MODULE 1. GLOBAL CONFLICTS AND TERRORISM



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MODULE 1. GLOBAL CONFLICTS AND TERRORISM



RADIO NEWSREPORTS


MODULE 1. GLOBAL CONFLICTS AND TERRORISM

Unit1.

EU travellers face tougher US flight security

At home

Find in the WWW the information about the following.

a) What can be the reasons for toughening flight security measures for Europeans travelling to the USA? Speak about Al-Qaeda’s presence in Europe?

 

b) Why is the lady in the picture so angry? What kind of inconveniences experienced by passengers of airlines does the cartoon reflect?

Look at the text title and complete the sentences trying to guess what endings they might have in the text

Now European visitors may have to…

The warning from the top US official comes as…

It's not unreasonable to say…

 

3 a).Form nouns with the meaning of the actor from these verbs

correspond   support  
watch   publish  
terrify   host  
worry   protect  

 

3 b). Fill in the gaps with the help of expressions above:

  1. She is a legislator and former _____________ of a police TV show.
  2. I stand before you in the spirit of pure public service — not as a _____________ of the status quo, but as an agent of change.
  3. There are no forbidden foods on weight______________ .
  4. The University management team has extensive editorial and managerial experience with traditional_________________ .
  5. Ultra-sensitive to their environment and to the criticism of others, excessive _____________may see anything -- and anyone -- as a potential threat.
  6. A __________ or on-the-scene reporter is a journalist or commentator who contributes reports to a newspaper, or radio or television news, from a remote, often distant, location.
  7. Of course, to Americans, the terrorist attack of 11 September 2001, is the most visible definition of terrorism and what a ________________ is.
  8. President Barack Obama's profile page includes photos, events, posted items, wall posts and links to _______________ and groups.

4 a). Match the words

1) tougher security on a website
2) counter checks
3) details of al-Qaeda internet presence
4) visa terrorism official
5) US Department of internet site
6) most prolific supporter of violent Islamism
7) fully-fledged waiver program
8) a posting al-Qaeda network
9) a password protected Homeland Security
10) psychological influence
11) waning warfare

4 b) Write all possible combinations in the lines below.

1)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

3)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

4)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

5)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

1)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

8)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

9)__________________________________________________________________________________________________________

10)_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

11)_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

4 c) Find the proper answers in the answer box in the end of Unit 4 and use them to fill the gaps in the sentences below.

1) The Government insists on __________________________________carried out into the identity and background of transport personnel.

2) Travellers who qualify for visa free travel under the _________________________are eligible to transit the United States.

3) The senior United Nations ______________________________ held meetings with senior Pakistani officials in Islamabad today covering a range of critical issues in a bid to help the country better respond to the scourge.

4) The United States and its allies must pay more attention to ______________________ as they battle insurgents in Iraq and Afghanistan, an influential think-tank said on Wednesday.

5) The behaviour of the Afghan people is perhaps the most convincing indicator of the Taliban’s____________________________________ in southern Afghanistan

5 Translate the sentences:

 

  1. The warning from the official comes as details emerge of a renewed al-Qaeda internet presence in Britain.
  2. He hosted chat rooms for people in Europe.
  3. We are obviously mindful of the Madrid bombings.
  4. A lot of these statements are aspirational.


6 The verbwane meanssomething is diminishing. Write the Russian equivalent to wanein each sentence.

 

The interest wanes. _______________________

Their glory is waning. _______________________

The moon is waning. ______________________

In class

Listen to the Webcast EU travellers face tougher US flight securityand do the exercises.

Match the names with the positions.

 

Names Positions
1) Rafael Epstein PhD from Kings College in London
2) Michael Chertoff Scotland Yard's counter terrorism chief
3) Peter Yates Head of the US Department of Homeland Security
4) Peter Neumann Europe correspondent

2 What kind of program isvisa waiver program? Who and what is it for?

 


C – Comprehension Test 1

1. People travelling to America from Europe will soon А be more thoroughly checked В become the major source of terrorism С secure tougher checks 2. The head of the US Department of Homeland Security told the BBC that A they remember all terrorist acts B they are mindful of 2 bombings C they have to remember 1bombng and 2 attempted terrorist acts
3. He believes that terrorists look to Europe as A a platform for terrorist attacks B a target for terrorist acts C both 4. The person that worries US officials A worked from a small apartment in London B operated out of a small flat in Morocco C worked against the internet supporters of Islamism.
5. Irhabi 007 promoted terrorism by   A financial assistance B moral support C distributing information 1. Scotland Yard's counter terrorism chief says that Irhabi 007 A appointed a meeting with Al-Qaeda members through the Internet B was responsible for the connection of Al-Qaeda with other networks C was linking into Scotland Yard through the internet.
7. British officials are now concerned about A establishing a branch of Al-Qaeda in the UK B establishing a fully-fledged Al-Qaeda network C a posting that talks about establishing Al-Qaeda in the UK 8. The site A called Muslims to kill political leaders except Gordon Brown B called Muslims to kill political leaders C cited Gordon Brown to call for killing terrorists
9. Dr Peter Neumann explained to the BBC that   A the website has no credibility among terrorists B the website has some trust among terrorists C the existence of the website doesn’t mean that there is any terrorist structure in GB 10. Analysts say the posting could have been A a signal to start a psychological warfare B a sign of al-Qaeda's waning influence Ca sign of increasing tension within the organization  

B – Comprehension Test 1

Part 1

1.What inconveniencies may people travelling from Europe to America face in the near future? Why?

