VI. Choose the proper words and answer the following questions


1. What ... do you study at?

a) school b) laboratory c) department

2. The Accounting Economic Department is the ... one at our Institute, isn’t it?

a) famous b) oldest c) richest

3) What specialists does the accounting department ... ?

a) account b) report c) train

4) What kind of deep ... does the accounting department train specialists in?

a) knowledge b) science c) accounting

5) What kinds of ... can you name?

a) science b) subjects c) planning

6) How many ... of accounting can you name?

a) reports b) enterprises c) functions

7) How can you ... finance?

a) define b) report c) study

8) What are the ... of financial manager?

a) plans b) duties c) reports

9) What kinds of techniques can future specialists ... ?

a) budget b) use c) reveal

10) What do the students ... at the Institute?

a) master b) report c) deviate

VII. Answer the following questions

1. What economic departments are there at our Academy?

2. What economic subjects do the students study?

3. What department does your friend study for?

4. What is accounting?

5. Which are the main functions of accounting?

6. What is finance?

7. What is finance responsible for?

8. What are the duties of a financial manager?

9. Why are accounting and finance mutually supportive functions ?

10. What are the tasks of all the economists?

11. What do the subjects studied orient the future specialists to?

12. Where will the graduates of the economic departments work?

VIII. Speak on the topic ”My Speciality”

Grammar

Revision Exercises of Tense and Voice

1. Use the Present, Past or Future Indefinite instead of the infinitives in brackets. Use the Passive Voice where necessary:

1. We (to be) all so excited, we (can) hardly wait for tomorrow morning. 2. I (to have), my friend, that you (to come) and (to spend) at least a week with us. 3. No one (to know) when he (to come) tomorrow , or whether he (to come) soon because he (to work) hard. 5. I will hardly do this if I (to be allowed). 6. The telegram (to bring) yesterday in the morning when I (to be) just about to leave the house for my office. 7. What you (to do) on your last day off? - I (to spend) it in the country with my friends. 8. He (to promise) that everything (arrange) before tomorrow afternoon. 9. If anyone (to want) to see me, tell them I (to be) back by five. 10. Arthur waited till Jemma (to come) up to him. 11. With a slight sigh he (to draw) the candle towards him, (to take) out a fountain-pen, and (to begin) a letter to his mother. 12. Your answers must (to write) on one side of the paper only. 13. He promised to come if he (to have) time. 14. As soon as you (to buy) the book, I (to borrow) it from you.

II.Use the Past Indefinite or the Past Perfect instead of the Infinitives in the brackets:

1. Margot (to go) to the door and (to lock) it, and (to return) with the key. 2. He (to make) tea and (to eat) the biscuits which Mrs. Aberdeen (to bring) him. 3. When the cinema (to be) over they (to go) for a walk across the dark damp fields. 4. Cathie (to spend) the night at home, and on entering the dining-room (to glance) at the space above the fire. 5. It (to be) all so sudden that for a moment no one (to know) what (to happen). 6. He (to tell) me that they (to be) at the same public school and (to be) friends ever since. 7. Near the door he (to see) the man he (to notice) at the station. 8. The house (to be) much smaller than he (to think) at first.

III. Use the Past Indefinite, the Past Continuous or the Past Perfect instead of the infinitives in brackets:

1. Yes, Cathie? What you (to say)? 2. He ever (not to count) the money that Lammiter (to hold ) out to him. 3. I (to look) at her. She (to smile) to herself and (not to realize) where she (to be) and what (to happen). 5. Then she (to get) up and (to go) to the kitchen and (to open) the fridge. 6. Toby and Michael (to smile) each other and (to begin) to walk slowly towards the lake. 7. The silence in the room (to tell) that the rain (to stop). 8. She (can) not think why she (not to think) of this before, she (to say). 9. He (to go) away on the very day I (to arrive). 10. My mother (to make) sandwiches in the kitchen and (not to hear) the bell. 11. He (to go) to school for the first time with a bunch of flowers in his hand, and it (to seem) to him that everyone (to turn) to look at him. 12. After he (to leave) school he (can) not find a job and (to decide) to go to New York. 13. The grass (to be) damp; it (to tell) us that rain (to fall) in the night. 14. Now he (to look) at me with wide open eyes. 15. He (can) not stop thinking that he (to see) that face somewhere before. 16. After he (to read) ”The Gadfly” he (to tell) all his friends that he never (to read) a better book. 17. Roger (to say) he (to come) back in an hour. 18. She (to turn) and it (to be) a little brighter outside. 19. After the war they (to part) and he (to tell) me that he (not to see) her since. 20. She (to go) back to take her gloves and bag which she (to leave) on the hall table. 21. The storm (to pass) and the sun (to shine) on the green leaves of the trees. 22. He (to look) through the window and (not to seem) to notice me.



IV. Read the following sentences twice; (a) in the Present Perfect tenses; (b) in the Past Indefinite using the words in brackets:

1. He (to tell) me about it (a minute ago; just). 2. I (to be introduced) to him (at the Institute; already). 3. He (to inform) them about his plans (last time; ever)? 4. She (to be) here (at six o’clock; since six o’clock). 5. Jim (to come) back (last night; yet)? 6. I (to admire) his books (when a boy; since childhood). 7. She (to be) excited (all day yesterday; all day). 8. I (not to see) him (last week; since last week). 9. He (to live) in London (in 1968; since 1968). 10. She (to know) me (for ten years; at the age of ten) 11. We (not to play) tennis (since last Sunday; last Sunday). 12. I (to hear) the news only (last night; today). 13. I (not to meet) him (this month; last month). 14. He (to tell) you about it (ever; during the lesson)? 15. They (to leave) Moscow (already; at night).

