherlock Holmes.

Like the great detective Sherlock Holmes, Conan Doyle also had many wonderful talents. Many people do not know that he wrote many other kinds of books: science fiction, historical adventures, horror stories and stories of the supernatural. He also wrote factual books on history and politics. In everything he did, he showed his incredible creative energy.

II.

 

 

  1. How did the dolphins help a 10-year-old boy?
  2. How does swimming with dolphins help the children?
  3. Why are some people not very enthusiastic about dolphin therapy?

III.

Education

Compulsory primary education begins at the age of 5. Children go to an infant school. They are taught reading, writing and arithmetic, besides they have a lot of fun , drawing, reading, dancing or singing.

Самодельный шоколад

 

 

1. Read the magazine article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. Why did Jane Turner start her business? Read aloud the extract which says about it.

3. How did her chocolate business develop?

4. What mistakes did she make?

II.

1. Why did Arthur Conan Doyle stop writing stories about Sherlock Holmes?

    1. What worried Mr Horrowitz before starting a book?
    2. Why was writing the book about Sherlock Holmes easier than Mr Horrowitz thought?

Nowadays it is not easy to choose a profession because there are a lot of them: teachers and doctors, engineers and drivers, turners and fitters, machinists and adjusters, etc. all of these professions are of great importance for the country and national economy. And of course, there are many vocational schools, professional colleges and lyceums, institutes and universities, where students can become skilled specialists.

Our lyceum was founded in 1983 and has a long history and old traditions. Our classrooms are situated in a four-storeyed building. The lyceum has a library with a large and cosy reading room, a gym, different workshops and laboratories.

In our lyceum we get general knowledge in Mathematics, Chemistry, Physics, Literature and languages, and also we study special subjects: Technology, Technical Drawing, Electricity and others. Twice a week we have our training at the plants or our workshops. Now I quite realize that workers’ professions are different but interesting. I’m proud to be a student of our professional lyceum.

Билет № 7 ( 13 )

I.

MYSTERIOUS DISAPPEARANCE

Мифическое исчезновение

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. How did the story begin? Read aloud the extract which says about it.

3. What are the details of the police investigation?

4. Why did Agatha Christie disappear according to the article?

The story began like this. At 9.45 pm on December 3rd 1926, Agatha Christie left her home in the south of England, saying that she was going out for a drive in her car. The next morning, her car was found quite far away crashed. The front end of the car was in some bushes, the headlights were still on. Inside, there were only some women's clothes and Agatha Christie's driving license. The detective in charge of the case, William Kenward immediately organized a big search of the area. Policemen came from different parts of the country to help in the search, even some famous detective writers were asked to help. Archie Christie, Agatha's husband, told everyone that his wife was suffering from amnesia. However, soon the police discovered that the marriage between Archie and Agatha Christie was not a happy one, and that Archie and Agatha were having problems. But he could not admit that his marriage was in trouble because people might have thought that he had had something to do with her disappearance.

According to the article Agatha was going through an unhappy time with her husband. She changed her name and she introduced herself as Neele, a visitor from South Africa. The police couldn’t find her.

II.

1. What does the boy want to do?

2. What does his mother want to do?

3. Why can’t they make a decision?

1.The boy wants to go to a football match with his friends.

II.

Lyceum traditions

In autumn all the trees in our yard become coloured red and brown, yellow and orange, and fall down. It’s a tradition to gather the leaves and clean the ground before winter. When there is much snow in December and January students clean the lyceum roads from snow and ice. They are fond of working outside.

Twice a week all the students have their training at the lyceum workshops or at the plants of the city of Minsk. They try to receive good skills and in future to become qualified turners, fitters, adjusters and machinists.

Билет № 8 ( 26 )

 

 

I. PABLO PICASSO

Пабло Пикассо

 

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The most famous painting of Picasso is Guernica. Read aloud the extract about it.

3. Where did Picasso learn to paint?

4. Picasso worked in different styles. Which styles are mentioned in the article? What are their typical characteristics?

This text is about one of the greatest artist of the 20th century, Pablo Picasso. He experimented in many different styles and changed the world of art during his time.His career had some periods. Some facts of his life had a great influence on those periods.

Абзац.) In 1936 Civil War broke out in Spain. During this period he painted his masterpiece Guernica. It shows the terrified people of the ancient Spanish town which was bombed during the Civil War. Picasso was shocked by this inhuman act and in his painting he shows people running in the streets and screaming with their mouths wide open. To display his sadness and anger he used only black and white as well as shades of grey.

