Majoring in realistic at the end of the tunnel accomplishment tuition talk it over switch



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Majoring in realistic at the end of the tunnel accomplishment tuition talk it over switch



1) Graduating from university is a real … . You should be proud of yourself.

2) My parents gave me some money to pay for … because I can’t pay for university expenses on my own.

3) I’m thinking about majoring in economics, but I need to … with my parents.

4) She decided to … majors because she realized studying medicine no longer interested her.

5) You have to be … about your chances of getting into that famous university.

6) Having taken University classes for 5 years, she could finally see the light … .

7) My younger brother is … computer science.

5. Give the English equivalents for the following rapidly. If you cannot, review the list of words again:

а) прилежно, аспирант, мировоззрение, наставник, тьютор, первокурсник, прилежание, невежественный, воспитание, тренированный, перевоспитывать;

б) вечернее образование; профессиональное обучение; разностороннее образование; применять знания на практике; жажда знаний; заниматься в аспирантуре; иметь поверхностные знания; вести научно-исследовательскую работу; получать степень магистра; изучать экономические науки; кандидат наук; сдать выпускные экзамены; правила приема в вуз.

 

DISCOVERING LANGUAGE

1. Divide the following nouns into countable and uncountable:

choice decision datum formula information knowledge law network path right life progress realization society youth

 

2. Give the plural of the following nouns:

medium job government faculty woman-teacher

branch degree speech pathway progress

basis dictionary tutor advice experience

criterion possibility information homework knowledge

 

3. Choose the appropriate noun for each sentence:

1) We had a lot of interesting … during our holidays. You need … for this job. (experience/experiences)

2) There are always no … with his studies. (trouble/troubles)

3) Our University was built of … (brick/bricks)

4) The … of our University consists of highly qualified specialists. (faculty/faculties)

5) A manager should have … in solving such problems. (experience/experiences)

6) A pupil had no … to get higher education. (stimulus/stimuli)

7) What are the … for this estimation? (criterion/criteria)

 

4. Read the text below. Use the word given at the end of each line to form a noun that fits in the space in the same line.

 

How to learn vocabulary

 

Students are under enormous …… to learn huge amounts of vocabulary but they are rarely given …… as to how to go about it. They have a …… to try and learn long lists by heart, but this is hardly the most …… approach to the problem. The golden rule is to do lots of …… at regular intervals. Secondly, students should concentrate on words with the highest ……, particularly everyday words which also improve the students’ spoken …… . They should also take every …… to use the words in communication—there is considerable …… evidence that learners who like using the foreign language improve their oral …… and their overall …… of the language much more rapidly than students who are …… to practice the language in real situations. PRESS GUIDE TEND EFFICIENCY REVISE FREQUENT FLUENT OPPORTUNITY PSYCHOLOGY ACQUIRE RELUCTANCE    

 

5. Choose aor the in the following passage, in some places neither is possible:

A/the professor is not a/the teacher in a/the secondary school, but has a/the highest academic position in a/the university. A/the lecturer is a/the university teacher. Lecturers and professors give a/the lectures. Students usually have a/the tutor who gives them a/the advice and teaches students in small groups. You graduate from university with a/the degree. If you do a/the postgraduate work, you will have a/the supervisor to help and advise you.

 

6. Fill in the missing prepositions where it is necessary.

1)Belarusian system … higher education includes educational, research and governing institutions.

2) Educational system supplies the national economy … highly qualified personnel.

3) The main part … full-time students belongs… the age group … the pupils graduated … school … appropriate time.

4) Study … public institutions is free … charge as a rule.

5) The second level … scientific degree named Doctor … Science … the field … a concrete discipline could be awarded … a person who has a candidate degree already.

6) Classical universities are mostly oriented … basic science and humanities.

7) Institutes mainly execute a limited number … programs … narrow field … disciplines.

8) The right … access … higher education is among the major rights … Belarusian citizens.

9) Admission … Belarusian high educational institutions is conducted … competitive examinations.

10) Participation … students … research is considered as a very important component … their training.

SPEAKING

 

1. Discuss the following question:

1) What to teach and how to teach in modern universities?

2) What improvements should be made to our country’s education system?

3) Prepare short presentations about the founding fathers of the educational system in Belarus (F. Skorina, Simon Budny, Vassil Tyapinski ,etc.).

4) What proverbs or sayings can prove that education is very important and necessary thing?

 

2. Comment on the following quotations and discuss them with your partner(s):

a) Nothing in education is so astonishing as the amount of ignorance it accumulates in the form of inert facts (H. Adams).

b) Education has for its object the formation of character (H. Spencer).

c) Education is an admirable thing, but it is well to remember from time to time that nothing that is worth knowing can be taught (O. Wilde).

d) Knowledge is the antidote of fear (R. Emerson).

e) Knowledge comes, but wisdom lingers (A. Tennyson).

