Произнесите вслух все возможные предложения, используя приведенные подстановочные таблицы. (Упражнение на выработку автоматизма речи.) Переведите каждое предложение на русский язык.


Произнесите вслух все возможные предложения, используя приведенные подстановочные таблицы. (Упражнение на выработку автоматизма речи.) Переведите каждое предложение на русский язык.

Не must may might can't   know your sister. be busy. be ill. be tired.
Не must may might can't be be hungry. sieeping. working hard. watching TV. having dinner. playing football.
Не must maymightcan't have forgotten your address, lost your book. missed the train. caught a cold. fallen ill. left the country. sold his piano, bought a car.

Упражнение 524

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя модальные глаголы, must, тау, might или can't.

Они, должно быть, работают за границей.

Они, может быть, работают за границей.

Может быть, они и работают за границей (хотя едва ли).

Не может быть, что они работают за границей.

Они, должно быть, работали за границей.

Они, может быть, работали за границей.

Может быть, они и работали за границей (хотя едва ли).

Не может быть, что они работали за границей.

Он, должно быть, на работе.

Он, должно быть, был на работе.

Он, может быть, на работе.

Он, может быть, был на работе.

Может быть, он и на работе (хотя едва ли).

Может быть, он и был на работе (хотя едва ли).

Не может быть, что он на работе.

Не может быть, что он был на работе.

Упражнение 525

Перепишите сначала все предложения, в которых модальный глагол тау (might) выражает разрешение, а затем предложения, в которых он выражает предположение. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. Не may have written the letter, but the signa-ture is certainly not his. 2. It might have been worse. 3. May I come and see you some day? 4. We asked the teacher if we might use dictionaries. 5. Children may borrow books from the school library. 6. I may show him your reports later. I don't know yet. 7. I think he might get into the Olympic team in 2014. 8. Mother, may I have a glass of warm milk? 9. I may have wrecked my own life, but I will not let you wreck yours. 10. Justice may be slow, mother, but it comes in the end.

Упражнение 526

Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя модальный глагол тау.

E.g. Possibly you leftyour book behind. You may have leftyour book behind.

1. Perhaps you left your umbrella in the bus. 2. Per-haps he went to the cafe to wait for us. 3. Perhaps it was Helen who rang you up. 4. Perhaps they came by plane. 5. Perhaps she had a very good English teacher. 6. Perhaps it was too cold for the children to go out. 7. It is possible that he took his children to the zoo. 8. Possibly they did not see us in the crowd. 9. Perhaps Robert used a dictionary. 10. Possibly Mary misunderstood you. 11. Perhaps Henry waited for us there. 12. Possibly Ann returned very late last night. 13. Possibly they have seen the new play. 14. Perhaps Nick has left his exercise book at home. 15. Perhaps my parents have gone to the Russian Museum.

Упражнение 527

Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя модальный глагол тау.

1. Perhaps he is at home, but I am not sure he is. 2. It is possible that we studied at the same school, but I don't remember her. 3. Perhaps she was proud of her knowledge, but she never showed it to her classmates. 4. Perhaps there was a chance for him to win the match. 5. Perhaps Peter was as capable as the old workers, but he was given no chance to show his skill. 6. Perhaps they will come home very soon: be ready. 7. Perhaps the question was too difficult for her. 8. Try this delicious drink: perhaps you will like it. 9. Why didn't Nick ring us up? — It is possible that he forgot about it. 10. It is possible that your brother has never heard about this writer. 11. Perhaps she tried to enter the university, but failed. 12. It is possible that you asked the wrong people, that's why you didn't get the right answer.

Perhaps our friends will arrive here tomorrow.

Perhaps we have met before.

Упражнение 528

Вставьте модальный глагол тау или might. Раскройте скобки, употребляя требующуюся форму инфинитива.

1. ... I (to ask) you to take off your hat? 2. She asked me if she ... (to turn) on the light. 3. I am afraid it ... (not to stop) raining by the morning. 4. Don't scold her: the task ... (to be) too difficult for her, that's why she made rather many mistakes. 5. If they don't miss the train, they ... (to arrive) on time. 6. Why isn't he here yet? What has happened? — Oh, he ... (to miss) the train. 7. He ... (to do) very hard work. That's why he looks so tired now. 8. Don't throw out the rest of the birthday cake. He ... (to want) it for dessert. 9. It's raining cats and dogs. ... I (to borrow) your umbrella, please? 10. Do you know where I left the car keys? — You ... (to leave) them in the garage. 11. They don't know where the money has gone. It ... (to steal).

Упражнение 529

Переведите на английский язык, употребляя модальный глагол тау.

