ТОП 10:

I. Read the text below. Match choices (a-h) to (1-8).



ОСНОВНА ШКОЛА.

 

УКРАЇНСЬКА МОВА.

 

Диктант

Літній дощ

Такий дощ буває лише влітку. Ураз насупилося небо, а ще годину тому було ясне-яснісіньке. Також затріпотіли тендітні берізки, зашелестіла суха трава. Потріскана від спеки земля непомітно чекала порятунку. Раптом пронеслася хвиля вітру. Потім ще й ще. Затарабанили по землі дички, гучно забабахкали в садку яблука. Червоним язиком спалахнула блискавка, з нею прокотився грім.

Як зерна на голодний стіл, упали на землю перші великі краплі дощу. І вона ніби аж зітхнула з полегкістю. А вітер шаленів, здіймав стовпи пилу, перемішував їх із сухим листям і травою, кружляв ними досхочу, а потім жбурляв знову на землю.

Дощ густішав і раптом полив так дужо, так владно й сильно, що вітер боязко затих, звільнивши йому дорогу. Земля, змучена спрагою, своїми потрісканими губами пила воду. Пила, захлинаючись, насолоджуючись, радіючи.

Засміялася вода в калюжах під босими ногами дітвори, що почала розбігатися по домівках, наполохана рясним дощем, громом і блискавками. Поміж стеблинками сухої трави засяяла прозелень, відсвіжена цілющою вологою. А дощ усе лив і лив.

162 слова За З. Кучерявою

 

Диктант

Славний гетьман

По київських церквах лунають дзвони, велике свято звіщають. Кияни знали, що гетьман Богдан Хмельницький приїде в Київ. Не було людини, яка б не бажала побачити великого гетьмана. Такої урочистості не було тут від княжих часів, бо Київ ніколи після того не був вільним від загарбників. Хоча вони тут не мали такої сміливості, не показували такої нахабності, але все-таки столиця залишалася під чужою владою.

По церквах гудуть дзвони, звіщаючи воскресіння України. Благочестя торжествує, радісний день, воскресіння волі. Усе, що живе й може ходити, прибирається святково для привітання того, хто довершив таку велику справу. Були й перед тим славні гетьмани, та не зробили того, що здійснив Хмельницький. Вони або загинули в нерівній боротьбі, на полі слави чи в неволі, або служили в чужинців для їхніх інтересів. Були народні зриви, клалися потоком, мов скошена трава, лицарські голови за свободу рідного краю, але все надаремно.

Та все ж таки було це не так. З тієї пролитої крові виростали нові борці, нові месники. Не вдалося на перший або десятий раз, то вдалося на одинадцятий.

172 слова За А. Чайковським

 

 

Диктант

Григорій Сковорода

Григорій Сковорода народився в селі Чорнухах, що на Полтавщині, у козацькій родині. Батьки й гадки не мали, що колись він стане філософом і поетом, гордістю українського народу, а його ім’я з пошаною вимовлятимуть у багатьох країнах.

Хлопчик зростав серед чудової природи, ріс міцним, кмітливим, обдарованим музично. Понад усе любив річку Многу. Улітку цілими днями просиджував біля неї, милуючись її красою, робив з очерету сопілки, на яких намагався відтворити пташиний спів.

Весною село потопало в морі білого цвіту вишень і слив. За селом тягнулися дубові гаї, а між ними. Скільки сягає око, безкраї поля, порізані балками та глибокими ярами, по яких протікали струмочки. Гриць любив ходити в поля, слухати жайворонка, дзюркотливу мову струмка. А понад усе йому подобалося оглядати все навколо з висоти круглих стародавніх могил, яких так багато було на околицях рідного села.

Багатство звуків і барв лісу й степу захоплювали душу й уяву хлопця. Ці дитячі враження залишилися для нього незабутніми на все життя. Пізніше вони стали основною темою багатьох його поетичних творів.

164 слова За Т. Зуб

 

 

Диктант

Затишно й добре вдома

З-понад дерев, що за хатою, насувалася грозова хмара. Вона швидко захопила небо – і листя затремтіло з ляку. Гримало майже над головою, а ми з мамою квапливо схоплювали все, що треба було сховати, і кидали погляд то на хмару, то на хвіртку, виглядаючи з роботи батька. Він прийшов, коли посипалися перші краплі. Тікаючи до хати, нанесли із собою пахощів дощу, які, ні на що не зважаючи, напував поля, садки, городи… Спрагла земля підставляла йому свої груди і вбирала Божу благодать. Хвилями стікало по шибках, околиця стрясалася сильними громами, а мати подавала вечерю. Поряд із духмяною паляницею поставила макітру з молодою, присмаченою часником картоплею, виклала зелені огірочки.

