Ex. 2 Choose the right answer.
1. I have _______ the documents and now I can concentrate on you.
a) filled in; b) signed; c) suggested
2. You should make _______ to get success in this sphere.
a) an effort; b) a tension; c) a job
3. A good _______on the working place is a part of success in business.
a) position; b) responsibility; c) environment
4. Our company needs creative employees to make it _______.
a) skillful; b) competitive; c) promising
5. The first month of your work will be _______.
a) creative; b) fair; c) experimental
6. Your _______ will include the contacts with foreign partners, buying equipment and conduct negotiations.
a) responsibilities; b) efforts; c) positions
7. _______ is destined for senior position applicants.
a) Resume; b) Curriculum vitae; c) Cover letter
8. Business partners respect this company for its _______.
a) reliability; b) responsibility; c) loyalty
Ex. 3 Give English equivalents to the Russian words and make sentences with them.
Связи (люди); должностное лицо; зарабатывать; льготы; конечный срок; переговоры; окружающая обстановка; достоинства; вакансия; предоставлять; творческий; обязательства; привыкнуть; переносить; предыдущий; конкурентоспособный.
Ex. 4 Finish the sentences with suitable words.
1. Are you a leader, entrepreneur _______?
2. When applying for a job you should submit all necessary papers: _______.
3. You have excellent references _______.
4. You should stress your qualification for the job opening, be confident and optimistic during the _______.
5. As a rule, resume may be rather detailed, but _______.
6. Well review your salary if you _______.
7. How do you relieve every day _______.
8. On the interview don’t discuss past experience which has no application _______.
Ex. 5 Answer the following questions.
1. Why is it difficult to find a smart job nowadays?
2. Who usually interviews applicants for a post of the firm (company, enterprise)?
Ex. 6 Use the words in brackets in appropriate form. Determine the tense, underline the indicators of time.
1. The applicant just (fill) in the application form.
2. She (get) redundancy payment once a week.
3. They (discharge) their Sales Manager for misses last month.
4. The staff Manager (inform) the applicant about the result of interview by that time.
5. Mark (describe) his educational background and professional experience in his Cover Letter just now.
6. He (wait) for the call of the boss whole evening yesterday.
7. George (submit) his employment documents by the end of this month.
8. Tracey (queue) for unemployment benefit all day tomorrow.
Ex.7 Make up all possible sentences with one of expressions in Passive Voice.
To give reference; to carry out obligations; to earn money; to provide all necessary information; to answer question honestly.
Task ІІІ. Prepare an annotation to the text on your specialty; put 10 questions to the text.
One of the first key thinkers, Paul Natorp, “claimed that all pedagogy should be social, that is, that in the philosophy of education the interaction of educational processes and society must be taken into consideration”. His social pedagogic theories were influenced by Plato’s doctrine of ideas, together with Immanuel Kant’s categorical imperative of treating people as subjects in their own rights instead of treating them as means to an end, and Pestalozzi’s method.
In the 1920s, with influential educationalists such as Herman Nohl, German social pedagogy was interpreted from a hermeneutical perspective, which acknowledged that an individual’s life and their problems can only be understood through their eyes and in their social context, by understanding how the individual interacts with their social environment. Following World War II and the experiences within National Socialism that exposed the dangers of collective education in the hands of a totalitarian state, social pedagogy “became more critical, revealing a critical attitude towards society and taking the structural factors of society that produce social suffering into consideration”. Consequently, contemporary social pedagogy in Germany is as a discipline linked more closely to social work and sociology than to psychology.
Due to different historical developments and cultural notions, social pedagogy has very different traditions in other countries, although these are connected through the overarching core principles of social pedagogy. And even within one country, there is not the pedagogic approach – within the general discipline pedagogy we can distinguish various approaches. Some of these are named after key thinkers like Frobel or Montessori who have created a very specific pedagogic concept for the context of their work, while others are termed according to the medium they are utilizing, such as adventure, play, circus, music, or theatre pedagogy.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is the earliest known history of England written in the English language. It was probably first compiled at the behest of King Alfred (848/9 to 899), and distributed to monasteries throughout the land for copying in around 892, after which each copy was kept up to date by a member of the monastic community.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is the oldest history of any European country in a vernacular language. It begins with the birth of Christ and, in most versions, the entries cease soon after the Norman Conquest in 1066. However one version continued until as late as 1154. The court origins of the Chronicle mean that its early entries are essentially an official history of the West Saxon royal dynasty (although some Mercian material is drawn upon), but from the late 10th century, the entries made in the various versions kept in different monasteries became increasingly independent.
Eight manuscripts of the Chronicle have survived, of which six are in the British Library. This manuscript formerly belonged to Abingdon Abbey - it gives local information about Abingdon, strongly suggesting that it was also written there. It was written in about 1046 and contains additions to 1066. The pages shown here contain entries for the years 824 to 833.
A professor of psychology at Johns Hopkins University (1908–1920), Watson is often listed as one of the most influential psychologists of the twentieth century; his work is standard material in most introductory psychology and educational psychology texts. Yet his academic career was brief, lasting for only fourteen years, and his legacy has been hotly debated for nearly a century. Watson helped define the study of behavior, anticipated Skinner's emphasis on operant conditioning, and emphasized the importance of learning and environmental influences in human development. Watson's often harsh criticism of Sigmund Freud has been given credit for helping to disseminate principles of Freudian psychoanalysis. Watson is widely known for the Little Albert study and his "dozen healthy infants" quote.
John B. Watson is generally given credit for creating and popularizing the term behaviorism with the publication of his seminal 1913 article "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It." In the article, Watson argued that psychology had failed in its quest to become a natural science, largely due to a focus on consciousness and other unseen phenomena. Rather than study these unverifiable ideas, Watson urged the careful scientific study of observable behavior. His view of behaviorism was a reaction to introspection, where each researcher served as his or her own research subject, and the study of consciousness by Freud and others, which Watson believed to be highly subjective and unscientific.
In response to introspection, Watson and other early behaviorists believed that controlled laboratory studies were the most effective way to study learning. With this approach, manipulation of the learner's environment was the key to fostering development. This approach stands in contrast to techniques that placed the emphasis for learning in the mind of the learner. The 1913 article is often given credit for the founding of behaviorism, but it had a minor impact after its publication. His popular 1919 psychology text is probably more responsible for introducing behaviorist principles to a generation of future scholars of learning. In this way, Watson prepared psychologists and educators for the highly influential work of Skinner and other radical behaviorists in subsequent decades.
The head-line of the article (material) is…
The material is written by…
in “The Times”, 7th June, 2005.
The source of the material is…
The article is about…
The material is devoted to…
The article deals with…
The author in the article raises a very serious (important, urgent) problem, concerning…
At first the author tells about… (Firstly…)
Next (then) he/she gives information about…
Finally (in the end of the article) the narrator concludes that…
It is going to be interesting for…
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