ТОП 10:

Students from different countries are staying with the Russian families. After having unpacked their luggage they have met the Russian students and share their opinions of the host families.



Module 1

There’s no place like home

Characters:

Troy Hopkinsa bachelor of Computer Operation, Chicago, Illinois, the USA, aged 22

Nick Ritchiea senior student of Marketing, London, Great Britain, aged 21

Eve Spenceran undergraduate student of Journalism, Montreal, Canada , aged 24

Alice Camerona student of Business School, Brighton, Great Britain, aged 23

Steve McNeala post-graduate student of sociology, Edinburgh, Scotland, Great Britain, aged 24

Boris Ivanovan undergraduate student of sociology, PSTU, Perm, Russia, aged 21

Natasha Sokolovaa student of public relations, PSTU, Perm, Russia, aged 20

Nastya Novikovaa distant learning student of ecology,PSTU, Perm, Russia,aged 19

WHAT A FAMILY IS

Students from different countries are staying with the Russian families. After having unpacked their luggage they have met the Russian students and share their opinions of the host families.

Troy: Let’s get acquainted as we are going to spend so much time together. My name is Troy.

Boris: I’m Boris. I’m glad to meet you all. I’m a student of sociology.

Steve: Nice to meet you. I come from Scotland. I’m in sociology as well. We have much in common, don’t we?

Boris:What a fabulous coincidence! Don’t you just research the problems of the families? I’m writing a dissertation on the problem “How families have changed in Russia”.

Steve:The topic of my investigation is “Family strengths and family values”.

Boris:So we’ve got plenty of things to discuss, I guess. By the way, how do you like your host family?

Steve:I’d like to say, the family I’m staying, with is the so-called extended one. They are so many to live under the same roof. Let me see … all in all – nine: grandparents, their daughter with her husband and two children, their son with his wife and a toddler.

Nastya:You’re kidding! Nowadays extended family groups are uncommon. I mean several generations living in one household.

Steve:In that case I think I’m fortunate to stay with such a family. So I’ll keep an eye on their life and compare it with a British one.

Natasha:And now, do grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, and nieces and nephews live together in Britain?

Steve:The Royal family is a perfect example.

Alice:Probably being a member of a clanis a good thing. As for me I’ve got neither brothers nor sisters, only my Мom. I believe having both parents is better. When people get married they never know what can happen in future. I mean divorce, single-parent family or remarriage. My Mom, for example, divorced with my father and hasn’t remarried again.

Troy:Don't you think it's better to stay single? What are the advantages and disadvantages of getting married?

Nick:Well if you ask me, it all depends on your circumstances.

Troy:What do you mean?

Nick:I mean that people's situations can be very different.

Troy: What are you trying to say?

Nick: To come to the point, there are so many different motives for marriage that it's impossible to generalize about why people prefer married to single status.

Eve: Rubbish! It must be possible to compare living together with someone to living on your own. What about independence?

Boris: But you don't seem to realize that some married people live totally independent lives.

Eve: That may be so, but for most people the whole point of marriage is to live together and possibly to raise a family. That's what this discussion's about.

Alice: In that case, it's obvious that children are a commitment for life. I guess that many single people have different priorities or else they believe that they would make unsuitable parents. Surely, there's more to marriage than having children.

Boris: If you're talking about getting married, the divorce rate is so high that these don't seem to be relevant any more. Why not just stay single. You can still live together with other people for as long as you find them compatible…

 

Try to answer these questions without searching for the answers in the text.

1. Steve: … We have much in common, don’t we?

Boris: …

2. Boris:Don’t you just research the problems of the families?

Steve: …

3. Boris:By the way, how do you like your host family?

Steve: …

4. Natasha:And now, do grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, and nieces and

nephews live together in Britain?

Steve: …

5. Troy:Don't you think it's better to stay single? What are the advantages and

disadvantages of getting married?

Nick: …

6. Troy:What do you mean?

Nick: …

7. Troy: What are you trying to say?

Nick:

8. Eve: …What about independence?

Boris: …

 

Read and decide 1. What is the definition of family and what is its function? 2. What are the family types? 3. Look at the photos and define the family type

 

Boris’s story

Family Survey

The family is an old and fundamental social institution. In the past it was the centre of political, economic, educational, and religious activities. But the position of the family in society is different now. The family is an institution based on kinship. One of its functions is to replace and nurture the members of society. Every culture has rules and norms that shape the family in different ways. Kin refers to people related to one another through common ancestry, marriage, or social agreement. According to the size of family unit, families are nuclear (husband, wife and children), extended (nuclear family plus other relatives), modified-extended (each nuclear family lives in separate houses, but there is visitation) and reconstituted or blended (new family that is the result of divorces and re-marriages), single parent family (one parent raising children).

