ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК: (Английский язык)



Мы поможем в написании ваших работ!


Мы поможем в написании ваших работ!



Мы поможем в написании ваших работ!


ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК: (Английский язык)



ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК: (Английский язык)

Учебно-методическое пособие

для студентов экономических специальностей и направлений ИПЭУ

 

 

ИЗДАТЕЛЬСТВО ТЮМЕНСКОГО ГОСУДАРСТВЕННОГО УНИВЕТСИТЕТА, 2012

УДК 811.111 (075.8)

ББК: Ш 143. 21.я 73

Б 278

 

Н.Ю.Басуева. ИНОСТРАННЫЙ ЯЗЫК (английский язык):

Учебно-методическое пособие для студентов экономических специальностей и направлений ИПЭУ. Тюмень: Издательство Тюменского государственного университета, 2012. 76 с.

Учебно-методическое пособие включает лексический минимум, а также специально разработанные лексические, грамматические, коммуникативные задания по темам «Профессии и профессиональные качества», «Рабочий день и обязанности», «В офисе», Образование в России и за рубежом». Пособие включает подборку оригинальных текстов, которые расширяют кругозор студентов и позволяют познакомиться с зарубежным опытом и реалиями в рамках изучаемых тем. Цель пособия – способствовать приобретению студентами иноязычной профессионально-ориентированной коммуникативной компетенции.

Рабочая учебная программа дисциплины опубликована на сайте ТюмГУ: Иностранный язык (английский язык) [электронный ресурс]/ Режим доступа:http://www.umk3.utm.ru., свободный.

Рекомендовано к изданию кафедрой иностранных языков и межкультурной профессиональной коммуникации ИПЭУ. Утверждено проректором по учебной работе Тюменского государственного университета.

ОТВЕТСТВЕННЫЙ РЕДАКТОР: И.Л. Плужник, доктор педагогических

наук, профессор

РЕЦЕНЗЕНТЫ: Т.В.Хвесько, доктор филологических наук, профессор

Ю.А.Шумилова,кандидат экономических наук,

доцент

 

© Тюменский государственный университет, 2012.

© Н.Ю. Басуева, 2012.

ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ

1. Jobs and Professional Qualities……………………………………………. 4

2. Working Day and Responsibilities………………………………………….11

3. In the office……………………………………………………………………16

4. Education in Russia and Abroad…………………………………………...18

5. Texts for Class and Home Reading………………………………………..29

 

Jobs and Professional Qualities.

Jobs and Posts.

 

Vocabulary list.

Check what you know.

manager менеджер
bank manager менеджер банка
finance manager финансовый менеджер
sales manager менеджер по продажам
marketing manager менеджер по маркетингу
personnel manager менеджер по персоналу
customer service manager менеджер по обслуживанию клиентов
PR (public relations) manager менеджер по связям с общественностью
advertising manager менеджер по рекламе
office manager офис-менеджер
accountant бухгалтер
assistant помощник
banker банкир
clerk служащий
consultant консультант
economist экономист
electrician электрик
firefighter пожарный
lawyer юрист
MD (Managing Director) генеральный директор
mechanic механик
police officer полицейский
receptionist администратор
secretary секретарь
security guard охранник
shop-assistant продавец (в магазине)
stock broker биржевой брокер
travel agent агент по туризму
university lecturer преподаватель университета

How to ask and answer about one’s job:

- What do you do? Чем Вы занимаетесь?
- What’s your job? Какая у Вас работа?
- I’m an economist. I work in a bank (with ‘in’ say about place or general area, industry). Я экономист. Я работаю в банке.
- I work for Gazprom (with ‘for’ use the name of a company). Я работаю в «Газпроме».

 

Exercise 1

Match the jobs and the definitions.

lawyer shop-assistant electrician receptionist

manager university lecturer stock broker mechanic

 

Someone whose job is to organize and control the work
someone who repairs (ремонтирует) cars
someone who teaches university students
someone who buys and sells stocks (акции)
someone whose job is to provide (предоставлять) people with legal services
someone whose job is to serve (обслуживать) people in a shop
someone whose job is to welcome and help visitors in a hotel or office
someone who fits and repairs electrical things

 

 

Exercise 2

You are planning to open a small shop. Your assistant has made a list of vacancies. Do you agree with the list? Do you really need all the people?

 

List of vacancies:

Director, 2-3 Shop-Assistants, Sales Manager, Customer Service Manager, Accountant, Personnel Manager, Cleaner, Security Guard.

Exercise 3

Think about at least one job that is impossible for the following people.

Model:

People who understand nothing about cars.

