ТОП 10:

Кафедра английского языка естественнонаучных



Российской Федерации

ОРЕНБУРГСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ

Кафедра английского языка естественнонаучных

И инженерно- технических специальностей

Зеленцова Е.Н.

“Наш университет”

Методические указания

Оренбург, 2008

УДК 802.0 (076.5)

ББК 81.2 Англ я 73

3 48

 

 

Рецензент

Кандидат педагогических наук, доцент Богомолова А.Ю.

 

 

3 48 Зеленцова Е.Н.

«Наш университет»: Методические указания по английскому языку. – Оренбург: ОГУ, 2008 – 19с.

Методические указания представляют собой подборку текстов по теме «Университет» и систему упражнений к ним. Они предназначены для студентов 1 курса всех специальностей. Все упражнения рассчитаны на развитие речевых навыков и умений и способствуют достижению основных целей обучения иностранному языку студентов неязыковых специальностей.

 

 

Содержание

Введение……………………………………………………………4

1. Vocabulary………………………………………………………5

2. The history of the Orenburg State University …………………...7

3. Orenburg State University……………………………………….7

4. Faculties of the OSU……………………………………………..9

5. Grammar exercises………………………………………………11

6. Texts for additional reading…………………………………… 13

7. Список использованных источников………………………… 17

 

Введение

Методические указания представляют собой подборку текстов по теме «Университет» и систему упражнений к ним. Они предназначены для студентов 1 курса всех специальностей. Все упражнения рассчитаны на развитие речевых навыков и умений и способствуют достижению основных целей обучения иностранному языку студентов неязыковых специальностей.

 

 

Vocabulary

 

reign царствование

empress императрица

to conceive задумывать

cross-road перекрёсток

at the cross-roads на распутье

route путь, дорога, маршрут

boundary граница

to thrive процветать, преуспевать

diverse разнообразный, разный

to celebrate праздновать, отмечать

chapel часовня

branch филиал, отделение

to pray молиться

prayer молебен

to devote посвящать, уделять

to take place иметь место, происходить, случаться

to arrange устраивать

dean декан

participation участие, соучастие

campus территория университета с учебными и

вспомогательными постройками

full – time department дневное отделение

day – time department

part –time department вечернее отделение

extra mural department

correspondence department заочное отделение

academic year учебный год

to attend посещать

to equip оснащать, оборудовать

device прибор, устройство

access доступ

to include включать

to divided into делить на

to complete завершать, заканчивать

on completion по окончании

highly qualified (skilled) высококвалифицированный

vast обширный

equipment оборудование

appealing привлекательный

feature особенность, признак

hostel общежитие

chair кафедра

dean’s office деканат

post-graduate course аспирантура

graduation thesis (diploma paper) дипломная работа

higher education высшее образование

secondary education среднее образование

course of education (of study) курс обучения

a first-year student первокурсник

a second-year student второкурсник

to make exam держать экзамен

to pass exam сдать экзамен

to fail in exam не выдержать экзамен

to attend lectures посещать лекции

to take notes on a lecture записывать лекцию

to miss lecture пропускать лекцию

get grant получать стипендию

 

1.1 Find equivalents :

a first-year student перекрёсток

on completion деканат

correspondence department посещать лекции

hostel первокурсник

to attend lectures доктор наук

chair по завершении

dean’s office общежитие

cross-road заочное отделение

Doctors of Sciences кафедра

 

1.2 Find antonyms:

to begin to graduate

to enter long

young to give

large new

to open to finish

quick old

short small

old to close

to take slow

 

Find synonymies

new to start

large much

to begin to make

to build to enter

to speak modern

to come into big

to do major

many to construct

main to talk

 

Read the text.

The history of the Orenburg State University

 

Orenburg State University is situated in one of the most amazing cities of Russia. During the reign of the empress Anne (1730-1740) the city was conceived as "a window to Asia", and located at the cross-roads of trade routes between Europe and Asia. There is a geographic boundary between Europe and Asia.

The history of the Orenburg Region is interesting and unique. It is a thriving, ethnically diverse community of over two million people. Orenburg offers numerous places of interest such as museums, theaters, restaurants, parks, etc.