Було нам затишно й добре біля столу, бо ми всі вечеряли разом. У нас ні за ким не боліла душа.

Коли злива вщухла, заблищали вимиті вікна й на обрії заголубіла смужка неба. Вона ніжно обвивала серце, і нею, мабуть, досі там прив’язані і рідний край, і літній дощ, і натюрморт із картоплею, хлібом та огірками.

160 слів За В. Думанським

 

 

Диктант

Тарас Шевченко

Тарас Шевченко народився на українській землі, під українським небом, проте він належить до тих людей-світочів, які стають дорогими для всього людства й у пошані всього людства знаходять своє безсмертя.

Народжений матір’ю-кріпачкою і сам кріпак, він став борцем, революціонером титанічної сили. Його боялися царі, його жахались і смертельно ненавиділи кріпосники. Коли Тараса Шевченка відправили в солдати, мабуть, ті вінценосні кати вважали, що звідти йому вже не буде вороття. Проте поет повернувся до своєї рідної України вогненною піснею, віщим незбореним словом.

У тій невеликій книжці, ім’я якій «Кобзар», клекоче ціле море горя народного. У ній — порив до свободи, мудрий роздум гуманіста й ніжна, чарівна краса української пісні.

Винятковими є місце Тараса Шевченка в житті українського народу та його творчість. Характеризуючи її, бачиш, що є творчість, яка не відцвітає, що в духовній сфері є явища, подібні до тих непогасних вічнодіючих вулканів, надра яких завжди пашать вогнем і розжеврюють уночі хмари над собою, мов велетенські маяки.

152 слова За І. Ковалем

 

 

АНГЛІЙСЬКА МОВА

EXAMINATION CARD №1

II. Match statements (1-5) to the notices (a-e).

1. Phone this person if you want to work with cars.
2. You cannot use your phone.
3. People here do not understand English very well.
4. If you find what this person is looking for, you will get money.
5. You have to use stairs.

b) Do not use mobiles during the lesson.
d) Elevator OUT OF ORDER
e) Mechanic needed. Call garage manager (Fred Bagging 790878767).
c) Lost passport. Name Harrison Boyd. £50 Reward for safe return. Phone 6798909.
a) Only French and German spoken here.

 


         

III. Write a composition about your hobby. Write at least 100 words on your answer sheet.

EXAMINATION CARD №2

I. Read the text below. For questions (1-8) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

Olympic Games

In 776 BC the first Olympic Games were held at the foot of Mount Olympus to honour the Greeks’ chief god, Zeus. The Greeks paid much attention to physical fitness and strength in their education of youth. That is why contests in running, jumping, discus and javelin throwing, boxing, and horse and chariot racing were held in individual cities, and the winners competed every four years at Mount Olympus.

Olympic athletes had to be men of Greek nationality and not slaves. Winners were greatly honoured. People put olive wreaths on their heads, sang songs and wrote poems about their achievements. Originally Olympic Games were held as games of friendship, and any wars were stopped to allow the games to take place.

The games were so important to the Greeks that they calculated time in four-year cycles called “Olympiads” dating from 776 BC.

1. Who was the Greeks’ chief god?

a) Ares

b) Athena

c) Zeus

d) Poseidon

2. Which of the following is NOT true?

a) Winners put olive wreaths on their own heads.

b) The games were held in Greece every four years

c) Wars were interrupted to take part in the games.

d) Only Greek men could take part in the Games.

