ТОП 10:

РАБОТА С ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЙ ЛЕКСИКОЙ



АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

Методические указания и контрольные задания

для студентов-заочников 2 курса (на базе 9 кл.)

для всех специальностей

Требования к выполнению контрольной работы

 

1. В данном пособии каждое контрольное задание предлагается в десяти вариантах. Студенты должны выполнить один из десяти вариантов в соответствии с первой буквой фамилии.

 

Таблица выбора варианта контрольной работы

№ варианта Первая буква в фамилии студента
А К Ф
Б Л Х
В М Ц
Г Н Ч
Д О Ш
Е П Щ
Ё Р Э
Ж С Ю
З Т Я
И,Й У  

 

 

2. Выполнять письменную работу следует в отдельной тетради аккуратно, чётким почерком. На обложке тетради напишите свои Ф.И.О., шифр, номер группы, курс, номер контрольной работы и фамилию преподавателя.

 

3. Контрольные работы должны быть написаны (набраны) аккуратно, разборчиво. При выполнении контрольной работы оставляйте в тетради широкие поля для замечаний, объяснений и методических указаний рецензента. Материал располагается в тетради по следующему образцу:

 

 

Левая страница Правая страница
Поля Английский текст Русский текст Поля
       

 

 

4. При выполнении контрольной работы без соблюдения указаний или не полностью она возвращается без проверки.

ВАРИАНТ 1.

РАБОТА С ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЙ ЛЕКСИКОЙ

1. Переведите следующие слова на русский язык и запишите их с переводом. Составьте кроссворд с этими и другими экономическими терминами.

Depend debt term money year retailing goods savings share

2. Переведите следующие слова на английский язык. Составьте с каждым словом по одному предложению и запишите их с переводом.

Долг производство продажа потребление

3. Вставьте в предложения пропущенное слово, перепишите их и переведите ( одно слово лишнее) :

1. _________ is a world-wide problem.

2. We make a ___________ and select the thing we want.

3. Their __________ are not fully satisfied.

Choice wants money scarcity

4. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык и запомните их:

Stock of goods

Private wealth

Financial assets

Opportunity cost

ГРАММАТИКА

Выберите один правильный ответ в каждом предложении. Выпишите предложения и письменно переведите их на русский язык.

1. Anna and Kate _________ to the cinema last Sunday.

A) didn’t go B) didn't went C) don't go

2. I had breakfast ________ ago.

A) this morning B) three hours C) 7.30 a.m.
3. When _____ you _______ tennis last time?

A) did/play B) do/play C) did/played
4. ______ you like _______ coffee?

A) do/any B) are/some C) would/some
5. There isn’t ________milk in the fridge.

A) many B) much C) a

6. It's snowy — please drive _____ .

A) carefully B) easily C) careful

7. I want to have ......... apple for lunch.

A) a B) an C) the D) -

8. I have to go to the grocery store. Can I use ......... your car, Mom?

A) a B) an C) the D) -

9. I like your ......... shirt. It's so pretty.

A) a B) an C) the D) -

10. Can you give me ......... little more information about the house?

A) a B) an C) the D) -

11. I like ......... beautiful, brown coffee table in your living room. Where did you buy it?

A) a B) an C) the D) -

12. Are there ......... oranges left on the table?

A) any B) a C) much D)an

13. She is ......... attractive woman.

A) an B) some C) the D) a

14. What ......... she like? Does she like movies? Or does she prefer reading?

A) is B) does C)are D)has

15. Mary came home ......... again last night.

A) after B) late C) behind D)latest

16. I ......... a new computer last week.

A) bought B) will buy C) buy D)have bought

17. I ......... to bed at 10 pm every day.

A) does B) goes C) go D) to go

You have enough money to go to the movies?

