Ex. 1. Translate the given words into Ukrainian. 

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Ex. 1. Translate the given words into Ukrainian.

1. painting art , 2. incorporate other materials, 3. drawing, composition or abstraction and other aesthetics, 4. conceptual intention, 5. spiritual motifs, 6. representational painting, 7. narrative content, 8. painting range, 9. mythological figures, 10. landscape painting.

Ex. 2. Translate the following words into English

1. пігмент, 2. колір, 3. поверхня, 4. лак, 5. глина, 6. естетика, 7. символізм, 8. емоція, 9. охра, 10. природа.


Граматичний матеріал: Теперішній перфектно-тривалий час (Present Perfect Continuous)


Стверджувальна форма Affirmative Питальна форма Interrogative Заперечна форма Negative
I have (‘ve) been doing Have I been doing? I have not / haven't been doing
you have (‘ve) been doing Have you been doing? you have not / haven't been doing
he has ('s) been doing Has he been doing? he has not / hasn't been doing
she has ('s) been doing Has she been doing? she has not / hasn't been doing
it has ('s) been doing Has it been doing? it has not / hasn't been doing
we have (‘ve) been doing Have we been doing? we have not / haven't been doing
they have (‘ve) been doing Have they been doing? they have not / haven't been doing

have/has been + Verb-ing (Present Participle)

Випадки вживання

Дія, яка розпочалася в минулому, розвивалася якийсь час і все ще продовжується. I have been learning English for 5 years.
He has been waiting for her for two hours but she still hasn't come.
I've been doing my homework since dinner.
Your eyes are red. Have you been crying?
Дія, яка почалася в минулому, розвивалася деякий час і завершилася нещодавно чи щойно. Do you like the room? I have been painting it all day.
Could we go outside? Somebody's been smoking here.


Повторення: Present Perfect


Ex. 1. Underline the correct word in bold.

1 I always/alreadydo the housework on Saturdays.

2 We haven't booked our summer holiday just/yet.

3 My brother has just/everjoined the football club.

4 Linda has already/everbought a new dress for the party.

5 Have you so far/evertasted Japanese food?

6 Joe has been in Paris since/fortwo weeks.

7 I have never/justseen this film before.

8 The secretary has typed twenty letters yet/so farthis morning.

9 I have been working here since/stillJuly.

10 The Taylors have moved house recently/so far.

11 They still/alreadyhaven't employed a new supervisor.

Present Perfect Continuous


Ex. 1. Put in the verbs. Use the Present Perfect Continuous.

Ilona: Sorry I'm late.

Emma: It's OK….I haven’t been waiting...(I / not / wait) long.


llona: I've been with Mrs King. (2)...................................................(she/help) me with my English.

Emma: Your English is very good. You don't need lessons, surely.

How long (3).........................................................(you / study) English?

Ilona: Er, eight years now. But my accent wasn't so good before I came to England.

(4).............................................................................................(I / try) to improve it.

I think (5)..........................................................................................................(it/get) better lately.

Emma: Your accent is fine, Ilona. Honestly.


Ex. 2. What could you say in these situations? Write sentences with the Present Perfect Continuous and a phrase with for. Use these verbs: play, read, swim, talk, travel, work

A video is on. It began two hours ago, and it hasn't finished yet.

…The video has been playing for two hours…

1 Matthew went into the water an hour ago. He doesn't want to come out yet.

2 Your friends started their journey around the world three months ago. They've gone about halfway now.

3 Mark got to the office early this morning. Ten hours later he's still there.

4 Melanie rang Rita forty minutes ago, and they're still on the phone.

5 Trevor has got an interesting book. He started it quite a long time ago. Ask him how long.



Практичне заняття № 2

ТЕМА: В ресторані (кафе).

Граматичний матеріал: Минулий перфектно-тривалий час (Past Perfect Continuous)

Читання та обговорення тексту за вказаною темою:


Table Manners

Good table manners avoid ugliness. All rules of table manners are made to avoid it. To let anyone see what you have in your mouth is offensive. So is to make a noise. To make a mess in the plate is disgusting. So there are some rules how to behave yourself at the table:

Do not attract undue attention to yourself in public.

When eating take as much as you want, but eat as much as you take.

Never stretch over the table for something you want, ask. your neighbour to pass it.

Take a slice of bread from the bread-plate by hand, don't harpoon your bread with a fork.

Never read while eating (at least in company).

