Francis Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Francis Scott Fitzgerald (1896-1940)



This Side of Paradise («По эту сторону рая») 321

The Beautiful and Damned («Прекрасные и проклятые») 321

Great Gatsby («Великий Гэтсби») 321,322

Tender is the Nigh t (« Ночь нежна») 321

Tales of the Jazz Age («Рассказы о веке джаза») 321

AlltheSad YoungMen («Все эти печальные молодые люди») 321

William Faulkner (1897-1962)

The Marble Faun («Мраморный фавн») 324 Soldiers Pay («Солдатская награда») 324 Mosquitos («Москиты») 324 Sartories («Сарторис») 324 The Sound and the Fury («Шум и ярость») 324 Sanctuary («Святилище») 324 As ILay Dying («На смертном одре») 324 Light in August («Свет в августе») 324 Absalom, Absalom! («Авессалом, Авессалом!») 324 Go Down, Moses, and Other Stories («Сойди, Моисей, и другие рас­сказы») 324 The Bear («Медведь») 324

Intruder in the Dust («Осквернитель праха») 324 The Snopes Trilogy («Трилогия о Сноупсах») 324

The Hamlet («Деревушка») 324

ГЛе Town («Город») 324

The Mansion («Особняк») 324 The Fable («Притча») 324

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961)

In Our Time («В наше время») 327 The Sun Also Rises («И восходит солнце») 327 AFarewell to Arms («Прощай, оружие») 327,328,330-331 Men Without Women («Мужчины безженщин») 327 Winner Take Nothing («Победитель не получает ничего») 327 Death in the Afternoon («Смерть после полудня») 327 The Green Hills of Africa («ЗеленыехолмыАфрики») 327 The Snows of Kilimangaro («Снега Килиманджаро») 327 The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber («Недолгое счастье Фрэнсиса Макомбера») 327


 




The Spanish Earth («Испанская земля») 327

The Fifth Column («Пятая колонна») 327

For Whom the Bell Tolls («По ком звонит колокол») 327

Men at War («Люди на войне») 328

The Old Man and the Sea («Старики море») 327,331 —332

Margaret Mitchell (1900-1949)

Gone with the Wind («Унесенные ветром») 334

Jerome Salinger (1919)

Young Men («Молодые люди») 338

The Catcher in the Rye («Над пропастью во ржи») 337,338 — 339

Jack Kerouac (1922-1969)

On theRoad («Надороге») 341

TheDharma Bums («Бродяги в поисках дхармы») 341

Doctor Sax («Доктор Сакс») 341

Big Sur («Бит Сур») 341

Desolation Angels («Ангелы одиночества») 341

John Updike (1932)

The Carpentered Hen and Othjer Tame Creatures («Деревянная курица и

прочие ручные создания») 343 The Poorhouse Fair («Ярмарка в богадельне») 343 Rabbit, Run («Кролик, беги») 343 Rabbit Redux («Исцелившийся кролик») 343 Rabbit is Rich («Кролик разбогател») 343 RabbitatRest («Кроликуспокоился») 343 The Centaur («Кентавр») 343

Ken Kesey (1935-2001)

One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest («Над кукушкиным гнездом») 344 Sometimes a Great Notion («А случается, я вдохновляюсь») 345 Sailor Song («Песнь моряка») 343


SOURCES

Abeltina R., Flieja D. Z, Misane A. English and American Literature. — Riga: Zvaigzne Publishing House, 1976.

Anikst A. An Anthology of English Literature. — M.: Literature of For­eign Languages Publishing House, 1949.

Anikst A. An Anthology of American Literature. — M: Literature of Foreign Languages Publishing House, 1950.

British Fiction. A Student's A - Z. — London, 1985.

Cortes L., Nikiforova N., Soudlenkova O. English Literature. — Minsk: NarodnayaAsveta, 1987.

Faw, Finis. Margaret Mitchell of Atlanta, the author of Gone With the Wind. — New York, 1956.

Ford, Boris. The Pelican Guide to English Literature. — London: Pen­guin, 1963.

GilinskyJ., Khvostenko A., Weise A. Studies in English and American Literature and Style. — L.: State Text-book Publishing House, 1956.

Gomberga E. An Outline of English Literature for Philologists. — Riga: Publishing House Zvaignzne, 1973.

HeckerM. J., Volosova T. D. English Literature. 8th Form. — M.: Pub­lishing House Prosveshcheniye, 1967

HeckerM. J., Volosova T. D., Doroshevich A. English Literature, 9th Form. — M.: Publishing House Prosveshcheniye, 1975.

HecherM., GolovenchenkoA., KolesnikovB. American Literature, 10th Form. — M.: Publishing House Prosveshcheniye, 1978.

JackobsonA., English Reader, 9th Form. — L.: State text-book Publish­ing House, 1952.

Jenkins, Elizabeth. Jane Austen (a biography). — New York, 1949.

Kahhova E. Readings from English Literature, 9th Form. — M.: Pub­lishing House Prosveshcheniye, 1983.

Kahhova E. English Literature of the 20th Century. — M.: Moscow University Publishing House, 1957.

Morgan, Janet. Agatha Christie A biography. — London, 1984.

Scott, James, Rolfo, Arnold. Fifty Years of English Literature 1901 — 1950. — Longman, 1956.



Soshalskaya E. G, Prokhorova V. I. Stylistic Analysis. —• M: Higher School, 1976.

Sullivan, John, Chesterton G. K. — New York, 1958.

The Penguin Companion to Literature. Britain and the Common­wealth. — London, 1971.

The Penguin Companion to Literature. USA and Latin America. — London, 1971.

The Penguin Guide to English Literature. Britain and Ireland. — Lon­
don, Penguin books, 1996. 4

Winds of Change. A Cross-Cultural Anthology of English and Amer­ican Literature. — Torino, Paravia, 1995.