2. What facts urged counter terrorism officials to consider the possiblility of toughening security measures?
Part 2

Europe correspondent, Rafael Epstein reports.

RAFAEL EPSTEIN: Fly to the US from the Middle East and even with a visa you could face weeks of __________________________.
But if you fly there with a European passport, under the ______________________________the first time the US gets to check up on you when you land at the airport.

Now European visitors may have to ________________________before they ______________the United States. As Michael Chertoff, head of the US Department of_________________________told the BBC.

MICHAEL CHERTOFF: We've watched the rise of _______________________terrorism. We are obviously____________the Madrid bombings, the attempted bombings in Germany, the airplane plot of 2001.

And that suggests to us that the terrorists are _____________looking to Europe both as a target and as a platform for terrorist attacks.


Part 3


RAFAEL EPSTEIN: On the same day, full details emerged of the sort of person that worries US officials.

Operating out of a small flat in West London, Moroccan born Younes Tsouli spent years becoming one of the__________________________________________supporters of violent Islamism.

Using the online name of Irhabi 007 or Terrorist 007, he published manuals on topics like________________, he _________________________________for people in Europe, the US and Bosnia, who said they wanted to launch attacks, and he helped al-Qaeda in Iraq to distribute their internet videos to a wider audience.


Part 4


Scotland Yard's counter terrorism chief Peter Yates.
PETER YATES: He, I think it's not unreasonable to say, provided a link between core al-Qaeda, the heart of al-Qaeda and the wider networks that he was _______________through the internet.

RAFAEL EPSTEIN: While _______________was sentenced for helpinga_______________al-Qaeda__________________, British officials are now concerned about__________________________on a website herethat talked about establishing a much less formalised Al-Qaeda in the UK.

 

Officials say they've been looking into activity on a _______________________________internet site that urged young Muslims in Britain to kill political leaders, including PM Gordon Brown.

Part 5


As Dr Peter Neumann from Kings College in London explained to the BBC.

PETER NEUMANN: It was certainly published on a website that has some credibility amongst______________. At the same time, a lot of these statements are_____________. It doesn't mean, I think, that there is an actual structure in place. That there are________________________operating in this country - that would surprise me very much.

RAFAEL EPSTEIN: Analysts say the posting could have been the equivalent of simple_________________________, a sign of al-Qaeda's____________________or a sign of its future___________________.

A – Comprehension Test 1

 

1) Why did the USA decide to undertake tougher security measures for Europeans travelling to the USA?

2) What may Europeans be asked to do before they fly to the USA?

3) What considerations make the US Department of Homeland Security suggest that Europeans can pose a threat for the USA?
4) What person has become the reason for particular concern of the US Homeland Security Department?

5) What was his on-line name? What kind of activity was he preoccupied with? 1) What was his main role as an internet al-Qaeda supporter?
7) What are British officials now concerned about?

8) What is Dr Peter Neumann’s opinion about the terrorist site?
9) What do analysts say about the credibility of the information provided by the posting on the terrorist site?

Unit 2.

At home

Discuss the following.

a) What is the present state of relationship between South and North Korea?

Why is North Korea referred to as a rogue state in the international political discourse?

What were the latest media hits concerning both countries?

b) Who are these men in the cartoon? Why is one of them saying he thinks it might be a nuclear test? Who are current leaders of both countries? When and how did they come to power?

 

In Class

C – Comprehension Test 1

B – Comprehension Test 2

Part 1

1) What are the reasons to believe that a war may start on the Korean Peninsula?

2) What is especially worrisome about South Korea decision to start drills on Yeonpueong island?

3) Why has the UN convened a meeting?

4) How did US envoy Bill Richardson characterize the situation in general?

 

Part 2


Here's North Asia correspondent Mark Willacy.

MARK WILLACY: For Yoon Jin-young, the tension is _________. The 48 year old is packing up and getting off Yeonpyeong Island. After last month's bombardment by North Korea and the threat of more ________ strikes, he's too ________________to stay.

(Yoon Jin-young speaking)

"The residents here are getting more nervous, because our military is planning to hold a ________ exercise", says Yoon. "Now the North is threatening to ____________. So I'm worried. I'm now heading to the ferry to the mainland but it hasn't arrived yet. So we're all anxiously waiting for it," he says.

 

Part 3

When North Korea____________ Yeonpyeong Island last month the __________ killed four people, damaged dozens of homes, and left the Peninsula teetering on the _________ of war. Pyongyang says it opened fire ______response ___ a South Korean _________ exercise on the Yellow Sea Island.