3. Why were the Olympic Games held?

a) to sing songs about the athletes

b) to stop wars

c) to honour the best athletes

d) to honour Zeus

4. Where were the first Olympic Games held?

a) at the foot of Mount Ida

b) at the foot of Mount Kenya

c) at the foot of Mount Olympus

d) at the foot of Mount Ben Nevis

5. How many years ago did these games begin?

a) 850 years

b) 2,277 years

c) 1,237 years

d) 2,791 years

6. Which of the following contests was not mentioned?

a) running

b) jumping

c) boxing

d) football

7. Who could take part in the Olympic Games?

a) Greek slaves

b) men of Greek nationality and not slaves

c) anybody

d) men and women of Greek nationality and not slaves

8. What conclusion can we make about the ancient Greeks?

a) They liked to fight

b) They didn`t like Zeus

c) They were very athletic and paid much attention to physical fitness

d) They couldn’t count

               

EXAMINATION CARD №3

I. Read the text below. For questions (1-8) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

Levi Strauss

Levi Strauss was born in Germany in the mid 1800's and emigrated to the United States as a young man. He lived in New York City and learned the dry-goods business for several years. In 1853 he took his knowledge and his dreams to San Francisco (California., USA.) His dream to succeed came true over the next 20 years as he became a very successful businessman.

Many of Levi Strauss' customers were cowboys and miners. They needed clothing that was strong and durable. Strauss found a special fabric from France that was comfortable and lasted a long time. It was called "serge de Nimes," which was later shortened to the word denim.

Another man named Jacob Davis bought large amounts of the denim fabric from Levi Strauss. He was a tailor who made pants for hard-working men. One of his customers was continually tearing the pockets off his pants. So Jacob Davis decided to put rivets on certain parts of the pants to make them stronger. The customer loved the new pants so much that he told all his friends, and soon Jacob Davis was busy making lots of pants with rivets.

Jacob Davis soon realized that using rivets was a great business idea, and he didn't want anybody to steal that idea. He decided that he would need to get a patent. But being a poor tailor, he didn't have enough money to pay for the patent. After thinking it over, he went to the businessman Levi Strauss and told him his idea. He said, "If you agree to pay for the patent, we will share the profits from the riveted pants." Levi Strauss did agree, and the new riveted pant business was called Levi Strauss and Company. Today Levi's jeans are more popular than ever, and Levi's name continues to live on.

1. Where was Levi Strauss born?

a) California, USA

b) France

c) Germany

d) New York

2. Where did Levi Strauss emigrate to?

a) Germany

b) the United States

c) France

d) Italy

3. Who were Levi Strauss' customers?

a) cowboys and engineer

b) doctors and miners

c) miners and cowboys

d) tailors

4. What clothing did Levi Strauss' customers need?

a) comfortable and fashionable

b) modern

c) strong and fashionable

d) strong and durable

5. Where did Levi Strauss find his special fabric?

a) France

b) the United States

c) Germany

d) Poland

6. Who bought large amounts of the denim fabric from Levi Strauss?

a) Jacob Davis, a cowboy

b) Jacob Davis, a miner

c) Jack Davis, a tailor

d) Jacob Davis, a tailor

7. What did Jacob Davis decide to put on the pants to make them stronger?

a) pockets

b) rivets

c) zipper

d) buttons

8. What was a great business idea in Jacob`s opinion?

a) to buy large amounts of the denim fabric

b) to make pants

c) to ask for help

d) to put rivets on certain parts of the pants

 

               

EXAMINATION CARD №4

I. Read the text below. For questions (1-8) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

Elephants

Elephants are 1.______mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea. Traditionally, 2. _____ species are recognized, the African elephantand the Asian elephant, although some evidence suggests that African bush elephants and African forest elephants are separate species. Other families of the order Proboscidea, including mammoths and mastodons are now extinct.

Elephants are scattered throughout sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, and Southeast 3._____. Male African elephants are the largest surviving terrestrial animals and can reach a height of 4 m (13 ft) and 4.______ 7,000 kg (15,000 lb).

All 5. ______ have several distinctive features the most notable of which is a long trunk or proboscis, used for many purposes, particularly breathing, lifting water and grasping objects. Their incisors grow into tusks, which can serve as weapons and as tools for moving objects and digging. Elephants' large ear flaps 6._____ to control their body temperature. Their pillar-like legs can carry their great weight. African elephants have larger ears and concave backs while Asian elephants have smaller ears and convex or level backs.

One of the biggest threats to elephant populations is the ivory trade, as the animals are poached for their ivory tusks. Other threats to 7._____elephants include habitat destruction and conflicts with local people. Elephants are used as working animals in Asia. In the 8._____ they were used in war; today, they are often put on display in zoos and circuses.

1. a) tiny b) large c) stupid d) cute
2. a) two b) five c) seven d) ten
3. a) Europe b) Alaska c) USA d) Asia
4. a) height b) depth c) weigh d) length
5. a) people b) elephants c) birds d) animals
6. a) help b) must c) use d) should
7. a) wild b) domestic c) clever d) small
8. a) future b) today c) present d) past

               

What is the Internet?

