Match these common DOS commands with the appropriate explanation. 

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Match these common DOS commands with the appropriate explanation.

1BACKUP asearches for a specific string of text in a file
2CHDIR or CD ballows a text file from the current directory to be displayed on screen
3CHKDSK callows the user to change the name of a file
4CLS dsaves the contents of the hard disk to a floppy disk for security purposes
5DEL eis used when it is necessary to change the current directory
6DIR:SORT fclears data from the screen
7REN galphabetically sorts and lists a disk directory
8TYPE hmakes back-up copies of the contents of one disk to another
9 FIND ideletes a specified file from the current directory, specified drive, or specified path
10DISKCOPY jproduces a status report of the currently logged-on disk, indicating the amount of disk space used, the available capacity (in byes), and the number of files on disk

Choose the correct word to complete each sentence.

compute, computation, computerization

aThe __________ of the manufacturing division will be extensive in the short term, but cost-effective in the long term.

bWe should be able to __________ our profit for next year fairly accurately with the new programme.

cI could tell from all the __________ on the board that a maths lesson was in progress.

Label these word processing icons with the correct function.

a cut and paste b graphics c align left d undo e insert hyperlink

5. Why is Windows so popular?

A GUI, the Graphic User Interface, makes use of a Wimp environment: Windows, Icons, Menus and Pointer. This type of interface is user-friendly, where system functions are accessed by selecting self-explanatory icons (pictures representing programmes or documents) and items from menus. A drop-down menu, or pull-down menu, is a list of options that appear below a menu bar when you click on an item.

The pointer is the arrow, controlled by the mouse, which lets you choose options from menus.

The background screen that displays icons, representing programmes, files and folders (directories) is called the desktop. Double-clicking a folder icon opens a window which shows the programmes, documents and other folders contained within the folder.

letters calculations pictures games files multitasking icons menus interface tools system utilities pointer

Do the test.

1. DEVICE а) зміна стандартних параметрів дисководу б) завантаження програми управління клавіатурою в) запуск спеціальної програми управління яким-небудь пристроєм
2. PRINT а) друк текстового файлу на принтері б) друк на принтері образу екрану дисплея в) виведення на екран текстового файлу
3. FILES а) видача списку файлів та субдиректорій у поточній директорії б) встановлення кількості файлів, які можуть бути одночасно відкритими операційною системою в) форматування диску
4. TIME а) встановлення дати/числа б) встановлення часу в) тимчасова зупинка роботи програми
5. DRIVPARM а) завантаження програми управління клавіатурою б) зміна стандартних параметрів дисководу в) запуск спеціальної програми управління яким-небудь пристроєм



Read and translate the text.


A peripheral is a device connected to a host computer, but not part of it, and is more or less dependent on the host. These are also input/output devices. It expands the host’s capabilities, but does not form part of the core computer architecture.

It is any auxiliary device such as a mouse, keyboard, hard drive, etc. that connects to and works with the computer in some way. Usually, the word peripheral is used to refer to a device external to the computer, like a scanner, but the devices located inside the computer case are also technically peripherals.

Examples: “Many of the external peripherals I own, such as my scanner and printer, connect to the peripheral ports on the back of my computer.”

There are three different types of peripherals: Input, Output, Storage.

An output peripheral is an external device that provides input and output for the computer. For example RAM has a peripheral output. Some peripherals, such as the external hardrive, provide both input and output for the computer. Usually for every external device there are input and output peripherals. An example of only input peripherals, a keyboard and a mouse are input and peripherals. An example of an output peripherals are hard drives disk. The storage peripherals are also considered to be used to store information on the computer for future use.

Examples are Expansion cards, RAM, graphics cards, computer printers, image scanners, tape drives, microphones, loudspeakers, webcams, and digital cameras.

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