One of the youngest and most dynamically developing universities of Russia – Orenburg State University is situated in the Orenburg Region.

In 1955 Kuybishev’s Industrial Institute opened it’s evening department in Orenburg with the first enrolment of 100 students. The department offered only two degree courses: "Mechanical engineering technology, metal-cutting technology and equipment" and "Electric power supply of industrial and technological complexes".

In 1965 students were offered day-time courses.

In 1971 Orenburg branch of Kuybishev’s Polytechnic Institute got the status of Orenburg Polytechnic Institute.

In 1994 Orenburg Polytechnic Institute became Orenburg State Technical University.

In 1996 Orenburg State Technical University got the status of Orenburg State University on January, 25.

Since 1996 Saint Tatiana’s day (25th of January) has been celebrated as OSU’s Foundation Day.Saint Tatiana's Day starts with a public prayer at the Chapel of Saint Tatiana. Then OSU Rector gives a briefing to the regional and city mass media about the events that took place at OSU during the previous year. The second half of the day is devoted to the ceremonial meeting of the OSU Academic Council. To crown it all a gala concert is arranged by the Students' Center "Russia" with deans, faculty members and students participation.

 

Tell about the history of the Orenburg State University.

Read the text.

 

Orenburg State University

Nowadays Orenburg State University is one of the biggest classical universities in Russia. It is the largest educational, scientific and industrial center with a powerful development potential.

The university campus is about 291 000 square meters. It consists of about 40 buildings including 16 teaching blocks, 5 hostels, the palace of culture “Russia”, the palace of sport “Penguin”, new fundamental electronic library and many others. The head of the University is Rector.

There are 16 faculties (for example Faculty of natural science, Faculty of information technologies, Faculty of food production, Faculty of architecture and

Civil engineering, Transport Faculty and others); 4 Institutes (Aerospace Institute); 6 regional branches; 5 colleges; 2 lyceums at the OSU. Each Faculty has a number of specialized departments and headed by dean.

The University has a full – time, part –time and correspondence department. It trains specialists in about 120 specialties. The course of study lasts 5-6 years. During the academic year students attend lectures and practical classes and do laboratory works. Most of laboratories are equipped with modern devices and computers. The development of information technologies at the University began nearly 30 years ago with its first computers. Nowadays the number of University computers is up to 1500. Over 80% of computers are used for educational purpose. Over 500 computers have an access to the Internet. The powerful system of network technologies at the OSU includes: Center of Information Technologies, Internet Center, Modern Information Technologies in Education.

The academic year is divided into 2 terms: from September to January and from February to July. At the end of each term student take their tests and examinations. If the results of the examinations are good students get grants. On completion of studies the student presents a graduation thesis (diploma paper) and passes final state examinations. Students take an active part in research works. After graduating from the University students can continue their studies at the post-graduate course.

A highly qualified teaching staff and scientists from the leading research and educational establishments of Russia, vast stock of modern educational literature and equipment, computer rooms and laboratories, huge research potential, active innovation policy are some of the most appealing features of studying at OSU.

 

 

3.1 Answer the following questions:

 

1. What university do you study at?

2. What faculty do you study at?

3. What can you say about University campus?

4. How many faculties and Institutes are there at the University?

5. What departments does the University have?

6. What do students do during the academic year?

7. What can you say about development of information technologies?

8. What is your future specialty?

 

3.2 Look through the text and find English equivalents for the following word combinations:

- научный и промышленный центр

- территория университета

- очное отделение

- заочное отделение

- готовить специалистов

- курс обучения

- посещать лекции и практические занятия

- развитие информационных технологий

- доступ в Интернет

- представлять дипломную работу

- сдавать государственные экзамены

- принимать активное участие

- продолжить обучение в аспирантуре

- высоко-квалифицированный преподавательский состав

- современная образовательная литература

 

Retell the text.

 

 

4. Read the information about some Faculties of Orenburg State University:

 

1. One of the oldest faculties is the Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering. The following degree courses are available: design, industrial and civil construction engineering, building material technology, heat-gas supply and ventilation, real estate management, city cadastre, architecture, architecture environment design, and automobile roads, airdrome.

