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Read this text and translate it in written form.
The end of the melting pot?
If present levels of immigration continue, by the year 2050 America’s population will increase by 50 per sent to 383 million.
More importantly the racial balance will change. Hispanics will overtake Blacks (or African Americans, as they are now called) to become the largest minority at 21 per cent. Asians and Pacific Islanders will increase five times to more than 12 per cent. This will push the total of minorities to over 50 per cent of the population.
The USA is a country of immigrants, but today’s newcomers are different. Immigrants in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries became part of the great American melting pot. They learnt the language and integrated into the culture of their new home. But today’s immigrants keep their own TV channels, daily newspapers and magazines.
The English language has almost disappeared in many places. Parts of Florida, California and Texas are now Spanish-speaking. The Hispanic community is a billion dollar market and companies produce adverts in Spanish. In a huge supermarket in Rockville, Maryland, every customer is from the Far East. You’ll hear Japanese, Korean and Chinese, but you won’t hear any English. And this language problem won’t get any better. Immigrant parents are demanding education for their children in their own language. If this happens, it will soon be possible to grow up in America and never speak English.
Politicians are speaking: How far will this go? What kind of country will it produce? Senator Robert Byrd, a Democrat from West Virginia recently told the Senate: ’When I phone the local garage I can’t understand the person on the other end of the line and he can’t understand me. These people are all over the world and they don’t speak English. Do we want more of this?’ Both Democrats and Republicans are demanding strict immigration controls.
The biggest problem is illegal immigration. African Americans are very worried about this, because the illegal immigrants compete with them for houses, schools and especially jobs. Work is the key to the problem. While the white middle class complain, many of them (including politicians and lawyers) employ illegal immigrants as cheap nannies, housekeepers, gardeners, chauffeurs and maids. And if there are jobs, the immigrants will continue to come.
v – n; adj.- n.
to look (v) - a look(n)
to sleep (v) – sleep(n)
a hand (n) – to hand(v)
comic (adj) – ( a) comic (n)
Form nouns from these by means of conversion. Translate them.
to work, to visit, to answer, to walk, to shave, to wash, to stay, to study, to help, to hope, to return, to drive.
2. Make up sentence using nouns from ex. 1.
3. Give the part of speech of each word in italics, giving a reason for your answer:
1. I like spring flowers. 2. Spring is the first season of the year. 3. The cat springs on the mouse. 4. The spring of my watch is broken. 5. The cat made a spring and caught the mouse. 6. Can you put a button on my coat? 7. I can’t button my coat; it is too tight. 8. I want you to copy these notes in your book. 9. Make a copy of these orders. 10. The child is going cross the road.
The Group of Simple Tenses.
1. Put in the missing words:
1. I come for my lessons every day. 2. He … for … lesson every day. 3. She … for … lesson every day. 4. We … for … lesson every day. 5. You … for … lesson every day. 6. They … for …lesson every day.
2. Make the following interrogative:
1. He teaches English to his students. 2. He knows French and German. 3. Mr. Priestley speaks three languages well. 4. The students come to this room. 5. The boys and girls stay with their father at the seaside. 6. This boy plays football. 7. English people stay at this hotel. 8. The boy swims to the big rock every day. 9. The woman eats ices. 10. The men drink yea and coffee.
3. Put these sentences into negative and interrogative forms:
1. Her sister lives in Moscow. 2. My friend learns English. 3. Our teacher speaks French. 4. This engineer works at our office. 5. His wife goes to the office in the morning. 6. Her friend does English exercises at home. 7. His name is Pavlov. 8. They are students now.
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