V. Use the Past Indefinite, the Past Continuous, or the Past Perfect instead of the infinitive in brackets:

Next morning when I (to wake), the sun (to shine) brilliantly. It (to be) late and I (to have) no supper the night before, so I (to dress) quickly and (to go) downstairs. I (to be) surprised to find the doors locked and the house empty. A dozen times or more I (to call) out my host’s name, but the house (to be) as still as the grave. What it all (to mean)? I (to begin) to doubt my wisdom in being so ready to trust a stranger. I ought to have gone on to the next village, where I (to know) that friends (to be) awaiting me. Instead, I (to be frightened) by a few drops of rain.

At last, however, I (to hear) footsteps, and soon my host (to appear), looking, I (to think), rather strange. He just (to be) out, he (to say), to feed the horses. But I (to notice) the mud (to be) thick and wet upon his shoes and I (to wonder) where he (to be), and why he (to want) to deceive me.

VI. Use the Present, Past or Future Perfect tenses instead of the infinitives in brackets:

1. The news, that he (to leave) the town was a surprise to all of us.2.Edward is a dear, I always (to be) very fond of him.3.By the time you come we (to do) the greater part of the work. 4.He asked himself if he (to see) her before.5.By the end of the school year we (to learn) a lot of new words.6.When he (to count) the money he put it away.7.I don’t know anything about it, I (not to see) him lately, he (to be) mostly in London all these days.8.When by half past two he (not to arrive) Dora was worried.9.They say that by the first of January they (to live) in this street for ten years.10.When I (to be) in your country for five years I shall write a book about it.11.I’ll stay until you (to do) your translation. I can help you if you allow me.12.Those who (to write) the test may leave the class-room.

VII. Translate into English using the appropriate tenses:

Я сьогодні запізнився, оскільки прокинувся лише о 9 годині. 2. Ми знали, що якщо ми попросимо його допомогти нам, то він погодиться. 3. Я не впевнена, що він скористається вашою порадою . 4. Все це буде відбуватись зі мною і дуже швидко. 5. Цей шум триває з тих пір, як я тут сиджу. 6. Він відкрив книгу і побачив фотографію, яку я не бачив з дитинства. 7. Я не пам’ятаю, куди поклала окуляри. 8. Я відчула, що на мене дивляться. 9. Минулого тижня він був хворий, а зараз видужує. 10. Чому ви сидите на камені? Ви можете захворіти. 11. Дощ перестав, але дув холодний вітер. 12. Тебе запросили на вечірку. Ще ні, але я впевнена, що мене запросять.

 

 

Additional Reading

Lesia Ukrainka

Larissa Kossach (pen-name Lesia Ukrainka) was born in Novgorod-Volynsky on February 25, 1871 which is now in Zhytomir Region. Her father was a lawyer and her mother was a Ukrainian writer (pen-name Olena Pchilka). Her sister was married to Mykhailo Dragomanov, a scholar public figure and political figure, who was to play a great role in Lesia's life

When Lesia was nine, her parents moved to the town of Lutsk and settled at an estatenear Kovel. Because of weak health and the absence of school with instruction in the Ukrainian language, Lesia received education at home.She had a remarkable aptitude for the humanities.

Lesia's close ties with distinguished public and cultural figures of her time played a positive role in her formation as a poet. Apart from Dragomanov and Franko, the Kossaches friends included the composer M. Lysenko, the poet, playwright and one of the founders of the Ukrainian professional theatre

N. Starytsky, the bibliographer M. Komarov, and the poet V. Samiylenko. Such a milieu made Lesia try her hand at writing poetry early. At the age of nine she wrote her first verses, and at 13 her first poem was published in the Lviv magazine “Zoria”. From then on her poetry appeared regularly in the Ukrainian, publications.

Unfortunately, the outset of her literary career coincided with the first symptoms of what was then an incurable disease tuberculosis of the bones. Her poor health made her travel from one warm country to another Vienna, Crimea, Italy, Georgia, Egypt.

In 1893 her book of verse, “On Wings of Songs”, was published. It was favourably received both by the readers and critics. Then followed her books of verse “Thoughts and Dreams”, “Responses”, which earned her, alongside I. Franko, a leading place in Ukrainian literature at the turn of this century. Just then she toned to playwriting. Her first works of drama were based on subjects from the Bible. Among her best plays are “The Forest Song” and “The Stone Host”.

Beginning with 1894 Lesia 1ived in Kyiv. Here she started learning foreign languages. Later on she read and spoke English as well as Ukrainian. With a full command of German, French Italian and English she could write not only prose, but also poetry in all these languages.

L. Ukrainka died on August 1, 1913 in Georgia, and was buried in Kyiv. Her works reveal the dominant feature of her talent exceptional public sensitivity and the ability to grasp and express in vivid images the idea and tendencies of her time.

 









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