ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

to settle (on)- прийняти рішення після певного періоду часу (розм.)



to be sensitive (to)- з обережністю ;

to shriek- верещати , викрикувати ;

to assume- припустити ;

to toss- кинути ;

to check oneself- щоб перевірити свої сили ;

clasp hands- обхопити руками ;

 

№20

1.Speak and write about: Ray Bradbury “The Martian Chronicals”

 

The Martian Chronicles is a 1950 science fiction short story collection by Ray Bradbury that chronicles the colonization of Mars by humans. Once upon a time, Earth peeps try to explore Mars and fail and eventually they succeed in colonizing the planet. When war breaks out back on Earth, everyone goes back to be with their families. At the very end, some humans come back to Mars to get away from Earth's wars and start over. I like “The Martian Chronicals”, because The Martian Chronicles isn't interested in scientific issues like , Instead, Ray Bradbury is interested in human issues—and specifically American ones. I like chapter "Ylla" , because the following chapter, "Ylla", moves the story to Mars. Ylla, a Martian woman trapped in an unromantic marriage, dreams of the coming astronauts through telepathy. Her husband, though he pretends to deny the reality of the dreams, becomes bitterly jealous, sensing his wife's inchoate romantic feelings for one of the astronauts. After taking his gun under the pretense of hunting, he kills astronauts Nathaniel York and "Bert" as soon as they arrive.

 

2.Translate idioms, word-combinations, words:

Casually – випадково ;

to haunt – переслідувати ;

now that – ось що ;

delay – затримка ;

to appreciate smb`s doing smith – оцінити когось робити щось ;

injustice – несправедливість ;

deliberately – свідомо ;

to ferret out – вивідувати ;

to count (on) – рахунок (рахувати , вираховувати );

to have the nerve to do smth – мати мужність зробити щось ;

№21

1. Jack London was a man of adventure, a man of action and only he could have truly conceived such a dynamic and challenging credo as this. And only he, with his great physical strength, his intense intellect, and his turbulent spirit, could have successfully lived up to it.

John Griffith "Jack" London (born John Griffith Chaney, January 12, 1876 – November 22, 1916) was an American author, journalist, and social activist. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. Some of his most famous works include The Call of the Wild and White Fang, both set in the Klondike Gold Rush, as well as the short stories "To Build a Fire", "An Odyssey of the North", and "Love of Life". He also wrote of the South Pacific in such stories as "The Pearls of Parlay" and "The Heathen", and of the San Francisco Bay area in The Sea Wolf.

London was a passionate advocate of unionization, socialism, and the rights of workers and wrote several powerful works dealing with these topics such as his dystopian novel The Iron Heel, his non-fiction exposé The People of the Abyss, and The War of the Classes.

2. sober - тверезий

to abuse - зловживати

mourning – траур, носячи (бути у ) траур (і)

tangible - відчутний, дійсний, матеріальний, справжній

to deny – заперечувати, відмовляти

hilarious – веселий, безглуздий

to win one`s point - виграти по очкам, відстояти свою точку

outrage - обурення

to be soaked to the skin – промокнути до нитки

to break off - припиняти, поривати

 

Білет №22

1. Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American author and journalist. His economical and understated style had a strong influence on 20th-century fiction, while his life of adventure and his public image influenced later generations. Hemingway produced most of his work between the mid-1920s and the mid-1950s, and won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1954. He published seven novels, six short story collections, and two non-fiction works. Three novels, four collections of short stories, and three non-fiction works were published posthumously. Many of his works are considered classics of American literature.

The Torrents of Spring (1926)

The Sun Also Rises (1926)

A Farewell to Arms (1929)

To Have and Have Not (1937)

For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)

Across the River and into the Trees (1950)

The Old Man and the Sea (1952)

Islands in the Stream (1970, posthumous)

The Garden of Eden (1986, posthumous)

True at First Light (1999, posthumous)

 

Описание: The greatest American novel to emerge from World War I, A Farewell to Arms cemented Ernest Hemingway s reputation as one of the most important novelists of the twentieth century. Drawn largely from Hemingway s own experiences, it is the story of a volunteer ambulance driver wounded on the Italian front, the beautiful British nurse with whom he falls in love, and their journey to find some small sanctuary in a world gone mad with war. By turns beautiful and tragic, tender and harshly realistic, A Farewell to Arms is one of the supreme literary achievements of our time.
Издание: 1929 г.