Families are who you love. Our families all “look” different and it's always been so. A family is a care giving unit. It might consist of a couple: a mother, a father and children; a single parent and a child; grandparents and grandchildren; a sibling group.

Families are the foundation of society. They are where we come into the world from, where we are nurtured and given the tools to go out into the world, capable and healthy.

When families break down and fail to provide the healthy nurturing we need, the effects impact not only our own lives, but also our communities. In other words, we all pay for unhealthy families. If we ignore the suffering, we suffer the consequences.

In the past few decades, the world has seen major changes in the face of the family. Since 1975, the divorce rate has doubled resulting in the increase of single-parent households, remarriages and extended families.

According to the latest surveys, single parents maintain 27.3 percent of the family households with own children under 18. There are 2.1 million father-child and 9.8 million mother-child families. In the mother-child family groups, 42.2 percent of mothers have never been married.

Most of the time when a person thinks of the definition of a family, the image of a mother, father and children is what comes into the mind. That is actually the definition of a nuclear family, which is parents, and one or more children. However, there are more definitions that can be used to define a family such as a single-parent family which is one parent and a child or children. Extended family is when a nuclear family or single-parent family lives with any extended family members.

Family units take a variety of forms, all of which involve individuals living under one roof. The family form or structure does not indicate how healthy the family is or how they function. The family form is merely the physical makeup of the family members in relationship to each other without respect to roles and function.

 

A. More than 50 % of people live in nuclear families. A nuclear family consists of a mother, a father, and their biological or adoptive descendants, often called the traditional family. The nuclear family was most popular in the 1950’s and 60’s. The nuclear family can be a nurturing environment to raise children in love, to spend time with children, to support them emotionally, to low stress, and to provide a stable economic environment. In nuclear families, both adults are biological or adoptive parents of their children.

There are three types of married nuclear families depending on employment status of a woman and a man. In the first type, a man works outside the home while a woman works inside the home caring for children. 28 percent of all households fit this description. In the second type of married nuclear family, a woman works outside the home and a man cares for a children. This constitutes 2 percent of the families. In the third kind of married nuclear family, both a wife and a husband work outside the home, they are breadwinners.

B. One of the most striking changes in family structure over the last twenty years has been the increase of single parent families. In such a family there is only one parent in household raising children. More than half of all children will spend some of their lives in a single-parent family. Currently, 88 percent of these families are headed by women. In 1970, the number of single parent families with children under the age of 18 was 3.8 million; by 2005 the number had more than doubled to 9.7 million. In single parent families parents and children are more willing to co-operate with each other to find solutions to solve household problems.

C. Since 2005 21% of all people have lives in extended families. An extended family is two or more adults from different generations of a family, sharing a household. It consists of more than parents and children; it may include parents, children, cousins, aunts, uncles, grandparents, foster children etc. The extended family live together for many reasons: raise children, care for a disabled relative, or tackle crucial financial problems. Sometimes children are brought up by their grandparents when their biological parents died or no longer can look after them. Extended families can be found all over the world in different communities and countries. The number of these families has increased by 40 percent in the past ten years. There are three types of extended families: one, two and three generation families. Forty eight percent of all extended families live in a two generation family.

Read and decide.Which of the two pictures do you think shows the typical family of the future?  

Eve’s story

Multiple-choice quiz

PREPOSITION COMBINATION

be acquainted WITH знакомиться с
admire (someone) FOR (something) восхищаться к-л
agree WITH (someone) ABOUT/ON (something) соглашаться с
argue WITH (someone) ABOUT (something) спорить с
be bored WITH/BY испытывать скуку
depend ON зависеть от
break UP расходиться
be friendly TO/WITH быть дружелюбным
get ON WITH ладить
grow UP становиться взрослым
independent FROM не зависящий от
be interested IN интересоваться
be involved IN быть вовлеченным
look AFTER заботиться о
look FORWAD TO предвкушать
get married TO выйти замуж/жениться
be polite TO быть вежливым
be proud OF гордиться
be related TO иметь отношение
rely ON полагаться
be responsible FOR отвечать за
be satisfied WITH удовлетворять
take care OF присматривать за
talk TO/WITH(someone) ABOUT(something) разговаривать

 

China The Wu family

The Wu family live in a small town called Shiping, about 150 km from Kunming, in southern China. The nine members of the Wu family ____________an attractive house surrounded by trees, next to a lake. Every three days, different members of the family ___________the boat out on the lake and ___________the plant called water hyacinth which is used to feed pigs. Every Sunday, Yu Xian and Ba Jiu _________their produce to the village market to sell and most of the family income __________from this. They are well respected in the village and known for their honesty. Ba Jiu is retired local official.