The job of a mechanic is impossible for such people.

- people who are afraid of dogs;

- people who didn’t go to the university;

- people who are terrible at numbers and figures;

- people who will not work in the evening or at weekends.

Exercise 4

Look at the vocabulary list and say what professionals you will need in the followingsituations:

- you are planning to open a travel agency;

- you are recruiting the staff for a bank;

- you are the Personnel Manager and are recruiting all the necessary staff for a factory.

Qualities.

Vocabulary list.

Check what you know.

hard-working трудолюбивый
lazy ленивый
punctual пунктуальный
late опаздывающий
reliable надежный
unreliable ненадежный
clever умный
flexible гибкий
inflexible негибкий
ambitious амбициозный
unambitious не амбициозный
sensible разумный
stupid глупый
friendly дружелюбный
unfriendly недружелюбный
kind добрый
nice милый
pleasant приятный
optimistic оптимистичный
cheerful жизнерадостный
pessimistic пессимистичный
generous щедрый
mean скупой
sensitive чувствительный
insensitive нечувствительный, равнодушный
honest честный
dishonest нечестный
self-confident уверенный
helpful готовый помочь, отзывчивый
shy застенчивый
use one’s initiative инициативный
easy-going легкий, общительный
emotional эмоциональный
responsible ответственный

 

Exercise 5

Delete the qualities of character which, in your opinion, the people below should not have:

 

Personal assistant (hard-working, punctual, flexible, reliable, clever, talkative, friendly).

Bank manager (honest, clever, ambitious, cheerful, generous, emotional, sensible).

Stock broker (hard-working, flexible, reliable, clever, emotional).

Write your own (1-2) similar tasks.

Exercise 6

Complete the sentences:

Your receptionist is very helpful and (дружелюбная).

The accountant is (честный и пунктуальный).

The stock broker is (умный, амбициозный и трудолюбивый).

This manager is (надежный и инициативный).

This girl is too (застенчивая) to work as Sales Manager.

 

Work in pairs and make up 3 similar sentences for your group mate.

 

Exercise 7

Which qualities do you find positive? Negative?Write twocolumns of 7-8 qualities.

Exercise 8

Try to guess about your group mate’s character, write 5-6 leading qualities. Let him (her) write his (her) own list. Compare your lists. Now change the roles.

 

Exercise 9

Write 2-3 descriptions or situations for a quality of character; let your group mates to guess the quality.

E.g.:

He often promises to do things and forgets about it (unreliable).

He can work with different people, both in a team and on his own (flexible).

Exercise 10

Make up a list of 3-4 qualities necessary for the following professions:

- an accountant

- a manager in a bank

- a receptionist

- a stock broker

- a lawyer

- a PR manager.

 

Exercise 11

Add prefixes to form the opposites of the following words:

- pleasant

- honest

- kind

- friendly

- reliable

- flexible

- sensitive

- ambitious.

Exercise 12

Discuss the following with your group mate; present briefly your common conclusion:

1 What, in your opinion, is the worst quality (from the Vocabulary list)?

2 What qualities, in your opinion, should most people in a society have?

3 Which qualities, in your opinion, are born and which can be developed?

4 Have you ever heard about cross-cultural differences in management? How different, in your opinion, are qualities of American, German, Japanese, Chinese and other managers?

 

Exercise 13

Write a short essay on the topic:

Are there any qualities you do not have but would like to have? Why do you want to have them? How are you going to develop the qualities if that is possible?

Working Day.

Vocabulary list.

Check what you know.

regular (normal) working hours обычный график работы
to work from 9 to 5 работать с 9 до 5
to have flexi-time иметь гибкий график
to do shift work работать по сменам
to work overtime работать сверхурочно
salary (wages) зарплата
to receive holiday pay получать «отпускные»
to receive sick pay получать оплату по «больничному листу»

Responsibilities

 

Vocabulary list.

Check what you know.

What does your (his, her, their) job involve? Что включает ваша работа?
What do you do in your job? Что вы делаете на работе?
I am responsible for…….. я отвечаю за…
a department отдел
some people людей
sales продажи
accounts счета
customer service обслуживание клиентов
insurance страхование
security безопасность
finance финансы
personnel персонал
delivery доставка
complaints жалобы
My job involves meeting a lot of people. Моя работа включает встречи со многими людьми
I am in charge of ……… Я во главе (возглавляю, отвечаю за…)
I have to deal with………. Мне приходится заниматься (чем-либо)….
I run a restaurant (a shop, a company etc.) Я управляю рестораном…..
I have to go /attend a lot of meetings. Мне приходится посещать…
I visit clients. Я посещаю клиентов
I advise clients. Я даю советы клиентам
I do paperwork (write letters, fill in forms). выполняю бумажную работу (пишу письма, заполняю бланки)
I maintain computers. Я обслуживаю компьютеры
I work at a computer. Работаю за компьютером
Input information into a computer ввожу информацию в компьютер
answer phone calls отвечаю на телефонные звонки
make phone calls делаю телефонные звонки
arrange meetings организовываю встречи
welcome clients встречаю клиентов
send invoices посылаю счета
write reports пишу отчеты

 

Exercise 14

Correct the sentences where they are false.