 

2. shrewd – проникливий, майстерний

to account (for), - на рахунок (для)

to back up, - для резервного копіювання, для підтримки

a witness, - свідок

to trace, - простежити

in broad daylight, - серед білого дня

thud, - стукіт

urgent, - терміново

to deal (with), - мати справу (з)

to come up – придумати

 

Білет №23

1. Jerome David Salinger (January 1, 1919 – January 27, 2010) was an American writer who won acclaim early in life. He led a very private life for more than a half-century.

Born on January 1, 1919, in New York, J.D. Salinger was a literary giant despite his slim body of work and reclusive lifestyle. Jerome David Salinger was an American author, best known for his 1951 novel The Catcher in the Rye, as well as his reclusive nature. His last original published work was in 1965; he gave his last interview in 1980. Raised in Manhattan, Salinger began writing short stories while in secondary school, and published several stories in the early 1940s before serving in World War II. In 1948 he published the critically acclaimed story "A Perfect Day for Bananafish" in The New Yorker magazine, which became home to much of his subsequent work. In 1951 Salinger released his novel The Catcher in the Rye, an immediate popular success.

Since his debut in 1951 as The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield has been synonymous with "cynical adolescent." Holden narrates the story of a couple of days in his sixteen-year-old life, just after he's been expelled from prep school, in a slang that sounds edgy even today and keeps this novel on banned book lists. It begins, "If you really want to hear about it, the first thing you'll probably want to know is where I was born and what my lousy childhood was like, and how my parents were occupied and all before they had me, and all that David Copperfield kind of crap, but I don't feel like going into it, if you want to know the truth. In the first place, that stuff bores me, and in the second place, my parents would have about two hemorrhages apiece if I told anything pretty personal about them." His constant wry observations about what he encounters, from teachers to phonies capture the essence of the eternal teenage experience of alienation.

 

2. bewildered - здивування

a witness stand – свідок стояти

jury- жюрі

a defendant – обвинувачений, відповідач

to strike down – для звалювання, щоб вдарити

a marriage of convenience – шлюб з розрахунку

to select, - для вибору

to keep up (with)- йти в ногу (з),

Scrupulous - скрупульозно, педантичний

to clarify – уточнити, щоб прояснити

 

Білет 24

1. Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (7 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by his pen name, Lewis Carroll(/ˈkærəl/), was an English writer, mathematician, logician, Anglican deacon and photographer. His most famous writings are Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and its sequel Through the Looking-Glass, as well as the poems "The Hunting of the Snark" and "Jabberwocky", all examples of the genre of literary nonsense. He is noted for his facility at word play, logic, and fantasy, and there are societies in many parts of the world (including the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, and New Zealand]) dedicated to the enjoyment and promotion of his works and the investigation of his life.

La Guida di Bragia, a Ballad Opera for the Marionette Theatre (around 1850)

A Tangled Tale

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (1865)

Rhyme? And Reason? (also published as Phantasmagoria)

Pillow Problems

Sylvie and Bruno

Sylvie and Bruno Concluded

The Hunting of the Snark (1876)

Three Sunsets and Other Poems

Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (includes "Jabberwocky" and "The Walrus and the Carpenter") (1871)

 

"Alice in Wonderland" shows Alice following a white rabbit down a hole into Wonderland, where she encounters magical foods and talking animals. She meets the Queen of Hearts, who wants to decapitate her. Alice escapes to the wrong side of a mirror.

"Through the Looking Glass" shows Alice in Looking Glass Land, where everything is the opposite of reality. The first part had a playing card theme and this part has a chess theme. Alice must overcome her fears to defeat the Jabberwocky. This is the best adaptations of Lewis Carroll's stories. It adds a musical element which don't overpower the story. The story creates the fantastic worlds of Wonderland and Looking Glass Land. It is a great tale that shows the journey of becoming an adult in the disguise of a fun time in another world. "Alice in Wonderland" is the perfect adaptation of this classic children's story.

2. to snore - хропіти

serene, - спокійний, безтурботний

to sniff - нюхати

to weep - плакати

to wrinkle – морщити, зморшки

to take a nap - подрімати

to watch pennies – дивитись копійки

stingy - скупий

obstinately – вперто

to store up – зберігати, для запам ятовування

thought – думка, думав

 

 





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