ТОП 10:

UNIT I. The City of Volgograd: General Information



ВОЛГОГРАД

(АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК)

 

 

VOLGOGRAD

 

Волгоград

Пособие содержит методические указания и задания по теме «Волгоград (Volgograd)», предназначенные для студентов 1 курса дневного отделения неязыковых специальностей вуза, изучающих английский язык.

 

Составители:

доцент кафедры иностранных языков кандидат педагогических наук Н.И. Роговская,

доцент кафедры иностранных языков кандидат педагогических наук Т.Н. Сайтимова.

 

составление 2013 г.

CONTENTS

UNIT I. The City of Volgograd: General Information…………………..

UNIT II. Volgograd Places of Interest……………………………………

UNIT III. Volgograd: Additional Information…………………………...

UNIT IV. Revision………………………………………………………..

 

 

UNIT I. The City of Volgograd: General Information

Reading

Look through the new words before reading.

Vocabulary

a fortress – крепость

to defend –защищать

a trade route –торговый путь

the most important strategic point –самая важная стратегическая точка

to link –связывать

to remind –напоминать

the Mamayev Hill –Мамаев Курган

Pavlov House –Дом Павлова

the Destroyed Mill –Разрушенная Мельница

a factory –фабрика

a plant –завод

a sight –достопримечательность

the Fallen Fighters` Square –Площадь Павших Борцов

the Planetarium –Планетарий

the New Experimental Theatre –Новый Экспериментальный Театр

the Central Department Store –Центральный Универмаг

the Central Embankment –Центральная Набережная

the Museum-Panorama of Stalingrad Battle –Музей-панорама Сталинградской битвы

an attraction –достопримечательность

especially –особенно

due to –благодаря

 

Find the new words and word combinations in the text “Volgograd”. Read them aloud and translate.

Speaking

Answer the questions.

1. Where is Volgograd situated?

2. When was Tsaritsyn founded?

3. When was it renamed Stalingrad? Volgograd?

4. What is the city famous for?

5. What sights of Volgograd are linked with the Great Patriotic War?

6. What other places of interest do you know in the city?

7. What is your favourite attraction of Volgograd? Why?

 

Retell the text.

 

 

UNIT II. Volgograd Places of Interest

Reading

Find out some information of Volgograd sights.

The MAMAYEV HILL

 

The Mamayev Hill is the highest hill in Volgograd, Russia (102 m), which was the main height of Russia during the Battle of Stalingrad. It was built as a memorial in honour to Soviet soldiers and officers who defended Stalingrad during the Great Patriotic War. The group of sculptors and designers was headed by the People’s Artist of the USSR, sculptor Evgeniy Vutechich. The ensemble includes a sculpture “Memory of Generations”, a composition “Fight to the Bitter End!”, “Wall-Ruins”, “the Square of Grief”, and the Hall of Military Glory. On the top of The Mamayev Hill there is the Motherland Statue which is the symbol of Volgograd. This statue is well-known all over the world. It is made of concrete. It is one of the highest sculptures in the world.The statue’s total height is 85 meters. Its weight is 8.000 tons; the only 33-meter sword weighs 14 tons.It was designed by Evgeniy Vutechich and Nicolay Nikitin. It had been built from 1959 till 1967.

 

The Central Embankment

At the top of the Central Embankmentthere isthe Fountain of Friendship with the composition “Arts” in the centre of it. The fountain was erected in 1957 on the upper terrace of the Central Embankment of Volgograd. The composition is presented by the sculpture of three dancing girls in national dresses.

 

 

Then there is a long and wide staircase with two white rotundas on both sides of it.

 

The Embankment is decorated with an old church of John the Forerunner (Ivan Predtetcha). It was built in stone in 1704 (before that there was a wooden church, 1664). It was the first stony building of Tsaritsyn. In 1932 the church was totally destroyed by blowing up. Now it has been restored.

 

 

Volgograders and visitors of the city admire the beautiful embankment and a wonderful view of the river Volga.