Regular (normal) working hours in Russia are from 11a.m. to 17p.m.

Most people work 10 hours a day in Russia.

In Russia women start their work at 8 a.m., while men start their work at 8.30 a.m.

Any employee at any work can work flexi-time.

It’s your choice whether to have normal working hours or to do shift work in your job.

If you work overtime you must receive extra pay.

According to the Russian legislation, employees who get sick receive sick pay.

Most people receive their salaries in cash.

 

Exercise 15

Work in pairs with your group mate: tell each other about your parent’s (sister’s, friend’s etc.) working hours; use the following vocabulary:

· regular (normal) working hours

· to work ….. hours a day

· start one’s work at ….. a.m.

· work flexi-time

· to do shift work

· work overtime

Model:

My mother works regular working hours.

She works 8 hours a day.

She starts her work at 9 a.m. and finishes at 6 p.m. (1 hour for lunch).

She doesn’t work flexi-time.

She never does shift work.

Sometimes she works overtime.

Make notes and be ready to present the information you hear to the class.

Exercise 16

Do you know what responsibilities the following jobs involve? Work in pairs and complete the sentences, using Vocabulary list:

Model:

The job of a secretary involves the following: she welcomes clients, makes and answers phone calls. Besides, she does a lot of paperwork.

The job of a manager involves the following:…

The job of an accountant involves the following:….

The job of a lawyer involves the following:….

Exercise 17

Think about your future work. What would you like to be responsible for?

What duties would you like to have in your future work?

Make up the list of them.

Write about the duties you would not like to have.

Make notes and be ready to present the information to the class.

Exercise 18

Work in pairs with your group mate: find out about his/her future responsibilities and duties at work.

For homework:

Exercise 19

Go to the website WORKSMART (or any other site) which giveslegal advice to emloyees who have problems related to working hours in GB.

http://www.worksmart.org.uk/rights/working_hours

Find the answers to the following questions:

· My employer does not keep records of my working hours. Is this permitted? more...

· The HSE (Health and Safety Executive) inspector is coming to investigate our compliance with the Working Time Regulations. What should I do if he or she calls me in? more...

· What are my working hours rights in a nutshell? more...

· Which groups of workers are not covered by working time rules, or treated as a special case? more...

· What counts as working time? more...

· What unpaid overtime counts as working time? more...

· How is my average working week calculated? more...

· Can the period over which my average hours are calculated be varied? more...

· Can I opt out of the 48-hour limit? more...

· Can I opt back into the 48-hour limit? more...

· Can I be made to sign an opt-out? more...

· How do I reverse a working time opt-out? more...

· What does my employer mean when they say my working time is 'unmeasured'? more...

In the office.

Vocabulary list.

Check what you know.

office equipment оборудование для офиса
stationery канцелярские товары
paper clips скрепки
punch дырокол
stapler степлер
staples скобы для степлера
felt tip pen фломастер
correction pen «штрих», замазка
calculator калькулятор
pencil sharpener точилка
ruler линейка
file папка
filing cabinet шкаф для папок
drawers выдвижные полки (в столе)
tray лоток
wastepaper bin (basket) корзина для мусора
rubber (eraser) ластик
note pad блокнот
scissors ножницы
hardware «машины» в офисе
photocopier копировальный аппарат
fax machine факс
printer принтер
computer компьютер
monitor монитор
screen экран
keyboard клавиатура
mouse «мышь»
hard disc жесткий диск
software программное обеспечение
open a document открыть документ
save the data in the document сохранить данные в документе
cut вырезать
copy копировать
paste вставить
print распечатать

Exercise 20

Describe an office employee’s working place (the desk). What does he (she) usually need for office work?

Exercise 21

You work in an office. Think what stationery should your secretary order every month, every half a year, every year? Make the lists of them.

Exercise 22

You are opening a new office for 10 employees. Together with your group mate (your assistant) write down an order for all the stationery you may need for a month.

Exercise 23

You are creating a Word document. What are the common operations?