The Internet is a 1.______system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet protocol suite, a set of communications protocols, to serve billions of users 2.______. The Internet has reshaped and redefined most traditional communications media including telephone, music, film, and 3.______. This has given birth to new services. Newspapers, books and other print publishing are adapting to Web site technology, or are reshaped into blogging and web feeds.

The Internet has enabled or accelerated new forms of human interactions through instant messaging, Internet forums, and social networking. 4.______ shopping has boomed both for major retail outlets and small artisans and traders. Business-to-business and financial services on the Internet affect supply chains across entire industries.

The 5.______ of the Internet reach back to research of the 1960s, commissioned by the United States government in collaboration with private commercial interests to build robust, fault-tolerant, and distributed computer networks. The commercialization of what was by the 1990s an international network resulted in its popularization and incorporation into virtually every aspect of 6.______ human life. As of 2011, more than 2.1 billion 7.______ – nearly a third of Earth's population – 8._____ the services of the Internet

1. a) old b) fine c) global d) local
2. a) worldwide b) all over the country c) in the village d) in Ukraine
3. a) sport b) history c) television d) art
4. a) offline b) Online c) line d) above the line
5. a) birth b) origins c) original d) death
6. a) important b) old c) modern d) vital
7. a) people b) person c) man d) children
8. a) publish b) understand c) create d) use

 

               

 

 

EXAMINATION CARD №6

I. Read the text below. For questions (1-8) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy in 1451. While spending most of his early years at sea, Columbus began to believe that he could find a shortcut to the Indies by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. Unfortunately, the King of Portugal refused to finance such a trip, and Columbus was forced to present his idea to the King and Queen of Spain. In 1492, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella agreed to pay for his trip. They gave him a crew and three ships, the Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria. Columbus sailed aboard the Santa Maria.

The trip was long and hard. Many sailors grew restless and wanted to turn around. After two months at sea, land was finally sighted. The ships docked on the island of Hispaniola. Columbus named the native people he saw "Indians", because he believed he had found the shortcut he was looking for. In actuality, Columbus found North America, a brand new continent at that time. Columbus, however, couldn't be convinced.

He died with the belief he had found the shortcut to the Indies. Soon, however, other explorers and nations understood the importance of his discoveries. Columbus' discoveries set the stage for the Age of Exploration, one of the most fascinating and exciting times in world history.

1. Where was Christopher Columbus born?

a) The New World

b) Spain

c) North America

d) Italy

2. Christopher Columbus spent most of his early years…

a) at home

b) at sea

c) on the island

d) abroad

3. Who refused to finance his trip?

a) the King of Spain

b) the Queen of Spain

c) the King of Portugal

d) his father

4. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella agreed to pay for his…

a) trip

b) holidays

c) work

d) study

5. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella gave him…

a) 5 ships

b) 6 ships

c) only a crew

d) 3 ships and a crew

6. Who wanted to turn around?

a) King Ferdinand

b) sailors

c) Christopher Columbus

d) Queen Isabella

7. What did Columbus find?

a) North America

b) South America

c) Asia

d) Africa

8. He died with the belief that

a) he is famous

b) he had found the shortcut to the Indies

c) he had found North America

d) his discoveries had set the stage for the Age of Exploration

               

Money

Money is what you use to 1.____things. You may earn money from completing household chores, getting good grades, for your allowance, or for losing a tooth! Money 2._____ very important in our world and comes in many different forms.

People have been 3._____ money for hundreds of years. Before money gave specific values for things, 4._____ simply traded items. In the United States, we use the 5.____as our currency or money, but people in different parts of the 6.______ use different currencies, though some countries also use or accept our dollars.

People 7._____money from the jobs they work and use that money to save for the future, pay for their houses, cars, food, taxes, medical needs and household items among other things. Even things such as turning the lights on, using the air conditioning or heat, and 8.______ to the internet cost money.

