Practical assignment: Read and translate the text. Discuss it.



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Practical assignment: Read and translate the text. Discuss it.



The Nobel Prize

Alfred Nobel, donor of the famous Nobel awards, made his fortune as an inventor of high explosives, and obtained his first American Patent in 1865. He established plants for experiments and tests of his inventions in many different fields, and by 1894 he had been granted 355 patents in various countries. When Nobel died in 1896 he left a willstipulating that the income from his estate should each year be divided into five equal prizes to be given to those who had done works of most benefit for mankind in physics, chemistry, physiology and medicine, literature, and peace.

 

Practical assignment: Discuss the problems of the text given below. Give your reasons while expressing your own view-point.

SCIENTIFIC METHODS

Albert Einstein, one of the greatest theoretical physicists, was once asked to explain the way in which a scientist works. "If you want to know the essence of scientific method, don't listen to what a scientist may tell you. Watch what he does". Similarly, if you would ask a hundred scientists to describe the methods of science, you would probably get a hundred different answers. But they would probably all agree with Einstein that science is a way of doing things, a way that involves imagination and creative thinking as well as collecting information and performing experiments. Facts by themselves are not science, but science deals with facts. The French mathematician, Poincare, stated in this way: "Science is built with facts just as a house is built with bricks, but a collection of facts cannot be called a science any more than a pile of bricks can be called a house".

 

Practical assignment: Made the report on the scientific investigation.

Introduction

The theme of this research is ……...

A number of urgent problems remain uninvestigated in the theoretical sphere of the …….. The problem of the ……….. is also referred to them.

The choice of the topic of the research is caused by a more general problem. The actuality of the research lies in conducting of the investigation on ………... The actuality of this research on the chosen theme is stipulated by this fact.

This work is dedicated to analysis of…. Thus the object of the research is ….. Its subject is ……………...

The principal aim of the investigation …... This aim defined the following specific tasks:

1. The investigation of …………...

2. The examination of…………….

3. The analysis of …………..…….

The language material of the research is taken out of ……psychological & pedagogical books, dictionaries & short stories, novels……….

In our investigation we use the following methods: description, observation, linguistic analysis.

The theoretical value of given investigation lies in the realization of the information about………….. the theoretical importance of this research also consists in further study of the problem of……...

The practical importance of our scientific work lies in the possibility to use its results in the course of ………..or in the possibility to be consulted with or using it while conducting courses of…………..

The noveltyof the given investigation is in the complex examination of … or in….

The main thesesof the research are:

1) principles: ………………….....

2) concept of……………………..

3) peculiarity of………………….

 

Practical assignment: Read the text.

London

London is the capital of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is one of the oldest and the largest cities in the world: London is 2000 years old. It grew up around two old historic cities: City of London and City of Westminster. City of London was founded by Romans in A.D. 43. It was a trading post of the Roman Empire. City of Westminster was founded 1000 years later. It was a residence of English kings.

Nowadays London is a modern town with office buildings and noisy traffic. There are three famous districts in London: the City, the West End and the South Bank.

The City is a famous financial district. Only 5000 people live there, but half a million people work there.

The West End is the centre of British government and night life. The government buildings are situated on a broad avenue called Whitehall. The house N 10 Downing Street is situated in the West End. It is the home of British Prime Minister. Soho is also situated in the West End. It is adistrict of restaurants and night clubs.

The South Bank is a modern cultural center. Theatres, concert halls and art galleries are situated there.

London is famous for its historical places. One of such places is the Tower. They say that London is a key to England and the Tower is a key to London. It was founded by William the Conqueror. At thattime it was a fortress, a palace, a state prison and a royal treasury. Now it is a museum. Many ravens still live near the Tower because their forefathers usually found blood there. There is a legend that the Tower will fall if it loses its ravens. The Tower is guarded by German Warders, popularly called "Beefeaters". There are two letters "E.R" on the front of their clothes. It is an abbreviation of the Queen's name Elizabeth Regina. Every time at 10 p.m. the Ceremony of the Keys takes place: warders lock up theTower for the night.

There are also such famous places in London as St. Paul's Cathedral, Westminster Abbey, Buckingham Palace and The Houses of Parliament. It is famous for its huge dome: it is 111 metres above the ground and it has a golden ball and cross on the top. You can also climb 263 steps to the Whispering Gallery, which is around the dome. It is called so because if you whisper on one side of the dome, someone can hear you well on the other side.

Buckingham Palace is the home of British kings and queens. Duke of Buckingham built it in 1703. And it is named after him. The Houses of Parliament is the home of British Parliament. Big Ben is the huge bell which is known throughout the world. It was built when sir Benjamin Hall was the commissioner of works. He was very tall, and Big Ben was named after him.

Trafalgar Square is named after Trafalgar Battle. It was a battle between English fleet and two fleets: French and Spanish. And British won.

There is the huge Nelson column there. Nelson was an admiral of British fleet who was killed in the battle. The column was built in his honour. There is a huge statue of Goratio Nelson on the top of that column. The column is 56 metres high.

But "Seeing is believing", and I wish you to go to London.

Ex. 1. Complete the following sentences.

1. London is the capital of... 2. It is one of the oldest and... 3. London is ... years old. 4. It grew up around two... : City of ... and City of... . 5. City of London was founded by ... in ... Anno Domini. ... 6. Nowadays London is a ... town with ... buildings and ... traffic. 7. There are three famous ... in London: ..., ... and ... . 8. ... a famous financial district. 9. Only ... live there, but ... work there. 10. The West End is the centre of... 11. The government buildings are situated on a ... called ... . 12. The house N° ... street is situated in the West End. It is the home of ... 13. Soho is a district of... 14. ..., ... and ... are situated in the South Bank. It is a modern ... centre. 15. London is famous for... 16. London is a ... to England and the Tower ... . 17. It was ... by William the Conqueror. 18, At that time it was... and ... treasury. 19. Now it is a ... .20. The Tower is guarded by ... popularly called ... 21. Every time at 10 p.m. the ... takes place: ... lock up the Tower for the night. 22.There are also such...places in London as...23. But «Seeing is...» and I wish you to ...

 


 



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