One of his style was his Blue Period, then his Rose Period and cubism. In his Blue Period he painted in gray and blue tones, in his Rose Period he painted in rose, pink and brown, in the period which was called cubism he didn’t show nature as it really was.

II.

1. What is Kerry’s typical day?

2. Why doesn’t Kerry follow a diet or go to the gym?

3. What piece of advice does Kerry give to beginners?

It’s rather difficult sometimes to choose a career and to speak about the future profession. There are lucky people who chose their profession in childhood and since that time have been doing everything possible to acquire proficiency.

If we are thinking about our future career we are to pay attention to a number of important things. We should determine our abilities and inclinations. Then we should analyse job projects. We must know whether the profession we have chosen will guarantee good living conditions and give promotion. We must be sure we’ll avoid unemployment or at least will be able to apply our knowledge and skills in other fields of human activity. In short, we are to decide what we are going to do in our life and feel satisfied, but not bored and disappointed.

II.

1. What is Alex thinking about?

2. Why does he want to bring soldiers as a gift for his parents?

3. What will Alex buy for his brother?

 

III.

People live in different places: settlements, villages, towns and cities. Country people leave peaceful hills, mountains, fields, rivers and streams for the busy world of streets, buildings, traffic and crowds.

There are many reasons for that. One of them is looking for a job. Towns or cities appear around new big factories or plants. These enterprises need workers. The families of these workers need schools, hospitals and shops, so more people come to live in the area and the city grows.

Ой абзац.) Ruth Lawrence, from the UK, became famous at the age of 12, when she began her studies at Oxford University. She was the youngest student ever to attend a university in the UK. Before going to university, Ruth was taught at home by her father. While she was a student, her father was always by her side. He attended all her lectures with her. Ruth did very well at Oxford. She got a first class degree in mathematics. Now Ruth is a mathematics professor.

3.They can become lonely, lazy & behave badly because they are bored.

4.Parents have to help their children develop but they can’t push their child too hard. Parents & teachers should motivate them & allow them to be children.

II.

1. According to the first speaker what is his favourite pastime?

2. Why is the second speaker keen on crafts?

3. What problem does the third speaker have because of his favourite pastime?

1. According to the first speaker his favourite pastime is riding on horseback on a hot sunny day.

2. The second speaker is keen on crafts because she usually gives them away just to make people smile.

3. The third speaker has put on a lot of weight.

III.

Different types of houses

On the first or ground floor there are usually two rooms, and on the second, or upper floor, also two. In the bigger of the lower rooms the family cooks meals, eats and lives. It’s a kitchen, or a living – room. It usually has three doors, one of which leads out to the street. There is a table and some chairs in the room. On the wall near the fireplace you can see a large calendar with a bright-coloured picture. A lamp hangs over the table.

In the miles of heavy industry the air is thick with the smoke of factories, the houses are old and dirty, and look all alike: two stories high, a smoky bay-window in front, a few steps leading into a poor tiny garden, a half-dead tree in it and some sad-looking flowers covered with dust, and grey with smoke.

Билет № 11 ( 34 )

I. FAMILY HISTORY

Семейная история

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. Jean Sandwell made a shocking discovery. Read aloud the extract which says about it.

3. Why do people start tracing their family histories?

4. What recommendations does the author give to discover your roots?

1.This text is about the importance of researching our family’s past. We can learn a lot of interesting things about our family. In the future our children & their children may be very grateful to us.

2. 3 абзац. When Jean Sandwell researched her family history she had a very big shock. She found out that she had been adopted as a baby. After she had accepted this situation, Jean tried to find her real parents. "I discovered that my mother emigrated to Australia in 1966," says Jean. "In 1982 I went to Australia to meet her. It was a very emotional experience for both of us."

II.

1. How many runners are going to take part in the race?

2. Where would they like to organize the starting line?

3. Why do they need to have first aid points?

  1. 200 runners are going to take part in the race.
  2. They would like to organize the starting line at the Town hall.
  3. They need to have first aid points in case the runners have problems.

 

III.

Belarusian national cuisine

 

Delicious and warming, modern – day Belarusian cuisine is a mix of two key factors: the people’s relationship with the land and local produce influences from neighbouring countries and migrant settlers.

A traditional dinner consists of two dishes: soup and a main course. Fresh white cheese and various kinds of cold meat ( usually smoked) at least on holidays.