Check what you know.

to apply to study at the University подавать заявку на обучение в университете
to submit documents представить, подать документы
a personal statement личное заявление
to complete (fill in) an application form заполнить заявку
reference letters рекомендательные письма
to send CV послать резюме
entry requirements вступительные требования
meet the requirements отвечать требованиям
enter the university поступать в университет
full time students студенты дневного от деления
an undergraduate those studying for their first degree
a graduate those who have completed their first degree
a postgraduate those studying for their second degree
tuition (the teaching) обучение
tuition fee плата за обучение
free of charge бесплатный
pay for tuition платить за обучение
pay for accommodation платить за проживание
get (receive) a grant получить грант
apply for a grant подать заявку на грант
participate in students exchange programs участвовать в программах студенческого обмена
to finish the course закончить обучение
to receive a degree получить степень
BA (= Bachelor of Arts ) 3-4 Years бакалавр гуманитарных наук
Bsc ( = Bachelor of Science) 3-4 Years бакалавр естественных наук
BA in Economics etc. бакалавр экономики
postgraduate course обучение в аспирантуре
MA (= Master of Arts ) 1-2 Years магистр гуманитарных наук
Msc ( = Master of Science) 1-2 Years магистр естественных наук
PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) at least 3 years доктор
do/conduct/carry out research (on, into) выполнять исследование

Exercise 24

Below you can see the website map of London School of Business and Management ( LSBM).

Website map:

- Courses

- Why LSBM?

- Apply now

- Students

- Careers

- International

 

Think in which sector you can probably find information about the following:

- Postgraduate courses

- vacancies at the School

- how to apply

- facilities

- visa services

- undergraduate courses

- how to make payment

- student life.

Exercise 25

Read about Undergraduate courses in LSBM.

LSBM offers a portfolio of undergraduate programs in Business, IT and Hotel Management. In each department, LSBM offers diploma and bachelor degrees for full time students. LSBM offers programs for students from all the regions of United Kingdom and different parts of the world.

The Undergraduate Courses offered by LSBM:

BSc (Business)

- Higher National Diploma (HND) in Business (2 years)

- BSc Business Degree (3 years)

BSc (Computing/ IT)

- Higher National Diploma (HND) in Information Technology (2 years)

- BSc Computing (3 years)

Exercise 26

Answer the questions about Undergraduate courses in LSBM (look ex. 25).

1. What undergraduate programs does LSBM offer?

2. What degrees does the School offer?

3. Can international students study in LSBM?

4. How long do students study to receive Higher National Diploma (HND) in Business?

5. How long do they study to receive BSc Business Degree?

6. Do you need to send all the necessary documents in the original or in their copies when applying?

7. What English language exams (tests) must international students pass before applying? What is the minimum Test Score?

8. What are the minimum undergraduate entry requirements?

Exercise 27

Anyone can apply to the LSBM on-line. Practice completing the forms.

Fee Information

Who will pay your fees? (*) Choose Option Self funding Grant/scholarship Sponsor Government support Employer Other You must select an answer

Self funding

Grant/scholarship

Sponsor

Government support

Employer

other

Contact details of the person paying your fees:

Name

Mailing Address

Telephone Number

Email Address Email address must be valid

How did you hear about LSBM? Choose Option UCAS Website Word of Mouth Career Fair Agent Hot Courses Education UK Other

Website

Career Fair

Word of mouth

Other

 

Undergraduate

Diploma in Business
Diploma in Hotel Management
Diploma in Information Systems
Diploma in Information Technology
BSc in Business Administration [University of Wales/Greenwich]
BSc in Computing, awarded by University of Wales

 

Postgraduate

Advanced Professional Certificate in Management Studies
Masters in Business Administration [University of Wales, Newport]
MSc in International Business (1 year) [University of London]
Postgraduate Diploma in Strategic Business IT [EdExcel]

 

Start Dates:

(*) please refer to our website or ask an Education Consultant for specific programme commencement dates. Start Date is required

Mandatory Documents

Copy of Passport (*) Copy of Passport is required

Most Recent Qualification (*) Most Recent Qualification is required

Proof of English Language abilities (*) Proof of English Language abilities is required

 

Other Supporting Documents

Personal Statement

Further academic documents

Letters of recommendation

CV

Other supporting documents

Other supporting documents can be emailed or posted to LSBM before application close date

Education.

Vocabulary List 2.