 

The Drama Theatre

Opposite the hotel “Intourist” the building of the Drama Theatre is situated, with the New Experimental Theatre in it. It was built by a merchant Repnikov in 1915. At first it was Tsaritsyn House of Arts and Science. The library and Tsaritsyn Museum were here. Then the Drama Theatre occupied this building. It was ruined during the war but was rebuilt in 1952. After Stalingrad Battle, the building was fully restored with all former decorations (the author of the restoration was architect N.B. Kurennoy). In the Soviet period there was Gorky Drama Theatre here. In 1989 the New Experimental Theatre found its seat here. The theatre presents a modern stage. The Art director and producer of the theatre is Otar Ivanovich Djanguisherashvilli, the People’s Artist of Russia.

The Brothers’ Grave

Between the hotels “Volgograd” and “Intourist” there is the Brothers’ Grave to the defenders of the city in 1919. A 6 m high obelisk was constructed on this place. In 1942 about 100 fighters, defenders of Stalingrad were buried here. And in 1957 a new black-and-red granite 26 m high obelisk was erected on the grave. The Eternal Fire is here since 1963. Every half an hour a sad melody sounds in memory of the defenders of the city. Since 1966 one can see the change of the guard here. The best schoolboys and schoolgirls stand here on guard duty at the Post No.1 at the Eternal Flame.

The Grave of Three Fighters

Not far from the Eternal Fire there is an international grave of three fighters. They defended Stalingrad from the fascists: Spaniard Ruben Ruis Ibarruri, Russian Vladimir Kamenschikov and Tartar Hafis Fatjahuddinov.

THE Poplar-tree

On the Square of the Fallen Fighters you can see the Poplar-tree. It survived during the Battle of Stalingrad. It is the only tree left after Stalingrad Battle. That`s why it is covered with war scars. In 1975 a granite plate was put here. There are such words on it: “The nature-historical monument. This poplar-tree brought its life through the Great Battle”.

Pavlov House

 

Pavlov House became the name of a building during the Battle of Stalingrad from 1942 to 1943. It gained its popular name from Sergeant Yacov Pavlov, who commanded the battalion of 24 soldiers that successfully defended the building from enemy’s attacks for 58 days. In 1965, at the wall of the house facing Lenin Square a memorial wall was erected in honour of the heroic deed of Stalingrad defenders. Pavlov House became a symbol of the stubborn struggle of the Soviet Union in the Battle of Stalingrad, and in the Great Patriotic War on the whole.

Volgograd Tram

The first tram line in Tsaritsyn was constructed in 1915. It ran from the centre of the city to the end of the city (now it is the place, where Krasnooktyabrskiy district is). In 60 years (1975) the tram line was reconstructed because of new buildings in the northern part of the city.

Nowadays the tram system consists of 22 stations. Volgograd is a difficult city to drive in because of the heavy traffic. That is why people often use trams. Volgograd tram is famous for its not ordinal underground tram line where only three stations are: Komsomolskaya, Lenin Square and Pionerskaya.

 

Speaking

Writing

Reading

Read the text.

Writing

Speaking

 

UNIT IV. Revision

 

Speaking

Writing

 

ВОЛГОГРАД

(АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК)

 

 

VOLGOGRAD

 

Волгоград

Пособие содержит методические указания и задания по теме «Волгоград (Volgograd)», предназначенные для студентов 1 курса дневного отделения неязыковых специальностей вуза, изучающих английский язык.

 

Составители:

доцент кафедры иностранных языков кандидат педагогических наук Н.И. Роговская,

доцент кафедры иностранных языков кандидат педагогических наук Т.Н. Сайтимова.

 

составление 2013 г.

CONTENTS

UNIT I. The City of Volgograd: General Information…………………..

UNIT II. Volgograd Places of Interest……………………………………

UNIT III. Volgograd: Additional Information…………………………...

UNIT IV. Revision………………………………………………………..

 

 

UNIT I. The City of Volgograd: General Information

Reading







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