Ex. 1. Complete the conversation. Put in the Past Perfect Continuous of the verbs.



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Ex. 1. Complete the conversation. Put in the Past Perfect Continuous of the verbs.



Rachel: How was your job interview?

Vicky: Awful. I felt terribly nervous. …I’d been worrying.... (I / worry) about it all week. And I was tired because

(1).......................................................... (I / work) on my project the night before.

(2).......................................................... (I / not look) forward to the interview at all

Rachel: So what happened?

Vicky: The woman interviewing me was half an hour late because

(3)................................................................(she / deal) with an unexpected problem, she said.

(4)........................................................(I / wait) ages, and I'd got even more nervous.

Rachel: How did the interview go?

Vicky: Well, I tried to sound confident. (5).......................................................... (I / read) a book that said that's what you have to do in job interviews. But I don't know if I gave the right answers.

 

Ex. 2. Underline the correct tense.

1. I saw Jim this morning. He ran/was running for the bus.

2. Keri was angry. She had been waiting/was waiting for Sarah for two hours.

3. Andy was relieved to hear that he was passing/had passed the exam.

4. I was walking/had walked home when I saw Paul.

5. Brian learnt/had learnt how to spell his name at school today.

6. They hadn't visited/weren't visiting their grandparents for a long time.

7. I watched/was watching television when the telephone rang.

8. Jason had been thinking/had thought about his new car all day.

9. I bought the dress because I wanted/had wanted something special to wear to the party.

10. The little boy was crying because he had lost/was losing his mother.

11. Graham had been working/was working for the company for twenty years before he retired.

12. Pam opened/had opened the present and read the card.

13. Lucy wrote/had written a letter to her sister last night.

14. It had been raining/was raining all day and the roads were very wet.

15. Sue was smiling/had smiled as she was reading Mary's letter.

Практичне заняття № 3

ТЕМА: Англійська та американська їжа.

Граматичний матеріал: Майбутній перфектно-тривалий час (Future Perfect Continuous)

Читання та обговорення тексту за вказаною темою:

 

British Cuisine

Some people criticize English food. They say it's unimaginable, boring, tasteless, it's chips with everything and totally overcooked vegetables. The basic ingredients, when fresh, are so full of flavour that British haven't had to invent sauces to disguise their natural taste. What can compare with fresh pees or new potatoes just boiled and served with butter? Why drown spring lamb in wine or cream and spices, when with just one or two herbs it is absolutely delicious? If you ask foreigners to name some typically English dishes, they will probably say "Fish and chips" then stop. It is disappointing, but true that, there is no tradition in England of eating in restaurants, because the food doesn't lend itself to such preparation. English cooking is found at home. So it is difficult to a good English restaurant with a reasonable prices.

In most cities in Britain you'll find Indian, Chinese, French and Italian restaurants. In London you'll also find Indonesian, Mexican, Greek... Cynics will say that this is because English have no "cuisine" themselves, but this is not quite the true.

 

Vocabulary:

to criticize – критикувати

tasteless - позбавлений смаку

overcooked – переварений

ingredient - інгредієнт, складова частина

to invent - винаходити

sauces - соус

to disguise - приховати

spice - спеція, прянощі

herb - трава

delicious - дуже смачний

disappointing - образливо

to lend - позичати

cuisine - кухня

 

Questions:

1. What do foreigners say wnen they criticize English food?

2. Do English people use a lot of sauces?

3. From a foreigner's point of view, what typically English dishes?

4. Do all English eat in restaurants?

5. What kind of restaurants can you find in Britain?

6. Is it the true that English have no cuisine?

 

Traditional American Food

Americans eat a lot. They have three meals a day: breakfast, lunch and dinner. Most of Americans don't eat home but prefer to go to restaurants. They can choose from many kind of restaurants. There is a great number of ethnic restaurants in the United States. Italian, Chinese and Mexican food is very popular. An American institution is the fast food restaurant, which is very convenient but not very healthy.

However there are some principles of American cuisine (if we may call it so). Americans drink a lot of juices and soda, eat a lot of meat, fruits and vegetables, not much bread. In the morning Americans have cereal or scrambled eggs, milk or orange juice. Chicken or fish, fried potatoes, vegetable salads, and desert: this is the most common menu for lunch. Dinner is probably the most important meal of the day, some people have family dinner, when all members of family have to be there. For dinner Americans usually have meat, fried or baked potatoes with ketchup or sour cream, corn, peas, sometimes macaroni and cheese or spaghetti; ice-cream, fruit or cake may be for dessert. Turkey, ham and apple pie are traditional for Christmas and Thanksgiving Day dinners.