Check what you know.

a lecture лекция
a lecturer лектор, преподаватель
to give a lecture читать лекцию
to attend a lecture посещать лекцию
to take notes делать записи
to participate in academic seminars and discussions участвовать в учебных семинарах и обсуждениях
to ask questions задавать вопросы
to answer questions отвечать на вопросы
to write a course paper писать курсовую работу
to write a report писать доклад
to make a presentation делать презентацию
take examinations сдавать экзамены
pass examinations сдать экзамены
do/study subjects изучать предметы
Law юриспруденция (как учебная дисциплина)
Management менеджмент
Economics экономика
Psychology психология
Mathematics математика
Accounting бухгалтерский учет
Sociology социология
Customs Business таможенное дело
Philosophy философия
Sports спорт, физкультура (как учебная дисциплина)

 

Exercise 28

Write a letter to your friend about your student life. Answer the following:

1. How many lectures do you attend a day?

2. Do you participate in academic seminars? How often?

3. What subjects do you study?

4. Do you have to write a course paper this semester?

5. How many exams do you have to take this semester?

6. Which of the exams do you think will be difficult for you?

Education.

Vocabulary List 3.

Check what you know.

 

history of the University история университета
was founded был основан
institutes институты
a department отделение
faculties факультеты
a campus университетский городок
a hostel (Hall of Residence) общежитие
facilities оснащение
a library библиотека
a reading hall читальный зал
a sport centre спортивный центр
a computer classroom компьютерный класс
the internet access доступ в интернет
a cafeteria кафетерий
a canteen столовая
laboratories лаборатории
equipment оборудование

 

Exercise 29

Visit the website of Tyumen State University (English version) and read about the history of Tyumen State University. Be ready to speak about it.

 

Choosing an Occupation

One of the most difficult problems for people is deciding what to do about a career. There are individuals, of course, who from the time they are six years old “know” that they want to be a doctor or pilots or fire fighters, but the majority of us do not get around to making a decision about an occupation or career.

Choosing an occupation takes time, and there are a lot of things you have to think about as you try to decide what you would like to do.

Fortunately, there are a lot of people you can turn to for advice and help in making your decision. At most schools and Universities, there are teachers who can counsel you and give detailed information about any job. And you can talk over your ideas with family members and friend who are always ready to listen and to offer suggestions.

What am I going to do after school or university? I began to think about my future profession at age of 15. My favourite subjects in school were Economics, History and English. My teachers were well-educated people with deep knowledge of the subjects. They encouraged me in my desire to become an economist. I opted for a career in business economics. It was my father who aroused my interest in that field.

Typical work activities

The roles of finance managers vary significantly. The level and scope of the responsibilities can vary enormously. In larger companies for instance, the role is more concerned with strategic analysis; in smaller organisations, a finance manager may be responsible for the collection and preparation of accounts.

Typical activities include:

· providing and interpreting financial information;

· monitoring and interpreting cash flows and predicting future trends;

· analysing change and advising accordingly;

· formulating strategic and long-term business plans;

· researching and reporting on factors influencing business performance;

· analysing competitors and market trends;

· developing financial management mechanisms that minimise financial risk;

· conducting reviews and evaluations for cost-reduction opportunities;

· managing a company's financial accounting, monitoring and reporting systems;

· developing external relationships with appropriate contacts, e.g. auditors, solicitors, bankers etc.

· producing accurate financial reports to specific deadlines;

· managing budgets;

· arranging new sources of finance for a company's debt facilities;

· supervising staff.

HR Manager: Job description

As a HR manager - also called personnel manager, you're responsible for the welfare of your organisation's staff. Your role will be varied and challenging.

You must make sure that the organisation is employing the right people, with the right skills and qualifications for the job.

You'll need an excellent understanding of how your organisation operates, its business requirements and commercial objectives. You'll work very closely with other departments and provide an information resource for both employees and senior management.

You'll be concerned with developing, advising and implementing management policies. Depending on the size and the type of organisation, you may be involved in all aspects of the role, or specialise in an area such as employment legislation, training or graduate recruitment.

Essentially, you'll be responsible for:

- Employment law - working conditions, disciplinary and grievance procedures, equal opportunities, redundancies, paternity pay and maternity rights.

- Recruitment - hiring staff, producing job descriptions, placing adverts, working with recruitment consultancies, organising interviews and running assessment centres.

- Training and development - putting together a staff training programme and identifying suitable courses for staff.

- Salary reviews - researching salaries and ensuring they are in line with legal requirements and industry standards.

- Documentation - writing staff handbooks, contracts, staff memos, and issuing written offers of employment, promotion etc.

- Staff welfare - providing counselling facilities and sports and social activities for staff.

You may also work closely with company lawyers and trade unions.

