I. Do the quiz individually. Then compare answers with a partner.



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

I. Do the quiz individually. Then compare answers with a partner.



1. How much cash do you have with you at the moment? Do you know:

a) know exactly?

b) know approximately?

c) not know at all?

2. Do you normally check:

a) your change?

b) your bank statements and credit card bills

c) restaurant bills

d) your receipts when shopping?

e) prices in several shops before you buy something?

3. Do you:

a) give money to beggars?

b) give money to charities?

c) give away used items, such as clothing?

4. If you go for a meal with someone you don’t know well, do you:

a) offer to pay the whole bill?

b) suggest dividing the bill into equal parts?

c) offer to pay the whole bill but expect them to pay next time?

d) try to avoid paying anything?

5. What do you think about people who do not pay the correct amount of tax? Is this:

a) a serious crime?

b) morally wrong but not a crime?

c) excellent business practice?

6. If you lend a colleague a small amount of money and they forget to pay it back, do you:

a) say nothing?

b) remind them that they owe you money?

c) arrange to go for a drink with them and say you’ve forgotten your wallet or purse?

 

II. Translate the following phrases:

Can you give me change for a $ 10 note?

I can pay you back on Friday.

Can I just buy some chewing gum, please?

Did you bring your receipt with you?

Do you think you could lend me $20?

I’d like to pay my bill, please.

You’ll need to sign them just here, please.

Do you take credit cards?

I’d like to cash some traveler’s cheque.

I’d like a refund, please.

 

III. In your opinion, which of the following give the best return on your money? Which are very risky? Which are less risky?

 

gold precious stones stocks and shares     currencies property land/real estate   a high-interest deposit account antiques and paintings a new business venture  

 

Part II

I. Work in three groups. Each group reads a different text: either The South Sea Bubble or Tulipomania or The Wall Street Crash. Make notes on the key points.

 

THE SOUTH SEA BUBBLE

The South Sea Bubble is the name given to a speculation in 1720, and associated with the South Sea Company in London. People bought shares in the 5 company expecting to make a huge profit, but the boom in shares collapsed and many investors lost all their money.

The South Sea Company was founded in 1711 to trade with Spanish America. The in company’s stock offered a guaranteed interest of 6% and it sold well. Unfortunately, however, Spain allowed the company to send only one ship a year to trade in the area.

The first voyage in 1717 was a success. Then 15 King George I became governor of the company in antiques and paintings a new business venture 1719. This created confidence in the business, and soon it was paying 100% interest.

In 1720, there was a boom in the South Sea Company's shares because it agreed to take over the 20 country's national debt. It expected to get back its money by increased trade and a rise in the value of its shares.

The shares did, in fact, rise dramatically. The stock of the company, which had been around £128 by September the market, had collapsed, and the price fell back to £124. Eventually, with the support of the Government, the shares levelled off at around £140.

The South Sea Bubble had burst and it led to 30 an economic depression in the country.

 

TULIPOMANIA

The first modern stock market appeared in Amsterdam at the beginning of the 17th century. In Holland in the 1630s, there was one of the first and most extraordinary speculative explosions in history. It was not in stocks and shares, in real estate or in fine painting as you might expect, but in tulip bulbs. It has become known by the name Tulipomania.

People from all classes invested in the bulbs. Many sold their property so that they could pay for the bulbs they had bought in the tulip market. Foreigners joined in the rush to buy the flowers and money poured into Holland from other countries.

In 1637, the boom in the market ended. No one knows why, but people began to sell. Others followed suit. Soon there was a panic among investors and the tulip market collapsed. Many people who had offered their property as security for credit went bankrupt. People who had agreed to 15 buy tulips at inflated prices were unable to pay their debts. When sellers took legal action to recover their money, the courts were not helpful because they saw such investment as a kind of gambling.

It is not surprising that the collapse in prices led to a severe 20 economic recessions in Holland.

 

THE WALL STREET CRASH

The stock market crash in the United States in 1929 was huge and it led to a severe and lasting economic crisis in the world. Many bankers and industrialists lost their money and reputations. Some went to prison and others committed suicide.

Share prices on the New York stock exchange had begun rising in 1924, and in 1928 and 1929 they rocketed to unbelievable levels. In spring 1929 there was a break in the rising prices when the Federal Reserve Bank said it might raise interest rates to slow down the boom. However, a major bank, the National City Bank, assured investors that it would continue to lend money to them at affordable rates.

Soon the market took off again. People could buy stock for 10% of its value and borrow the remaining 90%. The lending rate varied from 7% to 12%. Almost everyone was optimistic. One economist, at the peak of the boom, said that people generally agreed 'stocks are not at present overvalued'.

It all ended on 21 October, 1929. The market opened badly and there was heavy selling. 25 Confidence in the market disappeared. There was a rumour that the big bankers were getting out of the market. Share prices fell dramatically and kept on falling. The boom was over. But its consequences would last for years to come.



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