Tourist centers in Great Britain



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Tourist centers in Great Britain



Tourism is a major industry in Great Britain. It is one of the main sources of national wealth.

The British take a pride of varied landscape. There are many places in the country which once visited will always be remembered. The travelers can admire numerous places of interest in British capital, London. It’s impossible to see all the sights in one day, it takes more time to see all the capital’s attractions.

If tourists want to admire the British landscape they are welcomed to Wales – to a beautiful land, magical castles alive with history and glory, and lots of traditional cooking and hospitality.

One of the best ways of enjoying Welsh scenery is to take a trip on one of the nostalgic steam railways which criss - cross gently through the countryside.

If tourists hunt for real Scotland, they are sure to find it in the Highlands. The real Scotland is not found in a single moment. Scenery, history, hospitality, humour, climate, pageantry and tradition are on offer throughout a year.

There has been a considerable increase in passenger travel in recent years

Tourists are good for a country

This statement can be looked at from several points of view. Firstly, tourism should be considered in relation to a country's economy. Secondly, it can be seen in terms of its effect on the countryside and environment. Thirdly, the influence of the tourist industry on culture must be taken into account.

The economy of a country often benefits from tourism: foreign visitors come and spend their money, and this creates jobs for those who run hotels and restaurants.

However, there are also certain drawbacks. Whereas the people directly involved in the industry may benefit, others may find that they are worse off. This is because the cost of living goes up and goods become more expensive since tourists are ready to pay more for them.

As far as the effect on the environment is concerned, tourism is often a bad thing. In spite of building better roads and improvements for poorer areas, it is sometimes very harmful. In some countries, huge hotels and skyscrapers have ruined areas of unspoiled beauty.

The cultural influence of tourism is difficult to estimate, in some countries foreign influence can destroy the local way of life. On the other hand, countries which do not encourage tourism may miss the benefits that foreign technology and investment can bring.

So, tourism has both advantages and disadvantages; if it is controlled properly, it can be good for a country, but it also may do a great deal of harm.

 

Tourist Centers in Ukraine

1. There are 24 regions in Ukraine and each of them has its own famous sights. 2. Chernihiv,a city and regional centre on the right bank of the Desna river, is one of the oldest cities in Ukraine and has many places of interest. 3.Such as: Dytynets Fortress, Spaso – Preobrazhenskiy Cathedral, Troitsko – Illinskiy monastery, Pyatnytska Church. 4. Baturyn, the city of Chernihiv region, was a capital of the Ukranian Hetmans. 5. Kamyanets – Podilskiy, (Khmelnytskiy region) is situated on the Smotrych river, the left tributary of the Dniester river. 6. There are some historical and architectural monuments there: Kamyanets - Podilska Fortress, New East Tower built in 1544; Castle Bridge (Turkish); City Gate and Armenian Bastion. 7. Lvivis one of the richest cities for the number and value of historical and architectural monuments. 8. The city was founded in the 13th century by the Prince Danylo Halytsky and named in honour of his son Lev. 9. Ploshcha Rynok (Market Square) is an architectural ensemble of 44 buildings constructed in different styles. 10. Sobor Sviatoho Yura (St. George Cathedral) is a classic example of Ukrainian Baroque architecture and the main church of Ukrainian Greek – Catholic Church. 11. There are also about 20 museums, 10 theatres and monuments in Lviv. 12. Lviv Region is also famous for its health resorts in Truskavets and Morshyn. 13. Odesa,the regional centre and seaport located on the southwestern shore of the Black Sea. 14. It is an important industrial, scientific, cultural and resort centre. 15. The symbol of the city is the famous Potyomkin Stairs. 16. There are a lot of significant monuments in Odesa known all over the world, such as Opera and Ballet House, the monument to Duke Richelieu and others. 17. Odesa is a popular resort with numerous sanatoriums and holiday camps. 18. Kaniv (Cherkasy region) is situated on the right bank of the Dnieper river is known for the Grave of Taras Shevchenko Museum and Reserve on the Tarasova Hora and the museum of Ukrainian Decorative and Applied Art. 19. Kolomyia (Ivano – Frankivsk region) is situated on the left bank of the Prut river and famous for its museum “Pysanka”. 20. It is the only museum in the world, which was specially constructed for keeping and exhibiting the works of pysanka painting. 21. Another sight in Kolomyia is a Museum of Hutsulshchyna Folk Art which represents wooden, metal and leather art works dated back since the 16th century. 22. It is very difficult to name all the places of interest in Ukraine. 23. The best way to know Ukraine is to visit it. So, welcome to Ukraine.