A) Much B) Some C) Does D)Do

19. Jack is a really funny guy. I like ......... a lot!

A) him B) his C) her D) it

20. I like ......... movies.

A) watch B) have watched C) watching D) watched

21. That is ......... exciting movie.

A) the B) an C) a D)much

22. Stop ......... your brother!

A) hits B) hit C) hitting D) to hit

23. Did you ......... him about the party?

A) asks B) said C) told D) ask

24. I don't like the way she ......... her hair.

A) to do B) do C) styles D)to style

25. I work ......... Verizon Wireless. That is my employer.

A) for B) about C) to D) above

26. I ......... the bathroom last week. It looks great!

A) to paint B) colored C) to color D) painted

27. Look both ways before you ......... the street

A) crossing B) to cross C) cross D)crosses

28. I ......... a bad headache.

A) own B) do C) come D)have

29. What are you going ......... about your car?

A) have. B) do C) to have D)to do

30. You are ......... me crazy!

A) driving B) going C) pushing D)doing

31. You have ......... the elevator if you want to get to the fifth floor.

A) to rise B) to take C) to go D)take

32. Here is the plate of fried chicken. Please divide it ......... the guests.

A) around B) from C) among D)of

33. Their new house is ......... nicer than their old one.

A) surely B) assure C) assurance D)be sure

34. That plate is still ......... dirty. Please wash it again until it is clean.

A) between B) around C) out of D)rather

35. Because the mashed potatoes were so ........., Jennifer was too full to eat any of the turkey on Thanksgiving.

A) well B) beautiful C) good D)moral

36. Mr. Pratt, since the line is arranged in alphabetical order, you are to stand ......... Scott Jones.

A) in the rear of B) among C) behind D)reverse

37. I don't own ......... photography books.

A) no B) none C) any D) zero

38. He is not a good soccer player. He doesn't play soccer ..........

A) sadly B) well C) bad D)good

39. Each honor student ......... given an award last Tuesday.

A) were B) was C) are D) have

40. We fought last Monday. What if he ......... come to my birthday party because of the fight?

A) weren't B) don't C) doesn't D) wasn't

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

Переведите текст на русский язык в письменной форме

History and future of the internet

The internet technology was created by Vinton Cerf in early 1973 as part of a project headed by the advanced Research Projects Agency, part of the United States Department of Defence. Later Cerf made many efforts to build and standardize the internet. In 1984 the technology and the network were turned over to the private sector and to government scientific agencies for further development. The growth has internet available to home and business users enter the market in ever-increasing numbers. By early 1995, access was available in 180 countries and more than 30 million users used the internet. The internet and its technology continue to have a profound effect in promoting the exchange of information, making possible rapid transactions among individuals and organizations. More than 100 million computers are connected via the global internet in 2000 and even more are attached to enterprise internets. The development of the World Wide Web leads to the rapid introduction of new business transactions on the internet worth hundreds of billions of dollars.

ВАРИАНТ 2

РАБОТА С ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЙ ЛЕКСИКОЙ

1. Переведите следующие слова на русский язык и запишите их с переводом. Составьте кроссворд с этими и другими экономическими терминами.

Consumption needs share education negative exchange entertainment

2. Переведите следующие слова на английский язык. Составьте с каждым словом по одному предложению и запишите их с переводом.

Health economy law cost

3. Вставьте в предложения пропущенное слово, перепишите их и переведите (одно слово лишнее) :

1. Our wants are not __________ .

2. We cannot _____________ everything we want.

3. Opportunity __________ is obtaining the thing we have chosen.

Cost consumer limited have

4. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык и запомните их:

Company shares

National wealth

Private dwelling

depend on stocks

ГРАММАТИКА

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

Переведите текст на русский язык в письменной форме

Trafalgar Square

At the beginning of the 19th century England defeated the French and Spaniards in the great sea battle at Trafalgar.

Trafalgar Square commemorates Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. It was in 1805. Napoleon had threatened to invade Britain several times. While the preparations to defend Britain were being made at home, Admiral Nelson swept the seas searching for the French navy and at last met it in Trafalgar Bay, off the coast of Spain. Nelson was killed in the Battle, but the victory was won. Napoleon’s power on the sea was utterly destroyed. Britain was once more saved from all fear of invasion and the ribbon of water between Britain and the Continent was enough to keep her safe.

In the middle of the Square rises the Nelson Column, a monument to Admiral Nelson. It was erected in 1843.