1. a) find b) buy c) lose d) borrow
2. a) is b) are c) am d) were
3. a) use b) not used c) using d) useing
4. a) animals b) kids c) pupils d) people
5. a) hryvnia b) pound c) dollar d) Yuan
6. a) world b) city c) town d) village
7. a) earn b) pay c) give d) buy
8. a) had connecting b) connecting c) to connect d) is connected

               

Banks

Banks are places where people can keep their1.______. Most people 2._____ banks to save money in their savings accounts and to pay money from their checking accounts. 3._______, when a person earns money from their job, their paycheck is often electronically deposited (put) into their savings or checking account. Then, he or she can pay their bills by writing checks from their checking accounts or 4._____ online where their bills are electronically connected to their bank accounts.

Banks also give loans to 5._____. Banks use the money that their customers deposit to lend to people to 6.____ new houses, cars, or to start businesses among other reasons. The bank 7._____ money from lending by charging interest. In other words, people have to pay back 8._____ than they borrowed. This amount depends on how risky the bank thinks the borrower is and how fast the loan is paid back among other things.

1. a) cards b) money c) hopes d) coins
2. a) use b) save c) earn d) find
3. a) Yesterday b) Some years ago c) Never d) Today
4. a) can b) read c) pay d) play
5. a) woman b) children c) child d) people
6. a) buy b) open c) visit d) use
7. a) make b) makes c) connect d) do
8. a) less b) many c) much d) more

               

Windsor Castle

Windsor Palace is the world's largest and oldest continuously inhabited castle. Occupying over 484,000 square feet, it is over 240 times the size of an average house. William the Conqueror built the first castle on the grounds between 1070 and 1086, but the castle that exists today was largely built by Edward of Windsor in 1350, who authorized the construction of a new keep, a large chapel, and new fortifications. From a distance, the castle appears dominated by a massive round tower in its center.

In 1475, King Edward IV authorized construction of St. George’s Chapel as a cathedral and royal mausoleum. The chapel became an important destination for pilgrims in the late medieval period and is probably the most famous of the structures within Windsor Palace. During the 1500’s and 1600’s, Windsor Castle was damaged as a result of various wars. In 1660, however, Charles II became interested in restoring the castle and laid out plans for “The Long Walk,” a three-mile long avenue running from south from the castle. Charles II also had the royal apartments and St. George’s Hall rebuilt. The royal apartments were spectacular, with numerous carvings, frescoes, and tapestries. The artwork acquired during the rebuilding of Windsor Castle became known as the Royal Collection, which remains relatively unchanged today.

In 1824, George IV moved into the castle and was granted 300,000 pounds to renovate Windsor Castle. The entire castle was remodeled and the architect, Jeffrey Wyattville, succeeded in blending the castle to seem like one entity rather than a collection of buildings. Wyattville raised and lowered the heights of various buildings to give them symmetry and improved the appearance and structure of others.

1. Windsor Palace is the world's…

a) smallest and oldest continuously inhabited castle

b) largest and youngest continuously inhabited castle

c) largest and longest continuously inhabited castle

d) largest and oldest continuously inhabited castle

2. Windsor Palace…

a) has the same size as an average house

b) is much larger than an average house

c) is smaller than an average house

d) is as big as an average house

3. Who built the first castle on the grounds between 1070 and 1086?

a) William the Conqueror

b) George IV

c) Jeffrey Wyattville

d) King Edward IV

 

4. What is in the center of the castle?

a) a small round tower

b) a church

c) a massive round tower

d) a cathedral

5. Windsor Castle was damaged because of…

a) various disasters

b) wars

c) great fire

d) flood

6. Who became interested in restoring the castle?

a) St. George

b) Edward of Windsor

c) George IV

d) Charles II

7. What is known as a Royal Collection?

a) a cathedral

b) a royal mausoleum

c) the artwork

d) castle itself

8. What George IV was granted 300,000 pounds for?

a) to buy Windsor Castle

b) to renovate Windsor Castle

c) to build a royal mausoleum

d) to build a cathedral

               

EXAMINATION CARD №10

I. Read the text below. For questions (1-8) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

The Dallas Cowboys

The Dallas Cowboys have been an NFL team since 1960. They are one of two teams that 1._____ professional football in the state of Texas. It took the Cowboys eleven 2._____ before they made the Super Bowl, the NFL championship game. They lost that game to the Baltimore Colts by a score of 16 to 13. The Cowboys soon got much 3._____! In the 1970s, they played in five Super Bowls and won two of them. After they defeated the Denver Broncos in Super Bowl 12, people started 4.______ them America’s Team!