The main vegetables are cabbage and beets, carrots both stewed and boiled ( with the addition of a small amount of milk). The Belarusian khaladnik, a cold borscht made of beets, beet leaves or sorrel and served with sour cream, hard- boiled eggs and boiled potatoes, has been a popular dish.

II.

1. What are Maggy’s favourite places in London?

2. What are they going to do in the evening?

3. Why does Alex want to go to a café?

III.

National cuisine of England

Breakfast is the first meal of the day. It is at about 8 o’clock in the morning, and consists of porridge with milk and salt or sugar, eggs – boiled or fried, bread and butter with marmalade or jam. Some people like to drink tea, but others prefer coffee. Instead of porridge they may have fruit juice or biscuits.

The usual time for lunch is 1 o’clock. This meal starts with soup or fruit juice. Then follows some meat or poultry with potatoes – boiled or fried, carrots and beans. Then a pudding comes. Last of all coffee – black or white.

Dinner is the fourth meal of the day. The usual time is about 7 o’clock. It usually consists of soup, fish or meat with vegetables – potatoes, green beans, carrot and cabbage, sweet pudding, fruit salad, ice – cream or cheese and biscuits.

Билет № 13( 44 )

I. SHAKESPEARE'S PORTRAIT?

Портрет Шекспира

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author gives some facts about Shakespeare's life. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What facts prove that the painting can be a portrait of William Shakespeare?

4. Why do some people doubt that this is a portrait of Shakespeare?

 

This text is about one of the world’s best-known writers W.Sh. Little is known about his life, the way he worked, what he looked like. Several portraits exist that are supposed to be those of Shakespeare’s. Yet many experts think these paintings are probably pictures of someone else.

Второй абзац. ) Shakespeare was born in the town of Stratford-upon-Avon in England in 1564. He left the town when he was about 20, leaving behind a wife and three children. After this period he worked as an actor and writer of plays in London. In 1594 he helped form a new theatre company and wrote plays for the next 20 years. After this he retired to Stratford-upon-Avon where he died in 1616. He is buried in a local church.

II.

1. Why do many people travel today according to the first speaker?

2. How does the second speaker describe people who never travel?

3. What can a person gain traveling to other countries according to the third speaker?

 

III.

Shopping

 

When we want to buy something, we go to a shop. There are many kinds of shops in every town or city, but most of them have a food supermarket, a department store, men’s and women’s clothing stores, a grocery.

This text is about shopping in London. There are loads of different places to go shopping in London. There are shops where there are lots of bargains, but there are many shops where everything is not cheap.

Ий абзац. Some people like shopping in department stores, the most famous one in London is 'Harrods', but for me, it's not modern enough, and too expensive, the sort of place your parents shop. But just down the road is 'Harvey Niсs', much more up-to-date, but not cheap. The best of all the big department stores is 'Selfridges' in Oxford Street, it's a shopper's paradise, nice clothes, and the prices. Well I can look, can't I?

II.

1. What does the first speaker advise to do if you want to lose weight?

2. What is the mistake many people make trying to lose weight?

3. Why is it necessary to exercise according to the third speaker?

III.

Leisure time

 

Билет № 15( 46 )

I. UNIVERSITY CELEBRATES

Университет празднует

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author says how the university was founded. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What important discoveries were made at Cambridge?

4. Why is Cambridge University considered one of the best in the world?

 

1. This text is about one of the world’s leading universities-Cambridge University.It has begun to celebrate its 800th anniversary. Cambridge is usually ranked among the top 5 universities in the world for its standard of research & teaching.

Ий абзац. Some of the most important discoveries in history have been made by people studying at Cambridge University. The jet engine was invented there. Scientists at Cambridge discovered the structure of human DNA. More than 80 winners of the Nobel Prize, and 15 of Britain's prime ministers, have been graduates of Cambridge University.

Many students from Cambridge University have become famous for becoming among the best in their fields of work. Authors C. S. Lewis, who wrote the Narnia books, and A. A. Milne, who wrote Winnie-the-Pooh, also studied at the university.

III.

The roots of Belarusian culture come from the pre-Christian times and have a lot in common with traditions of other European cultures. Traditional rites, music and art elements are widely used in cultural life at present, and they illustrate the connection between the old and young Belarusian culture.

Like other countries Belarus has its own holidays. They are of two kinds – traditional national holidays and religious holidays. National holidays are both – a public celebration and a personal event in the family. The New Year Day is one of them. It is a popular public holiday which is widely celebrated in every family.