When a dish is placed before you do not eye it suspiciously as though it were the first time you had seen it, and do not give the impression that you are about to sniff it.

Chicken requires special handling. First cut as much as you can, and when you can't use knife or fork any longer, use your fingers.

The customary way to refuse a dish is by saying, "No, thank you" (or to accept, "Yes, please"). Don't say "I don't eat that stuff, don't make faces or noises to show that you don't like it.

In between courses don't make bread-balls to while the time away and do not play with the silver.

Do not leave spoon in your cup when drinking tea or coffee.

Do not empty your glass too quickly - it will be promptly refilled.

Don't put liquid into your mouth if it is already full.

Don't eat off the knife.

Vegetables, potatoes, macaroni are placed on your fork with' the help of your knife.

If your food is too hot don't blow on it as though you were trying to start a campfire on a dampnight.

Try to make as little noise as possible when eating.

And, finally, don't forget to say "thank you" for every favour or kindness.



ugliness – потворність

avoid – уникати

offensive – образливо

disgusting – огидний

undue – несвоєчасний, непотрібний, недоречний

stretch – тягтися

slice – скибочка

bread-plate – хлібна тарілка

harpoon – наколювати

fork – вилка

suspiciously – підозріло

sniff – нюхнути

handling – обробка

knife – ніж

customary – звичайний

stuff – речовина, матеріал, річ

bread-balls – хлібні кульки

silver – столове срібло, столові прибори

spoon – ложка

promptly – негайно

liquid – рідина

campfire – похідне вогнище

damp night - волога ніч

favour – послуга, приємність

kindness - люб'язність


Dialog 1

Waiter: Hello, Can I help you?

Kim: Yes, I'd like to have some lunch.

Waiter: Would you like a starter?

Kim: Yes, I'd like a bowl of chicken soup, please.

Waiter: And what would you like for a main course?

Kim: I'd like a grilled cheese sandwich.

Waiter: Would you like anything to drink?

Kim: Yes, I'd like a glass of Coke, please.

Waiter... After Kim has her lunch: Can I bring you anything else?

Kim: No thank you. Just the bill.

Waiter: Certainly.

Kim: I don't have my glasses. How much is the lunch?

Waiter: That's $6.75.

Kim: Here you are. Thank you very much.

Waiter: You're welcome. Have a good day.

Kim: Thank you, the same to you.



starter – закуска

bowl – чаша, миска

main course – основна страва

bill - рахунок

Dialog 2

Rebecca: This looks like a nice restaurant.

Scott: Yeah, it is. I come here all the time.

Rebecca: Let's sit over there.

Scott: OK.

Rebecca: Can you pass me a menu please.

Scott: Sure. What are you going to have to drink?

Rebecca: I'm going to have a glass of beer. How about you?

Scott: I think I'll have a glass of wine.

Rebecca: Do you want to order an appetizer first?

Scott: Not really, maybe we can just order some bread.

Rebecca: OK. What are you going to have to eat?

Scott: I'm not sure. I haven't decided yet. Can you recommend something?

Rebecca: Sure, I've had the steak and the lobster before. They're both very good.

Scott: I think I'll have the lobster. What are you going to have?

Rebecca: I'm not that hungry. I think I'm just going to have a salad.

Scott: I'm gonna go to the bathroom. When the waitress comes back, will you order for me? Rebecca: Sure. No problem.



appetizer – закуска

steak – біфштекс

lobster – м'ясо омара


Спеціальність: Музика


In the world of music

music – музыка

musical notes – ноти

musical – related to or connected with music – музыкальный, музыкальное

musicology – the study of the history, theory and science of music – музикознавство

musicologist – музыковед

a piece of music – музикальна п’єса

to perform / play music – виконувати музику

to set smth. to music – перекладати щось на музику

background music – музичний фон

band music – оркестрова музика

chamber music – камерна музика

choral music – хорова музика

hillbilly / country music – музика кантрі

incidental music – музика, що супроводжує п’єсу, спектакль, фільм

instrumental music – інструментальна музика

sheet music – музичний твір

orchestra – оркестр

to conduct / direct an orchestra – диригувати оркестром (UK)

to lead an orchestra – (USA) диригувати оркестром

orchestra pit – оркестрова яма

theme song – лейтмотив

opera – опера

symphony – симфония

march – (муз.) марш

waltz – вальс

instrument – an object, such as a piano, guitar or drum, which is played to produce musical – музичний інструмент

instrumental music – інструментальна музика

an instrumental piece / arrangement – партитура

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