Relate the problem statement of research and its stages. Расскажите о постановке проблемы исследования и ее этапах.
Scientific research is not possible without setting a scientific problem. The problem - this is a complex theoretical or practical issue that requires study permit; this problem to be investigated. Consequently, the problem - is that it is not known that arose during the development of science and the needs of society.
23. Consider the features of determining of the goals and objectives of the study. Рассмотрите особенности определения целей и задач исследования.
The major steps in conducting research are:Identification of research problem,Literature review,Specifying the purpose of research,Determine specific research questions,Specification of a Conceptual framework - Usually a set of hypotheses,Choice of a methodology (for data collection)
Data collection,Analyzing and interpreting the data,Reporting and evaluating research,Communicating the research findings and, possibly, recommendations
Most researches begin with a general statement of the problem, or rather, the purpose for engaging in the study. Preparatory stage includes: choice of topic ; justification for the research on it , the definition of hypotheses , goals and objectives of the research , development plan or program of research , preparation of research tools ( instruments ) .Initially formulated research topic and justify the reasons for its development . by means of preliminary acquaintance with literature and materials of previous studies it turns out, the extent to which issues and what are the themes studied the results. Particular attention should be paid to issues for which answers exist or are inadequate The planning of scientific research
1) the formulation of the problem or the theme of the scientific research,
2) the definition of the object and the subject of the study,
3) the definition of aims and tasks of the researches,
4) the interpretation of the basic concepts,
5) the formulation of the working hypotheses.
The object of study is social phenomenon or process, which consists a contradiction and creates problem situation. The object of study answers the question: what is considered?
The subject of the study is the most significant a property, a party, a feature of the object that should be studied. For example, if the theme of research is devoted to the formation mechanism of monetary regulation the object of study are the processes of transformation of the system of monetary regulation under certain conditions, and the subject is the mechanism of monetary regulation of the economy.
24. Relate the planning of scientific research. Расскажите о планировании научного исследования.
Planning research work is essential for its efficient organization.
Research organizations and educational institutions develop a work plan for the year based on the target complex programs, long-term scientific and technical programs, business contracts and applications for research submitted by customers.
The scientific work of the departments of educational institutions organized and conducted in accordance with the work plans for the academic year.
Professors, lecturers and graduate students carry out research work on individual plans.
Planned and scientific-research work of students.
Work plans of educational institutions and departments may contain the relevant sections of SRWS. According to the plans work student scientific circles and problem groups.
In research and educational institutions on the topics of research work makes work programs and schedules their execution.
In the preparation of monographs, textbooks, manuals and lectures, plans, prospects of these works.
Plans are intelligence, analytical (descriptive) and experimental.
Reconnaissance plan applies if the object and subject of study no clear ideas and to push hard working hypothesis.
The purpose of such a plan - Update topics (problems) and the formulation of hypotheses.
Usually it is used when there is no literature on the subject or eeochen little.
Descriptive plan is used when you can select an object and subject of study and formulate a descriptive hypothesis.
The purpose of the plan - to test this hypothesis, describe the facts characterizing the object of study.
The experimental plan includes conducting social (legal) experiment. It is used when formulated scientific problem and an explanatory hypothesis.
The purpose of the plan - definition of causality in the investigated object. In the procedural part of the program The choice of research methods, these methods show a link with the goals, objectives and hypotheses of the study.
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