But Trafalgar Square is not used only for the commemoration of Admiral Nelson. It is also the meeting – place of the members and supporters of the British peace movement. In fact, mass rallies of many organizations take place here and the monument’s plinth is often used as a platform by the speakers. Sometimes there are hundreds of Londoners here, strolling up and down the Square, meeting friends and resting. There are huge flocks of pigeons here. They seem to be always hungry, and people like to feed them. Most of them are so tame that they will perch on your outstretched hand or even on your head.

ВАРИАНТ 3.

Stock estate property price

3. Вставьте в предложения пропущенное слово, перепишите их и переведите (одно слово лишнее) :

1. ___________ have to chose the thing they need most of all.

2. You have to make a ____________ and select the thing you want.

3. Opportunity cost is an _____________ term.

economic choice producer consumers

4. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык и запомните их:

Consumption of goods

Save money

Private ownership

Debt for rent

ГРАММАТИКА

Drive to work often?

A) Does you B) You do C) Do you D)How you

20. Where ......... they live now?

A) does B) not C) does not D)do

22. My math teacher ......... a lot of homework everyday.

A) assign B) assigns C) have assigned D)been assigning

23. He is always .......... His tardiness is starting to get on my nerves.

A) later time B) late C) no time D)last time

24. Paul ......... me so angry the other night.

A) make B) making C) makes D)made

25. I ......... in 1999. I had a great time in England.

A) went to there B) came there C) went there D)been to there

26. I've ......... before. I love this restaurant.

A) been to here B) been here C) was to here D)to here

27. He ......... a hot cup of tea.

A) make B) making me C) made my D)made me

28. She's ......... right now. She'll be home at 5 pm.

A) no here B) not stay C) don't stay D)not here

29. No problem. I'll call ......... later tonight.

A) her back B) back to her C) back her D)her before

30. Did you ......... what she said?

A) listen B) hear C) hearing D)listening

31. We moved to Canada forty years ..........

A) before B) before time C) ago D)past time

32. He is a ......... man. He should know better by now.

A) grow B) grown C) raised D)grow-up

33. The boys ......... really close because they spend a lot of time together.

A) is B) are C) being D)has

34. Man: Do you like going to movies? Woman: Yes, I ..........

A) does B) doing C) do D)am

You like some more coffee?

A) Shall B) Would C) Do Are

40. He has ......... of money.

A) a lot B) many C) some D)much

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

Electronics

Electronic engineering deals with the research, design, integration, and application of circuits and devices used in the transmission and processing of information. Information is now generated, transmitted, received, and stored electronically on a scale unprecedented in history, and there is every indication that the explosive rate of growth in this field will continue unabated.

Electronic engineers design circuits to perform specific tasks, such as amplifying electronic signals, adding binary numbers, and demodulating radio signals to recover the information they carry. Circuits are also used to generate waveforms useful for synchronization and timing, as in television, and for correcting errors in digital information, as in telecommunications.

Prior to the 1960s, circuits consisted of separate electronic devices – resistors, capacitors, inductors, and vacuum tubes – assembled on a chassis and connected by wires to form a bulky package. The electronics revolution of the 1970s and 1980s set the trend towards integrating electronic devices on a single tiny chip of silicon or some other semiconductive material. The complex task of manufacturing these chips uses the most advanced technology, including computers, electron-beam lithography, micro-manipulators, ion-beam implantation, and ultraclean environments. Much of the research in electronics is directed towards creating even smaller chips, faster switching of components, and three-dimensional integrated circuits.

Communications and control

Engineers work on control systems ranging from the everyday, passenger-actuated, such as those that run a lift, to the exotic, such as systems for keeping spacecraft on course. Control systems are used extensively in aircraft and ships, in military fire-control systems, in power transmission and distribution, in automated manufacturing, and in robotics.

 

ВАРИАНТ 4

Health economy law stock

3. Вставьте в предложения пропущенное слово, перепишите их и переведите (одно слово лишнее) :

2. We make a ___________ and select the thing we want.

1. Our wants are not __________ .

3. Opportunity cost is an _____________ term.

Private ownership

Private dwelling

Financial assets

Opportunity cost

ГРАММАТИКА

You like some more coffee?

