ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Ex. 5. Describe the building you study in.



GRAMMAR EXERCISES

Ex. 1. Complete the sentences using much, many or a lot of. Use a lot of in the positive sentences only:

1. Have you got ………. work to do?

2. We buy………. fruit but no vegetables.

3. There isn’t ………. information in this book.

4. How ………. children have they got?

5. He’s got ………. problems at the moment.

6. We see ………. beautiful birds on the walk.

7. I don’t know ………. people here. Do you?

8. We can’t go out because I don’t have ………. money with me.

9. There aren’t ………. tourists here this year.

10. I don’t have breakfast before work but I drink ………. tea.

11. Do you smoke ………. cigarettes?

12. How ………. money do you spend?

13. Are there going to be ………. people at the party?

14. She’s ill and she’s not eating ………. food.

Ex. 2. Add do or does to make questions and do, don’t, does or doesn’t to make short answers:

1. Does she live with her parents? Yes, she does.

2. ….. you like your job? No, I ….. .

3. ….. I speak Italian well? Yes, you ….. .

4. ….. you drive to work? No, I ….. .

5. ….. they work hard at university? Yes, they ….. .

6. ….. Alan smoke? No, he ….. .

7. ….. your sister visit you very often? Yes, she ….. .

8. ….. we usually give her a birthday present? No, we ….. .

9. ….. you write to your parents very often? No, I ….. .

10. ….. he help you very much? Yes, he ….. .

Ex. 3. A and B meet on the street. Write the conversation, putting the verbs into the correct form and adding all the other words you need:

- Hello! / What / you / do / here in Bristol?

- I / stay / my parents.

- Oh, that’s nice! And how / be / Cardiff? You / like / it there?

- Oh, yes, I. It / be / very nice town / but / I / sometimes miss / see / my friends in Bristol.

- And what about the job?

- Oh, that / be / very good. It be / a lot / more / interesting / my last job.

- Good.

- Yes. So I definitely / want / stay / Cardiff. / Oh, and I / learn / drive / now too. But there / be / one problem. / I not got / car.

- You / buy / one?

- Well, I can’t. / I not got / money / because I / spend / it all on driving lessons at the moment.

- Oh, well. Never mind.

Ex. 4. Answer the questions using last or ago and the words in bracket:

1. When did you speak to Peter? (week)

2. When did they buy that car? (two years)

3. When did we clean the windows? (six months)

4. When did the film start? (five minutes)

5. When did you see your cousin? (three years)

6. When did she stop smoking? (month)

7. When did it stop raining? (two hours)

8. When did they go to Africa? (year)

9. When did Max phone? (night)

10. When did you find your dictionary? (half an hour)

Ex. 5. Complete the sentences using did, was or were:

1. ………. you working when I rang? No, I ………. not.

2. ………. you see me on television? Yes, I ………. .

3. What ………. you doing when they arrived? I ………. reading the paper.

4. ………. they working hard? No, they ………. not.

5. ………. she crying when you saw her? Yes, she ………. .

6. ………. They speak to you when you met? No, they ………. not.

7. Peter ………. still lying in bed so he ………. hear the doorbell.

8. ………. the police find the man? No, they ………. not. He ………. hiding in an empty building.

9. We ………. shouting to you. ………. not you hear us?

10. I ………. looking for some photos when you rang but I ………. not find them.

Ex. 6. Mach the sentences together and write ten sentences in the first conditional:

She won’t get a place at university you cook the dinner
I’ll do the washing up I write it in my diary
I’m sure he’ll understand you go to bed early
I won’t have any money it rains
I won’t forget the date I see Sylvia
We’ll eat in the garden you tell him the problem
You’ll feel better in the morning the weather’s nice
We’ll stay at home she fails her exam
I’ll give her your message you come by train
I’ll meet you at the station I lose my job

UNIT 4. ORENBURG

Read, translate and retell the text:

Orenburg is my native town. It is situated on the river Ural which is the borderline between Europe and Asia. Orenburg was founded in 1743 by Nepluev as an outpost of Russia. Orenburg has a rich historical past connected with the names of Pushkin, Dal, Shevchenko, Fadeev, Chkalov, etc. Pushkin traveled throughout Orenburg region to collect some material about Pugachev’s revolt. Shevchenko was here in exile.

Today Orenburg is a rapidly growing industrial town. The recent growth of the town is due to the development of gas and oil fields of Orenburg region. Here one can find many gas and oil derricks and not far from the town is a big gas plant. Agriculture is highly developed in our region too. We grow wheat, rye, oats, all kind of vegetables and some fruits.

Orenburg is a political centre of the region where Municipal and Regional Dumas and governments sit.

Being a cultural centre Orenburg has a Museum of Natural History, a Museum of Fine Arts, a Historical and some other museums, many palaces of culture, concert halls, art galleries. Besides we can visit a Drama Theatre, a Theatre of Musical Comedy, two Puppet Theatres or a great number of cinemas.

Orenburg is an educational centre. There are three Universities, two Academies, many Institutes, technical, vocational and secondary schools.

ADD TO YOUR ACTIVE VOCABULARY:

native town – родной город

borderline – граница

outpost – крепость, форпост

connected with – связано с …

revolt – восстание

exile – ссылка

rapidly growing – быстро растущий

recent – недавний

due to – благодаря

oil derricks – нефтяные вышки

gas plant – завод по переработке газа

wheat – пшеница

rye – рожь

oats – овес

government – правительство

Museum of Natural History – краеведческий музей

Museum of Fine Arts – музей изобразительных искусств

vocational school – профессиональное училище

secondary school – средняя школа

Ex. 1. Answer the questions:

1. Where is Orenburg situated?

2. When and who was it founded by?

3. What can you say about famous people who visited Orenburg?

4. The recent growth of the town is due to the development of gas and oil fields of Orenburg region, isn’t it?

5. Is agriculture highly developed in our region?

6. What do we grow?

7. What has Orenburg being a political centre of the region?

8. Will you name places of culture we can visit in Orenburg?

9. What educational institutions are there in our town?

10. Orenburg is a political centre of the region, isn’t it? Why?

Ex. 2 Translate from Russian into English using words and word combinations of the text:

1. В моем родном городе много красивых площадей и зеленых парков.

2. Граница между Европой и Азией проходит по Уральским горам.

3. В музее изобразительных искусств часто проходят выставки оренбургских художников.

4. Рожь, пшеница и овес – основные сельскохозяйственные культуры нашей области.

5. Твой брат уже окончил среднюю школу? – Да, теперь он учится в профессиональном училище.

6. Вчера моя сестра была на экскурсии в краеведческом музее. – Ей понравилось? – Да, экскурсия была посвящена восстанию Пугачева.

Ex.3. Finish the sentences:

1. Orenburg is situated on the river Ural which is the borderline …

2. Orenburg was founded in …

3. Orenburg has a rich historical past connected with the names of …

4. Today Orenburg is a rapidly …

5. In Orenburg region one can find many …

6. Orenburg is a political centre of the region where …

7. Being a cultural centre Orenburg has …





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