The 8th of March is another national holiday when people show their love and respect for their mothers , grandmothers, sisters and girl-friends. It’s a tradition to present them with flowers and gifts.

One of the most important events in Belarusian culture is Kupalle – a holiday of nature with its roots deep in ancient times and connected with the solstice. The celebration goes through the whole night. This custom shows the importance of traditions in today’s culture.

Билет № 16( 47 )

I. WORLD DIGITAL LIBRARY OPENS

Ый абзац. The World Digital Library was the idea of James H Billington. He is the head librarian of the USA's Library of Congress, the largest library in the world. Mr Billington hopes the new digital library will be used by young students and teachers everywhere to discover more about the world's cultural history. The library contains about 1,200 items from 26 libraries in 19 countries. An explanation of each item is available in seven languages — Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Russian.

II.

1. How do people call the sign @ in different countries?

2. How did Roy Tomlinson invent email?

3. Does it trouble that he is not very famous?

1. In English people call the sign @ simply ‘ at’; in South Africa it is ‘ monkey’s tail’; in Greece ‘ little duck’; in Poland ‘ little trunk’; in Russia ‘ little dog’; in Sweden it is ‘ elephant’s trunk’ and in Turkey it is ‘ear’.

III.

Ий абзац. We don't mind how old the new teacher is, or whether it's a man or a woman. They should like the country and outdoor life, and be healthy. We would like someone who is patient, happy and does not shout. The teacher should be clever and know how to help us understand things. We'd like our teacher to be properly dressed and to come on time. They should be kind, make us feel happy in the school, and help us make our classroom nice. We would like someone who thinks of exciting things to do, inside and outside school. For example, our last teacher got us to write down the history of the village which our grandparents knew — we didn't realise how much the village had changed; make a nature calendar so we learned more about farming and about the animals and plants in our valley; read all sorts of books and write a newspaper about our village.

3.Because that teacher helped them to understand things. He got them to write down the history of the village & many other things.

4. If the Ministry does not send them a new teacher, they will have to leave their families & their valley to go to school.

II.

1. Where does the girl want to go and why?

2. Who doesn’t like the idea?

3. Who will pay for the trip?

 

III.

Nowadays people like to travel by air as it is the fastest way of traveling. A lot of people prefer to travel by train because they can look at the passing villages, forests and fields. Some of us like going by car. You can go as slowly or fast as you like. You can stop when and where you want.

Londoners use the underground railway best of all. Their metro is the oldest in the world. It was opened in 1863. And in 1904 the first bus route was opened in London. Londoners don’t use trams, though London was the first city where trams appeared. When Londoners leave the town, they use trains, ships or airplanes.

Билет № 18 ( 56 )

I. THE MOST DIFFICULT LANGUAGE?

Самый трудный язык ?

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author explains why people find Chinese a very difficult language to learn. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What factors play an important role in learning a language?

4. Why do British diplomats find it difficult to learn Hungarian?

 

Ий абзац. Different cultures and individuals from those cultures will find different languages more difficult. In the case of Hungarian for British learners, it is not a question of the writing system, which uses a similar alphabet, but the grammatical complexity, though native speakers of related languages may find it easier.

3. The greater the differences between the 2nd language & our 1st one, the harder it will be for most people to learn. Teachers & the circumstances in which the language is learned play an important role, as well as each learner’s motivation for learning.

II.

1. What sort of match did Tom play?

2. How did Tom’s team play during the match?

3. What was the result of the game?

 

1. Tom played a home game for the school football team.

The game ended in a draw.

III.

Healthy way of life

 

One of the first duties we owe to ourselves is to keep our bodies in perfect health. If our body suffers from any disorder, our mind suffers with it, and we are unable to make much progress in knowledge, and we are unfit to perform those duties which are required of us in social life.

There are certain laws of health which deserve particular attention and they are so simple that even a child can learn them. A constant supply of pure fresh air is indispensable to good health. To secure this, nothing impure should remain either within or near our homes, and every room in the house especially the bedrooms, should be properly ventilated every day.

Perfect cleanliness is also essential. The whole body should be washed as often as possible. The skin is full of minute pores, cells, blood vessels and nerves. It breathes the way the lungs do. Therefore it should always be clean.

A certain amount of exercises is necessary to keep the body in perfect condition. Late hours are very harmful to the health as they exhaust the nervous system. Most essential to our body is food. You should be moderate in eating and drinking.

