ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Translate into English, using right modal verb.



1. Моя сестра не уміє готувати.

2. Я не зможу відвідати вас завтра.

3. Чому ти не зміг дати мені її адресу вчора|учора|?

4. Я повинна була ходити в бібліотеку щодня, тому що|бо| не могла знайти потрібні книги.

5. Він не повинен був забувати вживати ліки.

6. Мені доведеться|припаде| посидіти dдома|вдома| ці дні. Лікар|лікарка| говорить, що я не повинен нікуди виходити, доки|доки| температура не буде нормальною.

 

IW #14.1 GAS WELDING

Read and translate the text in a written form.

This process embraces several procedures. Joining of the base metals is achieved in most cases by fusion of a metal deposited between the surfaces of the metals to be joined, no pressure being required to accomplish the weld. In some cases the heated edges are fused without the deposit of metal.

In gas welding, the fusion heat (which is very high) is supplied by combining suitable gases. All gas welding-process utilize oxygen combined with acetylene and other fuels.

The welding torch or blowpipe consists essentially of a gas mixing chamber and usually is designed in two types: the low-pressure of injection type and the equal-pressure type.

Word List:

1. gas welding газовая сварка
2. in most cases в большинстве случаев
3. surface покрытый
4. to require поверхность
5. the metals to be joined свариваемые металлы
6. low-pressure of injection type инжекторная ,горелка с низким давлением
7. equal pressure равномерное давление

 

Questions:

1. What procedures does this process embrace?

2. What way is the fusion heat (which is very high) supplied by?

3. What is the welding torch or blowpipe consist essentially of?

 

IW #14.2 Gas Welding (Part 2)

Gas welding is a non-pressure process using heat from a gas flame. The flame is applied directly to the metal edges to be joined and simultaneously to a filler metal in the form of wire or rod, called the welding rod, which is melted to the joint. Gas welding has the advantage of using equipment that is portable and does not require an electric power source. The surfaces to be welded and the welding rod are coated with flux, a fusible material that shields the material from air, which would result in a defective weld.

Word List:

flame– пламя

edge - край

simultaneously – одновременно

filler – наполнитель

wire– проволока

rod - прут, стержень

to melt - плавить(ся)

joint- соединение, стык

advantage - преимущество

to require - требовать нуждаться

surface - поверхность

coated - покрытый

flux– флюс

fusible - плавкий

to shield - заслонять, защищать

IW #15 WHAT IS A COMPUTER?

Read and translate the text in a written form.

The term computer is used to describe a device made up of a combination of electronic and electromechanical (part electronic and part mechanical) components. Computer has no intelligence by itself and is referred to as hardware. A computer system is a combination of five elements:

• Hardware

• Software

• People

• Procedures

• Data/information

When one computer system is set up to communicate with another computer system, connectivity becomes the sixth system element. In other words, the manner in which the various individual systems are connected — for example, by phone lines, microwave transmission, or satellite — is an element of the total computer system.

Software is the term used to describe the instructions that tell the hardware how to perform a task. Without software instructions, the hardware doesn't know what to do. People, however, are the most important component of the computer system: they create the computer software instructions and respond to the procedures that those instructions present.

The basic job of the computer is the processing of information. Computers accept information in the form of instruction called a program and characters called data to perform mathematical and logical operations, and then give the results. The data is raw material while information is organized, processed, refined and useful for decision making. Computer is used to convert data into information. Computer is also used to store information in the digital form.