Eight-year- old Wu Dong ____________his whole morning at school. His school is one of the best in the area.

At the moment Yu Xian ___________a wide variety of dishes in the kitchen. Jian Chun and Rong, the daughters-in-law, ______________the family washing.

After working hard all day, the family usually ___________ their evenings relaxing on the sofa in front of the television. They __________this opportunity to spend time together.

China Mexico Iceland

family members      
Who the breadwinner is      
How they relax      
How they earn for living      
Family values      
What they are doing at the moment      

Module 1

There’s no place like home

Characters:

Troy Hopkinsa bachelor of Computer Operation, Chicago, Illinois, the USA, aged 22

Nick Ritchiea senior student of Marketing, London, Great Britain, aged 21

Eve Spenceran undergraduate student of Journalism, Montreal, Canada , aged 24

Alice Camerona student of Business School, Brighton, Great Britain, aged 23

Steve McNeala post-graduate student of sociology, Edinburgh, Scotland, Great Britain, aged 24

Boris Ivanovan undergraduate student of sociology, PSTU, Perm, Russia, aged 21

Natasha Sokolovaa student of public relations, PSTU, Perm, Russia, aged 20

Nastya Novikovaa distant learning student of ecology,PSTU, Perm, Russia,aged 19

WHAT A FAMILY IS

Students from different countries are staying with the Russian families. After having unpacked their luggage they have met the Russian students and share their opinions of the host families.

Troy: Let’s get acquainted as we are going to spend so much time together. My name is Troy.

Boris: I’m Boris. I’m glad to meet you all. I’m a student of sociology.

Steve: Nice to meet you. I come from Scotland. I’m in sociology as well. We have much in common, don’t we?

Boris:What a fabulous coincidence! Don’t you just research the problems of the families? I’m writing a dissertation on the problem “How families have changed in Russia”.

Steve:The topic of my investigation is “Family strengths and family values”.

Boris:So we’ve got plenty of things to discuss, I guess. By the way, how do you like your host family?

Steve:I’d like to say, the family I’m staying, with is the so-called extended one. They are so many to live under the same roof. Let me see … all in all – nine: grandparents, their daughter with her husband and two children, their son with his wife and a toddler.

Nastya:You’re kidding! Nowadays extended family groups are uncommon. I mean several generations living in one household.

Steve:In that case I think I’m fortunate to stay with such a family. So I’ll keep an eye on their life and compare it with a British one.

Natasha:And now, do grandparents, aunts and uncles, cousins, and nieces and nephews live together in Britain?

Steve:The Royal family is a perfect example.

Alice:Probably being a member of a clanis a good thing. As for me I’ve got neither brothers nor sisters, only my Мom. I believe having both parents is better. When people get married they never know what can happen in future. I mean divorce, single-parent family or remarriage. My Mom, for example, divorced with my father and hasn’t remarried again.

Troy:Don't you think it's better to stay single? What are the advantages and disadvantages of getting married?

Nick:Well if you ask me, it all depends on your circumstances.

Troy:What do you mean?

Nick:I mean that people's situations can be very different.

Troy: What are you trying to say?

Nick: To come to the point, there are so many different motives for marriage that it's impossible to generalize about why people prefer married to single status.

Eve: Rubbish! It must be possible to compare living together with someone to living on your own. What about independence?

Boris: But you don't seem to realize that some married people live totally independent lives.

Eve: That may be so, but for most people the whole point of marriage is to live together and possibly to raise a family. That's what this discussion's about.

Alice: In that case, it's obvious that children are a commitment for life. I guess that many single people have different priorities or else they believe that they would make unsuitable parents. Surely, there's more to marriage than having children.

Boris: If you're talking about getting married, the divorce rate is so high that these don't seem to be relevant any more. Why not just stay single. You can still live together with other people for as long as you find them compatible…

 







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