A) Shall B) Would C) Do D)Are

39.He has ......... of money.

A) a lot B) many C) some D)much

40. I think this soup is ......... than the soup we made last week.

A) well B) good C) better D)much

 

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

Charles Dickens

Charles Dickens, one of the greatest and most popular English novelists, was born on the 7th of February, 1812, in a small English town. He was a weak child and did not like to take part in noisy and active games. The little boy was very clever and learnt to read at an early age. He read a lot of books in his childhood. When he was about six, someone took him to the theatre for the first time. He saw a play by Shakespeare and liked it so much that he decided to write a play of his own. When it was ready, he performed it with some of his friends. Everybody enjoyed the performance, and the little writer felt very happy.

When Dickens was nine years old, the family moved to London where they lived in an old house in the suburbs.

They had a very hard life. They were several younger children in the family besides Charles. The future writer could not even go to school, because at that time his father was in the Marshalsea Debtors’ Prison. The was nobody in London to whom Mr. Dickens could go for money, and his wife with all the children except Charles went to join him in the prison.

Charles was only able to start going to school when he was nearly twelve, and his father was out of prison. He very much wanted to study, but he did not finish his schooling. After two years of school he began working again. He had to work hard to earn his living, and tried very many trades, but he did not like any of them. His ambition was to study and become a well-educated man. At the age of fifteen he often went to the famous library of the British Museum. He spent a lot of time in the library reading-room. He read and studied there and in this way he got an education.

Later Dickens described his childhood and youth in some of his famous novels, among them “Little Dorrit” and “David Copperfield”.

The great writer died more than a hundred years ago (in 1870), but everybody still enjoys reading his books.

ВАРИАНТ 5

Choice wants money scarcity

4. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык и запомните их:

Stock of goods

Private wealth

Financial assets

Opportunity cost

ГРАММАТИКА

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

ВАРИАНТ 6

Health economy law cost

3. Вставьте в предложения пропущенное слово, перепишите их и переведите (одно слово лишнее) :

1. Our wants are not __________ .

2. We cannot _____________ everything we want.

3. Opportunity __________ is obtaining the thing we have chosen.

Cost consumer limited have

4. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык и запомните их:

Company shares

National wealth

Private dwelling

depend on stocks

ГРАММАТИКА

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

Trafalgar Square

At the beginning of the 19th century England defeated the French and Spaniards in the great sea battle at Trafalgar.

Trafalgar Square commemorates Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. It was in 1805. Napoleon had threatened to invade Britain several times. While the preparations to defend Britain were being made at home, Admiral Nelson swept the seas searching for the French navy and at last met it in Trafalgar Bay, off the coast of Spain. Nelson was killed in the Battle, but the victory was won. Napoleon’s power on the sea was utterly destroyed. Britain was once more saved from all fear of invasion and the ribbon of water between Britain and the Continent was enough to keep her safe.

In the middle of the Square rises the Nelson Column, a monument to Admiral Nelson. It was erected in 1843.

But Trafalgar Square is not used only for the commemoration of Admiral Nelson. It is also the meeting – place of the members and supporters of the British peace movement. In fact, mass rallies of many organizations take place here and the monument’s plinth is often used as a platform by the speakers. Sometimes there are hundreds of Londoners here, strolling up and down the Square, meeting friends and resting. There are huge flocks of pigeons here. They seem to be always hungry, and people like to feed them. Most of them are so tame that they will perch on your outstretched hand or even on your head.

ВАРИАНТ 7

Stock estate property price

3. Вставьте в предложения пропущенное слово, перепишите их и переведите (одно слово лишнее) :

1. ___________ have to chose the thing they need most of all.

2. You have to make a ____________ and select the thing you want.

3. Opportunity cost is an _____________ term.

economic choice producer consumers

4. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык и запомните их:

Consumption of goods

Save money

Private ownership

Debt for rent

ГРАММАТИКА

Drive to work often?