Oxford

England is a famous for its educational institutes. The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxfordis one of the oldest universities inEurope. It was the first university established in Britain. Oxford is situated about 90 km north-west of London in its own county of Oxfordshire. The city lies at the confluence of the rivers Cherwell and the Thames.

According to legend, Oxford University was founded by King Alfred the Great in 872 to encourage education and establish schools throughout his territory. Today Oxford University is comprised of thirty-nine colleges and six permanent private halls, founded between 1249 and 1996. More than 130 nationalities are represented among a student population of over 18,000. There have been many famous people, who have studied at Oxford University. They include Adam Smith, Lewis Carroll, Oscar Wilde, J.R. Tolkien, Indira Gandhi, Baroness Margaret Thatcher, Bill Clinton, Rupert Murdoch and Hugh Grant. All in all, Oxford has produced four British and at least eight foreign kings, 47 Nobel prize – winners, 25 British Prime Ministers, 28 foreign presidents and prime ministers seven saints, 86 archbishops, 18 cardinals and one Pope.

Kyiv

Buckingham Palace

There are two addresses in London that the whole world knows.One is 10 Downing Street, where the Prime Minister lives. The other is Buckingham Palace. This famouspalace, first built in 1703, is in very centre of London.

It is two places, not one. It is a family house, where children play and grow up. It is also the place, where presidents, kings and politicians go to meet the Queen.

Buckingham Palace is like a small town, with a police station, two post offices, a hospital, a bar, two sports clubs, a disco, a cinema and a swimming pool. There are 600 rooms and three miles of red carpet. Two men work full-time to look after the 300 clocks. About 700 people work in the Palace.

When the Queen gets up in the morning, seven people look after her. One starts her bath, one prepares her clothes, and one feeds the Royal dogs. She has eight or nine dogs and they sleep in their own bedroom near the Queen’s bedroom. Two people bring her breakfast. She has coffee from Harrods, toast and eggs. Every day for fifteen minutes, a piper plays the Scottish music outside her room and the Queen reads The Times.

Every Tuesday evening, she meets the Prime Minister. They talk about world news and have a drink, perhaps a gin and tonic or whisky.

When the Queen invites a lot of people for dinner, it takes three days to prepare the table and three days to do the washing-up. Everybody has five glasses: one for red wine, one for white wine, one for port and one for liqueur. During the first and second courses, the Queen speaks to the person on her left and then she speaks to the person on her right for the rest of the meal. When the Queen finishes her food, everybody finishes and it is time for the next course.

LONDON

The Dniester

The Dniester is the second biggest river in Ukraine and the biggest in the south – western part of Ukraine. It rises in Beskydy near the village Vovche in Lviv region. It flows into the Dniester lagoon of the Black Sea to the south – west to Odessa. The length of the Dniester is 1,362 km. either in Lviv, Ivano – Frankivsk, Ternopil, Chernivtsi or in Khmelnytsky, Vynnytsya, Odessa region you can come down to the bank of the Dniester and observe its endless waters. The Dniester has 386 tributaries. Most of them are on the left side. The river is winding. In the higher part it is typical mountain stream, flowing along the narrow valley with steep rocky banks. In the lower part it flows slower and slower through wide and at places marshy plain. The river is supplied mainly with rain and snow.

The word ‘Dniester’ means ‘Southern river’. The first written information about the Dniester fell on the end of the 13th century – beginning of the 14th century. It said that the Dniester connected the Carpathians region with the Black Sea and served as a convenient trade route for ships setting for Greece and other countries on the way.

Unfortunately, the Dniester is not rich in fish. Nevertheless, the bream, the carp and the others are to be found there. The river is navigable from its mouth to the town of Halych.

Nowadays the Dniester is one of the most interesting rivers in the way of peculiar routes. One can travel along the river by a motorboat, raft, catamaran or kayak. One can go under the sail as it is often windy on the Dniester.



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