Read the words and learn them by heart.

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Read the words and learn them by heart.

1. traffic (road) sign – дорожный знак

2. milestone – камень с указанием расстояния в милях, мильный камень

3. intersection – перекресток, пересечение

4. directional arm – здесь: указатель

5. fingerpost – указательный столб на развилке дорог

6. to enhance – увеличивать

7. cast iron – чугун

8. sheet aluminium – листовой алюминий

9. adhesive coating – клейкое покрытие

10. retroreflective – светоотражающий

11. visibility – видимость

12. to set into – вставлять, вмонтировать

13. measurement system – система измерения

14. metric standard – эталон единицы измерительной системы

15. metric distance – метрическое расстояние

Major international traffic signs:

1. right bend – опасный поворот направо

2. double bend – извилистая дорога

3. roadway narrows – сужение дороги

4. stop at intersection – проезд без остановки запрещен

5. no entry – въезд запрещен

6. no U-turn – разворот запрещен

7. passing prohibited – обгон запрещен

8. direction to be followed – обязательное направление движения

9. one-way traffic – одностороннее движение

10. yield – уступите дорогу

11. priority intersection – примыкание второстепенной дороги

12. falling rocks – падение камней

13. overhead clearance – ограничение высоты

14. signal ahead – регулируемое пересечение (участок дороги)

15. school zone – дети

16. pedestrian crossing – пешеходный переход

17. roadwork ahead – дорожные работы

18. slippery road – скользкая дорога

19. railroad crossing – железнодорожный переезд со шлагбаумом

20. deer crossing – дикие животные

21. steep hill – крутой спуск / крутой подъем

22. bumps – неровная дорога / искусственная неровность

23. closed to trucks – движение грузовых автомобилей запрещено

24. closed to pedestrians – движение пешеходов запрещено

25. passing prohibited – обгон запрещен

26. customs – таможня

27. oncoming vehicles priority – преимущество встречного движения

28. sound signals prohibited – подача звукового сигнала запрещена

29. minimum safety space – ограничение минимальной дистанции

30. end of all bans (except parking stopping) – конец всех ограничений (кроме стоянки и остановки)

31. stopping and parking prohibited – остановка запрещена

32. no parking – стоянка запрещена

33. mandatory right turn ahead – обязательный поворот (направо)

34. snow chains obligatory – цепи противоскольжения обязательны

35. no through road – тупик

36. facilities for handicapped – инвалиды

37. garage – техническое обслуживание автомобилей


Read and translate the text and learn more about road signs.

Road signs
Traffic signs or road signs are signs erected at the side of or above roads to give instructions or provide information to road users. The earliest road signs were milestones, giving distance or direction; for example, the Romans erected stone columns throughout their empire giving the distance to Rome.

In the Middle Ages, multidirectional signs at intersections became common, giving directions to cities and towns.
The first modern road signs erected on a wide scale were designed for riders of high or “ordinary” bicycles in the late 1870s and early 1880s. With traffic volumes increasing since the 1930s, many countries have adopted pictorial signs or otherwise simplified and standardized their signs to overcome language barriers, and enhance traffic safety. Such pictorial signs use symbols in place of words and are usually based on international protocols. Such signs were first developed in Europe, and have been adopted by most countries to varying degrees. Pre-industrial signs were stone or wood. In the late 18th and 19th centuries painted cast iron became popular. Since 1945 most signs have been made from sheet aluminium with adhesive plastic coatings, these are normally retroreflective for night-time and low-light visibility. Before the development of reflective plastics, reflectivity was provided by glass reflectors set into the lettering and symbols.

New generations of traffic signs based on electronic displays can also change their text (or, in some countries, symbols) to provide for “intelligent control” linked to automated traffic sensors.
Traffic signs can be grouped into several types. For example, Annexe 1 of the Vienna Convention on Road Signs and Signals (1968), which on 30 June 2004 had 52 signatory countries, defines eight categories of signs:

A. Danger warning signs

B. Priority signs

C. Prohibitory or restrictive signs

D. Mandatory signs

E. Special regulation signs
F. Information, facilities, or service signs

G. Direction, position, or indication signs

H. Additional panels


Distances on traffic signs generally follow the measurement system in use by the country. Most US road signs use miles or feet, although the Federal Department of Transportation has developed metric standards for all signs. The United Kingdom signs also display distances in miles. Elsewhere, metric distances are in very wide use, though not universal.


Where signs use a language, the recognized languages of the area is normally used. Signs in most of the US, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand are in English. Quebec uses French, while, in Montreal and some other Canadian provinces use both English and French, a territory of the US, Mexico, and Spain use Spanish. Within a few miles of the US–Mexico border, road signs are often in English and Spanish in places like San Diego.


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