 

3. Explain the following proverbs:

a) Live and learn. Век живи, век учись.

b) It’s never too late to learn. Учиться никогда не поздно.

c) Knowledge is power. Знание—сила.

d) Knowledge is wealth. Знание—богатство.

e) Knowledge is light. Знание—свет.

 

4. Using the USEFUL VOCABULARY at the beginning of Part A prepare a talk for a foreign audience on the system of education in your country. Present it and answer the questions that may arise.

FOCUS ON FUNCTION

Agreement and Disagreement

1. Study the expressions useful to get someone’s opinions about the subject being discussed.

  Agreeing with someone Agreeing to something
1.Agreement Strong: I fully/totally agree…. I completely/absolutely agree with you about/on.... I'm in total agreement with you Yes, definitely. Exactly! Precisely. Neutral: I agree with ... You're right there I think you are right Strong: I totally accept that... I fully agree to that... I'm all in favour of ... Yes, definitely Exactly Precisely.   Neutral: I support... I agree to ... That's true/right
2. Partial agreement I agree with you up to a point/to a certain extent but... I'd agree with you, but.... You may have something there, but … You could/may be right, but ... I suppose you are right but .... Maybe, but... I agree to that up to a point/to a certain extent.... I'd accept that, but... That could/may be so, but.... That may/might be right, but I see your point but ...
3. Disagreement Strong: I completely/absolutely disagree with you ... On the contrary ... Of course not. Neutral: (I'm afraid) I can't agree with you.... I don't agree/disagree... I think you are wrong.... Strong: I fully/totally disagree to that That's out of the question. That's ridiculous. Neutral: (I'm afraid) I can't accept that ... I don't accept that... That's not how I see it. I wouldn't say that.

 

2. Here are some people's opinions. Make notes on what you'd say in response to them, using the phrases given below. If you disagree, explain your reasons for disagreeing.

1) “If you want to go to university, you usually apply during your last year at school, when you are 17.”

2) “University students usually live away from home.”

3) “tudents get a grant or a loan from the government to study.”

4) ’Some students don’t want to go straight from school to university, so they take a year out to work’.

5) ’The commercials on TV are usually more entertaining than the programmes.’

6) ’Shops should all be open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.’

7) ’There's no point in buying expensive clothes. It's a waste of money.’

8)’Clothes in bright colours like red and yellow are becoming fashionable.’

9)’People spend too much money buying things they don't really need.’

10)’Everything is cheaper in a supermarket than in a street market.’

 

That's true. And I also think that . . .

I agree with you. And I also think that

That's a good point. Don’t you also think that…?

I see what you mean, but …

Well, personally I think that ...

I don't really agree because…

I don't quite agree because…

That's an interesting point of view, but I think...

 

3. Working with another student, take turns to respond to each opinion. Make sure you say more than just a few words in response.

LISTENING

1. Work in small groups and discuss the following questions.

a) At what age do you think you should ...

- stop listening to parents and teachers and do what you feel is right?

- be financially independent?

- leave the family home?

b) Have you ever taken your parents' advice and regretted it?

c) Do you intend to follow in your parents' footsteps?

2. Listen to parents talking about their eighteen-year-old daughter. Decide which of the following sentences best summarises their feelings about daughter's plans for the future.

a) They want their daughter to go to university but they're worried about supporting her financially.

b) They think she should get a university degree before she tries to become a pop singer.

c) They think that it would be a waste of time for her to go to university because she really wants to be a pop singer.

3. Listen again to the conversation and complete these extracts, using the phrases in the box.

taste of freedom up to her out of her system behind her make it

a) Now she reckons she's going to … in the pop world.

b) That's true, but once she gets a …, she'll find it more difficult to go back to college.

c) At least if it doesn't work out she'll have a qualification … .

d) We're just hoping that she'll get it … and then come to her senses and go back to her studies.

e) ... we can't afford to pay for her to live in London, so it's … to make it work.

4. Work with a partner. Decide whether you agree or disagree with the following statements. Do you think your parents would have the same opinion?

a) If you want to go travelling, it's best to get it out of your system before you start a career. Afterwards it's too late.

b) Once young people have had a taste of freedom, it's difficult for them to go back and live with their parents.

c) The more qualifications you've got behind you, the better your chances are of getting a good job.

d) You don't need musical talent to make it in the pop world these days: just good looks and a good manager.

e) Whether or not you succeed in life is up to you. Nobody else can help.

WRITING

1. Using the following diagram explain the hierarchy and links in the system of higher education in writing.

 



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