Word List:

1. characters [´'kæriktә'z] символы
2. data ['deitә] данные
3. decision [´disiჳn] решение
4. device [di´vais] устройство
5. hardware [´ha:dwεә] oборудование, аппаратное обеспечение; аппаратные средства
6. instruction [in´strΛk∫әn] Команда, инструкция; программа действий
7. intelligence [in'telidჳәns] разум
8. manner [´mænә] манера, способ
9. microwave ['maikrәuweiv] микроволновая
10. procedures [prә´si: dჳә´] процедуры, операции
11. purpose [´pәs] цель
12. raw [rɔ:] необработанный, сырой
13. to connect [kә´nekt] соединять
14. to convert [kә´nvә:t] превращать, преобразовывать
15. to create [kri:´eit] создавать
16. to evaluate [i´væljueit] оценивать
17. to refer to as   называть что-либо
18. to refine [ri´fain] очищать
19. to respond [ri´spɔnd] отвечать
20. transmission [trænz´mi∫әn] передача
21. various [´vεәriәs] различные

2. Find the answers to the following questions in the text:

1) What does the term «computer» describe?

2) Is computer intelligent?

3) What are five components of computer system?

4) What is connectivity?

5) What is software? What's the difference between hardware and software?

6) Why people are the most important component of a computer system?

7) In what way terms «data» and «information» differ?

8) How does computer convert data into information?

 

3.Which of the listed below terms have Ukrainian equivalents:

computer, diskette, metal, processor, scanner, information, data, microphones, printer, modem, Internet.

 

4. Which of the listed above statements are true/false. Specify your answer using the text.

1) Computer is made of electronic components so it is referred to as electronic device.

2) Computer has no intelligence until software is loaded.

3) There are five elements of computer system: hardware, software, people, diskettes and data.

4) The manner in which computers are connected is the connectivity.

5) Without software instructions hardware doesn't know what to do.

6) The software is the most important component because it is made by people.

7) The user inputs data into computer to get informa tion as an output.

8) Computer is used to help people in decision making process.

 

5. Match the following:

1) ... doesn't come to life until it is connected to other parts of a system.

2) ... is the term used to describe the instructions that tell the hardware how to perform a task.

3) ... create the computer software instructions and respond to the procedures that those instructions

present

4) Information in the form of instruction is called a...

5) The manner in which the various individual systems are connected is...

6) ... is organized, processed and useful for decision

making

7) The basic job of the computer is the...

a) program

b) information

c) processing of information

d) software

e) connectivity

f) computer

g) people

 

6 Questions for group discussion:

1) Why so many people are still «computer illiterate» ?

2) What are the most important applications of computer? (Are computer games just a «waste of time» or it is a nice hobby and a lot of fun?)

3) Who has a computer in your group? Ask them what do they use it for?

 

 

Літературні джерела

 

1. Агабекян И.П., Коваленко П.И. Английский для технических вузов.- Ростов-на-Дону, „Феникс”, 2004.- 352 с.

2. Голицинский Ю.Б. Грамматика: Сборник упражнений.-5-е изд., - Київ, „Арій”, 2007. – 544 с.

3. Шевелёва С.А., Стогов В.Е. Основы экономики и бизнеса. – М.: ЮНИТИ-ДАНА, 2006. – 496 с.

4. Коваленко В.С. Английский язык. - Издательство Львовского университета.. - 1964 г., c.217-218

5. Кошманова И.И.Тесты по английскому языку. – 3-е изд. – М.: Айрис-прес, 2004. – 256 с.


Если печатать все

44,1,42,3,40,5,38,7,36,9,34,11,32,13,30,15,28,17,26,19,24,21

22,23,20,25,18,27,16,29,14,31,12,33,10,35,8,37,6,39,4,41,2,43

----------------------------

Если печатать без обложки

42,3,40,5,38,7,36,9,34,11,32,13,30,15,28,17,26,19,24,21

22,23,20,25,18,27,16,29,14,31,12,33,10,35,8,37,6,39,4,41

----------------------------

Если печатать обложку

44,1

2,43

----------------------------

НЕ ЗАБУДЬТЕ ВКЛЮЧИТЬ РЕЖИМ ПЕЧАТИ 2 СТРАНИЦЫ НА ЛИСТ

Выделите строки и нажмите CTR + C

----------------------------





Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-06-22; Нарушение авторского права страницы

infopedia.su Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав. Обратная связь - 3.216.79.60 (0.015 с.)