1. Может быть, это неправда. 2. Может быть, он занят. 3. Может быть, они знают. 4. Может быть, он все еще за границей. 5. Может быть, она опоздает. 6. Может быть, он сдаст экзамен. 7. Может быть, мы поедем на Волгу. 8. Может быть, она придет завтра. 9. Может быть, я куплю эту книгу в Москве. 10. Возможно, она пришлет нам письмо по электронной почте. 11. Возможно, они забудут принести газету. 12. Может быть, он уже сделал уроки. 13. Может быть, моя сестра уже поговорила с ними. 14. Возможно, они уехали за границу. 15. Возможно, мой брат забыл позвонить вам. 16. Возможно, она уже купила билеты. 17. Может быть, бабушка спит. 18. Может быть, дети играют у реки. 19. Возможно, они сейчас как раз обсуждают этот вопрос. 20. Возможно, они как раз сейчас обедают. 21. Может быть, он сейчас лежит на траве и смотрит на облака. 22. Возможно, она поменяла свои планы.

Упражнение 530

Перепишите сначала все предложения, в которых модальный глагол must выражает долженствование, а затем предложения, в которых он выражает предположение. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. You must take а taxi if you want to catch that train. 2. You must teil your mother about it. 3. But she must have seen him! 4. Oh, John, think how she must be suffering! 5. Is she waiting? She must have been waiting for an hour. 6. "Oh, Auntie," he answered, "you mustn't talk like that." 7. And remember, you must come and see the baby as soon as you can. 8. You must go home now, Georgie. 9. You must be a fool to think so. 10. The work must have been carried out in secret for qüite a long time. 11. The question must be solved before we begin doing anything. 12. Mind, you mustn't spend all the money.

Упражнение 531

Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя модальный глагол must.

E.g. .Probably I leftmy textbook in the classroom.

I must have leftmy textbook in the classroom.

1. Probably you left your exercise book at school. 2. Evidently she has left the town. 3. Probably Mike has gone to the teachers' room. 4. Probably Tom and Nick are playing football. 5. Probably Helen has got а bad mark. 6. Evidently they have solved the problem. 7. Evidently the pupils have finished writing their essay. 8. Obviously he forgot to warn them. 9. Evidently the meeting was cancelled.

Evidently he forgot to send her a birthday card.

Evidently there was something wrong with the tape recorder. 12. Probably I left my bag in the canteen.

Probably. you left your umbrella in the bus.

Probably Mary forgot to call me. 15. Probably mother took my umbrella. 16. Probably I have seen you before: your face is familiär to me.

Упражнение 532

Перефразируйте следующие предложения, употребляя модальный глагол must.

1. I think it is time for the bell to ring. 2. I am almost sure they have this book in the library. 3. Probably he recognized you by your photo in the pa-pers. 4. He is sure to be in at this time. 5. Of course, she is trying to help you. 6. She is certain to be waiting for you at home. 7. Probably he was already ill. 8. There is little doubt that the first experiment failed. 9. No doubt, she knew what she was going to do. 10. I am sure she is fond of the child. 11. They are sure to have taken the wrong turning. 12. Probably he was taken there by car.

Упражнение 533

Переведите на русский язык.

1. Не must be trying to find the lost stamp. 2. You must try to find the lost stamp. 3. He must have taken it. 4. Не had to take it. 5. She must be the youngest child in this group. 6. If you want to be-come a good football player, you must be an all-round athlete. 7.1 had to read the letter twice before I un-derstood it. 8. He must have read the letter many times. 9. What must you think of me? 10. They must be talking about us. 11. I had to decide what to do.

Упражнение 537

Переведите на русский язык.

1. You should know how to raise your children. not to be losers. 2. You shouldn't give the child every thing he wants. You shouldn't satisfy his every craving for food, drink and comfort. Otherwise, he will grow up to believe the world owes him a Irving.

You shouldn't laugh at him when he picks up bad words. This will make him think he isn't cute. It won't also encourage him to pick up "cuter" phrases.

You shouldn't avoid use of the word "wrong". This won't condition him to believe, later, when he is ar-rested for stealing а car, that society is against him.

You shouldn't pick up everything he leaves lying around— books, shoes and clothing. You shouldn't do everything for him, otherwise, he will be experi-enced in throwing all responsibility onto others. Your child should know and do his duties at the expected time. He should have sense of responsibility. He should be a decent person. 6. You shouldn't quarrel frequently in the presence of your child. Otherwise, he will not be too shocked when the home is broken up later. 7. You shouldn't take his part against neighbours, teachers and policemen. They aren't all prejudiced against your child. 8. When he gets into trouble, you shouldn't apologize for у ourseif by say-ing, "I never could do anything with Mm."

Упражнение 553

Переведите на русский язык.

1. Не must have sold his piano.

He may have sold his piano.

He might have sold his piano.

He can't have sold his piano.

5. He should have sold his piano.

He shouldn't have sold his piano.

He needn't have sold his piano.

He didn't have to seil his piano.

9. He had to seil his piano.
10. He was to seil his piano.

Упражнение 562

Произнесите вслух все возможные предложения, используя приведенные подстановочные таблицы. (Упражнение на выработку автоматизма речи.) Переведите каждое предложение на русский язык.

Не must may might can't   know your sister. be busy. be ill. be tired.
Не must may might can't be be hungry. sieeping. working hard. watching TV. having dinner. playing football.
Не must maymightcan't have forgotten your address, lost your book. missed the train. caught a cold. fallen ill. left the country. sold his piano, bought a car.

Упражнение 524









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