Now the South wants to _________ another military drill on Yeonpyeong, drawing more fire-and-brimstone ___________________ from north of the border.

(Newsreader speaks)

"If the South conducts this shelling, despite our warnings, we will against them," says this __________on state TV in Pyongyang. "These strikes will be greater in strength and _____________than those we launched last month", he says.

Part 4

But many in the South are sick and tired of ____________before Pyongyang's ______________.

(Sound of protesters)

MARK WILLACY: Screaming _______ revenge __________ North Korea, these protesters on Yeonpyeong Island release balloons containing anti-Pyongyang messages.

(Park Sang-hak speaking)

"We're here to let the North Korean people know the truth about the regime's_________," says protest leader and North Korean defector Park Sang-hak. "We'll tell them of the shelling attack on this island ________these leaflets", he says.

But with a population ___________information, food and political freedom that's unlikely to make much difference over the border in North Korea or to _______ the shells ____________ falling on the south.

A – Comprehension Test 3

 

Present the conflict between states on behalf of:

MODULE 2.REGIONAL CONFLICTS

Unit 3.

At home

Find in the WWW the information about the following

a) What does the word Taliban mean? What country obtains classified information through Secret Intelligence Service? What are the responsibilities of the department called MI6?

b) Who are the people in the cartoon? What are they doing? What is the implicit message of the

depicted scene?

2Look at the text title and complete the sentences trying to guess what endings they might have in the text

Tensions are rising over ...

The row comes as ...

It raises the question of ...

One would normally associate it with….

3 a).Form abstract nouns from these verbs:

expel   eliminate  
reveal   persuade  
embarrass   stabilise  
regenerate   acknowledge  

 

3 b). Fill in the gaps using the words from the table above:

  1. The May 1928 Reichstag elections seemed to reflect the economic and political ________of the Weimar Republic.
  2. The Minister’s resignation is an ______________of the fact that the leader of the government has lost all hope of getting the situation in the field improved.
  3. ___________from a UK independent school means permanent removal from the school.
  4. The Commission has also described the practical measures which can be taken to bring about the verifiable _________of nuclear weapons and the full safeguarding of militarily usable nuclear material.
  5. A scientist might be personally disappointed and embarrassed if one of his hypotheses was proven wrong, but would not normally suffer professional ___________as a result.
  6. The capacity for ___________varies widely in animals, with some able to regenerate whole limbs and others not, but the capacity is reduced significantly in more complex animals.
  7. Diplomats are skilled at solving even the most serious disagreements by means of ____________.
  8. To most journalists the visit of the Prime Minister to this small town became a surprising __________.

4 a) Match these parts

1) expulsion of government
2) acting head of chiefs
3) decision the leadership
4) secret to expel smb
5) eliminate a say
6) analysts intelligence service
7) resolve high-ranking foreign officials
8) tribal misunderstanding
9) factions mission
10)to have within the Taliban
11)power-sharing on the ground
12)a more inclusive arrangement

 

4 b) Write all possible combinations in the lines below.

1)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

2)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

3)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

4)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

5)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

6)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

7)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

8)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

4 c) Find the proper answers in the answer box in the end of Unit 3 and use them to fill the gaps in the sentences below.

1) The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs in Sudan is holding talks with government officials over the _________ _______of two UN representatives accused of espionage.

2) When Fiji's _________________________ came into effect in 1999, they were seen as a path towards ending the country's bitter racial divisions.

3) The former Office of Racial Ethnic Student Affairs has embraced a broader and more ___________ ___________ and has changed its name to the Office of Cultural and Language Affairs.

4) All attempts to unite rival ________________ ________ _________failed due to incompetence of the negotiators.

5) It’s also the responsibility of the interviewer to look out for contradictory or confusing answers and find the way to ____________ ________________________.

In Class

 

Listen to the Webcast Britain in hot water over alleged Taliban meetings and do the exercises below.

 

C. - Comprehension Test 1

 

Listen to the Webcast Britain in hot water over alleged Taliban meetings again and tick the correct answer.

