What does the G8 agenda deal with?



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

What does the G8 agenda deal with?



1. The G8 agenda is based on early warning and prevention of potential conflicts; observing elections and providing advice on human rights, democracy and law.

2. The functions of the G8 agenda are to provide and defend against any threat to a NATO member stale and contribute to crisis management and conflict prevention.

3. A wide range of foreign affairs and international issues are included into the G8 agenda.

 

ВАРИАНТ 2

I. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе (б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций.

а) 1. Mr. Brown gave a lecture yesterday.

2. The parents have promised the child a nice present.

 

б) 1. Morning papers are sold every day.

2. We were woken up by the noise in the street this morning.

 

II. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните Participle I и Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Having read the book I return it to the library.

2. This book discussed at the lessons yesterday deals with the problem of war.

3. Smiling happily he held out his hand.

4. While running, the sportsman tried to breathe regularly.

 

III. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. You should not have bought the book.

2. She can’t come tomorrow because they will be working the whole day.

3. Your hair is getting rather thin, sir, may I advise to change your parting?

4. We were to wait for them at the door.

 

IV. Прочтите и устно переведите с 1-го по 3-й абзацы текста. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2-й и 3-й абзацы.

 

Пояснения к тексту

1. to occur [\Çk±:] случаться, происходить
     
2. to ban [b¾n] запрещать
     
3. increase [Ç”nkri:s] рост, увеличение
     
4. increasingly [”nÇkri:si÷li] все больше и больше
     
5. to take up [ÇteikÈÃp] браться за; продолжать
     
6. to be puzzled [ÇpÃzld] быть озадаченным
     
7. to give up [ÇýivÈÃp] бросать
     
8. to disapprove of [Çd”s\Çpru:v \v] не одобрять; неодобрительно относиться к ...

FUTILE EFFORTS OF ANTI-SMOKING CAMPAIGNS

1. The World Health Organization reports that 3,5 million people die every year from tobacco related diseases. Half of these deaths occurs in industrial countries. Anti-smoking campaigns have been started in most developed countries - banning tobacco advertising in the mass media, increasing cigarette taxes and requiring health warnings on cigarette packages.

2. For the first time in a quarter of a century the number of women smoking is on an increase. Statistics show that it’s the youngest women who are increasingly taking up the habit.

3. The habit is on an increase among teenage girls while it is falling in all other groups of the population. Now almost one in three girls of school-leaving age are smokers. Teenage girls who smoke believe cigarettes help keep them slim, make them look grown-up and control stress, health experts say. And while they know the risks to their future health, they would still rather smoke.

4. Health experts are puzzled as to why the anti-tobacco message is not reaching them. Dr. Anne Charlton said «We do not really know why they keep taking up smoking when every one is giving up.» Teenage girls are twice as likely to start smoking if one of their parents is a smoker. They probably have a best friend who smokes and parents who do not disapprove of their taking up the habit. They are more likely to leave school at 16.

 

V. Прочтите 4-й абзац текста и вопрос к нему. Из приведенных вариантов ответа укажите номер предложения, содержащего правильный ответ на поставленный вопрос:

What puzzles health experts about teenage smoking?

1. Teenage girls smoke because they think that smoking helps to keep downweight.

2. Teenage girls are more likely to take up smoking when they start a career in hairdressing.

3. Inability of the anti-tobacco message to reach those who smoke.

 

ВАРИАНТ 3

I. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе (б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций.

а) 1. The explorers gave the newspaper reporters a long interview.

 

 

2. When we were playing in the yard yesterday, it suddenly started raining heavily.

 

 

б) 1. The question will be settled as soon as they arrive.

 

 

2. This mountain has never been climbed before.

 

II. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните Participle I и Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. The letters received today must be answered immediately.

 

2. The man standing there is our manager.

 

3. Not knowing him well I didn’t nod.

 

4. The audience impressed by the acting repeatedly called the actors.

 

III. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. She can speak English quite well but she can’t write it at all.

 

2. You might have opened the door for me.

 

3. You will have to read this book again.

 

4. It must have been raining when you left.

 

IV. Прочтите и устно переведите с 1-го по 3-й абзацы текста. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2-й и 3-й абзацы.

Пояснения к тексту

1. to ascertain   устанавливать, выяснять
     
2. to assume   допускать, предполагать
     
3. kin   родня, родственник
     
4. masonry   каменная кладка
     
5. devastation   опустошение, разорение
     
6. to emerge   появляться
     
7. fortification   укрепление  
8. legacy   наследство, наследие
     
9. to imprint   оставлять след, запечатлевать

Tourist information

1. Nesvizh is one of the most ancient historical and cultural centres of Belarus, a memorial town. The exact date of its foundation has not been ascertained yet. It can be assumed that Nyesvizh already existed in the 13 th century as the centre of the principality. Between 1432 and 1513 it was owned by the Belarussian kin of Kishka.

 

2. After it had become the residence of the magnates Radzivil, Nyesvizh changed significantly. In fact, a new fortress town emerged, a town corresponding to the highest standards of the time regarding the art of fortification.

 

3. Magnificent monumental masonry buildings - essential for the defence of the town - were erected. In the centuries to come, during the years of war and adversity, the town was subject to fire and devastation. The most notable damaged or destroyed buildings were repeatedly renovated and reconstructed. Signs of Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, classical styles indicate that construction was carried out in many stages.

 

4. The architectural legacy of the 16 th century has been preserved to our time. The monuments of old times reflect the town history, in wood and stone they imprint for ages the inexhaustible talent of creative nation. The architectural monuments in Nyesvizh are a valuable contribution made by the Belarusian and other European nations to the common treasure-house of world cultural legacy.

 

 

V. Прочтите 4-й абзац текста и вопрос к нему. Из приведенных вариантов ответа укажите номер предложения, содержащего правильный ответ на поставленный вопрос:

What do the architectural monuments, which have been preserved to

Our time, imprint?

1. ... the architectural legacy of the 16 th century.

2. ... a valuable contribution made by the Belarusian and other European nations to the common treasure-house of world cultural legacy.

3. ... the inexhaustible talent of creative nation.

ВАРИАНТ 4

I. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе (б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций.

a) 1. We have already come to a definite conclusion.

2. It’s raining hard today, and the children are playing inside all the time.

 

б) 1. «Airport» was written by Arthur Hailey.

2. The house will be surrounded by the garden.

 

II. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните Participle I и Participle II и установите функции каждого из них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Having run a long distance the sportsman was tired.

2. Barking dogs seldom bite.

3. The broken cup was on the floor.

4. I have known him for three years.

 



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