Билет № 19 ( 59 )

I. MOBILE PHONES

Мобильные телефоны

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author explains why people need mobile phones nowadays. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What features can be found in modern mobile phones?

4. Why are mobile phones a vital part of our life?

 

Ый абзац. From children to senior citizens, mobile phones have become a craze as a way of staying ahead with the technology. With our fast lifestyles, we have no time to meet our relatives or friends and are left with the only option of talking over the phone. Here comes the need of mobile phones, which allow us to stay connected wherever we are and whenever we need to.

II.

1. Who did Tina go to the skating-rink with?

2. What happened to her there?

3. How was she saved?

III.

Sport in Belarus and in my life

Many people do sports on their initiative. They practice skiing, skating and swimming. Some of them play table tennis, volleyball and football. All necessary facilities are provided for them: stadiums, swimming – pools and football fields.

Professional sport is also paid much attention to in our republic. There are different sporting societies, clubs and complexes. The most famous of them are the Olympic complex “ Raubichi” , Minsk Arena and “ Dinamo” stadium.

As for me, I like sports. In winter I skate and ski. In summer I prefer cycling and playing football and volleyball. But sport is not just for participants. Millions of people all over the world spend hours every week watching sport events on television or at the stadium. They enjoy being fans or supporters of this or that team.

Билет № 20( 62 )

I. HOW I GOT TO THE TOP

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author explains what made her write songs. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. Why were all the people nice to her during the show?

4. What did she talk to Girl Scouts in Nashville about?

 

 

1.This text is about a girl who became the winner of the song contest ‘American Idol’. It also says about her difficult childhood and the period of getting education.

Абзац) I was either ten or eleven when I wrote my first song. I don't remember. My mum was struggling financially and emotionally, so I didn't talk a lot. Finally, she told me if I couldn't talk about what was bothering me, I should write about it. So she gave me a notebook, and my poems turned into lyrics.

Why were all the people nice to her during the show? She thinks they were so nice because no one thought she was going to win. Members of the crew came up to her after the finale and told her they didn't think she could have won.

II.

1. What holiday did Ann want to have?

2. What problems did she have to face?

3. What decisions did she make in the end?

 

III.

Fashion

 

When you buy your clothes, go in for simple well-cut suits and dresses that will look ‘right’ for almost any occasion. Concentrate on styles that are not expensive but elegant and remember that that the keynote of all good dress- making is simplicity. Don’t be led astray by frills, elaborations and passing crazes, unless you have an income suited to them.

With colour you can be as daring as you like nowadays; colour combinations are also very much in favour now. If you need advice when you are buying clothes, rely on the saleswoman, who is an expert, and then choose whatever appeals to you.

This text is about the tradition of celebration Halloween in Europe and in the USA. It’s also about careful preparation of adults and children for the holiday and about the growing interest to the holiday all over the world.

Абзац) People from Scotland and Ireland brought these ideas with them when they came to America. Some believed that spirits played tricks on people on the last night of October. Historians say many of the Halloween traditions of today developed from those of ancient times. They say that wearing a mask to hide a person's face is similar to the way ancient villagers covered their faces to make evil spirits go away.

What do adults and children do to get ready for Halloween? Adults and children put on costumes and attend Halloween parties. They also decorate their homes. They might clean out the insides of pumpkins and cut funny faces on the surface. Then, they place a burning candle inside. Some hang fake bats, spider webs and other things around the home.

Why do many people celebrate this holiday nowadays? It’s a very nice tradition - scientists say that wearing a mask to hide a person's face is similar to the way ancient villagers covered their faces to make evil spirits go away. Moreover, it’s always funny.

II.

1. What does Shima usually eat?

2. Where does she eat?

3. What is happening to the Japanese diet at the moment?

III.

Travelling

Millions of people all over the world spend their holidays traveling. They travel to see other countries and continents, modern cities and the ruins of ancient towns. They travel to enjoy picturesque places or just for a change of scene. It is always interesting to discover new things, different ways of life, to meet different people, to try different food, to listen different music.

Those who live in the country like to go to a big city and spend their time visiting museums and art galleries, looking at shop windows and dining at exotic restaurants. City – dwellers usually like a quiet holiday by the sea or in the mountains, with nothing to do but walk and bathe and lie in the sun.

II.