1 Tensions between the Afghan Government and the international community are over A the expulsion of two high-ranking foreign officials B the misconduct of two high-ranking foreign officials C the mistreatment of two high-ranking officials 2 The expelled officials are experts from   A the United Nations B the United Nations and the European Union C the European Union
3 Britain may also find itself in direct conflict with the Afghan Government over Aallegations that some of its officials have held meetings with the Taliban B delegations that some of its officials send to the Taliban Callegations that some of its officials rendered financial help to the Taliban 4 The officials in question were officially declared persona non grata A for interference into home policy B for the Kabul administration C for threatening national security
5. Both of them have lived in Afghanistan A for more than 12 years, through the Civil War period B through the Civil War, the Taliban period and the recent government. C through the Civil War and the Taliban period 6. They were able to travel freely in these very dangerous insurgency areas, largely because A they had a reliable interpreter B they could speak local language C they had good relations with Talibs
7. The reason they are expelled is A they might reveal that there's no support for the Taliban in the south of the country B they might be canvassing against the Afghan Government C they know the real situation in the country which the government doesn’t want to acknowledge 8. A British newspaper revealed that members of MI6 held meetings A with senior EU members in Afghanistan B with senior Taliban members in Afghanistan C with serious Taliban members
9. That could prove embarrassing for Gordon Brown because A he recently refuted allegations of having any talks with the Taliban B he recently approved all talks with the Taliban C he recently declined the offer to negotiate with the Taliban 10. In his statement Gordon Brown says that Great Britain was trying A to isolate and eliminate the leadership of the Taliban B to negotiate with the leadership of Taliban C to isolate religious extremists by conducting talks with the leadership of the Taliban
11. Analysts on the ground believe that it makes sense to talk with A religious extremists to persuade them to support the Government B the tribal chiefs to persuade them to support the Government C the religious extremists or the tribal chiefs to persuade them to support the Government 12. The former EU mediator tries to engage in dialogue A with both British and EU negotiating groups B with both peaceful and armed Islamist groups C with both Afghani and EU Islamist groups
13. The former EU mediator believes that there are factions within the Taliban A which seek some sort of arrangement to share power B which participate in the governance of Afghanistan C which found a way of getting the expelled officials back 14. He has an opinion that both local government and the European are A to bring a more inclusive authority B to stabilise the government of the day C to bring a more decisive government

B - Comprehension Test 2

 

Listen to the Webcast Britain in hot water over alleged Taliban meetings, answer the questions and to fill in the gaps

Part 1.

1) What are the reasons for tensions rising between the Afghan Government and the international community?

2) What were the two officials accused of?

3) What country is now under a threat to find itself in direct conflict with the Afghan government?


Part 2.


In London, Stephanie Kennedy reports.

 

STEPHANIE KENNEDY: The _____________of the European Union's mission in Afghanistan, Michael Semple, and ___________________Mervyn Patterson, were declared persona non grata by the Kabul administration for "threatening national security".

The pair has been accused of holding talks with the Taliban in Helmand Province in the south.

Rory Stewart is______________, and he now runs a charity aimed at_____________parts of Afghanistan.

RORY STEWART: These are two of ________________international experts in Afghanistan. Both of them have lived in Afghanistan for more than 10 years, through the Civil War period, through the Taliban period, and now through the ________________government. They speak local languages fluently and they're two of the only people who are able to ______________________in these very dangerous insurgency areas, largely because of their good relationship, ____________________over 10 years.

It's a very serious loss to the international community.

 

Part 3.


STEPHANIE KENNEDY: And he says the Afghan Government's decision______________them is a worrying sign.

RORY STEWART: I think it's very disturbing. This is the kind of action ______________normally____________the Soviet Union, not with a country which is financed almost entirely by America and Europe and is supposed to be a liberal democratic state.

And it ______________the question, of course, of what exactly the Afghan Government is trying to hide, because they've_______________________________________two peoplewho are probably some of the people who know more about Afghanistan than anyone else, and is the reason they're expelling them that they're worried that these people might reveal that there's more support for the Taliban in the south than the Afghan Government is prepared_______________________.

STEPHANIE KENNEDY: ______________________as a British newspaper__________________ that members of Britain's secret intelligence service,________, held meetings earlier this year with senior Taliban members in Afghanistan.

That could________________________ _____________________ for the British Prime Minister, Gordon Brown, after he recently denied there were any talks with the Taliban.

 

Part 4

.
GORDON BROWN:Let me make it clear ___________________________that as part of ____________________ we are winning the battle against the Taliban insurgency, we are ___________ and _______________________ the leadership of the Taliban, we are not negotiating with them.

STEPHANIE KENNEDY: ________________________in Afghanistan say that talking to the insurgents does go on, it just depends on how you define the Taliban - are they just the ____________________ or the _______________________________________that back them who _____________________________to support the Government?

Alastair Crooke is a former EU________________. He now tries to ________________dialogue with both peaceful and armed Islamist groups. He explains the difficulties of talking to those fighting the Afghan Government and Western forces.

 

Part 5.


ALASTAIR CROOKE: I think there are different______________________the Taliban, and there are those that evidently are contemplating some form of areturn to________________, or at least to being participants in the ________________________ of Afghanistan, and are looking to finding a way back, if you like, into some sort of_________________________________________________________arrangement.
And I think it's likely that the authorities there, or _____________ the European governments and the UN, must be thinking about the possibility of trying to bring a________________government in Afghanistan, in order to ____________________it for the_____________________.
STEPHANIE KENNEDY: The UN hopes the _____________________ can be _______________ and the pair will be able to return to Afghanistan soon.


A – Comprehension Test 3

Listen to the Webcast Britain in hot water over alleged Taliban meetings and report back the news story. Follow these questions.

1) Why had the tensions between Great Britain and Afghanistan been rising before the expulsion of two British officials?

2) What are these two British officials accused of?

3) Why were Michael Semple and Mervyn Patterson declared persona non grata?

4) How does Rory Stewart characterize both officials?

5) What is his attitude to the actions of the Afghan Government? Why does he find them strange?

