Express the following in one word.

waste, procrastinate, excuse, failure, deadline


1 delay action

2 use without a good purpose

3 fixed date for finishing (doing) something

4 reason given (true or invented) to explain or defend one’s conduct

5 lack of success

Fill in the correct word from the list below.

avoid, put off, excuses, success, discipline, procrastinated, wasted


1 There’s always the temptation to … the most difficult task till last.

2 He … until it was too late.

3 He’s always making … for being late.

4 Try to … danger.

5 The thought of … years behind him made Mark sick with bitterness.

6 He had all the attributes of a great leader: charisma, energy, ... and resourcefulness.

7 All great leaders share certain characteristics which must be seen as the key to their ... .

30. Work with a partner. What advice would you give somebody who wants to fight a habit of putting off difficult tasks? Give advice using should or shouldn’t.



You should learn to plan your time.

You should remember: the longer you put it off, the worse it will be.

You shouldn’t leave your work until it’s done.

USEFUL PHRASES get rid of your doubts and fears; list what you have to do; look at large projects as a series of steps you complete one at a time; divide the task into parts you can manage; focus on one task at a time

Render the text in Russian.



(Some important rules suggested by psychologists)

1. Rest before you get tired (not after).

2. Learn to relax. If you are having hard times find a quiet half-hour all for yourself to gain strength.

3. Don’t forget about four good working habits:

· clean your desk of all papers except those you need at hand;

· do things in order of their importance;

· when you face a problem, first analyse the facts, then make a decision;

· learn to organize things.

4. Put enthusiasm into your work; it’s the only way to enjoy what you are doing.

5. Remember: no one was ever killed by doing well-organized work.

6. Don’t be a mental loafer. Don’t be afraid to concentrate on some ideas, to think hard and to exercise your will and memory.


Everyday routine

Useful Words and Expressions

to get up / to wake up; to wash / to shave; to have a shower/a bath; to put on one’s clothes / to get dressed; to have breakfast; to go to work/university; to have (a) lunch (break); to finish work; to do some shopping / to go shopping; to go home / to come home; to go to bed / to go to sleep.

What’s a typical day for you? Look at the activities below and fill in the time you spend on each activity.

· sleep........

  • study.......
  • exercise.......
  • watch television.......
  • surf the Internet.......
  • do housework.......

Work in pairs or small groups. Discuss the questions about your daily routine.

1. When do you usually get up on weekdays?

2. What’s the first thing you do in the morning?

3. When do you have breakfast?

4. What kind of breakfast do you usually have?

5. Do you have tea or coffee for breakfast?

6. How do you get to university?

7. How long does itusually take you?

8. When do your classes start?

9. When do you have your lunch break?

10. How long does it last?

11. Where do you have lunch?

12. When is your working day over?

13. What do you like doing in the evenings?

14. When do you do your homework?

15. What time do you go to bed?

16. What do you like doing in your spare time?

17. What don’t you like doing at all?

18. Do you go out on Friday evenings? Where do you usually go out?

19. Do you like staying at home? What do you do then?

20. What do you do at weekends?

34. Think about your morning routine from the moment you get out of bed to the moment you leave the house.

· What do you do? What order do you do things in?

  • How long does each activity usually take you?

Now compare with a partner. What are the differences?

Read through these two morning routines. Underline the correct alternatives. Which person is most like you?

Person A

My alarm goes off early, and it takes me ten minutes to eat my breakfast, drink two cups of coffee, have a shower, pack my bag and read the post and thirty minutes to (1) get dressed / wear.I start thinking about what I’m going to (2) get dressed / wearwhile I have my breakfast. After a shower, I (3) put on/ wearmy underwear and then I look in my wardrobe and choose a pair of trousers. If they still (4) fit/ lookme, I put them on. If they feel a bit tight around the waist, I (5) try them on / take them offand spend a few minutes feeling guilty about all those chocolates I had last night. Then, I choose a looser pair of trousers and think about a top that (6) goes with / fitsit. I usually (7) have on/ try ontwo or three tops before I find one that (8) looks / wearsright and (9) feels / fitscomfortable. Finding a pair of socks usually takes about five minutes – I can find two dozen odd pairs, but none that (10) look / match.By now, I’m late.

Person В

I get up as late as I possibly can and jump in and out of the shower. I (1) put on/ fitthe trousers I (2) had on/ got dressedyesterday and take a shirt out of the wardrobe – it doesn’t matter which one as long as it’s ironed. I find the jacket that (3) fits / goes withthe trousers, look down and check that my socks (4) match / feel,and that’s it. Nearly all my clothes are either green or brown, because I’ve been told that they are the only colours that (5) suit / matchme. So I never really have to worry about what I (6) look like / go with.The important thing is to make sure I have enough time to enjoy my favourite drink of the day: that first cup of coffee...

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