ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

How are computers used in our college?



Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.

applying, applicants, applications, applicable

aWe have interviewed five __________ for the new position.

b The last part of the form is not __________ to foreign students.

cMy student is thinking of __________ for a government grant to continue his research.

dThe new book uses business __________ to teach computer studies.

How have computers changed the way we work and study?

‘I’ve become a teleworker, a person who can work at home, thanks to teleworking or telecommuting, so I can work away from my official workplace. High-speed communications have made it possible.’

 

‘I’m training to work as an online teacher. I want to be a specialist in e-learning distance education via the Internet.’

 

‘I started my career as a typesetter. Now I work as a desktop publisher. I create documents with DTP software.’

 

‘I like the new aspect of my job: I practise telemedicine – it’s like having a long-distance surgery. Real-time data transmissions and virtual operations enable me to cure people who are far away.’

 

‘ICT has made my job better and easier. Now I like to call myself a computer animator: with my computer I create cartoons I couldn’t think before.’

teleworking ……………………………..…
e-teaching ………………………………..
desktop publishing ……………………………………
telemedicine …………………………………….
computer animation …………………………………..

Discuss the following questions.

1. What do you think are CALL’s (Computer Aided Language Learning) main advantages and disadvantages as a way of learning foreign languages?

2. Do you think it is possible that one day language teachers will be completely replaced by computers?

Do the test.

1. incorrect number of parameters а) невірні параметри б) невірна кількість параметрів в) невірний номер параметрів
2. bad command or file name а) невірна команда та файл імені б) невірна команда та ім’я файлу в) невірна команда або ім’я файлу
3. insufficient disk space а) достатньо місця на диску б) недостатньо місця на диску в) диск достатнього обсягу
4. no room for system on destination disk а) не розміщуйте систему на диск, на який здійснюється копіювання б) немає просторової системи на диску, на який здійснюється копіювання в) немає місця для системи на диску, на який здійснюється копіювання
5. syntax error а) синтаксична помилка б) помилковий синтаксис в) помилки у синтаксисі

Make a list of advantages and disadvantages that teleworking might have for you.

 

UNIT 11

Read and translate the text.

Robotics

Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, structural disposition, manufacture and application of robots and computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. These technologies deal with automated machines that can take the place of humans, in hazardous or manufacturing processes, or simply just resemble humans. Many of today’s robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.

The concept and creation of machines that could operate autonomously dates back to classical times, but research into the functionality and potential uses of robots did not grow substantially until the 20th century. Throughout history, robotics has been often seen to mimic human behavior, and often manage tasks in a similar fashion. Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as we continue to research, design, and build new robots that serve various practical purposes, whether domestically, commercially, or militarily. Many robots do jobs that are hazardous to people such as defusing bombs, exploring shipwrecks, and mines.

Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.

explanation, explained, explanatory, explain

aThe package includes an __________ booklet.

b The instructions are very clear and do not require any further _________.

cIt will only take a couple of minutes to __________ how the programme works.

dIf you are new to this system, almost everything will have to be __________.

Make two lists in the table below.

Types of jobs suitable for robots Types of jobs done by humans
………………………………. ……………………………

Describe uses for robots.

The word robot comes from robota, meaning compulsory labour in Czech; similarly robots are helpful in activities which are too dangerous, too boring or too precise for human beings.

Robotic arms, telescopic or bending arms, are widely used in the automobile industry to paint, weld and assemble car parts. Robots are also used in electronic assembly of microchips where precision of movements is essential.

Surgical robots, which help human surgeons, are programmed to assist in very delicate microsurgery operations or mimic the surgeons’ movements in telesurgery operations.

Planetary rovers, remotely operated vehicles, and space probes, unpiloted spaceships, are used to explore space.

Mobile robots, vehicles controlled by human operators, are used for defusing bombs and handling hazardous materials.

industry health space safety
……………… ………….… …………….. ……………

Match each robot type with the appropriate definition.

1. Mobile robot 2.Cyborg 3. Automation 4. Flexible machine 5. Android / Humanoid a) can be programmed as the need arises b) capable of moving freely in its own environment c) its structure approximately resembles a human structure d) have some physiological structures similar to those of humans

Do the test.

1. keyboard system а) система клавіатури б) системна клавіатура в) клавіатура в системі
2. read error in the file “x” а) читайте файл “x” б) невірне читання файлу “x” в) помилка при читанні файлу “x”
3. file creation error а) помилка при створенні файлу б) помилково створений файл в) створення файлу з помилкою
4. invalid drive specification а) визначте дисковод правильно б) невірне визначення дисководу в) невірно визначений дисковод

 

UNIT 12

Read and translate the text.

Graphics

There are different types of graphics software.

· Image manipulation programmeslet you edit your favourite images. For example, you can scan a picture into your PC or transfer a photo from your camera and then add different effects, or filters.

· Painting and drawing programmes, also called illustration packages, offer facilities for freehand drawing, with a wide choice of pens and brushes, colours and patterns. One example is Windows Paint.

· Business graphics programmes,also called presentation software, let you create pie charts, bar charts and line graphs of all kinds for slide shows and reports. You can import data from a data base or spreadsheet to generate the graphs.

· Computer-aided design (CAD)is used by engineers and architects to design everything from cars and planes to buildings and furniture. First, they make a wireframe, a drawing with edges and contour lines. Then if they want to colour the objects and add texture, they create a surface for the object; this is called ‘filling the surface’. Finally the design is rendered to make the object look realistic. Rendering is a process that adds realism to graphics by using shading, light sources and reflections.

· Desktop publishing (DTP)is based around a page layout programme, which lets you import text from a word processor, clip-art (ready-made pictures) from graphics packages, and images from scanners and cameras, and arrange them all on a page. It is used to design and publish books, newspapers, posters, advertisements, etc.

· Digital art,or computer art,is done with applets that use mathematical formulae to create beautiful bright shapes called fractals. A fractal is a geometrical figure with special properties, e.g. the Koch snowflake or the Mandelbrot set. Fractals can also be used to model real objects like clouds, coastlines or landscapes.

· Computer animationuses graphics programmes (e.g. digital cartooning systems) to create or edit moving pictures. Each image in a sequence of images is called a ‘frame’.

· Geographic information systems (GIS)allow cartographers to create detailed maps.





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