Although the Cowboys failed to make any Super Bowls in the 1980s, they played in three Super Bowls in the 1990s and 5.____ all three of them, including two in a row against the Buffalo Bills and one against their big rival, the Pittsburgh Steelers. It was during this time, that Quarterback Troy Aikman, Running Back Emmitt Smith and Wide Receiver Michael Irvin all became big 6._____. All three would eventually become members of the Pro Football Hall-of-Fame.

The Cowboys won their 7._____ Super Bowl in 1995 and haven’t made it back since. That hasn’t discouraged owner Jerry Jones from spending big bucks, though. In 2009, Cowboys Stadium opened. It can hold over 110,000 people, making it the largest domed stadium in the world. It cost over one billion dollars to 8.______!

1. a) win b) lose c) play d) try
2. a) years b) old c) age d) year
3. a) good b) the best c) worse d) better
4. a) call b) calling c) phone d) name
5. a) won b) win c) lose d) play
6. a) planets b) fans c) stars d) teams
7. a) first b) last c) one d) only
8. a) do b) sell c) built d) build
               

EXAMINATION CARD №11

I. Read the text below. For questions (1-8) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds are amazing little 1._____. They are the smallest of all birds and weigh 2._____ than even a penny. The Bee Hummingbird, at barely more than two inches long, is the smallest bird in the 3._____!

Unlike most birds, hummingbirds have iridescent feathers. Iridescent feathers glitter and shine in the sun. Hummingbirds 4._____often dazzling combinations of greens and reds or greens and blues. Others are violet, orange, golden, silver or other combinations only Mother Nature could dream up. All hummingbirds have long bills to insert into flowers. Some hummingbirds 5._____special bills to fit in specific flowers. Hummingbirds are the only birds that can 6._____ backwards.

Hummingbirds are also unique among bird species in that they 7.______ nectar from flowers. You can attract hummingbirds to your yard with special feeders that are filled with sugar water. These feeders are usually bright red in 8._____ because hummingbirds are attracted to red.

1. a) animals b) birds c) fish d) insects
2. a) less b) much more c) more d) many
3. a) city b) town c) village d) world
4. a) is b) be c) are d) was
5. a) has b) have c) have had d) didn`t have
6. a) jump b) fly c) leap d) swim
7. a) try b) chose c) find d) drink
8. a) color b) shape c) length d) depth
               

 

EXAMINATION CARD №13

The California Condor

(1) The massive California Condor is one of America's largest and rarest birds. The adult is mostly black with large white wing patches and a featherless head. The color of the head can vary from white, to pink, to orange, depending on the condor's emotional state. The male condor has a tuft of black feathers extending from the base of the neck. The condor's wingspan can exceed nine feet and the average adult weighs in excess of 20 pounds.

(2) The California Condor eats carrion. It actually has no sense of smell, and finds dead animals by observing the movements of vultures and eagles. They prefer to eat large mammals such as deer, goats, horses, sheep, and even bears. The huge condor dominates other birds at carcasses, except the Golden Eagle. Condors in the wild go days or weeks without eating before gorging themselves on several pounds of dead animal.

(3) The California Condor's notoriously slow rate of reproduction has undoubtedly contributed to its population decline. Females become reproductively mature at age six, and choose a mate for life. The simple nest is built in a cave or upon a cliff and the female lays one or two eggs every other February or March. After about eight weeks, the eggs hatch. The young condors can fly after about six months.

(4) The California Condor once roamed the entire American southwest from Texas to California and into parts of northern Mexico. Today, it is restricted to designated habitats in Arizona (such as the Grand Canyon) and southern California. California Condors prefer dry, mountains habitats with large trees and scrub growth.

(5) The California Condor is one of America's most critically endangered animals. Today, there are about 300 individuals in existence, which is actually a significant improvement over the 22 individuals that were confirmed in existence in 1987.

(6) All 22 of those birds were captured and cared for in captivity that year for the purpose of saving the species from certain extinction. Although the condor was never common, populations of condors plummeted because of habitat destruction, pesticides, lead shot (which would contaminate carcasses), and electrical towers (which the birds would collide with).

(7) In a landmark effort, biologists from the San Diego Zoo initiated a captive breeding program with the condors and successfully increased their numbers to the point where some individuals could be re-released into the wild. Scientists took advantage of the condor's tendency to double clutch, or, lay another egg if the first is lost or destroyed. Newly released Condors have been trained to avoid electrical towers and people.