A) Does you B) You do C) Do you D)How you

20. Where ......... they live now?

A) does B) not C) does not D)do

22. My math teacher ......... a lot of homework everyday.

A) assign B) assigns C) have assigned D)been assigning

23. He is always .......... His tardiness is starting to get on my nerves.

A) later time B) late C) no time D)last time

24. Paul ......... me so angry the other night.

A) make B) making C) makes D)made

25. I ......... in 1999. I had a great time in England.

A) went to there B) came there C) went there D)been to there

26. I've ......... before. I love this restaurant.

A) been to here B) been here C) was to here D)to here

27. He ......... a hot cup of tea.

A) make B) making me C) made my D)made me

28. She's ......... right now. She'll be home at 5 pm.

A) no here B) not stay C) don't stay D)not here

29. No problem. I'll call ......... later tonight.

A) her back B) back to her C) back her D)her before

30. Did you ......... what she said?

A) listen B) hear C) hearing D)listening

31. We moved to Canada forty years ..........

A) before B) before time C) ago D)past time

32. He is a ......... man. He should know better by now.

A) grow B) grown C) raised D)grow-up

33. The boys ......... really close because they spend a lot of time together.

A) is B) are C) being D)has

34. Man: Do you like going to movies? Woman: Yes, I ..........

A) does B) doing C) do D)am

You like some more coffee?

A) Shall B) Would C) Do Are

40. He has ......... of money.

A) a lot B) many C) some D)much

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

Electronics

Electronic engineering deals with the research, design, integration, and application of circuits and devices used in the transmission and processing of information. Information is now generated, transmitted, received, and stored electronically on a scale unprecedented in history, and there is every indication that the explosive rate of growth in this field will continue unabated.

Electronic engineers design circuits to perform specific tasks, such as amplifying electronic signals, adding binary numbers, and demodulating radio signals to recover the information they carry. Circuits are also used to generate waveforms useful for synchronization and timing, as in television, and for correcting errors in digital information, as in telecommunications.

Prior to the 1960s, circuits consisted of separate electronic devices – resistors, capacitors, inductors, and vacuum tubes – assembled on a chassis and connected by wires to form a bulky package. The electronics revolution of the 1970s and 1980s set the trend towards integrating electronic devices on a single tiny chip of silicon or some other semiconductive material. The complex task of manufacturing these chips uses the most advanced technology, including computers, electron-beam lithography, micro-manipulators, ion-beam implantation, and ultraclean environments. Much of the research in electronics is directed towards creating even smaller chips, faster switching of components, and three-dimensional integrated circuits.

Communications and control

Engineers work on control systems ranging from the everyday, passenger-actuated, such as those that run a lift, to the exotic, such as systems for keeping spacecraft on course. Control systems are used extensively in aircraft and ships, in military fire-control systems, in power transmission and distribution, in automated manufacturing, and in robotics.

 

ВАРИАНТ 8

Health economy law stock

3. Вставьте в предложения пропущенное слово, перепишите их и переведите (одно слово лишнее) :

2. We make a ___________ and select the thing we want.

1. Our wants are not __________ .

3. Opportunity cost is an _____________ term.

Private ownership

Private dwelling

Financial assets

Opportunity cost

ГРАММАТИКА

You like some more coffee?

A) Shall B) Would C) Do D)Are

39.He has ......... of money.

A) a lot B) many C) some D)much

40. I think this soup is ......... than the soup we made last week.

A) well B) good C) better D)much

 

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

Charles Dickens

Charles Dickens, one of the greatest and most popular English novelists, was born on the 7th of February, 1812, in a small English town. He was a weak child and did not like to take part in noisy and active games. The little boy was very clever and learnt to read at an early age. He read a lot of books in his childhood. When he was about six, someone took him to the theatre for the first time. He saw a play by Shakespeare and liked it so much that he decided to write a play of his own. When it was ready, he performed it with some of his friends. Everybody enjoyed the performance, and the little writer felt very happy.

When Dickens was nine years old, the family moved to London where they lived in an old house in the suburbs.

They had a very hard life. They were several younger children in the family besides Charles. The future writer could not even go to school, because at that time his father was in the Marshalsea Debtors’ Prison. The was nobody in London to whom Mr. Dickens could go for money, and his wife with all the children except Charles went to join him in the prison.