The Faculty offers its programs through its 7 departments: construction technologies, building structures, building materials and structures, automobile roads, architecture and design, hydromechanics and heat engineering, descriptive geometry and computer graphic.

All lecturers hold advanced degrees in the fields of construction engineering and design. There are three Doctors of technical sciences, six members of Russian Design Union, three members of Architects Union, four members of Russian Painters Union at the faculty.

2. Transport faculty trains specialists in the following specialties: Standardization and certification; Automotive engineering; Vehicle and mechanical equipment maintenance, Transport service, Road traffic organization and safety and Environmental protection management.

The Faculty has modern training laboratory base. Nine Doctors of Sciences, Professors and thirty-one Candidates of Sciences work at the Faculty Departments. The graduates of Transport Faculty easily find jobs in many industries.

3. The Faculty of Information Technologies through the Departments of Applied Computer Science, Computer and Automation Systems Software, Computers and Instrument Making, and Information Science offers the following degree programs: Applied computer science (in economics), Information systems and technologies, Computing machinery complexes, systems and networks; Computer and automation systems software, Radio-electronic equipment production technology and design, and Information science.

There are 10 computer classes, laboratories and teleconferencing rooms.

4. The Faculty of Power and Electrical Engineering trains specialists in the following specialties: electric power stations, electric power supply, electro-mechanics, electrical transport, electric drive and automation of industrial and technological complexes, industrial electronics, enterprises energy supply.

The Faculty has the following Departments: Industrial enterprises electric power supply, Electro-mechanics, Computer-aided electro-drive, Industrial electronics and measuring equipment and Theoretical and general electro-mechanics.

Highly qualified candidates and doctors of sciences work at the Faculty integrating theory and practice through close cooperation with leading regional industrial enterprises.

5. The Faculty of food production was organized in 1974. It offers the following degree programs: grain storage and processing technology, food industry machinery and equipment, chemical industry machinery and equipment, small enterprises food engineering, bread, confectionery and macaroni production technology, brewing and wine production technology, infant and functional nutrition production technology, public catering products production technology, meat and meat products production technology, and milk products production technology.

Practical classes and laboratory works are connected with technological processes. The students of this Faculty get practices on the food enterprises of Orenburg. Five Doctors of Sciences, Professors and twenty-three Candidates of Sciences work at the Faculty Departments.

 

Grammar exercises

5.1 Make these sentences in Past Indefinite and Future Indefinite using the words last/next week; last/next year; tomorrow; yesterday etc.

1. We are students of Orenburg State University.

2. You are late for a lecture.

3. Students have five exams in January.

4. We have some English magazines.

5. There is a large reading-room in our University.

6. There are twenty students in our group.

7. We study six days a week.

8. I go to the University every day.

9. My friend lives in s hostel.

10. We have four lectures every day.

 

5.2 Give the correct form of the verbs to be, to have.

1. There … many Universities in Russia.

2. Orenburg State University … one of the biggest classical universities in Russia.

3. OSU … founded in 1971.

4. The University … a full – time, part –time and correspondence department.

5. In 1965 students … offered day-time courses.

6. The university campus … about 291 000 square meters.

7. There … laboratories, workshops, new library, the palace of culture and sport in our University.

8. There … 16 faculties at the Orenburg State University.

9. Most of laboratories … equipped with modern devices.

10.The library … a great number of books and magazines in all brunches of science and technology.

 

 

Read the text

Oxford

Oxford is a unique and historic institution. As the oldest English-speaking university in the world, it lays claim to eight centuries of continuous existence. There is no clear date of foundation, but teaching existed at Oxford in some form in 1096 and developed rapidly from 1167, when Henry II banned English students from attending the University of Paris.

In 1188, the historian, Gerald of Wales, gave a public reading to the assembled Oxford dons and in 1190 the arrival of Emo of Friesland, the first known overseas student, initiated the University's tradition of international scholarship. By 1201, the University was headed by a magister scolarum Oxonie, on whom the title of Chancellor was conferred in 1214, and in 1231 the masters were recognized as a universities or corporation.