Hours and Environment

Basically, you'll work between 37 and 40 hours a week, from 9am to 5.30pm, Monday to Friday. However, you may often need to work extra hours. Your role will be mainly office based, although you may be travelling to visit other business sites or to attend meetings and conferences.

Skills and Interests

A human resources manager should have:

Excellent interpersonal and communication skills

Diplomatic and negotiaton skills

The ability to work on your own initiative

Outstanding organisational skills

The ability to work under pressure

The ability to work with personnel from all levels

Tact, and the ability to deal with difficult situations

Numerical and budgeting skills

IT skills

Knowledge of UK employment legislation.

An interest in career development and training within the workplace.

Entry

It is possible to start at administration level and work up the company structure. National organisations may run graduate training schemes which specialise in human resources.

Relevant commercial experience, for example in management or law, is an advantage.

Training

Training is on the job. Some organisations have structured training programmes where you can gain experience in other business areas. They offer various courses and qualifications through full-time study, part-time study, or flexible learning.

Opportunities

The majority of commercial and public sector organisations have a human resources function. Potential employers include manufacturers, retailers, banks, consultancies, local and national government.

Career progression is structured, and there are plenty of opportunities to gain experience or specialise in other areas of human resources.

You may move between employers to progress, or switch into another sector, such as training or marketing.

You also have the opportunity to become self-employed and offer a consultancy service. You can work abroad as well.

How to Be a Good Manager

 

An effective manager pays attention to many things. Here we suggest some management skills without which you can not be a successful manager.

A successful manager builds effective interpersonal relationships. He (she) demonstrates collaboration, respect, trust and attentiveness.

A successful manager communicates effectively in person and email. He is a good listener.

He also builds the team and enables other staff to collaborate more effectively with each other. People feel they are becoming more effective, more creative, more productive - in the presence of a team builder.

A good manager understands the financial aspects of the business. He sets goals and measures staff progress and success.

He knows how to create an environment in which people feel positive and employees are motivated to work hard for the success of the business. A good manager keeps the door open. He always reminds people that if they have any questions or concerns, he is willing to listen.

A good manager leads by example and provides recognition when others do the same.

He helps people grow and develop their skills and capabilities through education and on-the-job learning.

 

How To Pick An Accountant

What business people say:

1) A good accountant should be able to explain tax law, financial statements etc in plain English for you to understand.

Ask friends and business owners for 3 or more names of accountants, then interview them all. Get to know them; school background, years of experience and ask why they chose their field. If they have a passion for their profession it will shine from the moment they greet you.

2) When you are looking for a new accountant it is very important to find out how experienced is the accountant, how many clients he/she services and how much time they can devote to your company. The less experienced accountants might charge less but they also take longer time to do the work. So at the end it cost almost the same.
I prefer a accountant who is detail oriented, knowledgeable in various accounting issues and is proactive in client's behalf.

3) When looking for an accountant, it is important to work with someone who owns businesses of their own and invest in simular vehicles. They have taken the time to investigate all the ins and out of the field to protect their own personal assets. I also recommend working with someone from a large, reputable organization instead of someone who works out of their own home and are accountable to no one. A great accoutnant can save you far more then youwill ever pay them.rnThey pay for themselves.

4) My father is an excellent accountant with a successful business and sterling reputation. He always advises potential clients to interview several candidates, check the credentials thoroughly and definitely check references. A good accountant will WANT you to talk to their clients because they KNOW that their happy clients are the best advertisement and they will sell the perspective client on using his/her services.

5) A good accountant can make or break a small business. Finding the best accountant requires some asking: ask friends, relatives, colleagues, and clients. Once you've narrowed down your list, make some phone calls and GET REFERENCES. Call those references and ask some questions. Getting personal recommendations is much better than looking in the yellow pages. Ask the accountant this question: Have you had experience with entrepreneurs (i.e. small businesses)?

6) Finding a good accountant is tough but the best way to find one you can trust is asking friends that you trust and who they use. If a friend or business is truly happy with them then at least you know more about the accountant rather than going in blind! We all prefer word of mouth about movies, products, businesses, etc. so don't be shy! Ask around!

7) It is very important that the accountant you hire has some knowledge about your business - What kind of products you sell, how do you get paid and what terms and conditions you use etc. The accountant should be able to answer questions like - How can you improve the cash flow, how much funds you have in your account etc.

8) Ask around for recommendations. Call others in your same industry and see who they use. Put a note on Facebook or Twitter and see what responses you get. Once you have a few, put together a short list of questions and start interviewing them. Most accounting firms, or good one at least, have specific industry niches on which they focus, so stick with those that know your business and provide good service to those in your niche.