1. What do the boy and the girl say about their families?

2. Is the girl happy to have a family party?

3. What do John’s parents hope he will do after school?

Today the most important problems are massive deforestation, ozone depletion, acid rains and the global warming. The seas are in danger. They are filled with poison. Every ten minutes one kind of animal, plant or insect dies out for ever.

Air pollution is a very serious problem. Industrial enterprises emit tons of harmful substances. People are beginning to realize that environmental problems are of great importance. They join and support different international organizations and green parties. Perhaps we’ll be able to avoid the disaster that threatens the natural world and all of us with it.

Билет № 23( 66 )

I. VILLAGE WITH HISTORY OF A CITY

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author tells us when Rakov was first mentioned in the chronicles and some facts about the town's history. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What museum is situated in Rakov?

4. Why will it be interesting for people to visit Rakov?

This text is about the history of Rakov, which was once a town and now a village. The text tells us about some historical facts about Rakov and an unusual museum – the Art Gallery of Felix Yanushkevich.

II.

1. What’s Jessica’s surname and address in Byford?

2. What does the woman want to order?

3. Which gift has she chosen?

 

1. Jessica’s surname and address in Byford is Bowles, 18, Heath Street.

III. Weather and climate

 

When winter comes, we spend more time at home, because it is cold outside. Ponds, lakes, rivers and streams are frozen and the roads are sometimes covered with slippery ice or deep snow. We may get fog, sleet and frost. The trees are bare because better winds striped them off all leaves.

In spring nature awakens from its long winter sleep. The trees are filled with new life. The weather gets gradually warmer. The fields and meadows are covered with fresh green grass. The sky is blue and cloudless. At night millions of stars shine in the darkness.

Билет № 24( 68 )

I. NEVER FORGOTTEN

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author explains when the museum was created and how it has changed over the years. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What will the visitors be able to see in the new museum?

4. Why are people interested in the Museum of Great Patriotic War History?

This text is about the Museum of Great Patriotic War History, its foundation in July 1944 and about plans of the foundation of the new building of the museum on a hill in the centre of Minsk. The text emphasizes the role of heroism and patriotism of our nation during the Great Patriotic War.

Абзац) The decision to set up a museum dedicated to the fight against Nazi fascism was taken in 1942. It opened its doors in Minsk in July 1944. Millions of people have visited it since and, with the passing years, the need for a new, more spacious and well-equipped building has become clear. Each year, over 150,000 people visit the museum. Of course, they hope to find objective information and leave with a lasting impression.

What will the visitors be able to see in the new museum? They will be able to see a number of technical innovations, such as dynamically lit electronic maps, electronic catalogues, interactive facilities which will help visitors to receive brighter impressions.

Why are people interested in the Museum of Great Patriotic War History? Because our nation showed heroism and patriotism during many wars including the Great Patriotic War and this can never be forgotten.

 

II.

1. What does the firat speaker do at the weekend?

2. What does the second speaker do at the weekend?

3. What does the third speaker do at the weekend?

 

Most of Belarus is a flat country. More than a quarter of the republic’s area is covered with forests and bushes. The climate in our republic is moderately continental, so the weather is unstable here. There are over 20,000 long and short rivers and more than 10,000 lakes in Belarus.

 

Билет № 25( 70 )

I. SURPRISE PARTY

 

1. Read the article and say in 2-3 sentences what it is about.

2. The author describes the preparations Liz made for the birthday party. Find this extract and read it aloud.

3. What did Andrew ask Liz for?

4. How did Andrew feel at the party?

Абзац. Liz was just finishing the final details for the surprise party she was planning for her husband. She had been thoroughly preparing for this event, designing every aspect of the party from the invitations to the food, and she was very excited about it. Family members whom Andrew hadn't seen in years were flying in from Poland in a few days. Liz had tracked down several college friends, and they were coming from various places across the country. A band and dancers were invited.

II.

1. What makes the first speaker angry?

2. What annoys the second speaker?

3. What does the third speaker complain about?

1. What really makes him angry is when he is serving somebody and then their mobiles ring and they answer the phone and start having a conversation.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles consists of two large islands – Great Britain and Ireland, and about 5 thousand small islands. The total area is over 244,000 square kilometers.

The surface of the British Isles varies very much. There are mountains and plains. Mountains are not very high. There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The longest river is the Severn.

Students copy material from the internet without indicating that they are using someone else’s work.



Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-06-25; просмотров: 320; Нарушение авторского права страницы; Мы поможем в написании вашей работы!

infopedia.su Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав. Обратная связь - 18.212.120.195 (0.015 с.)