In the late 17th century, the Oxford philosopher John Locke, suspected of treason, was forced to flee the country. The 18th century, when Oxford was said to have forsaken port for politics, was also an era of scientific discovery and religious revival. Edmund Halley, Professor of Geometry, predicted the return of the comet that bears his name; John and Charles Wesley's prayer meetings laid the foundations of the Methodist Society.

The University assumed a leading role in the Victorian era, especially in religious controversy.

From 1878, academic halls were established for women, who became members of the University in 1920. Since 1974, all but one of Oxford's 39 colleges have changed their statutes to admit both men and women. St Hilda's remains the only women's college.

Oxford is an independent and self-governing institution, consisting of the central University and the Colleges.

The Colleges, though independent and self-governing, form a core element of the University, to which they are related in a federal system, not unlike the United States. In time, each college is granted a charter approved by the Privy Council, under which it is governed by a Head of House and a Governing Body comprising of a number of Fellows, most of whom also hold University posts. There are also six Permanent Private Halls, which were founded by different Christian denominations, and which still retain their religious character. Thirty colleges and all six halls admit students for both undergraduate and graduate degrees. Seven other colleges are for graduates only; one, All Souls, has fellows only, and one, Kellogg College, specializes in part-time graduate and continuing education.

Oxford's current academic community includes 78 Fellows of the Royal Society and 112 Fellows of the British Academy. A further 100 Emeritus and Honorary College Fellows are Fellows of the Royal Society and 145 Emeritus and Honorary College Fellows are also Fellows of the British Academy.

The University of Oxford has more academic staff working in world-class research departments (rated 5* or 5 in the RAE 2001) than any other UK university.

Moscow State University

One of the oldest Russian institutions of higher education, Moscow University was established in 1755. In 1940 it was named after Academician Mikhail Lomonosov (1711 - 1765), an outstanding Russian scientist, who greatly contributed to the establishment of the university in Moscow.

Moscow State University is a major traditional educational institution in Russia, it offers training in almost all branches of modern science and humanities. Its undergraduates may choose one of 57 qualifications, while doctoral students may specialize in 168 different areas. The total number of MSU students exceeds 40,000; besides, about 10,000 high school students attend various clubs and courses at MSU.

MSU is a centre of research science famous for its major scientific schools. There have been 11 Nobel Prize winners among its professors and alumni, out of 18 Russians who have received the prestigious prize so far. Many more MSU scientists have been awarded various Soviet and Russian prizes for their achievements, among them 60 Lenin Prizes and 120 State Prizes, over 40 MSU scientists having received the State Prizes over the last decade, 6 of them this year.

Moscow State University comprises 29 faculties and over 350 departments, 15 research institutes, 4 museums, the Science Park, the Botanical Gardens, The Library, the University Publishing House and printing shop, a recreational centre and a boarding school for talented children At the moment the University Computer Centre represents more computing power that any other educational institution in Russia. There have been major changes in the curricula, with over 200 new academic programmes added.

The University's scientific potential creates a unique opportunity for interdisciplinary research and pioneering work in various branches of science. The recent years have been marked by achievements in the fields of high-energy physics, superconductivity, laser technology, mathematics and mechanics, renewable energy sources, biochemistry and biotechnology. In humanities new problems arise while studying various aspects of sociology, economics, history, psychology, philosophy and the history of culture. On average 800 doctoral and 200 higher doctoral degrees in various fields of science and humanities are awarded at MSU every year.

As training highly qualified specialists has always been the main goal, the faculties and departments constantly revise their curricula and introduce new programmers. The stress is on student's ability to work independently and meet employer's requirements. In the curricula for science faculties more classes in the humanities have been included. The University offers individual programmers combining classes at different faculties.

Moscow University has well-established contacts with the most distinguished universities in the world, exchanging students and lecturers with the leading universities abroad.

In January 2005 Lomonosov Moscow State University celebrated its 250th anniversary.

 

Российской Федерации

ОРЕНБУРГСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ

Кафедра английского языка естественнонаучных







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