 


Vocabulary:

ethnic - етнічний

healthy – здоровий, корисний

juice - сік

cereal - кукурудзяні пластівці

potatoes - картопля

salad - салат

ketchup - кетчуп

ice-cream - морозиво

apple pie - яблучний пиріг

Christmas - Різдво

Thanksgiving Day - День подяки

 

Questions:

1. How many times a day do Americans eat?

2. Do Americans like to eat at home?

3. What kind of restaurants is popular in the US?

4.What do Americans eat for breakfast?

5. What is the most important meal of the day?

6. What is a family dinner?

7. What dishes are traditional for Christmas and Thanksgiving Day dinners?

 

Спеціальність: Музичне мистецтво

 

stringed instrument – струнний інструмент

violin – скрипка

cello – віолончель

viola – альт

double bass – контрабас

harp – арфа

guitar – гітара

harp – гуслі

balalaika – балалайка

domra – домра

old clavichord – старовинний клавікорд

piano – фортепіано

clavecin – клавесин

harpsichord – клавесин

wind-instrument – духовий інструмент

flute – флейта

clarinet – кларнет

oboe – гобой

bassoon – фагот

pipe – труба

french horn – валторна

trombone – тромбон

tuba – туба (духовий музичний інструмент)accordion – аккордеон; гармоника

Стійкі вирази:

for a song – (розм.) дуже дешево, за безцінь

song and dance – (брит.) галас або скандал

song and dance – (амер.) просторові пояснення

waltz – (розм.) нікчемна справа

Спеціальність: Культурологія

 

to film – знімати фільм, робити кінозйомку

to make, produce, shoot a film\ movie - знімати фільм, робити кінозйомку

filming – випуск фільму

shooting, filming - знімальний процес

shooting stage - знімальний майданчик

sequence - послідовний ряд кінокадрів, епізод, сцена

event - сцена, епізод фільму

shot – кадр

rush - перші зняті епізоди фільму для показу

film strip (брит.) - кіноплівка

cinematic (прикм.) – що відноситься до кіно

actor, player – актор, виконавець

a film star (movie star амер.) – кінозірка

film-maker - ворець кінофільму; кінорежисер

cameraman – кінооператор, телеоператор

director of photography - оператор-постановник

chief operator - головний оператор

director - режисер, кінорежисер, постановник

casting director - особа, що відповідає за підбір акторів (посада асистента режисера)

assistant - помощник режиссера

film crew / unit - знімальна група

cast – склад акторів фільму

supporting cast - виконавці другорядних ролей

showing room – кінозал

cinema hall - кінозал

a cinema ticket- квиток в кіно

Спеціальність: Хореографія

 

Bad Dancers?

There aren't any BAD Dancers!

Often times, I listen to people make comments such as, "he has no rhythm .... or she can't follow". Sometimes the comments are even more harmful, "what do they think they're trying to do - that looks simply awful", or "he can't dance at all, he's just bopping - maybe he should take some lessons"!

Have you ever thought this? Ever voiced this to your friends? What's really important about dancing anyway?

I've attended many social dances and many competitions and must admit there is one dancer that I always enjoy watching on the floor. Have you ever seen the dancers that dance every dance (even if they can't dance?) but they're always smiling - always having fun. I watch these dancers in fascination, they are actually having a great time.

When I watch people on the dance floor, I often wonder, Why are they dancing - they look like they're in pain? I am truly amazed that anyone would go out for an evening of torment and painstaking work - there is a time and place for everything in life.

Social dancing is people moving together on the dance floor and enjoying themselves. We don't all have to dance the same way. Even if you just get up and sway to the music, that's your way of expressing pleasure in dancing. Did you ever think to yourself, "They're not bad dancers - just different".

A dance floor will always have people with different styles and knowledge levels about dancing: which doesn't mean they are good or bad dancers, just people enjoying themselves for an evening. Maybe if you take dancing so seriously that you're losing your ability to laugh at yourself over a mistake it's time to take a lesson or two from a social dancer that doesn't perform ballroom steps but actually moves to music for FUN!

 



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