Аникст А. История английской литературы. — M.: Учебно-педагогическое издательство, 1956.

ЖантееваЛ. Г. Английский роман 20 века. — М., 1965.

Либман В. А. Американская литература в русских переводах и критике. Библиография 1776 — 1975. — М.: Наука, 1977.

Самохвалов Н. И. История американской литературы. — М.: Просвещение, 1971.


CONTENTS

От издательства..................................................................................................... 5

От автора................................................................................................................. 6

ENGLISH LITERATURE

THE DAWN OF ENGLISH LITERATURE ...................................................... 9

The Ancient Britons and Their Language..................................................... 9

The Roman Invasion..................................................................................... .... 11

The Invasion by Germanic Tribes............................................................... 12

Literature of the Germanic Tribes................................................................ 14

ANGLO-SAXON LITERATURE (the 7th - 11th centuries)........................... 22

The Danish Conquest and Its Influence on the Language

of the Anglo-Saxons................................................................................. 25

THE NORMAN PERIOD (the 12th - 13th centuries)..................................... 27

The Norman Conquest.................................................................................. 27

Literature in the Norman Times................................................................... 30

ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE 14th CENTURY..................................... 32

Pre-Renaissance in England.......................................................................... 32

Geoffrey Chaucer........................................................................................... 34

ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE 15th CENTURY..................................... 39

The Wars of the Roses................................................................................... 39

Folk-Songs and Ballads................................................................................. 40

ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE 16th CENTURY..................................... 45

The Renaissance............................................................................................. 47

Thomas More .................................................................................................. 50

The Development of Drama in England.................................................... 51

Christopher Marlowe.................................................................................... ... 54

William Shakespeare..................................................................................... 55

ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE 17th- 18th CENTURY........................... 84

Enlightenment................................................................................................. 84

Alexander Pope............................................................................................... 87

DanielDefoe..................................................................................................... 89

Jonathan Swift................................................................................................ 93

RobertBurns..................................................................................................... 99


ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE SECOND HALF

OFTHE 18thCENTURY......................................................................... Ill

Pre-Romanticism........................................................................................... Ill

William Blake................................................................................................ 112

ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE BEGINNING

OFTHE 19th CENTURY........................................................................ 117

Romanticism................................................................................................. 117

William Wordsworth.................................................................................... 119

George Byron................................................................................................ ... 121

Percy Bysshe Shelley.................................................................................... ... 137

WalterScott.................................................................................................... ... 142

Jane Austen.................................................................................................... ... 147

ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE 19TH CENTURY

Critical Realism............................................................................................. 151

Charles Dickens............................................................................................ 152

William Thackeray....................................................................................... 162

The Bronte Sisters......................................................................................... 169

George Eliot.................................................................................................. 175

ENGLISH LITERATURE IN THE SECOND HALF

OFTHE 19th CENTURY........................................................................ .. 179

Lewis Carroll................................................................................................. .. 182

ThomasHardy................... ,........................................................................... 185

V Robert Louis Stevenson................................................................................. .. 189

OscarWilde.................................................................................................... 193

Rudyard Kipling........................................................................................... .. 199

THE EARLY 20th CENTURY ENGLISH LITERATURE.......................... 202

Bernard Shaw................................................................................................ 203

Herbert Wells................................................................................................. 211

John Galsworthy........................................................................................... 215

Gilbert Keith Chesterton.......................................................................... .222

Somerset Maugham...................................................................................... 223

Edward Morgan Forster............................................................................. 228

ENGLISH LITERATURE OF THE 20TH CENTURY (THE 20s - 30s). . 233

James Joyce................................................................................................... .. 235

Virginia Woolf.............................................................................................. 238

Thomas Stearns Eliot.................................................................................. .. 240

Aldous Huxley........................... ,................................................................... 243

Agatha Christie............................................................................................. 246

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien........................................................................ 248


^OST-WARAND MODERN ENGLISH LITERATURE .............................. 251

George Orwell............................................................................................... 252

Samuel Beckett.............................................................................................. 256

William Golding........................................................................................... 260

IrisMurdoch................................................................................................... 263

AMERICAN LITERATURE

THE BEGINNING OF LITERATURE IN AMERICA................................. 267

Historical Background.................................................... '........................... 267

Enlightenment in America........................................................................... 269

AMERICAN LITERATURE IN THE FIRST HALF

OFTHE 19thCENTURY......................................................................... . 272

Romanticism................................................................................................. . 272

Washington Irving....................................................................................... . 275

Fenimore Cooper.......................................................................................... . 278

EdgarPoe ....................................................................................................... . 282

Henry Longfellow......................................................................................... . 285

AMERICAN LITERATURE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 19th

CENTURY AND THE BEGINNING OF THE 20th CENTURY .. 295

Critical realism............................................................................................... 295

Mark Twain.................................................................................................... 296

O. Henry.......................................................................................................... 304

JackLondon ................................................................................................... 307

AMERICAN LITERATURE BETWEEN 1917 AND WORLD WARII .. 315

Theodore Dreiser.......................................................................... f.............. . 316

Francis Scott Fitzgerald.............................................................................. 320

William Faulkner............ i........................................................................... . 323

Ernest Hemingway........................................................................................ . 325

Margaret Mitchell____ .............................................................................. . 333

AMERICAN LITERATURE IN THE POST-WAR PERIOD...................... 336

Jerome Salinger............................................................................................. 337

Jack Kerouac................................................................................................. 340

John Updike .................................................................................................. . 342

Ken Kesey....................................................................................................... 344

Английская и американская поэзия в русских переводах..................... 346

List of the Titles Mentioned in the Book........................................................ 360

Sources.................................................................................................................. 377



 



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