Charles was only able to start going to school when he was nearly twelve, and his father was out of prison. He very much wanted to study, but he did not finish his schooling. After two years of school he began working again. He had to work hard to earn his living, and tried very many trades, but he did not like any of them. His ambition was to study and become a well-educated man. At the age of fifteen he often went to the famous library of the British Museum. He spent a lot of time in the library reading-room. He read and studied there and in this way he got an education.

Later Dickens described his childhood and youth in some of his famous novels, among them “Little Dorrit” and “David Copperfield”.

The great writer died more than a hundred years ago (in 1870), but everybody still enjoys reading his books.

ВАРИАНТ 9

Choice wants money scarcity

4. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык и запомните их:

Stock of goods

Private wealth

Financial assets

Opportunity cost

ГРАММАТИКА

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

ВАРИАНТ 10

Health economy law cost

3. Вставьте в предложения пропущенное слово, перепишите их и переведите (одно слово лишнее) :

1. Our wants are not __________ .

2. We cannot _____________ everything we want.

3. Opportunity __________ is obtaining the thing we have chosen.

Cost consumer limited have

4. Переведите словосочетания на русский язык и запомните их:

Company shares

National wealth

Private dwelling

depend on stocks

ГРАММАТИКА

РАБОТА С ТЕКСТОМ

Trafalgar Square

At the beginning of the 19th century England defeated the French and Spaniards in the great sea battle at Trafalgar.

Trafalgar Square commemorates Nelson’s victory at the Battle of Trafalgar. It was in 1805. Napoleon had threatened to invade Britain several times. While the preparations to defend Britain were being made at home, Admiral Nelson swept the seas searching for the French navy and at last met it in Trafalgar Bay, off the coast of Spain. Nelson was killed in the Battle, but the victory was won. Napoleon’s power on the sea was utterly destroyed. Britain was once more saved from all fear of invasion and the ribbon of water between Britain and the Continent was enough to keep her safe.

In the middle of the Square rises the Nelson Column, a monument to Admiral Nelson. It was erected in 1843.

But Trafalgar Square is not used only for the commemoration of Admiral Nelson. It is also the meeting – place of the members and supporters of the British peace movement. In fact, mass rallies of many organizations take place here and the monument’s plinth is often used as a platform by the speakers. Sometimes there are hundreds of Londoners here, strolling up and down the Square, meeting friends and resting. There are huge flocks of pigeons here. They seem to be always hungry, and people like to feed them. Most of them are so tame that they will perch on your outstretched hand or even on your head.

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК

Методические указания и контрольные задания

для студентов-заочников 2 курса (на базе 9 кл.)

для всех специальностей

Требования к выполнению контрольной работы

 

1. В данном пособии каждое контрольное задание предлагается в десяти вариантах. Студенты должны выполнить один из десяти вариантов в соответствии с первой буквой фамилии.

 

Таблица выбора варианта контрольной работы

№ варианта Первая буква в фамилии студента
А К Ф
Б Л Х
В М Ц
Г Н Ч
Д О Ш
Е П Щ
Ё Р Э
Ж С Ю
З Т Я
И,Й У  

 

 

2. Выполнять письменную работу следует в отдельной тетради аккуратно, чётким почерком. На обложке тетради напишите свои Ф.И.О., шифр, номер группы, курс, номер контрольной работы и фамилию преподавателя.

 

3. Контрольные работы должны быть написаны (набраны) аккуратно, разборчиво. При выполнении контрольной работы оставляйте в тетради широкие поля для замечаний, объяснений и методических указаний рецензента. Материал располагается в тетради по следующему образцу:

 

 

Левая страница Правая страница
Поля Английский текст Русский текст Поля
       

 

 

4. При выполнении контрольной работы без соблюдения указаний или не полностью она возвращается без проверки.

ВАРИАНТ 1.

РАБОТА С ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЙ ЛЕКСИКОЙ

1. Переведите следующие слова на русский язык и запишите их с переводом. Составьте кроссворд с этими и другими экономическими терминами.







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