6) What could have been the reason for the expulsion according to the journalist?

7) What event had provoked the international row?

8) How did Gordon Brown comment on the allegations?

9) Why does the talking to the insurgents go on? What groups of the Afghans create the grounds for negotiations?

10)Why do local authorities, the European governments and the UN seek to bring a more inclusive government in Afghanistan?

11)What are UN hopes for the future of those two experts?

Unit 4.

At home

Find information about the current situation in Liberia in the WWW.

What is the message of the political cartoon above? What might be the man? What might he be doing? Why?

In Class

1 Listen to the Webcast Former Liberian Leader Faces The War Crimes Tribunal and do the exercises below.

C- Comprehension Test 1

 

Listen to the Webcast Former Liberian leader faces war crimes tribunal again and tick the correct answer

1. Charles Taylor is A the acting president of Liberia B the Lebanese President C the Former President of Liberia 2. Charles Taylor took the office as a result of A of a fraud B a bloody civil law C a bloody civil war  
3. According to the reporter Taylor will be further remembered A for flinging his country into economic ruin in the early 1990s B for plunging his country into economic rise in the early 1990s C for driving his country into economic plight   4. Taylor is the first African head of state   A to deal with war tribunal criminals B to appear before an international war crimes tribunal C to appear at four international war tribunals  
5. He's facing charges of   A murder, rape, enslavement of child soldiers B murder, robbery, enslavement and conscripting child soldiers. C murder, rape, enslavement and conscripting child soldiers 6. The Liberian president was forced to resign   A five years later as a result of national pressure B six years later under international pressure C six years later under national pressure
7. Mr Taylor is accused of terrorising the people of Sierra Leone by A demonstrating atrocities committed by the neighbours B orchestrating cruelties committed by the rebels C illustrating atrocities committed by rebels 8. One of the victims says Taylor’s 12 year-old soldier brought an axe which they used   A to chop the victim’s right hand off B to intimidate him C to threaten to chop his head off
9. In exchange for diamonds Charles Taylor   A funded and controlled Sierra Leone’s rebels B funded and gained control over Sierra Leone’s rebels C armed, trained and controlled Sierra Leone’s rebels 10. The reporter says they are going to meet people who   A witnessed the actions in the battlefield B are quite close to Taylor C are aware of the orders he provided

B - Comprehension Test 1

Listen to the Webcast Former Liberian leader faces war crimes tribunal, answer the questions and fill in the gaps.

Part 1

1. Who is Charles Taylor? How did he rise to power? Why are the Liberians destined to remember him?

2. Why does the reporter believe that he has set a new mark?

3. What is he accused of? What charges is he facing now?

4. How old is he? Has he pleaded guilty to any of the charges?

5. Where is the trial taking place?

Part 2

STEPHANIE KENNEDY: Just over a decade ago, Charles Taylor came to power promising his country peace and______________.
CHARLES TAYLOR: Charles Tayloris aboutprogresspeace, and Charles Taylor __ ______ this country __­___ ___the world community of nations.

STEPHANIE KENNEDY: But six years later, ________international pressure, the Liberian president _____ _________ ___ ________.

CHARLES TAYLOR: I can no longer______ ______ ____­­­­____, the suffering is enough, for you are good people. You have been very good to me through the grace of God, and I love you from ____ ____________ ____ my heart.

I will always remember you wherever I am, and I say to you, God willing, I will be back.

 

Part 3


STEPHANIE KENNEDY: Mr Taylor now stands accused of ____________________ ____ __________of neighbouring Sierra Leone by ________________ atrocities committed by the rebels.

These _________________hacked off the limbs of thousands of people during the country's 10 year civil war that ended in 2003.

Jabati Mambu is one of those victims.

JABATI MAMBU: They went into our house, dragged me under the bed, you know, threw me outside, and they asked that they should cut my hands off. Then I said, "Well, instead I should join you." They said "No," and one of the guys, the commander, commanded ___ ____ _____ _____ boy , and the guy came with an axe, and that was what they used ___ _______ ___ ______ hand off.

STEPHANIE KENNEDY: ______________ allege that Charles Taylor armed, __________ and controlled Sierra Leone's revolutionary rebels ____ ________________ ____blood diamonds.

Part 4
The chief prosecutor at the UN-backed Special Court for Sierra Leone is Stephen Rapp, and he acknowledges that this case is a____ _______________ ______to prove.
STEPHEN RAPP: We recognise that that's our challenge. We don't ____________ that Charles Taylor ever crossed the border into Sierra Leone, or that he chopped off anybody's hand himself, or __________ _____________ on the streets of Freetown.
But we have a challenge and we are going to meet that with ____ _________ ____ witnesses from the inside. There are people that are quite close to him, there are people that further away from him that, __________________, hear communications or are __________to the orders that he has provided, or who ______________his key lieutenants_____ _______ ____________in Sierra Leone giving orders, or providing material.
STEPHANIE KENNEDY: The trial is being broadcast live to Freetown, and the public _______ __________ __________________ to watch.

