ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

TOPICAL MATERIALS FOR CREATIVE



PRESENTATION

 

Рекомендовано УМО по образованию

в области информатики и радиоэлектроники для специальностей,

закрепленных за УМО в качестве пособия

 

 

Минск БГУИР 2015

УДК 811.111(076)

ББК 81.2Англ я73

Р17

 

А в т о р ы:

М. В. Ладыженко, Л. С. Карпик, Р.Т. Максимчук, Е. В. Барановская,

Т. В. Булавская, О. В. Пинчук, Л. Е.Синкевич

 

Р е ц е н з е н т ы:

кафедра межкультурной экономической коммуникации учреждения образования «Белорусский государственный экономический университет»,

(протокол №7 от 16.02.2015 г.);

 

доцент кафедры иностранных языков ИУК «Академии управления при Президенте Республики Беларусь», кандидат педагогических наук

О. В. Соколовская

 

 

Р17
Развитие навыков устной речи на английском языке = Topical Materials for Creative Presentation: M. В. Ладыженко [и др.]. – Минск : БГУИР, 2015. – 77 с.

ISBN 978-985-448-884-2

 

Пособие предназначено для студентов первой ступени всех форм обучения. Основной целью является подготовка студентов к практическому владению английским языком в области устной речи по устным темам в соответствии с типовой программой по иностранным языкам.

 

УДК 811.11(076)

ББК 81.2Англ я73

ISBN 978-985-488-884-2 © УО «Белорусский государственный

университет информатики

и радиоэлектроники», 2015

Содержание

 

Предисловие……………………………………………………………………...…..5

 

 

UNIT I: STUDENT’S PROFILE…………………………………………………...6

 

Text A. My Daily Routine……………………………………………………….…..7

Text B. Tech Addiction Harms Learning…………………………………………….9

Text C. Leisure Time……………………………………………………………...…12

UNIT II: BELARUS……………………………………………………………….14

 

Text A. The Republic of Belarus………………………………………….…….…...14

Text B. Minsk………………………………………………………………………..18

Text C. From the History of Belarus……………………………………………...…20

Text D. Holidays in Belarus……………………………………………………...….22

Text E. Places of Interest in Belarus……………………………………….……..….23

UNIT III: GREAT BRITAIN………………………………………………...…....25

 

Text A. Four Countries – One Kingdom ………………………………………...….25

Text B. How Britain Is Run………………………………………………………….27

Text C. How the Education System Works……………………..………………...…29

Text D. Britain and Europe……………………………………………...…………...31

Text E: A Language that Came from Nowhere to Conquer the World …...……….32

 

 

UNIT IV: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES…………………………………………34

 

Text A. Global Warming Is a Reality…………………………………………..……35

Text B. Environmental Problems and Solutions……………………………..……37

Text C. Deforestation ……………………………………………………………….39

Text D. Humanity and Greenhouse Warming………………………………………40

Text E. Where in Nature Can We Look for Salvation?...............................................42

Text F. Green Answers. Making Clean Energy……………………………………..43

Text G. Chernobyl: Decades Later ………………………………………………….45

UNIT V: MY UNIVERSITY……………………………………………………....48

 

Text A. The Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics……..49

Text B. Oxbridge………………………………………………………………...…..52

Text C. Student’s Life at English and American Universities……...………………54

Text D. How to Survive Your First Year at University……………...………………57

Text E. A Few Tips That Will Help to Make That First Year Easier for You………58

 

 

UNIT VI: MY FUTURE PROFESSION………………...………………………..60

 

Text A. Information Technology in Today’s Society………………….……………60

Text B. Requirements for IT Specialists………………...…………………………..61

Text C. How Do You Fit the IT Field?................... …................................................64

Text D. Possible Сareers in IT……………………………………………………….66

Text E. Text E: Economics. My Speciality………………………………………….70

Text F. Curriculum Vitae………………………………………………...…………..73

 

Литература…………………………………………………………………………..76

 

Предисловие

Данное пособие предназначено для студентов первой ступени обучения. В пособие вошли 6 разделов: Student’s Profile, Belarus, Great Britain, Environmental Issues, My University, My Future Profession.

В каждый раздел входит от 4-7 оригинальных, но несколько сокращенных в учебных целях, текстов по устным темам. Цель текстов – способствовать развитию навыков и умений устной речи на английском языке, активизировать лексический минимум, а также служить полезным источником информации, дающим возможность в дальнейшем вести беседу по заданным темам.

После каждого текста авторами предлагается специально созданный комплекс упражнений, который нацелен на развитие и совершенствование навыков устной речи на английском языке. Работа носит практический характер.

Авторами реализованы требования индивидуализации и дифференциации учебного процесса, что способствует повышению мотивации и развитию творческого потенциала студента.

В конце каждого раздела представлено задание Discussion (Практика устной речи), направленное на развитие и совершенствование, на реализацию речевого намерения в ситуациях общения по устным темам.

Каждый раздел рассчитан примерно на 5 часов аудиторных занятий, в зависимости от уровня индивидуальной языковой компетенции студентов.

Авторы пособия предлагают постепенную работу над разделами, без нарушений последовательности упражнений и заданий.

