Text A. -In the Course Director’s Office-- --



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Text A. -In the Course Director’s Office-- --



------"Come in, Rosa!"

Mary Palmer is sitting at her desk in the Course Director’s office at The English Language College. She is expecting Rosa.

"Angela tells me that you want to change your class. There are only five students in your present class so you have a good opportunity to practise your pronunciation. Do you really want to move to a class with eleven other students?"

Rosa answers Mrs Palmer’s question very carefully.

"It’s true that I have a lot of speaking time in my present class, but I’m becoming bored. The teacher speaks very clearly, but the book is always the same and the other students are very slow."

Mrs Palmer can see that Rosa really wants to change, but she must be careful. She doesn’t want all the students to change their classes.

"Well, it’s possible to move you up to the next level. There’s just one place in that class. You’ll need to learn a lot of new words and the grammar is much more difficult. How often do you use the Study Centre?"

The English Language College has three special rooms where students can practise after school. The Study Centre contains a language laboratory, a video room and a modern library with cassette players and computers. Many students use the rooms every day, but Rosa has to look after Elisabeth and David.

"I can only use the Study Centre on Friday afternoons. On other days, I have to arrive home before three o’clock to help my English family!" answers Rosa.

"O.K." says Mrs Palmer, "you can move to Room 11 after coffee, but I want you to practise in the Study Centre every Friday afternoon!"

Rosa is very happy to change class, but now she has to work every afternoon. When can she visit Arturo’s flat? When can she hear his CDs?

Exercise 1.

· Read the text and find sentences describing:

c) The reason Rosa wants to change her class; b) Mrs Palmer’s reaction to Rosa’s request (прохання); c) Mrs Palmer’s decision.

Exercise 2.

· Do the following:

a) Write a list of special rooms a good Study Centre should contain.

b) Write the names of three things that make you bored.

c) Write the names of things you need to practise your pronunciation.

 

Exercise 3.

· Answer the following questions in writing:

Would you prefer to study in a class of 5 or 12 students?

Which is the most important – the teacher, or the course book, or the other students in the class? Give your reasons.

Would you prefer a class which is a little too easy, or a little too difficult? Explain your choice.

Are you a quick or slow learner?

Is it always useful to learn a foreign language from a native speaker?

· Agree or disagree with the following statements. Explain your choice.

When learning a foreign language first learn the pronunciation.

A good computer course will replace (замінить) a teacher.

 

Basic Patterns

Rosa is very happy to change class. Роза радіє, що може перейти в іншу групу.

You are free to do anything you like. Ви можете робити все, що вам заманеться.

 

Exercise 4.

· Translate the following sentences into Ukrainian. Explain why you think your translation is correct:

She was happy to be in the company of that famous movie star.

He was surprised to learn how much his wife had spent on clothes.

It will be bad manners to leave the party now.

She is pleasant to look at, but she isn’t easy to get on with.

· Ask other students:

Is it good manners to drink coke in class?

Text B.Miraculous Gift of Languages

Ármin Vámbéry (1832 –1913) was a great Hungarian scientist, diplomat and traveler. He wasborn on the territory of modern-day Slovakia, and he could speak Hungarian, Slovakian and German since early childhood. Then he learned other European languages, including Danish and Swedish, Latin and French, English and Russian, Serbian and Greek. Vámbérytraveled to Constantinople and learned Turkish so well that people around him were sure he was a Turk.

Vámbéry came from a poor family. He went to the village school in his native town until the age of twelve and showed a remarkable talent for languages. He had to leave school because of (через) financial difficulties. In 1846, he went to Pressburg (today Bratislava). Later he studied at Vienna and Budapest.

The young linguist was especially attracted by the literature and culture of the Ottoman Empire including Turkey. In Constantinople, Vámbéry became a private tutor of European languages at the palace of the Sultan, and served as secretary to Fuat Pasha. About this time (приблизно в цей час) he was elected a corresponding member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences for his translations of Ottoman historians and many linguistic works.

He also learned some (близько) twenty (!) other Ottoman languages and dialects. In 1861, disguised (переодягнений) as a Muslim dervish (дервішізбірна назва для мусульманських аскетичних сект), and under the name of Reshit Efendi, he set out from Constantinople. His route lay from Trebizond on the Black Sea to Tehran in Persia, where he joined a group of pilgrims (паломників) returning from Mecca, spending several months with them traveling across Central Iran. He then went to Shiraz, through Isfahan, and in June, 1863, he reached Khiva (Central Asia).