(8) In 2003, the first young condor fledged in the wild since 1981. Furthermore, a female Condor recently laid an egg in Mexico, marking the first time a condor has nested in Mexico since the 1930's.

a) The Habitat.

b) A Captive Breeding Program.

c) The Appearance of the California Condor.

d) The Reproduction.

e) The First Nest in Mexico since 1930`s.

f) Life in Captivity.

g) The California Condor's Diet.

h) One of America's Most Critically Endangered Animals.

               

 

EXAMINATION CARD №14

I. Read the text below. For questions (1-8) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

A Stormy Debate

One of the worst storms ever to hit the United States was Hurricane Katrina in August 2005. The storm flooded 80% of the city of New Orleans. The tsunami in the Indian Ocean in December 2004 was also a huge disaster that killed 230,000 people. But the reasons for terrible weather conditions have led to a lot of disagreement between scientists and meteorologists around the world.

Some experts say that in the past 100 years there haven’t been any real major changes in the weather. They say that harsh weather is something that occurs naturally and that it isn’t getting any worse. The reason that people think it is getting worse is due to the fact that, nowadays, there is more information on weather events around the world in newspapers, on the radio and on television.

There are, however, scientists who believe that global warming is affecting the climate. They believe that greenhouse gases are responsible for making the Earth warmer. Which theory do you agree with? The truth is, with more research and discussion into the reasons for harsh weather conditions, the brighter the world’s future will be.

1. Hurricane Katrina is…

a) a flood

b) a tsunami

c) a hurricane

d) a wildfire

2. Hurricane Katrina hit the United States in…

a) autumn

b) winter

c) spring

d) summer

3. Because of Hurricane Katrina…

a) most of New Orleans was covered with water.

b) New Orleans was hit by a tsunami.

c) New Orleans lost 80% of its water.

d) 230,000 people were killed.

4. When did the tsunami that killed 230,000 people occur?

a) in autumn of 2004

b) in winter of 2004

c) in spring of 2005

d) in summer of 2005

 

 

5. Experts around the world …

a) agree on the reasons for bad weather.

b) do not agree on the reasons for bad weather.

c) are meteorologists.

d) are changing the weather.

6. According to some scientists, in the past 100 years …

a) there are more cycles.

b) there have been more tsunamis

c) people have been watching too much television.

d) the weather has not become worse.

7. Weather is something that occurs…

a) naturally

b) unnaturally

c) uncommonly

d) frequently

8. Some scientists believe global warming …

a) is producing greenhouse gases.

b) is affecting the climate.

c) is not hurting the environment.

d) is a reason for the change in summers.

               

EXAMINATION CARD №15

I. Read the text below. For questions (1-8) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

The Story of a Teddy Bear

Have you ever thought why the popular toy bear is called a teddy bear? Here is the true story. On November 14, 1902, Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the USA wanted to relax after some hard political debates. He went on a hunting trip to a forest in Mississippi. There he saw a little bear cub, but he refused to shoot it.

Very soon journalists learned about this and one of them made a political cartoon. It showed the President and a little bear. The idea of the cartoon was to show that the President is an understanding and kind person who doesn’t make wrong decisions. The cartoon was printed in all newspapers and President Roosevelt’s popularity grew even more. For the rest of his political career little bear was the symbol of President Roosevelt. It was used during the successful election campaign of 1905.

Shop owner, Mr. Mitchom, had a clever idea. He used the cartoon as a guide to design a toy bear. He called the toy “Teddy’s Bear” (Teddy is short for Theodore). People liked the toy and bought a lot of them. It became so popular that in a year Mr. Mitchom closed his shop and founded the Ideal Novelty and Toy Company, which was the largest bear factory in the United States and still is one of the biggest toy companies in the world today.

1. Why did the President decide to go hunting?

a) He wanted to shoot a bear.

b) The President wanted to have a rest.

c) Journalists wanted to take a photo of him in the forest.

d) He wanted to see a bear cub.

2. What animal did he see in the forest?

a) an old bear

b) a fox

c) a wolf

d) a little bear

3. Why was the cartoon created?

a) to show positive qualities of the President

b) to solve political debates

c) to entertain people

d) to make money

4. Where was the cartoon printed?

a) in all books

b) in popular magazine

c) in all newspapers

d) on exercise books

 

5. What happened when the cartoon with the President was printed?

a) Theodore Roosevelt became more popular.

b) The journalist lost his job.

c) People stopped hunting bears.

d) The bear became the symbol of a newspaper.