The Job of an Economist

This job is sometimes referred to as:

Economic Forecaster

Economic Market Analyst

Research Economist

Economists are interested in the factors that influence the well-being of people and aim to find solutions to improve people's standard of living. This includes studying how financial, labour and trade markets are organised and how they interact.Titiro ai ki nga take e whai paanga ana ki te oranga o te tangata e pa ana ki nga rawa, a, kimi huarahi ai hei whakapai ake i te ahua o te oranga o te tangata. Ka uru ki roto ki enei whainga te ako i te ahua o te whakahaere mahi e pa ana ki te putea, te ahumahi, nga huarahi tauhokohoko me te ahua o ta ratau mahi tahi.

How to get into the job

To become an economist you need to have a degree with an economics component such as statistics, economic history, finance, business, accounting and philosophy. A postgraduate degree in economics is preferred.

Pay

Pay for economists varies between the public and private sectors.

Training on the job

Skills are gained on the job. External training courses may be provided in:

project management

communications

report writing

public speaking

econometrics (the study of economic theory and statistics

together)

job-specific computer courses.

Opportunities may also be available to do postgraduate study.

Useful Experience

Useful experience for economists includes having worked as an:

accountant

journalist

actuary.

Work in the public sector or in management is also useful, as is any public speaking experience.

Working Conditions

Economists work in quiet office environments in businesses, government departments and universities. They may travel to present economic information to clients, carry out research, and attend conferences and meetings. They may also travel overseas to attend conferences or to do contract work in developed or developing countries.

Hours

Economists usually work regular, but flexible hours and have to be prepared to work overtime to meet project deadlines.

Contact with people

Depending on the organisation they work for, economists can work independently and in teams. Many supervise small groups. Economists also interact with other economists, statisticians, policy analysts and accountants.

Career Progression

Many economists change organisations to develop their professional experience and expand their networks and skills.
Economists can go on to work as:

politicians

academics

analysts

business managers and strategists.

Getting out in the field

Fiona Stokes is keen to dispel the myth that being an economist means you are bound to a desk.

“We’re based in Wellington, but I have clients nationwide and we do a reasonable amount of travelling. Last week I was in Whakatane, next week I’m going to be in Dunedin – I’m away somewhere at least two or three times a month.

“Because of that you get to meet a variety of people – from people who are running their own companies to city councillors.”

Slideshow

A job well done

For Fiona, the greatest sense of satisfaction comes from helping clients improve their business.

“A couple of years ago we did a survey of the forestry and wood processing industry, looking at what skills and training employers and staff would need in the short to medium term. That was a really good project because I got to meet with employers, and see some of the issues and barriers they were facing. And I also got to talk to people who were employed in the industry and hear their point of view in terms of the skills and training they required to do their job.

"It gave me a good feeling to know that the work I was doing, and the recommendations I was making in the report, were going to have a positive impact on their business and the wider community.”

Alex Harrington – Economist (New Zealand):

 

Alex Harrington says that if you want to become an economist, think carefully about the subjects you choose to take at university. “In your degree you are always going to have options, so make sure you do papers that give you opportunities to write and present your work.

“I started my degree doing economics, history and philosophy as part of a BA at Victoria University and then narrowed it down into majoring in economics, where I eventually went back for Honours. There were some good benefits of having done an arts degree. It got me writing a lot more than I would have done in a commerce degree, and being able to write well is important.

“A number of tutorials required me to get up and present to people. I’m not the kind of person who can stand up at the drop of a hat in front of an audience. But as an economist, being able to present your work to colleagues is a big part of the job, so learning how to do it at university was invaluable.”

Alex did, however, learn a few things the hard way on his path to becoming an economist. “I did get a little bit of bad advice when I was deciding what subjects to take at high school. Someone told me not to worry about calculus in seventh form, which meant later on I had to do catch-up. Calculus plays an important role in economics and as I went on I found myself struggling."

It all worked out well in the end and Alex has been working at Treasury for nine years, where he is a senior economist who works with a variety of people, all from different educational backgrounds. “I work with a good bunch of talented individuals with a range of skill sets. There are a lot of economists who come from accounting backgrounds, but also there are philosophy, geography and even engineering graduates.

“If you get the right training from the beginning, you can really excel in this role. And then you can get on with providing advice to try and help make New Zealand a better place.”

Slideshow

 

Chinese Managers

According to managers from the UK, US and France, managers in China are: hierarchical and authoritarian in style, motivating their employees to work hard, performing tasks on time and on budget.

They are not: very innovative, caring or concerned with following rules.

