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Для формування ПК у учнів старшої школи
Letters asking for or giving advice can be formal, informal or semi-formal depending on the situation. A letter asking for advice can be sent to a friend, a consultant or an advice column in a magazine. Details of the problem should be mentioned. A letter giving advice should contain suggestions introduced with appropriate language.
Informal (friendly) letters are normally written to relatives, friends or other people we know very well. A good informal letter should be divided into paragraphs. Each paragraph should deal with one aspect of the subject and start with a topic sentence which gives the main idea of the paragraph.
1) Before writing a letter, play a game. Choose from the situations below and give advice using phrases from the list above.
What advice would you give sb who wants to:
· lose weight?
· meet new friends?
· buy a car?
· learn English?
· save money?
· make money?
· pass an exam?
· get a job?
· help the environment?
· get fit?
Example: (sb wants to lose weight): You should avoid eating sweets. You shouldn’t eat junk food.
2) Read the letter and label the paragraphs with headings below:
ü closings remarks
ü second piece of advice and reason
ü opening remarks
ü third piece of advice and reason
ü express sympathy
ü first piece of advice
ü offer help
3) Read the letter again and answer the questions:
1. What is Ann’s advice?
2. What reasons does she give to support each piece of advice?
3. How does Ann list her points?
4. Which of these sentences can you use to start/ end a letter of advice? Put S (start) and E (end) opposite each phrase:
· How’s it going?
· I must go now.
· I’d better go now.
· Thanks for your letter.
· Hope to see you soon.
· How’s everything with you?
5. Which words does Ann use to express her sympathy for John?
Read the rubric and match the advice (1-5) to the pictures and to the results (a-e). Use phrases from the Useful Language box to make sentences as in the example.
Your English pen friend John has written a letter asking for advice on how to get into shape. Write an email offering advice.
1 ……. join a gym aprevents hunger build up
2 ……. avoid eating sweets b get in shape – tone muscles
3 ……. eat small meals c will motivate you to stay in shape
4 ……. find a fitness partner d get easy daily exercise – save money 5 ……. walk as much as possible on transport
e won’t gain weight
Complete the chart
6) Now, use the plan below and write your letter of advice to John.
(Para 1) opening remarks, express sympathy, offer help
(Para 2) first piece of advice & reason
(Para 3) second piece of advice & reason
(Para 4) closing remarks
Love from / Best wishes / etc (+ your first name)
Situations for the letter of advice:
1. Your best friend wants to go to a pop concert but his parents won’t let him go.
2. Your brother Tom likes a girl in his class but is scared to tell her.
3. Your sister thinks that her best friend might have lied to her.
4. Your pen friend wants a new i-Phone 6S for his birthday but his parents are saving money for a new car.
5. Your cousin is thinking of leaving school at sixteen and getting a job.
6. A friend of yours who is fourteen years old, really wants to get a tattoo.
There are various types of letters such as: letters of complaint, letters asking for/ giving information, letters of request, letters asking for/ giving advice, letters of invitation, letters accepting/ refusing an invitation, letters expressing congratulations/ thanks/ regret, sympathy, letters giving news, letters of apology, letters of application for a job and letters to the editor providing solutions/ suggestions.
A good letter should consist of:
a) an appropriate greeting (Dear Peter, Dear Mr Ford, Dear Sir/ Madam);
b) an introduction clearly stating the reason you are writing;
c) a main body in which the subject is developed. Begin a new paragraph for each main point;
d) a final paragraph in which you sum up the topic or express your wish for something to be done;
e) an appropriate ending (Yours/ Best wishes + first name, Yours sincerely/ Yours faithfully + full name).
Style in Letters
The characteristics of formal style in letters are:
§ the greeting (Dear Mrs Lee, Dear Sir)
§ frequent use of the passive
§ formal language (complex sentences, non-colloquial English)
§ no abbreviated forms
§ the ending (Yours sincerely/ Yours faithfully, Jason McNeil)
The characteristics of informal style in letters are:
§ the greeting (Dear Alex, Dear Dad)
§ informal language and style (idioms, colloquial English)
§ abbreviated forms, pronouns omitted
§ the ending (Yours/ Love? Best wishes/ Regards, Anthony)
Letters of Complaint
§ Letters of complaint are normally written in a formal style.
§ Mild or strong language can be used depending on the feelings of the writer or the seriousness of the complaint, but abusive language must never be used.
e.g. Mild Complaint: I am writing to complain about a damaged videotape I bought at your shop. I hope you will deal with this matter/ resolve this matter quickly.
Strong Complaint: I am writing to express my disgust at the appalling treatment I received while staying at your hotel. I insist upon full compensation or I will be forced to take this matter further.
§ Start a new paragraph for each different aspect of the topic.
§ You should state the reason for the complaint in the first paragraph.
§ Any complaints you make should be supported with a justification.
§ Complaints and justification can be linked together as follows.
I still haven’t received the goods I ordered in spite of / despite the fact that I sent you a cheque three weeks ago.
Although / Even though I have only used the automatic tin-opener once, it no longer works, I have written to you twice but you have not taken any action. I have already written to you twice. Nevertheless / However, you have not taken any action.
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