A – Comprehension Test 1

 

Listen to the Webcast Former Liberian leader faces war crimes tribunalagain and use the information from above to report back the news story.Follow these questions.

 

1) How did the Liberian leader rise to power? Why will Charles Taylor be long remembered by the Liberians?

2) Why has Charles Taylor set a new mark this time?

3) What is he accused of?

4) How old is Charles Taylor? Has he plead guilty to any of the charges?

5) Where is the historic trial taking place?

6) What did the Liberian leader promise his people when he came to power?

7) Who made him resign?

8) The population of what country did Charles Taylor terrorise?

9) What kind of cruel crimes were committed by the militias?

10) How did one of the victims describe the militias’ actions?

11) What is Charles Taylor alleged to have done in exchange for blood diamonds?

12) What are the difficulties of the chief prosecutor at the Special Court for Sierra Leone judging the case?

13) Who are the witnesses to Taylor’s case?

MODULE 3. HUMAN RIGHTS

Unit 5.

Find in the WWW the information about the following.

a) What are the neiboughs of Indonesia? How far are they from it? What can you say about the Tampa Affair in 2001.

b) What is the message of the political cartoon above? What can you see in cartoon?

2 Look at the text title and complete the sentences trying to guess what endings they might have in the text

It would be determined at the time by...

The benefit of knowing of the background is...

The international law that we're upholding is...

3 a).Form abstract nouns from these verbs:

 

canvass   convene  
intercept   verify  
enter   sign  
secure   involve  

 

3 b). Fill in the gaps using the nouns you formed in the table above:

  1. There has been _____________ all around neighbourhoods to persuade people to vote for this candidate.
  2. This community has been actively involved with the implementation of the Hague __________in the United States for over the past decade.
  3. It took the Russian Federation some long years to gain _________ to the WTO.
  4. Then there was no British law controlling phone tapping, or making unauthorised ____________(such as by foreign intelligence agencies) illegal.
  5. An organization or state, on whose behalf a n international convention has been signed, becomes a _________________ to the document.
  6. Check ____________is the process in which a company or individual checks the validity of a check to ensure funds are available, or looks into the account holder's banking history.
  7. Today's advanced ____________systems can be installed almost anywhere
  8. We are committed to offering opportunities for personal __________and growth for each employee.

 

4 a).Match these parts

1) to canvass against illegal actions
2) illegal entrance the people
3) intercept from the country
4) nationals fleeing international law
5) a breach of the possibility
6) to uphold sovereignty
7) to safeguard one’s borders into Australia

 

4 b) Write all possible combinations in the lines below.

1)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

2)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

3)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

4)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

5)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

6)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

7)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

4 c) Find the proper answers in the answer box in the end of Unit 2 and use them to fill the gaps in the sentences below.

 

  1. The minister __________________ of forcing asylum seekers back to Indonesia.
  2. When people smugglers violated sea borders of Indonesia, warships were __________________, seemingly genuine refugees.
  3. The Court of Appeal had been seeking to reflect the fact that often __________________ would be breach of confidence or breach of contract.
  4. Why would we listen to someone from the Netherlands when our __________________ for fear of radical Islam?
  5. The United States and the Philippines have signed a memorandum of understanding to cooperate and __________________ of textiles transshipments.
  6. Imbued with lofty idea of patriotism, the Communist Party of India __________________ and independenceof India, fights for national unity.
  7. Now the government is dealing with a lot of attempts of gaining ________________

 

In Class

Listen to the Webcast Ellison canvasses forcing Papuan boats back to Indonesia and do the exercises below.

C – Comprehension Test 2

Listen to the Webcast Ellison canvasses forcing Papuan boats back to Indonesia and circle the correct answer

 

1. Senator Chris Ellison insists on forcing boats with Papuan asylum seekers   A out of the country B out of Australian territorial waters C out of Indonesia   2. In the Tampa Affair in 2001, the navy forced several boats carrying   A Middle Eastern holiday-makers B Middle Eastern asylum seekers C Papuan asylum seekers
3.The Australian Senator says the way the problem is dealt with depends on the circumstances   A in which these people are intercepted B of other attempts at illegal entrance into Australia C of legal entrance into Australia 4. According to Senator Ellison the measures they took to deal with illegal immigrants were   A quite new B partly changed C not altered  
5. Senator Ellison refers to the incident as   A the people mugging issue B a breach of Australian law C the people smuggling issue 6.When Australian authorities came across the boatload of illegal immigrants   A they possessed background information B they benefited from knowing their background C they didn’t have any information about them  
7. The Minister for Customs and Justice is to safeguard the country’s borders against   A illegal entrance only when security is at risk B illegal fishing, illegal entrance, security risks C illegal fishing and illegal entrance risks   8. The measures against illegal immigration would be determined at the time by authorities A responsible for looking after illegal fishers B engaged in the process of looking after Australia waters C engaged in the process of looking after Australia borders  

B – Comprehension Test 2

Listen to the Webcast Ellison canvasses forcing Papuan boats back to Indonesia and use the information from ex.2.3 to fill in the gaps

Part 1

1) Where did the boats with Papuans arrive from? Who canvassed the possibility of forcing them back?