Содержание работы подобрано в соответствии с типовой программой по английскому языку и рабочей программой, исходя из современных требований методики преподавания иностранных языков в неязыковом вузе.

UNIT I: STUDENTS’ PROFILE

Pre-reading

Which of the following statements are true for you?

My classes begin at 8 p.m. I am always late for classes.
I often study on Saturdays. I usually have lunch in the cafeteria.
I go to the university by bicycle. My favourite subject is maths.
I put my homework off until the last minute. I have to wear a uniform at the university.

What do you think a typical day of a student is like? What about you?

Match up the verbs and nouns below to make collocations.

 

do your, fail, hand in, have, pass, miss, pay, learn, make, attend, take
debts, a retake, an exam, programming, classes, seminars, by heart, progress, best, homework, attention

Write 5-7 questions, use the collocations from the previous exercise.

5. Interview your partner using the following prompts: get up, have breakfast, go to the university, classes begin, have a break, have lunch, classes are over, come home, do homework, have dinner, go to bed.

How does student’s life differ from other people’s life?

Match the words with the corresponding definitions.

1.A person who has completed a university degree c) a) lecturer
2. A teacher of the highest rank in a university department d) b) assignment
3. Work that you must do as a part of a course of study b) c) graduate
4. A period of time into which the teaching year is divided at universities g) d) professor
6. Money that you pay to take classes at a university e) e) tuition
7. A student who is doing a university course for a first degree l) f) tutor
8. A student who is doing studies at a university after he has received his first degree h) g) term
9. Money given to a student to pay for a course of study. K) h) postgraduate
10. A teacher who directs studies in a small group and gives private instructions f) k) scholarship
11a)A teacher who gives lectures, esp. at a university, college l) undergraduate

Reading

Read the following text and find the answers to the questions.

1. How does Nikita describe himself?

2. What is he keen on?

3. What is his family like?

5. What is his duty?

4. Does he enjoy spending time with his family? Why?

5. Why is it so vital to follow the schedule if you have one?

 

Text A: My Daily Routine

 

As the saying goes - if you want something to be done well, do it yourself. I follow this wise(мудрый) advice and I would like to introduce(представить) myself.

My name is Nikita Kovalevich. I was born on June 20, 1998. I am 18 years old. I come from Minsk, Belarus. How do I see myself? I am an active and energetic person. I can’t bear(выносить) just sitting around and doing nothing. It just makes me impatient and restless(утомляет). But I know what I want, and I think I have got what it takes to achieve my goals. I am a hard worker when it comes to what I am interested in. Does it make me sound horribly ambitious and selfish? I hope not!

I'm friendly, kind, and honest. I have my own likes and dislikes. I enjoy other people’s company. Friends visit me regularly and I never feel lonely.

I am modest(скромный) and sometimes shy(застенчивый), but I would not advise anyone tricking or kidding me. I am the kind of person who doesn’t let friends down. I do not like hypocrisy(лицемерие). I always say in open what I think. It is very difficult for me to deal with people who are selfish and dishonest.

This summer I passed the entrance examinations in the form of centralized testing and on the basis of the results was admitted to the University. Now I’m a first-year student of the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics where I’m taking programming. So my main duty is to study at university. I am a full-time student and my day-to-day activities depend on my timetable.

My classes usually begin at 8 a.m. Every day I get up at half past six and go jogging in the park. It takes me thirty minutes. Then I do some morning exercises. That’s why I never feel sleepy in the morning. I feel refreshed and full of energy. When I am back I take a cold shower and have breakfast. I like talking to my parents while having it. I leave at about 7.45 a.m. If the weather is fine I get to the university by bicycle. The University is situated in the city center. It takes me 20 minutes to get there. As a rule my classes start at 8 a.m. I have 3 or 4 classes a day: lectures, seminars, practical classes and lab works. They are usually over at 3 p.m.

I go to the sports center where I have karate trainings three times a week. I also take guitar lessons. I come home at 7 p.m. I have dinner and start doing my homework. If I have some spare time I play the guitar or read classical literature. I go to bed at about half past eleven. I think it is very important to go to bed before midnight and get up early in the morning, especially on weekdays. Thus you can manage everything you plan to do.

At weekends I usually get up at 8 o'clock and do the same things I do on weekdays. Sometimes I have a rehearsal with the rock band where I play the guitar. Sometimes I can stay home, read books, or hang out with my friends.

I can’t imagine my life without my family. It isn't big. There are four of us: my father, mother and a sister. My father is a well-educated and knowledgeable person. That is why it is always interesting to talk to him: he usually tells a lot of exciting stories. My mother is a nice person. I admire her character. She is an optimist. She is full of energy and enthusiasm. I really like her sense of humour. My mother is a housewife. It takes her much time and patience to look after the house. But she copes with her household chores very well. Besides, both my father and I help her with the housework. For example, I do the dishes and my father goes shopping. She is keen on cooking so she spends much time in the kitchen. My father likes stamp collecting and when a child I got interested in it as well. Since that time, stamps and old coins have become my hobby. We have a big collection of them. We also like music and everybody who visits us is impressed with our CD and DVD collection.

I enjoy spending time with my family very much. We often go for a walk together. My family is fond of travelling. We visit different countries and have great time. So I could definitely(определенно) say we are a very friendly family.

Comprehension check





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