Read and learn the following words before reading the text 2.5.5.



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Read and learn the following words before reading the text 2.5.5.



 

1. admire 2. pediment 3. gem 4. parish school 5. cape 6. plot 7. solidly 8. firmly 9. refuge 10. struggle 11. to emerge 12. amateurs 13. to destine for 14. all society layers 15. peasant 16. the Eternal Flame восхищаться подножие драгоценность церковно-приходская школа мыс замысел прочно крепко пристанище битва возникать,появляться любители предназначать для все слои населения крестьянин Вечный огонь  

1.8.5. Read and translate the text.

 

SIHGTS OF TYUMEN

 

The old city Tyumen is big enough and you can see a great deal when you travel from one end of it to another in a bus. The tourists can visit several buildings of old and modern architecture. There is a number of medieval churches and a monastery to look at and admire their beauty.

The best way to see the city is to begin with the Museum of Regional Studies. It was built at the beginning of 19th century by unknown architect. On the pediment there is a tower clock invented by a Russian peasant Aleksey Trusov. The Museum has rich collections of flora, fauna and minerals of Tyumen region. Near the Museum a war memorial with the Eternal Flame is situated. Not far from it there is Trinity Monastery, Russian Baroque style. It was built in the early 18th century and it is still true gem of the town. The walls of the Central Trinity Cathedral have survived to this day. In 1716 the Monastery opened the first parish school for priests’ children. It is located on a very convenient and important for the city place. The broad, flat cape between the two rivers and the Tura bank is a kind of a plot of the town. The Monastery stands solidly, firmly fixing its high walls and monumental erections. On its territory there is St. Peter and Paul’s church. Many household tools have found refuge in the museum of the church built in 1726-1755. There are also some other 18th century churches in the town.

The first classicist buildings appeared in Tyumen in the early 19th century. A brilliant example of Russian classicism – the building of the former private commercial school on the right bank of the Tura. It was built on money of the merchants the Kolokolnikovs’. Now it is the University of Architecture and Civil Engineering.

Not far from the State University you can see the monument to the fighters of the revolutionary struggleandthe monument to the school-leavers killed during the war.

If you walk down Republic Street (former Tsarskaya) suddenly to the left the view of the Znamensky Cathedral emerges. The construction of the Cathedral lasted for 20 years and was rebuilt many times. The composition of the Cathedral is very plastic and picturesque. Each facade seems to be the main one, but none of them appears to be static.

Among the modern building are the Palaces of Culture of Tyumen geologists and oil-industry workers, the railway station, the Drama and Puppet theatres, the reconstructed Concert Hall and Circus, the building of Quality Hotel Tyumen, various clubs, cinemas, cafe, hotels, a Victory memorial. Amateurs of painting can visit the Tyumen Picture Gallery and admire the works of Russian artists –Fyodor Rokotov, Isaak Levitan, Ivan Aivazovsky and others.

Every year we can see changes in appearance of the town. It becomes more and more beautiful. Old buildings are being reconstructed and rebuilt. New panel and brick blocks of flats grow everywhere destined for all society layers.

 

Ask your group mates the following questions about Tyumen.

 

1. Where is Tyumen situated?

2. When was Chingi-Tura founded?

3. What happened to Tyumen at the end of 18th century?

3. What are the area and the population of Tyumen?

4. What educational establishments do you know in Tyumen?

5. How did Tyumen become an industrial centre of the region?

6. What places of interest are there in Tyumen?

7. What was the first stone building in the town?

8. What church was built in 1800?

9. What traditions do a lot of wooden houses have?

10. Where can people entertain themselves in Tyumen? What is your favourite place?

11. What great people were born in Tyumen region?

 

1.8.7.

· Think of a few sentences in Russian about Tyumen. Ask your group mates to translate them into English.

· Give your reasons why you like or don't like Tyumen, and where you would like to live.

· Talk with a partner about the sights of Tyumen.

· Invite your friend to visit a city (town):
- give a short history of the place;
- describe some places of interest.



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