What does Lexicology, a brunch of linguistics study?



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What does Lexicology, a brunch of linguistics study?



Test on English Lexicology

Variant 1

What does Lexicology, a brunch of linguistics study?

A)It is the study of sentences.

B)It is the study of words.
C)It is the study of definitions.

D)It is the study of aspects.

E)It is the study of sounds.

2. The conversion, derivation and composition are ... .
A. the productive ways of word-building.
B. the productive ways of producing new words.
C. the productive ways of forming new meanings.
D. the productive ways of developing the language.
E. the productiveways of forming the vocabulary.

3. Context is ___

A) the minimal stretch of speech determining each individual meaning of the word

B) the transference based on similarity of meanings

C) the transference based on contiguity of meaning

D) the language unit which is used to identify the meaning

E) the restriction of meaning

Define the way the following words have been created: ping-pong, chit-chat, rift-raft

A) by means of conversion

B) by means of reduplication

C) by means of blending

D) by means of shortening

E) by means of compounding

5.The major types of word-formation are ___

A) motivation, morpheme, conversion

B) stress-interchange, compound words, reduplication

C) notional , root words

D) affixation, back-formation, sound-interchange

E) affixation, compound words, conversion

6. The reasons of appearing of contrastive methods are the following ____

A) as the extension and restriction of the meanings as the result of semantic change

B) as the elevation and lowering of meaning as the result of semantic change

C) as the result of the practical demands of language teaching methodology and to compare the investigations of two languages

D) as the result of the level of borrowings from different languages

E) as the result of newly developed word stock of the languages

7.Informal vocabulary is traditionally divided into___

A) slang, dialect and colloquial words

B) learned, fiction and poetry words

C) notional and functional words

D) root or morpheme words

E) dialect, bookish and learned words

8.The stem is ____

A) the smallest language unit which can stand alone as a complete utterance

B) the part of the word which remains unchanged throughout the paradigm of the word

C) the smallest meaningful unit of a form

D) the word form in which the notion denoted is expressed in the most abstract way

E) an autonomous unit of a language in which a particular meaning is associated with a particular sound complex

9. Metonymy is ____

A) the minimal stretch of speech determining each individual meaning of the word

B) the transference based on similarity of meanings

C) the transference based on contiguity of meaning

D) the language unit which is used to identify the meaning

E) the restriction of meaning

10. External structure of the word is ___

A) the semantic structure

B) the morphological structure

C) the compound-derived structure

D) the simple structure

E) the stylistic structure

This type of meaning is defined as information conveyed from the speaker to the listener in the process of communication

A) special or denotational

B) analytical or referential

C) functional or contextual

D) operational or information-oriented

E) general or extended

12.Find the synonymic dominant in the following series of synonyms:

A) to shine

B) to flash

C) to blaze

D) to gleam

E) to glister

The words which are grouped according to the root morpheme or common suffix or prefix

A) root or morpheme words

B) compound words

C) word-families

D) notional words

E) functional words

14. Homonyms proper are words _____

A) identical in meaning but different in spelling

B) different in sound and in meaning but identical in spelling

C) identical in sound form and spelling

D) of the same sound but different spelling and meaning

E) of the same origin and distribution

Which of the following dictionaries are General?

A) abbreviations, antonyms, borrowings

B) etymological, frequency, phonetic, rhyming

C) slang, dialect, phrases

D) American, Australian, Canadian

E) toponymy, homonymy, synonymy

16. Parts of speech most antonyms are made of ___

A) nouns and adverbs

B) adjectives and verbs

C) adverbs and conjunctions

D) nouns and verbs

E) prepositions and numerals

17.Formal vocabulary is traditionally divided into___

A) slang, dialect and colloquial words

B) learned, fiction and poetry words

C) notional and functional words

D) root or morpheme words

E) dialect, bookish and learned words

18. The emotive charge and the stylistic value of the word is called ____

A) denotational meaning

B) grammatical meaning

C) part-of-speech meaning

D) lexical meaning

E) connotational meaning

19. Compound-derived words _____

A) consist of two or more root morphemes, one or more affixes and an inflexion

B) consist of one root morpheme and an inflexion

C) consist of one root morpheme, one or several affixes and an inflexion

D) consist of two or more root morphemes and an inflexion

E) consist of two root morphemes and one affix

20. Phraseological units are ____

A) any elements can by substituted of a language

B) stable, fixed, ready-made units

C) inner forms of the word

D) units of thinking

E) the smallest meaningful language forms

21. Extra-linguistic causes are ____

A) various changes in the life of speech community, changes in extralinguistic world