6. What was the symbol of President Roosevelt?

a) toy bear

b) Toy Company

c) a political cartoon

d) a little bear

7. Why did Mr. Mitchom close his shop?

a) He decided to start a new business.

b) People did not want to buy things in his shop.

c) He wanted to become a politician.

d) He decided to retire.

8. What is NOT true according to the text?

a) The President went hunting in autumn.

b) The President didn’t shoot the bear.

c) Teddy is short name for Theodore.

d) Mr. Mitchom designed the toy bear before the cartoon was printed.

               

EXAMINATION CARD №16

A Good Friend

(1) Mo was waiting outside her class. She was feeling sick. She always felt sick in exam week. She had two exams that day. Physics was first and she hated physics, it was her worst subject. But this was the last day of exams! Terry looked back at her from the front of the line, then looked away quickly. Mo thought she looked guilty. She didn’t have a problem with physics. She didn’t have a problem with anything!

(2) “Hi, Mo, it’s your favourite exam today” said Nima as she arrived. Terry looked back again. “What’s wrong with her?” said Nima. “I thought you were friends.” “Yes, so did I,” said Mo. “but she hasn’t spoken to me for two weeks.” She promised to help me revise for the physics exam, but then she ignored all my calls and texts. And when I rang her house, her mum told me she was busy. She doesn’t remember who her friends are!” said Mo angrily. “Are you listening Maureen Quinn?” Mr. Reed was talking to the class and the other students were going into the exam room. Mo gave Nima a worried look and followed them.

(3) Mo couldn’t answer question number five, it was too difficult. She looked up and saw Terry sitting in the next row. Mo was surprised. Terry was holding her phone under the table and she was reading from it. Mo didn’t know what to think. Is that how Terry always got good grades? She felt really angry at Terry but didn’t know what to do. She thought about telling the teacher, but what would everyone else think of her? It wasn’t fair! Mo never cheated and she failed lots of exams.

(4) Terry had already put her phone away when Mo looked up again. She looked back at Mo and smiled sadly. “Stop writing and put your pens down” said Mr. Reed as he started to collect the exam papers. Oh no, Mo hadn’t answered two of the questions. She was going to fail again!

(5) Mo wanted to talk to Terry at lunch time, but she couldn’t find her in the dining hall. The next exam was history. That was Mo’s favourite subject but she didn’t feel good. She was angry with Terry. Nima went home for lunch every day, so she couldn’t talk to her either. Mo went to the library to study. She didn’t know what to do about Terry. She thought about telling a teacher, but everyone would hate her if she did that. “It wasn’t fair!” she thought. “Terry was getting good grades by cheating all that time. And I thought we were friends!” Just then, Mr. Reed walked past her table. “Mr Reed...”

(6) Mo was sitting behind Terry again in the history exam that afternoon, but Terry didn’t take her phone out. Maybe she didn’t need to cheat at history. Mo was feeling bad again, but she had no problems with the exam. Why did she tell Mr. Reed? But it was too late now. He wanted her to look at him and nod if she saw that Terry had her phone in the exam. She was on the last question, when she saw that Terry had her phone under the table.

(7) Without thinking, Mo looked up and nodded to Mr. Reed. Terry was looking at her phone and didn’t hear him as he walked silently up to her table. He didn’t say anything. Terry looked, surprised. He picked up her exam paper and pointed to the door, to tell Terry to go outside. Terry started crying as she walked to the door. Everyone was staring at her and Mo felt really sorry now.

(8) She was leaving school, when she heard footsteps behind her. It was Terry. “Mo, wait!” she called. “I want to talk to you.” Mo could see Terry had been crying, her face was pale and her eyes were red. Mo couldn’t speak. “Listen, I’m really sorry I didn’t answer your calls, but we’re having terrible time. My dad had a heart attack and he’s in hospital. He had a big operation today and I was very worried. I know it was stupid, but I was reading texts from my mum to see how it was going, but Mr. Reed caught me. He thought I was cheating. But he believes me now. I’m sorry I didn’t tell you what was happening. I know you’re a good friend. Will you forgive me?”

a) Lunch Time.

b) Difficult Question.

c) Too Late for Turning Back.

d) The Last Day of Exams.

e) Terrible Time.

f) Terry`s Crying.

g) A Worried Look.

h) Collecting of the Exam Papers.







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