2) What happened after Tampa affair in 2001?

3) Who were in the boats forced back to Indonesian waters?

4) Where did the Senator Ellison make a statement that the Government’s policy hadn’t changed?

 

Part 2

Peter Mares asked him if boats carrying West Papuans would be forced back to Indonesia.

CHRIS ELLISON: Well it will depend on the circumstances in which we_______________these people, but certainly they will be dealt with as we would deal with any other attempts _____ __________ __________ into Australia.

And of course we’ve put in place ___________ ____dealing with people who try to enter our country illegally. And you've seen what we've done in the past and our policy has not changed.

Part 3

PETER MARES: You've said that Papuan ________ _________are no different to any other boat people, but that's not the case is it.

I mean, these are Indonesian nationals _____________directly from Indonesia. They're not like Afghans or Iraqis who are coming through another country.

CHRIS ELLISON: Well, of course, when we dealt with the people ________________ issues before, we didn't know where those people came from at the time. ___________________of course we verified that, but when we come upon a boatload of people who are trying to enter Australia _________ we don't have the benefit of knowing their_______________, what their case is or why they're there. All we are presented with is an attempt to enter Australia illegally.

Now, of course, we have measures for dealing with that, and of course our policy is also very well known and we will__________ ______ policy.

Part 4

PETER MARES: You accept that forcing a _____________ back to a place of persecution is ___ ________ ____international law?

CHRIS ELLISON: Look, I think that the international law that we're upholding is our ______________ in that we're maintaining our _______.

As the Minister forCustoms and Justice I have responsibility for border control, and that is to _________ our borders __________illegal fishing, illegal _________, _____________________ and anything else which might pose a_____ to this country including quarantine.
Now that is a right we have to maintain and that is our sovereignty as a nation and our sovereign waters.

PART 5

PETER MARES: Australia is a ______________to the International Convention on Refugees. Do you accept that forcing a refugee back to a place of persecution ________________that convention and is a breach of international law?

CHRIS ELLISON: When we're faced with a boatload of people, they don't come with a sign saying, "These Are Refugees". When we're ______________with that situation on the water, we don't know who they are; we don't know their background.

They might say they're refugees, they might say they're all sorts of things but I have to tell you that we're primarily _______________ looking out for Australia's __________ and security. And that means that we intercept people who are trying to enter this country illegally and that could involve a number of measures which would be________________at the timeby authorities who are ________________the process of looking after our borders.
A – Comprehension Test 2

 

Unit 6.

In Class

C – Comprehension Test 1

 

1. Lawyers for Julian Assange fear that A he might l be sent to London B he might l be sent the USA C if he arrives in the USA he will be given the capital punishment   6. Private Bradley Manning is suspected of A having a Twitter account B building a case against Mr Assange C providing Mr Assange with the classified documents  
2. In Belmarsh Magistrates' Court in London Assange was fighting against attempts   A to be sent to Sweden to face sexual assault charges B to be charged with an assault C to have the WikiLeaks case heard in Sweden 7. Legal arguments against extradition reveal that one of the claimants A wanted to take legal revenge against her ex lover B said she was asleep when forced to have sex with the accused C described in her blog how to revenge an ex lover  
3. His lawyers were allowed   A to speak to the media B to provide the media with only 35 pages of their argumentation C to hand their complete legal argument to the media   8. The defence documents argue that the case is A a reason for a criminal prosecution in Sweden B a pretext for having Assange electrocuted in the USA C to be heard in London  
4 District Judge told Mr Assange that he A could remain in London during his extradition hearing B could commute three hours to Norfolk each night C could be released on bail from the house arrest 9. The lawyers believe that sending Assange to Sweden for questioning A is nonsense B should be undertaken as the means of the last resort C is wrongful  
5. Julian Assange has irritated American authorities after A saying that US government cables are offensive B posting classified info on the Internet site C publishing classified info of UN activities in the press 10. The Swedish authorities A withhold their further plans B promise not to render him to the place of US choice C are to send him to Guantanamo Bay  

 

B – Comprehension Test 2

Part 1

1) What do lawyers for Julian Assange fear of in case he is sent to the USA?

2) What are US prosecutors busy doing in the USA?

3) Where did Julian Assange appear on the night of the report?

4) What was he fighting against?

5) What kind of charges he’s facing in Sweden?

 

Part 2


Here's Europe correspondent Emma Alberici.

EMMA ALBERICI: The world's media were out in force to greet Julian Assange as he arrived at the high security Belmarsh ______________Court.

The WikiLeaks founder was before the judge for just ten minutes. His defence team was granted permission to hand their 35 pages of legal argument to the media.
District Judge Nicholas Evans also told Mr Assange that he could stay in London during his ___________hearing next month, instead of having to ________________ three hours to Norfolk each night, where he's under house arrest as a condition of his_____________.
JULIAN ASSANGE: We are happy about today's outcome...