Throughout this time, Vámbéry’s life was always in danger, but nobody guessed that he was not a Turk and not a Muslim. In Khiva, Vámbéry met with the local khan. Together with his group of travelers, he then crossed Bukhara and arrived at Samarkand. Then he joined a caravan to Tehran, and from there, in March 1864, he came back to Constantinople.

This was the first journey of its kind undertaken (здійснена) by a Western European. Vámbéry returned to Europe in 1864. That following year, he paid a visit to London, where he was greeted like a hero. Returning to Hungary, Vámbéry was appointed professor of Oriental languages at the University of Budapest in 1865, retiring in 1905.

In 2005 the National Archives in Great Britain made some files accessible to the public, and it became known that Vámbéry had been employed by the British Foreign Office (Міністерство закордонних справ) as a secret agent whose task it was to get information about the political situation in Turkey and Central Asia.

Unit 9

 

Text A. -First Lesson in a New Class-----

---There are now two Spanish students in Anne Evan’s class – Arturo from the north of Spain and Rosa from Madrid. Anne is happy to have twelve students because they can all do pairwork! Rosa is happy because the level is more difficult. On the board, there is a list of irregular verbs in the Past Simple:

1. lost 8. came 15. became
2. felt 9. went 16. hid
3. saw 10. were 17. lay
4. said 11. ate 18. stood
5. led 12. heard 19. woke up
6. was 13. got out 20. told
7. rang 14. had  

Anne gives her students very clear instructions:

"I’d like Rosa to sit next to Yukiko so that we’ve got six pairs. You all have a copy of the list of words on the board. I’m going to tell you a short story. Listen carefully and tick (відзначайте) the words you hear."

Rosa does not have a copy of the word list, but Yukiko is very kind. The two students share one photocopy (ксерокопія). They do not disturb their teacher.

Anne starts her story:

"Yesterday, on my way home from school, I lost all my money. Suddenly, I felt very hungry, but at the same moment I saw an interesting sign. It said: FREE FOOD, THIS WAY! The sign led to a nice restaurant, but it was closed. I rang the door bell. Nobody came so I went inside. On the first table, there were three plates of sushi. I ate two of them. Then I heard the noise of a taxi. A large man got out. He had two glasses of sake in his hands. I became afraid and hid under the table.

I lay there for nearly an hour while the large man stood by the door. Then I woke up. The man by the door was my husband. He told me that it was morning and that I was in my own bedroom. In his hands, he had two cups of strong, black coffee."

Anne is a good teacher and her lessons have a lot of variety. The students have to tell the same story again to their pairwork partners, but first they have to ask questions in the Past Simple. Anne is listening carefully to her new student. She tells Rosa that there are two types of questions with the words WHO, WHAT, HOW MUCH and HOW MANY. Then she writes some examples on the board for all the class to see:

Who lost all her money? Anne did.

Who got out of the taxi? A large man did.

How many glasses of sake did he have? Two.

What did Anne lose? All her money.

How much sushi did Anne eat? A lot.

 

Exercise 1.

· Read the text and find sentences describing:

d) Rosa’s feeling about the new class; b) Anne Evan’s teaching skill; c) food and drinks.

Exercise 2.

· Do the following:

a) Write a list of 10 Past Tense verb forms.

b) Then use the verb forms to write a short story.

c) Give the base form of these Past Tense verb forms: lost, felt, saw, said, led, was, rang, came, became, went, were, ate, heard, got, had, hid, lay, stood, woke, told.

 

Exercise 3.

· Answer the following questions in writing. Give short answers:

Who gives her students very clear instructions?

What doesn’t Rosa have?

How many students are there in Anne’s class?

Who is listening carefully to her new student?

Who has to tell the same story again?

How long did Anne stay under the table?

How many examples did the teacher write on the board?

· Agree or disagree with the following statements. Explain your choice.

English grammar is difficult.

Japanese food is awful.

Basic Patterns

He told me that I was in my own flat. Він сказав мені, що я перебуваю у своїй власній квартирі.

He said he loved me. Він сказав, що кохає мене.

 

Exercise 4.

· Translate the following sentences into Ukrainian. Explain why you think your translation is correct:

Alan said that he was looking for Helen.

She told me she was getting married next June.

She thought she could swim well.

She explained she was tired.

· Translate into English:

Усі вважали, що Мері кохає Джона.

Він сказав, що збирається йти додому.

Секретарка пояснила, що директор у відпустці.



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