Translate these interesting facts about food into your own language


Dumplings are eaten in various forms around the world. Chinese won ton, Italian ravioli, Jewish kreplach, and Polish pierogi are types of dumplings filled with meat, cheese, or vegetables.

Frankfurterswere named after Frankfurt, Germany. Experts believe these sausages were first made in Germany during the middle ages. About 1900, an American vendor selling cooked frankfurters supposedly called them “hot dachshund sausages” because they resembled the long-bodied dog. Later, the term hot dog came to be used.

Hamburger was originally called Hamburg steak. It was named after Hamburg, Germany.

Hundred-year-old eggs, a delicacy in China, are preserved duck eggs. They are curved in the shell for about six months in a mixture of ashes, lime, salt, and tea. The curing makes the eggs taste like cheese.

Ice cream cones were first served at the St. Louis World’s Fair in 1904. A thin, crisp waffle was rolled into a handy holder for a scoop of ice-cream.

Pancakes are probably the oldest prepared food. The first pancakes were a mixture of pounded grain and water spread on a hot stone. Today, people enjoy such pancake variations as French crepes, Hungarian palacintas, Indian dosai, Italian cannelloni, Jewish blintzes, and Russian blini.

Pizza, an international favorite, originated in Italy. Pizza is the Italian word for pie.

Sandwiches were named after the Earl of sandwich, an English nobleman of the 1700s. while playing cards, he ordered a servant to bring him two slices of bread with a piece of roast meat between them.

 

Find the Passive sentences from the text and determine its Tense

 

3. Learn by heart the new words:

Canned food, cereal, seed, barley, corn, millet, oat, rye, sorghum, wheat, noodle, melon, peach, pineapple, bean, broccoli, cabbage, carrot, celery, lettuce, onion, pea, raw, herb, spice, mixture

 

4. What do these words mean? Use it can ... or it can't... . Use a dictionary if necessary.

If something is

1 washable,................................ 4 unusable, ........................

2 unbreakable, it........................ 5 invisible,............... ...........

3 edible,..................................... 6 portable,..................... .....

 

5. Complete these sentences with the following verbs (in the correct form):

Arrest carry cause -do make repair send spend wake up. Sometimes you need have (might have, should have etc.).

1 The situation is serious. Something must........ before it's too late.

2 I haven't received the letter. It might...........to the wrong address.

3 A decision will not. ...................................until the next meeting.

4 Do you think that more money should .....................on education?

5 This road is in very bad condition. It should ................a long time ago.

6 The injured man couldn't walk and had to. ......................................

7 It's not certain how the fire started, but it might ........................... by an

electrical fault.

8 I told the hotel receptionist I wanted to .............................at 6.30 the next morning.

9 If you hadn't pushed the policeman, you wouldn't ................................

 

Rewrite these sentences. Instead of using somebody or they etc., write a passive sentence.

1 Somebody has cleaned the room .....................................................

2 They have postponed the meeting. The.............................................

3 Somebody is using the computer at the moment.

The computer.....................................................................................

4 I didn't realise that somebody was recording our conversation.

I didn't realise that..............................................................................

5 When we got to the stadium, we found that they had cancelled the game.

When we got to the stadium, we found that............................................

6 They are building a new ring road round the city.

7 They have built a new hospital near the airport.

 

Make sentences from the words in brackets. Sometimes the verb is active, sometimes passive.

1 There's somebody behind us. (I think / we / follow) .....

2 This room looks different, (you / paint / the walls?)

3 My car has disappeared, (it / steal!) It...............................................................

4 My umbrella has disappeared, (somebody / take) Somebody..........................

5 Sam gets a higher salary now. (he / promote) He............................................

6 Ann can't use her office at the moment, (it / redecorate) It................................

7 The photocopier broke down yesterday, but now it's OK. (it / work / again ; it / repair)

It.............................................................................................................................. It.............................................................................................................................

8 When I went into the room, I saw that the table and chairs were not in the same place.

(the furniture / move) The..........................................................................



9 The man next door disappeared six months ago. (he / not / see / since then)

He...............................................................................

10 1 wonder how Jane is these days. (I / not / see / for ages)

I.............................................................................................................................

11 A friend of mine was mugged on his way home a few nights ago. (you / ever / mug?)

 

Food from animals

 

Food from animals includes meat, eggs, and dairy products. These foods cost more to produce than do foods from plants. As a result, foods from animals are eaten more in developed countries than in developing ones.

Meat consists mainly of the muscle, fat, and other parts of an animal’s body. The word meat most commonly means the red meat of cattle, hogs, sheep, and game animals. However, the flesh of fish and poultry is also considered meat.

In the United States and Canada, popular red meats include beef and veal from cattle, pork from hogs, and lamb and mutton from sheep. Many Americans and Canadians also enjoy kidney, liver, tongue, and variety meats. Favorite fish include cod, perch, salmon, trout, and tuna. Clams, crabs, lobsters, oysters, scallops and shrimp are favorite shellfish. The most popular kinds of poultry are chicken, duck, goose, and turkey. In some countries, people enjoy the meat of caribou, goats, horses, monkeys, rabbits and snakes. They might also eat ants, grasshoppers, snails, or turtles.

Much poultry is marketed as the whole animal. Many other meats are sold as cuts, such as chops and steaks. Meat usually is heated before it is eaten. Heating develops the flavor and destroys microbes that may cause illness if present in the meat. Ham and corned beef are preserved before being marketed. Meats also are processed into such products as frankfurters and cold cuts. Meat is commonly eaten during the main part of a meal.

Farmers raise poultry, especially chickens, for their eggs as well as for their meat. Chicken eggs are popular as a breakfast or supper dish, or they can be used in custards and other cooked dishes. The eggs of certain kinds of fish are used to make a delicacy called caviar. In some countries also eat the eggs of alligators, crocodiles or certain other reptiles.

Dairy products are important foods in many cultures. Cows provide most of the milk used in the United States and Canada. But such animals as camels, goats, reindeer and sheep supply milk in other parts of the world. Milk and milk products reach the market in many forms. In addition to whole milk, people can buy buttermilk, skim milk, low-fat milk, and condensed, dried and evaporated milk. Other products include butter, cheese, cream, ice-cream, sour cream and yogurt.

 

Exercises

1. Find the Passive sentences and translate into your own language









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