 

Part 3

EMMA ALBERICI: Julian Assange has raised the________ of American authorities after publishing thousands of classified US government ___________through his WikiLeaks website.

US prosecutors are now thought to be building a case against him after demanding details about the _______________accounts of Mr Assange, his supporters and Private Bradley Manning, the army intelligence _________ ____in custody who's suspected of supplying WikiLeaks _________ the secret documents.
JULIAN ASSANGE: Our work with WikiLeaks continues ________________and we are stepping up our publishing for matters related to ____________________.

 

Part 4

 

EMMA ALBERICI: Swedish authorities are attempting to have the 39-year-old whistleblower _____________on sexual assault charges.

Included in the legal arguments against extradition, are ________________that one of the women who claims she was ______________ by Mr Assange sent a text message stating that she was half asleep when she was forced to have sex with him.
The other woman in the case is said to have written a blog explaining how to take legal ______________against an ex lover.

 

Unit 7.

At home

Find in the WWW the information about the following.

a) The scandal over the disruption of gas supply to Belarus was among the top news of the year 2007.

What has been done by the parties: Russia, Belarus, European countries to protect their economies?

b) What is the message of the cartoon? Why is there only one character in the cartoon?

 

2Look at the text title and complete the sentences trying to guess what endings they might have in the text

We really should look upon what....

With Germany currently holding the presidency of the EU.....

A lot of European countries are having to think about...

Russia doubled the price, as…

Belarus threatens to disrupt supplies, if …

A lot of European countries are having to think…

 

3 a).Form adjectives from these verbs:

contemplate   import  
disrupt   diversify  
supply   question  
feud   cohere  

3 b). Fill in the gaps with the help of expressions above:

  1. The project includes of a set of multiple, ______________ measures aimed at promoting a consistent, integrated approach to energy supply and demand.
  2. Today we badly need to develop a ___________ plan of actions to achieve the set goal.
  3. In fact, the serfs were almost like slaves to the _________________ lord.
  4. A ____________ innovation is an innovation that disrupts an existing market.
  5. Many cars destined for the US market do not meet Canadian safety standards (especially newer ones), and are therefore not ________________ at all.
  6. She is quiet and thoughtful today, she is in a _________ mood today.
  7. It is _______________ whether the expenditure on this project is justified or not.
  8. The new terrorists are also better _______________ and more highly educated than their precursors.

 

4 a) Match the words

1) diversify as a political tool
2) to disrupt its energy supplies
3) had been feuding on their terms
4) work with bio fuels
5) to secure the interests of consumers
6) play the game supplies
7) to use energy, over gas and oil prices

4 b) Write all possible combinations in the lines below.

1)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

2)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

3)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

4)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

5)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

6)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

7)______________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

4 c) Find the proper answers in the answer box in the end of Unit 5 and use them to fill the gaps in the sentences below.

 

1) Many raw milk producers are opposing new dairy standards set to take effect this week in California, saying they could _________________________________________ of raw milk.

2) The Third world countries are too economically weak _________________________________.

3) Greek Orthodox Church sued __________________________________ Jewish hold on Old City property.

4) As far as Simi Valley imports all of its drinking water, city officials are looking _____________________________________while also encouraging residents to conserve.

5) The Arab summit meeting in Damascus will _________________ regional __________________.

In class

Listen to the Webcast Oil row threatens European supply and do the exercises

C - Comprehension Test 5

1. In January 2007 Europe had to contemplate A Russia's oil production future B new oil and gas supplies agreement C the future of its oil and gas supplies 2.Russia’s energy policy triggered the situation as A Belarus insulted Russia BRussia increased the price for fuel twice CRussia increased price for all exported goods twice
3.The reaction from Belarus was A a price hike for oil on its territory B they rose prices for oil carried across the country C a massive purchasing of oil from abroad 4. With all that Europe has to A adjust their economy to the situation B be dependent from oil C give up searching for sources of alternative energy
5. Angela Merkel promised A to fix prices as high as in Moscow B to exert pressure on Moscow C to discuss the options with Moscow 6. Angela Merkel also believes that Germany A is to shut down nuclear reactors B shouldn’t close down nuclear power stations C cannot cease the work of nuclear power stations
7. President Vladimir Putin urged his government A to continue talks with Belarus B to do everything to secure its strategic resources C to do everything to guarantee trouble-proof supplies to the EU 8. There is a need for Europe to try and develop A a more consistent approach to energy issues B a more coherent measures to punish Belarus C a more coherent response to Russia’s initiatives
9. If Europe doesn’t work out a clear energy supplies strategy A Russia will stop being a big player B Russia will do it for the European countries C Russia will dictate its political will to all countries 10. European countries will always look for the alternatives as A no country wants to be dependable on Russia B no country wants to have foreign supplies C no country wants to rely on a single foreign supplier
11. The reporter suggests that Russia might deal with Western countries A altogether B separately C only with countries of Eastern Europe 12.Tim Williams believes that Russia’s domination in the European oil and gas market A will lead to the growth of funding nuclear energy projects B renew investments in nuclear weapons development C may contribute to renewed investment in fossil fuel research



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