According to managers from China, Chinese managers are: very concerned about following rules and procedures, good at motivating people and focused on getting the job done.

They are not: very authoritarian in the way that they manage people.

According to Chinese managers the top three characteristics of good managers are: knowledge, wisdom and the ability to learn; taking responsibility, team working skills.

The strengths of Chinese managers include: being customer focused; ensuring workplace safety; being honest ethical and having strong personal values.

Chinese managers were far more willing than their Western counterparts to acknowledge management weaknesses holding back development: communication and teamwork.

Chinese managers are better educated at first degree level and benefit from significantly more in-house training than their Western peers.

What Makes A Good Manager?

A global perspective

Taking the responses of the UK, US, France and China together the top three most important managerial attributes or characteristics are: a determination to get things done; good communication skills; general knowledge, and ability to learn and wisdom.

The least important (in the top ten) are: business knowledge; team working skills; the ability to organise workload.

French managers give significantly lower scores to their own managers, and managers from the UK, US and China.

Taking the responses of the UK, US, France and China together the top four attributes the managers actually possess are: very customer focussed; take decisions; ensure a safe workplace; are good team players. Note the mismatch with desired attributes.

An individual country perspective

Asked what makes a good manager, the UK managers favoured relationships, the French managers action, but neither the UK, US nor French rated knowledge and wisdom very highly.

UK managers are decisive, fairminded, relationship and safety conscious individuals, with a focus on customers and teams.

UK managers are less good at managing relationships, and in particular: helping with people’s problems; dealing fairly but firmly with poor performance; and managing individuals well.

French managers are tough minded team players, good at decision making and communication.

French managers, like their UK counterparts, are less good at managing relationships, and in particular: helping with people’s problems; dealing fairly but firmly with poor performance; and managing individuals well.

American managers are authoritative, innovative entrepreneurial problem solvers and decision makers.

American managers are less good at delegating and assigning tasks and motivating people and teams.

UK, US and French managers are not good at taking advantage of new production and operational systems to gain competitive advantage.

UK and French managers are not good at ensuring minimal impact on the environment.

 

Slideshow

 

Education in England

Education in England is overseen by the Department for Education and the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills. Local authorities (LAs) take responsibility for implementing policy for public education and state schools at a regional level.

The education system is divided into Nursery (ages 3 - 4), Primary education (ages 4 - 11), Secondary education (ages 11 - 18) and Tertiary education (ages 18+).

Full-time education is compulsory for all children aged between 5 and 16, with a child beginning primary education during the school year they turn 5.

Students may then continue their secondary studies for a further two years (sixth form), leading most typically to A-level qualifications, although other qualifications and courses exist, including Business and Technology Education Council (BTEC) qualifications, the International Baccalaureate (IB) and the Cambridge Pre-U.

The leaving age for compulsory education was raised to 18 by the Education and Skills Act 2008. The change will take effect in 2013 for 16-year-olds and 2015 for 17-year-olds.

State-provided schooling and sixth form education is free of charge to students. England also has a tradition of independent schooling, but parents may choose to educate their children by any suitable means.

Higher education typically begins with a 3-year bachelor's degree. Postgraduate degrees include master's degrees, either taught or by research, and the doctorate, a research degree that usually takes at least three years.

Universities require a Royal Charter in order to issue degrees, and all but one are financed by the state via tuition fees, which are increasing in size for both home and European Union students.

The Education Act requires parents to ensure their children are educated either by attending school or alternative means. Small but increasing numbers of parents are choosing to educate their children by means other than schooling. This style of education is often referred to as Elective Home Education, The education can take a variety of forms, ranging from homeschooling where a school-style curriculum is followed at home, to unschooling, where any semblance of structure in the educational provision is abandoned.

Slideshow

Slideshow

Slideshow

Slideshow

Slideshow

 

School grades

Most children enter the public education system around ages five or six. The American school year traditionally begins in August or September, after the traditional summer recess. Children are assigned into year groups known as grades, beginning with preschool, followed by kindergarten and culminating in twelfth grade. Children customarily advance together from one grade to the next as a single cohort or "class" upon reaching the end of each school year in May or June, although developmentally disabled children may be held back a grade and gifted children may skip ahead early to the next grade.

The American educational system comprises 12 grades of study over 12 calendar years of primary and secondary education before graduating and becoming eligible for college admission.

After pre-kindergarten and kindergarten, there are five years in primary school (normally known as elementary school). After completing five grades, the



Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-12-27; Нарушение авторского права страницы; Мы поможем в написании вашей работы!

infopedia.su Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав. Обратная связь - 34.239.177.24 (0.017 с.)