B) factors acting within the language system or through the influence of other words

C) similarity of meanings which appear as a result of associating two objects

D) contiguity of meaning which appear as the semantic process of associating two referents one of which makes part of the other

E) restriction of meaning or narrowing of meaning

22. Formal vocabulary is traditionally divided into___

A) slang, dialect and colloquial words

B) learned, fiction and poetry words

C) notional and functional words

D) root or morpheme words

E) dialect, bookish and learned words

23. Translation dictionaries are ___

A) are dictionaries which have collections of idiomatic or colloquial phrases

B) are dictionaries containing vocabulary items in one language and their equivalents in another language

C) are dictionaries provide information on all aspects of the lexical units entered

D) are dictionaries which reflect the continuous growth of the English language

E) are dictionaries which contain elements from areas of substandard speech such as vulgarisms, jargonisms, taboo words, curse words, colloquialisms

24.According to the similarity of meaning vocabulary can be divided into ____

A) synonyms and antonyms

B) homonyms

C) motivation and context

D) paradigmatic and syntagmatic

E) phraseological units and collocations

25.Free lexical morphemes are ____

A) inflexions

B) function words

C) affixes

D) roots

E) compound words

 

 

Test on English Lexicology

Variant 2

Define the way the following words have been created: phone, fridge, O.K., exam

A) by means of conversion

B) by means of reduplication

C) by means of blending

D) by means of shortening

E) by means of compounding

12. Homophones are words _____

A) identical in meaning but different in spelling

B) different in sound and in meaning but identical in spelling

C) identical in sound form and spelling

D) of the same sound but different spelling and meaning

E) of the same spelling and different pronunciation

13.Main types of connotations are ___

A) functional, referential, operational

B) dialect, slang, colloquial words

C) stylistic, emotional, evaluative, expressive

D) formal, informal, functional

E) linguistic, non-linguistic, verbal

Comparison: like as

A) peas

B) bears

C) twins

D) nuts

E) cucumbers

Empty words or auxiliaries which are used only in combination with notional words

A) root or morpheme words

B) compound words

C) word-families

D) notional words

E) functional or form words

 

 

Test on English Lexicology

Variant 3

Find out the classification type of antonyms from the variants

A) proper, full, partial

B) absolute, semantic, stylistic

C) absolute or root, derivational

D) lexical, stylistic, semantic

E) notional, functional

Test on English Lexicology

Variant 4

 

Choose the name of a scholar who suggested the classification of phraseological units as collocations, fusions and unities

A) A.V.Koonin

B) V.V.Vinogradov

C) L.P.Smith

D) A.I.Smirnitsky

E) A.I.Arnold

 

 

Test on English Lexicology

Variant 5

1. All morphemes are subdivided into two large classes:....and....

A.stems and roots.

B.roots and suffixes.

C.suffixes and affixes.

D.roots and affixes.

E.prefixes and affixes.

Test on English Lexicology

Variant 1

What does Lexicology, a brunch of linguistics study?

A)It is the study of sentences.

B)It is the study of words.
C)It is the study of definitions.

D)It is the study of aspects.

E)It is the study of sounds.

2. The conversion, derivation and composition are ... .
A. the productive ways of word-building.
B. the productive ways of producing new words.
C. the productive ways of forming new meanings.
D. the productive ways of developing the language.
E. the productiveways of forming the vocabulary.

3. Context is ___

A) the minimal stretch of speech determining each individual meaning of the word

B) the transference based on similarity of meanings

C) the transference based on contiguity of meaning

D) the language unit which is used to identify the meaning

E) the restriction of meaning



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