Ex.8. Translate the questions into English and let your partner answer them.


Сколько уровней менеджмента существует в большинстве организаций? Какие должности относятся к топ-менеджменту? За что отвечают топ-менеджеры? Кому подотчетны топ-менеджеры? Какими умениями должны они обладать? Какова роль топ-менеджмента?

За что отвечают менеджеры среднего звена? Перед кем они отчитываются? Каким функциям они уделяют больше всего времени? Какова их роль в отношении менеджмента низшего звена? Какие конкретные функции они выполняют?

Какие должности относятся к низшему звену менеджмента? В чем их основная функция? Каковы обязанности менеджеров низшего звена? Какую роль они выполняют по отношению к рядовым сотрудникам?

Ex.9. Watch Video 6 (“How to Become a Manager”). Say if the statements are true or false.

1.The first thing for you to decide is if you can really become a manager.

2. Your employers should analyze your strengths and weaknesses.

3. You should discuss the issue with the top-manager of your company.

4. You should look at your current manager as a role-model.

5. You should ask your friends for advice.

6. You should ask your managers if they can provide tools and resources, training and development for you to become a manager.

7. The career advisor doesn’t think that having a mentor is very important for becoming a manager.

8.You should show the employers your abilities to research, assimilate and communicate.

9. Every organization has internal workshops to prepare managers.

10. Communication skills are of first-rate importance in management.

Ex.10. Video 6 presents one of the ways to become a manager in an American company. Do you think her advice is applicable in Russia? What would you do in a different way? Discuss the ideas with your partner. Draw with your partner a path to management in Russia.

Ex.11. Role-play. A young promising employee comes to his current manager and tells him about his desire to start a career in management. The latter is ready to help him.

Ex.12. Discuss the questions.

 

Is a manager always a leader? Are there born leaders? Who do you call a leader? Make up a list of traits common to leaders. Are there any leaders in your group? Are you a leader?

 

Ex.13. Read the text about leadership.

Leadership

Leadership is "organizing a group of people to achieve a common goal". The leader may or may not have any formal authority.

A leader is a person who has a vision, a drive and a commitment to achieve that vision, and the skills to make it happen. Leaders see a problem that needs to be fixed or a goal that needs to be achieved. It may be something that no one else sees or simply something that no one else wants to tackle. Whatever it is, it is the focus of the leader's attention.

It is not enough to just have a vision. Lots of people see things that should be done, things that should be fixed, great step forward that could be taken. What makes leaders different is that they act. They take the steps to achieve their vision.

Leaders have the strength to move their vision forward despite all the obstacles, despite all the people saying it can't be done, it's too costly, we tried that before, or a dozen other excuses. The true leader perseveres and moves forward.

If you make the transition from manager to leader, you will achieve the success you truly want in your management career.

Ex.14. Comment on the following quotations. Try to find some information about the people quoted.

“The best executive is the one who has sense enough to pick good men to do what he wants done, and self-restraint to keep from meddling with them while they do it.” - Theodore Roosevelt

“Management is doing things right; leadership is doing the right things.”

- Peter F. Drucker

“Don’t tell people how to do things, tell them what to do and let them surprise you with their results.”

- George S. Patton

“I must follow the people. Am I not their leader?”

- Benjamin Disraeli

 

Ex.15. Here are five easy steps to help you become a great leader. Which of them, do you think, will be of value for your future career?

Tell your team what you need

If you want to make things happen, let your team know what needs to be done. Tell them what you need, and let them come up with the plan on how to get there.

Give them the tools, time, and training they require

If you prepare your team properly, they’ll be able to handle just about anything in your business.

Ask your team what they need

Once you’ve told your team what you need, ask them what they need to make it happen. This can be difficult for some managers, as they think the team is going to make outrageous demands. If you’re being open and honest with your team, chances are they’ll be open and honest with you about their needs.

Encourage your team as they work

Regular communication is key. Don’t wait until the day of the deadline to check in with them. This way you can help them overcome barriers if they need it, or praise them if they are on or ahead of schedule.

Thank them for being on the team, share the reward with them

Appreciate your people. If they do a good job, show them that you are grateful. If you have a bonus structure, make sure they benefit from it too.

 

Ex.16. Decide whether each statement is true or false.

1. A great leader always gives his team a detailed plan of what they should do.

2. A great leader always helps his team to overcome obstacles.

3. A great leader always encourages his team if they meet the deadline.

4. The demands of the team are always very high.

Ex.17. What kind of leader can you become? This questionnaire will help you to determine your leadership style.

How do you lead? (from www.Leadership-Expert.co.uk)

    Strongly Disagree Moderately Disagree Neutral Moderately Agree Strongly Agree
It is often necessary to make decisions without consulting others due to time pressures upon the task at hand.
Teams operate best within a clear and structured framework of procedures.
The best decision will be the one with the largest consensus.
People will come up with the best working methods when given minimal instruction.
People repeatedly come to me for advice and support, and I generously give it.
People have learnt to not question my judgement, as I rarely back down when I am truly passionate about something.
If everyone is forced to perform the same task in the same way. The efficiencies gained outweigh the costs.
I receive employee approval before making absolutely any changes to their working conditions or role, even if just for a day.
I have learnt that people will never fail to positively surprise you if you leave them alone.
I consult a variety of people when making decisions, but they tend to agree with my original idea anyway.
Half of people are intrinsically hard working, but the other half need to be pushed into completing work to a high enough standard.
Over time, we can continue to build upon and add to our systems and ways of doing things, which will make life easier.
People constantly challenge my ideas and strategies because they know they are welcome when they do so.
I can say with 100% conviction that I do not micromanage.
People see me as a leader, not a manager.
Leadership is about making the right decisions, at the right time, and ensuring the workforce follow through with that decision with effectiveness.
Cost savings can be made if everybody does exactly what they’re told, and don’t try to over-engineer solutions.
I try to delegate as many tasks as possible in their complete entirety.
I let people get back to me when they decide to, rather than getting in touch myself.
I feel responsible for my employees, and I look after them accordingly.

Enter your points for each question against the question numbers below, and total up each column to paint a picture of which leadership styles your behavior matches most closely. Most managers tend to lean towards Style A. However leaders in reality can exhibit several different styles at once to help lead their businesses or organizations to success! Look at the results to discover which styles you possess!

question result question result question result question result question result
         
         
         
         
total   total   total   total   total  
  Style A   Style B   Style C   Style D   Style E

 

Results

Style A = Autocratic Leadership Style

Style B = Bureaucratic Leadership Style

Style C = Democratic Leadership Style

Style D = Laissez Faire Leadership Style

Style E = Paternalistic Leadership Style

 









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