Classify the following cases of repetition according to the position occupied by the repeated unit. State their functions.


1. Heroes all. Natural leaders. Morrows always been leaders, always been gentlmen. Oh, take a drink once in a while but always like Morrows. Always know how to make heroic gestures—except me—how to knock their wifes up with good Morrow sons—how to make money without looking like they even give a damn. Oh the Morrows and the Morrows and the Morrows and the Morrows, to the last syllable of recorded time. (Т. Н.) .:

2. "This is a rotten country," said Cyril. "Oh, I don't know, you know, don't you know?u I said.


3. ... the photograph of Lotta Lindbeck he tore into small bits across and across and across.(E.F)

4. I wanted to knock over the table and hit him until my arm had no more strength in it, then give him the boot, give him the boot, give him the boot—I drew a deep breath. . . (J. Br.)

5. There followed six months in Chicago, in which he painted not one picture that was satisfactory to him, that was not messed into nothingness by changes and changes and changes. (Dr.)

6. There seemed to be no escape, no prospect of free­dom. "If I had a thousand pounds," thought Miss Fulkes, "a thousand pounds. A thousand pounds." The words were magical. "A thousand pounds." (A. H.)

7. One may see by their footprints that they have not walked arm in arm; and that they have not walked in a straight track, and that they have walked in a moody humour. (D)

8. It were better that he knew nothing. Better for com­mon sense, better for him, better for me. (D.)

9. He sat, still and silent, until his future landlord accepted his proposals and, brought writing materials to complete the business. He sat, still and silent, while the landlord wrote. (D.)

10.Supposing his head had been held under water for a while. Supposing the first blow had been truer. Suppos­ing he had been shot. Supposing he had been strangled. Supposing this way, that way, the other way. Suppos­ing anything but getting unchained from the one idea for that was inexorably impossible. (D.)

11. The whitewashed room was pure white as of old, the methodical book-keeping was in peaceful progress as of old, and some distant howler was hanging against a cell door as of old. (D.) . .

12. I wake up and I'm alone, and I walk round Warley and I'm alone, and I talk with people and I'm alone and I look at his face when I:m home and it's dead. . . (J. Br.)

13. He ran away from the battle. He was an ordinary human being that didn't want to kill or be killed, so he ran away from the battle. (St. H.)

14. . . .they took coach and drove westward. Not only drove westward, but drove into that particular westward division, which Bella had seen last when she turned her face from Mr. Boffin's door. Not only drove into that par­ticular division, but drove at last into that very street. Not only drove into that very street, but stopped at last at that very house. (D.)



d) Inversion




1. Analyse the following cases of complete and partial inversion. State the difference between inversion in interro-gative and affirmative sentences.


1. Out саше the chaise—in went the horses--- on sprung the boys—in got the travellers. (D.)

2. Up came the fileand down sat the editor, with Mr. Pickwick at his side. (D.)

3. Women are not made for attack. Wait theymust. (J.С.)

4. And she saw that Gopher Prairie was merely an en­largement of all the hamlets which they had been passing. Only to the eyes of a Kennicott was it exceptional. (S. L.)

5. . . .Calm and quiet below me in the sun and shade lay the old house . . . (D.)

6. "Benny Gollan, a respected guy, Benny Gollan wants to marry her." "An agent could ask for more?" (Т. С.)

7. Then he said: "You think it's so? She was mixed up in this lousy business?"(J. H.)

8. "Her sickness is only grief?" he asked, his difficult English lending the question an unintended irony. "She is grieving only?" . . . "She is only grieving?" insisted Jose. (T. C.)

9. How have I implored and begged that man to in­quire into Captain's family connections; how have I urged and entreated him to take some decisive step. (D.)

10. Gay and merry was the time; and right gay and mer­ry were at least four of the numerous hearts that were gladdened by its coming. (D.)



e) Antithesis




1. Give morphological and syhtactcal characteristics of the following cases of the antithesis.


1. …something significant may come out at last, which may be criminal or heroic, may be madness or wisdom. ( J.C)

2. Three bold and experienced men – cool, confident and dry when they began; white, quivering and wet when they finished… (R.K)

3. Don’t use big words. They mean so little. (O.W)

4. Mrs. Nork had a large home and a small husband. (S.L)

5. He…. ordered a bottle of the worst possible portwine, at the highest possible price. ( D.)

6. It is safer to be married to the man you can be happy with than to the man you cannot be happy without. ( E.)

7.The mechanics are underpaid, and underfed, and overworked. ( J.A)

8. There was something eerie about the apartment house, an unearthly quiet that was a combination of overcarpeting and under-ocupancy. ( R.Ch)

9. In marriage the upkeep of woman is often the downfall of man. ( E.)



f) Alliteration




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